linux openresty 安装(图文死磕)


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Openresty Linux下的安装

Openresty有两种安装方式:

  • 一种是使用源码编译安装

  • 一种通过yum在线安装:

1 通过yum在线安装

在群里看到春哥发的,先记录下来。一切都以官网为准,以后安装部署生态会越来越完善的。
OpenResty 官方现在开始维护自己的打包虚机集合了,新的 linux 包仓库正在陆续登陆 openresty.org 官网。欢迎大家试用!原来老源的用户可以先禁用掉老的 openresty 源。

在 CentOS 系统上使用新的官方 yum 源的方法是:

sudo yum install -y yum-utils
sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://openresty.org/package/centos/openresty.repo

这两条命令就设好新源了。目前支持 CentOS 6 x86_64 和 CentOS 7 x86_64,同时不再依赖 epel 源。

查看可用的openresty软件

yum --disablerepo="*" --enablerepo="openresty" list available

安装

yum install openresty -y

默认会安装到 /usr/local/openresty/ 目录下, 目录下包含了 luajit, lualib, nginx, openssl, pcre, zlib 这些组件

[root@seckill-ginx-20210904 ~]# ll  /usr/local/openresty/
total 56
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 bin
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 22924 Aug  7 05:32 COPYRIGHT
drwxr-xr-x 6 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 luajit
drwxr-xr-x 5 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 lualib
drwxr-xr-x 6 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 nginx
drwxr-xr-x 4 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 openssl111
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 pcre
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 site
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Sep  4 11:28 zlib

2 编译安装

安装依赖包

必须将这些库 perl 5.6.1+, libpcre, libssl安装在您的电脑之中。 对于 Linux来说, 您需要确认使用 ldconfig 命令,让其在您的系统环境路径中能找到它们。

推荐您使用yum安装以下的开发库:

yum install pcre-devel openssl-devel gcc curl -y

源码包编译安装

从下载页Download下载最新的 OpenResty®源码包,如果linux可以连网,可以像下面的示例一样将其解压:

wget https://openresty.org/download/openresty-1.15.8.2.tar.gz

安装

cd /usr/local

wget https://openresty.org/download/openresty-1.15.8.2.tar.gz

tar -zxvf openresty-1.15.8.2.tar.gz

cd openresty-1.15.8.2

./configure

make

make install

模块配置

上面的命令./configure 是用于配值编译的时候,需要加入的模块,和 安装路径等一些其他的配置。

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/openresty
--with-luajit
--with-http_iconv_module \ --with-stream

安装路径默认为/usr/local/openresty。

openresty 的编译配置选项

使用 ./configure --help 查所有选项。

[root@localhost openresty-1.15.8.2]# ./configure --help
  --help                             this message

  --prefix=PATH                      set the installation prefix (default to /usr/local/openresty)

  --with-debug                       enable debug logging
  --with-dtrace-probes               enable dtrace USDT probes
  --with-dtrace=PATH                 set dtrace utility pathname

  --with-no-pool-patch               enable the no-pool patch for debugging memory issues

  -jN                                pass -jN option to make while building the bundled
                                     Lua 5.1 interpreter or LuaJIT 2.1

  --without-http_echo_module         disable ngx_http_echo_module
  --without-http_xss_module          disable ngx_http_xss_module
  --without-http_coolkit_module      disable ngx_http_coolkit_module
  --without-http_set_misc_module     disable ngx_http_set_misc_module
  --without-http_form_input_module   disable ngx_http_form_input_module
  --without-http_encrypted_session_module
                                     disable ngx_http_encrypted_session_module
  --without-http_srcache_module      disable ngx_http_srcache_module
  --without-http_lua_module          disable ngx_http_lua_module
  --without-http_lua_upstream_module disable ngx_http_lua_upstream_module
  --without-http_headers_more_module disable ngx_http_headers_more_module
  --without-http_array_var_module    disable ngx_http_array_var_module
  --without-http_memc_module         disable ngx_http_memc_module
  --without-http_redis2_module       disable ngx_http_redis2_module
  --without-http_redis_module        disable ngx_http_redis_module
  --without-http_rds_json_module     disable ngx_http_rds_json_module
  --without-http_rds_csv_module      disable ngx_http_rds_csv_module
  --without-stream_lua_module        disable ngx_stream_lua_module
  --without-ngx_devel_kit_module     disable ngx_devel_kit_module
  --without-http_ssl_module          disable ngx_http_ssl_module
  --without-stream_ssl_module        disable ngx_stream_ssl_module

  --with-http_iconv_module           enable ngx_http_iconv_module
  --with-http_drizzle_module         enable ngx_http_drizzle_module
  --with-http_postgres_module        enable ngx_http_postgres_module

  --without-lua_cjson                disable the lua-cjson library
  --without-lua_tablepool            disable the lua-tablepool library (and by consequence, the
                                     lua-resty-shell library)
  --without-lua_redis_parser         disable the lua-redis-parser library
  --without-lua_rds_parser           disable the lua-rds-parser library
  --without-lua_resty_dns            disable the lua-resty-dns library
  --without-lua_resty_memcached      disable the lua-resty-memcached library
  --without-lua_resty_redis          disable the lua-resty-redis library
  --without-lua_resty_mysql          disable the lua-resty-mysql library
  --without-lua_resty_upload         disable the lua-resty-upload library
  --without-lua_resty_upstream_healthcheck
                                     disable the lua-resty-upstream-healthcheck library
  --without-lua_resty_string         disable the lua-resty-string library
  --without-lua_resty_websocket      disable the lua-resty-websocket library
  --without-lua_resty_limit_traffic  disable the lua-resty-limit-traffic library
  --without-lua_resty_lock           disable the lua-resty-lock library
  --without-lua_resty_lrucache       disable the lua-resty-lrucache library
  --without-lua_resty_signal         disable the lua-resty-signal library (and by consequence,
                                     the lua-resty-shell library)
  --without-lua_resty_shell          disable the lua-resty-shell library
  --without-lua_resty_core           disable the lua-resty-core library

  --with-luajit                      enable and build the bundled LuaJIT 2.1 (the default)
  --with-luajit=DIR                  use the external LuaJIT 2.1 installation specified by DIR
  --with-luajit-xcflags=FLAGS        Specify extra C compiler flags for LuaJIT 2.1
  --without-luajit-lua52             Turns off the LuaJIT extensions from Lua 5.2 that may break
                                     backward compatibility.
  --without-luajit-gc64              Turns off the LuaJIT GC64 mode (which is enabled by default
                                     on x86_64)

  --with-libdrizzle=DIR              specify the libdrizzle 1.0 (or drizzle) installation prefix
  --with-libpq=DIR                   specify the libpq (or postgresql) installation prefix
  --with-pg_config=PATH              specify the path of the pg_config utility

Options directly inherited from nginx

  --sbin-path=PATH                   set nginx binary pathname
  --modules-path=PATH                set modules path
  --conf-path=PATH                   set nginx.conf pathname
  --error-log-path=PATH              set error log pathname
  --pid-path=PATH                    set nginx.pid pathname
  --lock-path=PATH                   set nginx.lock pathname
  --tapset-prefix=PATH               set systemtap tapset directory prefix
  --stap-nginx-path=PATH             set stap-nginx pathname

  --user=USER                        set non-privileged user for
                                     worker processes
  --group=GROUP                      set non-privileged group for
                                     worker processes

  --build=NAME                       set build name
  --builddir=DIR                     set the build directory

  --with-select_module               enable select module
  --without-select_module            disable select module
  --with-poll_module                 enable poll module
  --without-poll_module              disable poll module

  --with-threads                     enable thread pool support

  --with-file-aio                    enable file AIO support
  --with-ipv6                        enable IPv6 support

  --with-http_v2_module              enable ngx_http_v2_module
  --with-http_realip_module          enable ngx_http_realip_module
  --with-http_addition_module        enable ngx_http_addition_module
  --with-http_xslt_module            enable ngx_http_xslt_module
  --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic    enable dynamic ngx_http_xslt_module
  --with-http_image_filter_module    enable ngx_http_image_filter_module
  --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic
                                     enable dynamic ngx_http_image_filter_module
  --with-http_geoip_module           enable ngx_http_geoip_module
  --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic   enable dynamic ngx_http_geoip_module
  --with-http_sub_module             enable ngx_http_sub_module
  --with-http_dav_module             enable ngx_http_dav_module
  --with-http_flv_module             enable ngx_http_flv_module
  --with-http_mp4_module             enable ngx_http_mp4_module
  --with-http_gunzip_module          enable ngx_http_gunzip_module
  --with-http_gzip_static_module     enable ngx_http_gzip_static_module
  --with-http_auth_request_module    enable ngx_http_auth_request_module
  --with-http_random_index_module    enable ngx_http_random_index_module
  --with-http_secure_link_module     enable ngx_http_secure_link_module
  --with-http_degradation_module     enable ngx_http_degradation_module
  --with-http_slice_module           enable ngx_http_slice_module
  --with-http_stub_status_module     enable ngx_http_stub_status_module

  --without-http_charset_module      disable ngx_http_charset_module
  --without-http_gzip_module         disable ngx_http_gzip_module
  --without-http_ssi_module          disable ngx_http_ssi_module
  --without-http_userid_module       disable ngx_http_userid_module
  --without-http_access_module       disable ngx_http_access_module
  --without-http_auth_basic_module   disable ngx_http_auth_basic_module
  --without-http_autoindex_module    disable ngx_http_autoindex_module
  --without-http_geo_module          disable ngx_http_geo_module
  --without-http_map_module          disable ngx_http_map_module
  --without-http_split_clients_module disable ngx_http_split_clients_module
  --without-http_referer_module      disable ngx_http_referer_module
  --without-http_rewrite_module      disable ngx_http_rewrite_module
  --without-http_proxy_module        disable ngx_http_proxy_module
  --without-http_fastcgi_module      disable ngx_http_fastcgi_module
  --without-http_uwsgi_module        disable ngx_http_uwsgi_module
  --without-http_scgi_module         disable ngx_http_scgi_module
  --without-http_memcached_module    disable ngx_http_memcached_module
  --without-http_limit_conn_module   disable ngx_http_limit_conn_module
  --without-http_limit_req_module    disable ngx_http_limit_req_module
  --without-http_empty_gif_module    disable ngx_http_empty_gif_module
  --without-http_browser_module      disable ngx_http_browser_module
  --without-http_upstream_hash_module
                                     disable ngx_http_upstream_hash_module
  --without-http_upstream_ip_hash_module
                                     disable ngx_http_upstream_ip_hash_module
  --without-http_upstream_least_conn_module
                                     disable ngx_http_upstream_least_conn_module
  --without-http_upstream_keepalive_module
                                     disable ngx_http_upstream_keepalive_module

  --without-http_upstream_zone_module
                                     disable ngx_http_upstream_zone_module
  --with-http_perl_module            enable ngx_http_perl_module
  --with-http_perl_module=dynamic    enable dynamic ngx_http_perl_module
  --with-perl_modules_path=PATH      set Perl modules path
  --with-perl=PATH                   set perl binary pathname

  --http-log-path=PATH               set http access log pathname
  --http-client-body-temp-path=PATH  set path to store
                                     http client request body temporary files
  --http-proxy-temp-path=PATH        set path to store
                                     http proxy temporary files
  --http-fastcgi-temp-path=PATH      set path to store
                                     http fastcgi temporary files
  --http-uwsgi-temp-path=PATH        set path to store
                                     http uwsgi temporary files
  --http-scgi-temp-path=PATH         set path to store
                                     http scgi temporary files

  --without-http                     disable HTTP server
  --without-http-cache               disable HTTP cache

  --with-mail                        enable POP3/IMAP4/SMTP proxy module
  --with-mail=dynamic                enable dynamic POP3/IMAP4/SMTP proxy module
  --with-mail_ssl_module             enable ngx_mail_ssl_module
  --without-mail_pop3_module         disable ngx_mail_pop3_module
  --without-mail_imap_module         disable ngx_mail_imap_module
  --without-mail_smtp_module         disable ngx_mail_smtp_module

  --without-stream                   disable TCP/UDP proxy module
  --without-stream_ssl_module        disable ngx_stream_ssl_module

  --with-stream                      enable TCP/UDP proxy module (default on)
  --with-stream=dynamic              enable dynamic TCP/UDP proxy module
  --with-stream_ssl_module           enable ngx_stream_ssl_module (default on)
  --with-stream_realip_module        enable ngx_stream_realip_module
  --with-stream_geoip_module         enable ngx_stream_geoip_module
  --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic enable dynamic ngx_stream_geoip_module
  --with-stream_ssl_preread_module   enable ngx_stream_ssl_preread_module
  --without-stream_limit_conn_module disable ngx_stream_limit_conn_module
  --without-stream_access_module     disable ngx_stream_access_module
  --without-stream_geo_module        disable ngx_stream_geo_module
  --without-stream_map_module        disable ngx_stream_map_module
  --without-stream_split_clients_module
                                     disable ngx_stream_split_clients_module
  --without-stream_return_module     disable ngx_stream_return_module
  --without-stream_upstream_hash_module
                                     disable ngx_stream_upstream_hash_module
  --without-stream_upstream_least_conn_module
                                     disable ngx_stream_upstream_least_conn_module
  --without-stream_upstream_zone_module
                                     disable ngx_stream_upstream_zone_module

  --with-google_perftools_module     enable ngx_google_perftools_module
  --with-cpp_test_module             enable ngx_cpp_test_module

  --add-module=PATH                  enable external module
  --add-dynamic-module=PATH          enable dynamic external module

  --with-cc=PATH                     set C compiler pathname
  --with-cpp=PATH                    set C preprocessor pathname
  --with-cc-opt=OPTIONS              set additional C compiler options
  --with-ld-opt=OPTIONS              set additional linker options
  --with-cpu-opt=CPU                 build for the specified CPU, valid values:
                                     pentium, pentiumpro, pentium3, pentium4,
                                     athlon, opteron, sparc32, sparc64, ppc64

  --without-pcre                     disable PCRE library usage
  --with-pcre                        force PCRE library usage
  --with-pcre=DIR                    set path to PCRE library sources
  --with-pcre-opt=OPTIONS            set additional make options for PCRE
  --with-pcre-conf-opt=OPTIONS       set additional configure options for PCRE
  --with-pcre-jit                    build PCRE with JIT compilation support

  --with-zlib=DIR                    set path to zlib library sources
  --with-zlib-opt=OPTIONS            set additional build options for zlib
  --with-zlib-asm=CPU                use zlib assembler sources optimized
                                     for the specified CPU, valid values:
                                     pentium, pentiumpro

  --with-libatomic                   force libatomic_ops library usage
  --with-libatomic=DIR               set path to libatomic_ops library sources

  --with-openssl=DIR                 set path to OpenSSL library sources
  --with-openssl-opt=OPTIONS         set additional build options for OpenSSL

  --dry-run                          dry running the configure, for testing only
  --platform=PLATFORM                forcibly specify a platform name, for testing only

3 安装 luasocket

如果说要远程调试Lua ,也就是说在Lua下使用 socket,需要安装 luasocket。主要是提供网络方面的扩展,提供了包括tcp、udp、http、ftp、smtp等协议的支持,并且支持跨平台。使用它能够很容易的在lua进行网络程序的开发。

linux下,luasocket需要使用luajit,那么则需要下载源码编译。

可以参考官方文档:http://luajit.org/install.html。首先进入/work的目录,然后从官网的网址上面根据路径下载安装包。

wget http://luajit.org/download/LuaJIT-2.0.4.tar.gz

然后:

790 tar -zxvf LuaJIT-2.0.4.tar.gz
792 cd LuaJIT-2.0.4/
793 make
794 make install

默认的安装路径是/usr/local/include/luajit-2.0/,这个下一步要用到,否则会出错

接下来安装 luasocket, 下载luasocket-2.0.2则是源码。

785 wget http://files.luaforge.net/releases/luasocket/luasocket/luasocket-2.0.2/luasocket-2.0.2.tar.gz

787 tar -zxvf luasocket-2.0.2.tar.gz

796 cd luasocket-2.0.2/

806 make LUAINC=-I/usr/local/include/luajit-2.0/
807 make install
808 ll /usr/local/lib/lua/5.1/

4 设置开机启动

添加nginx到服务加入开机启动

vi /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

[Unit]

  Description=nginx
  
  After=network.target
  
  [Service]
  
  Type=forking
  
  ExecStart=/user/local/openresty/nginx/sbin/nginx
  
  ExecReload=/user/local/openresty/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload
  
  ExecStop=/user/local/openresty/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit
  
  PrivateTmp=true
  
  [Install]
  
  WantedBy=multi-user.target

启动并加入开机启动

systemctl start nginx.service

systemctl enable nginx.service


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