TextureView 和 Camera 应用

TextureView 是在Android 4.0 里新加的View。和SurfaceView (http://my.oschina.net/amigos/blog/60290):  但是TextureView是一个全新的视角,允许你来显示内容流,比如视频或一个开放式绘图介面现场。TextureView是独特的,因为它表现得像一个普通的观点,而不是创造另一个窗口,所以你可以把它像其他视图对象。例如,你可以申请转变,有生 命的,它使用ViewPropertyAnimator,或调整其混浊setAlpha()。

昨天本人写了一个demo, 用TextureView代替了SurfaceView.

main.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/camera_preview"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button_capture"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_gravity="center"
        android:text="Capture" />

</LinearLayout>
CameraPreview
import java.io.IOException;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.SurfaceTexture;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.view.TextureView;

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class CameraPreview extends TextureView implements
        TextureView.SurfaceTextureListener {
    private Camera mCamera;
    private TextureView mTextureView;
    public CameraPreview(Context context , Camera camera) {
        super(context);
        mCamera = camera;
        // TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
    }


    public void onSurfaceTextureAvailable(SurfaceTexture surface, int width,
            int height) {
//        mCamera = Camera.open();
        try {
            mCamera.setPreviewTexture(surface);
            mCamera.startPreview();
        } catch (IOException ioe) {
            // Something bad happened
        }
    }

    public void onSurfaceTextureSizeChanged(SurfaceTexture surface, int width,
            int height) {
        // Ignored, Camera does all the work for us
    }

    public boolean onSurfaceTextureDestroyed(SurfaceTexture surface) {
        mCamera.stopPreview();
        mCamera.release();
        return true;
    }

    public void onSurfaceTextureUpdated(SurfaceTexture surface) {
        // Invoked every time there's a new Camera preview frame
    }

}
CameraTest
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import android.annotation.SuppressLint;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.hardware.Camera.PictureCallback;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.example.mycamera.R.id;

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public class CameraTest extends Activity {
    public static final int MEDIA_TYPE_IMAGE = 1;
    public static final int MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO = 2;
    private static final int CAPTURE_IMAGE_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE = 100;
    private static final int CAPTURE_VIDEO_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE = 200;
    private Camera mCamera;
    private CameraPreview mPreview;
    private static final String TAG = "ERROR";
    private PictureCallback mPicture = new PictureCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onPictureTaken(byte[] data, Camera camera) {
            File pictureFile = getOutputMediaFile(MEDIA_TYPE_IMAGE);
            if (pictureFile == null) {
                Log.d(TAG,
                        "Error creating media file, check storage permissions: "
                                + "e.getMessage()");
                return;
            }
            try {
                FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(pictureFile);
                fos.write(data);
                fos.close();
            } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
                Log.d(TAG, "File not found: " + e.getMessage());
            } catch (IOException e) {
                Log.d(TAG, "Error accessing file: " + e.getMessage());
            }
        }
    };

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        // 创建Camera实例
        mCamera = getCameraInstance();
        // 创建Preview view并将其设为activity中的内容
        mPreview = new CameraPreview(this, mCamera);
        mPreview.setSurfaceTextureListener(mPreview);
        //设置浑浊
        mPreview.setAlpha(0.5f);
        FrameLayout preview = (FrameLayout) findViewById(R.id.camera_preview);
        // preview.setAlpha(0.0f);
        preview.addView(mPreview);
        // 在Capture按钮中加入listener
        Button captureButton = (Button) findViewById(id.button_capture);
        captureButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // 从摄像头获取图片
                mCamera.takePicture(null, null, mPicture);
            }
        });
    }

    /** 安全获取Camera对象实例的方法 */

    public static Camera getCameraInstance() {
        Camera c = null;
        try {
            c = Camera.open(); // 试图获取Camera实例
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            // 摄像头不可用(正被占用或不存在)
        }
        return c; // 不可用则返回null
    }

    
    /** 为保存图片或视频创建File */
    private static File getOutputMediaFile(int type) {
        // 安全起见,在使用前应该
        // 用Environment.getExternalStorageState()检查SD卡是否已装入
        File mediaStorageDir = new File(
                Environment
                        .getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(Environment.DIRECTORY_PICTURES),
                "MyCameraApp");
        // 如果期望图片在应用程序卸载后还存在、且能被其它应用程序共享,
        // 则此保存位置最合适
        // 如果不存在的话,则创建存储目录
        if (!mediaStorageDir.exists()) {
            if (!mediaStorageDir.mkdirs()) {
                Log.d("MyCameraApp", "failed to create directory");
                return null;
            }
            Log.d("MyCameraApp", "failed to create directory");
        }
        // 创建媒体文件名
        String timeStamp = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyyMMdd_HHmmss")
                .format(new Date());
        File mediaFile;
        if (type == MEDIA_TYPE_IMAGE) {
            mediaFile = new File(mediaStorageDir.getPath() + File.separator
                    + "IMG_" + timeStamp + ".jpg");
        } else if (type == MEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
            mediaFile = new File(mediaStorageDir.getPath() + File.separator
                    + "VID_" + timeStamp + ".mp4");
        } else {
            return null;
        }
        return mediaFile;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
        if (requestCode == CAPTURE_IMAGE_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE) {
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
                // 捕获的图像保存到Intent指定的fileUri
                Toast.makeText(this, "Image saved to:\n" + data.getData(),
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            } else if (resultCode == RESULT_CANCELED) {
                // 用户取消了图像捕获
            } else {
                // 图像捕获失败,提示用户
            }
        }

        if (requestCode == CAPTURE_VIDEO_ACTIVITY_REQUEST_CODE) {
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
                // 捕获的视频保存到Intent指定的fileUri
                Toast.makeText(this, "Video saved to:\n" + data.getData(),
                        Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            } else if (resultCode == RESULT_CANCELED) {
                // 用户取消了视频捕获
            } else {
                // 视频捕获失败,提示用户
            }
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        releaseCamera(); // 在暂停事件中立即释放摄像头
    }

    private void releaseCamera() {
        if (mCamera != null) {
            mCamera.release(); // 为其它应用释放摄像头
            mCamera = null;
        }
    }

}

posted on 2012-09-11 09:19  xtl  阅读(10544)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报

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