Spring Security OAuth2 SSO

通常公司肯定不止一个系统,每个系统都需要进行认证和权限控制,不可能每个每个系统都自己去写,这个时候需要把登录单独提出来

  1. 登录和授权是统一的
  2. 业务系统该怎么写还怎么写

最近学习了一下Spring Security,今天用Spring Security OAuth2简单写一个单点登录的示例

在此之前,需要对OAuth2有一点了解

这里有几篇文章可能会对你有帮助

Spring Boot Security

OAuth 2.0

OAuth 2.0 授权码请求

Spring Security OAuth 2.0

Spring Boot OAuth 2.0 客户端

1. 服务器端配置

1.1. Maven依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.cjs.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>cjs-oauth2-sso-auth-server</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>cjs-oauth2-sso-auth-server</name>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.3.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security.oauth</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.thymeleaf.extras</groupId>
            <artifactId>thymeleaf-extras-springsecurity4</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
            <version>5.1.46</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

1.2. 配置授权服务器

package com.cjs.example.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.configurers.ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableAuthorizationServer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configurers.AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer;
import org.springframework.security.oauth2.config.annotation.web.configurers.AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.sql.DataSource;

@Configuration
@EnableAuthorizationServer
public class AuthorizationServerConfig extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter {

    @Resource
    private DataSource dataSource;

    /**
     * 配置授权服务器的安全,意味着实际上是/oauth/token端点。
     * /oauth/authorize端点也应该是安全的
     * 默认的设置覆盖到了绝大多数需求,所以一般情况下你不需要做任何事情。
     */
    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerSecurityConfigurer security) throws Exception {
        super.configure(security);
    }

    /**
     * 配置ClientDetailsService
     * 注意,除非你在下面的configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer)中指定了一个AuthenticationManager,否则密码授权方式不可用。
     * 至少配置一个client,否则服务器将不会启动。
     */
    @Override
    public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
        clients.jdbc(dataSource);
    }

    /**
     * 该方法是用来配置Authorization Server endpoints的一些非安全特性的,比如token存储、token自定义、授权类型等等的
     * 默认情况下,你不需要做任何事情,除非你需要密码授权,那么在这种情况下你需要提供一个AuthenticationManager
     */
    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {
        super.configure(endpoints);
    }
}

说明:这里授权服务器我主要是配置了注册客户端,客户端可以从内存中或者数据库中加载,这里我从数据库中加载,因为这样感觉更真实一点儿。

查看JdbcClientDetailsService源码我们不难看出其表结构。(PS:也可以自定义,就像UserDetailsService那样)

这里,我准备的SQL脚本如下:

CREATE TABLE oauth_client_details (
    client_id VARCHAR(256) PRIMARY KEY,
    resource_ids VARCHAR(256),
    client_secret VARCHAR(256),
    scope VARCHAR(256),
    authorized_grant_types VARCHAR(256),
    web_server_redirect_uri VARCHAR(256),
    authorities VARCHAR(256),
    access_token_validity INTEGER,
    refresh_token_validity INTEGER,
    additional_information VARCHAR(4096),
    autoapprove VARCHAR(256)
);
INSERT INTO oauth_client_details (client_id, client_secret, scope, authorized_grant_types, web_server_redirect_uri, autoapprove)
VALUES ('MemberSystem', '$2a$10$dYRcFip80f0jIKGzRGulFelK12036xWQKgajanfxT65QB4htsEXNK', 'user_info', 'authorization_code', 'http://localhost:8081/login', 'user_info');
INSERT INTO oauth_client_details (client_id, client_secret, scope, authorized_grant_types, web_server_redirect_uri, autoapprove)
VALUES ('CouponSystem', '$2a$10$dYRcFip80f0jIKGzRGulFelK12036xWQKgajanfxT65QB4htsEXNK', 'user_info', 'authorization_code', 'http://localhost:8082/login', 'user_info');

这里注册了两个客户端,分别是MemberSystem和CouponSystem。

1.3. 配置WebSecurity

package com.cjs.example.config;

import com.cjs.example.support.MyUserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.authentication.AuthenticationManager;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.WebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.bcrypt.BCryptPasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class SecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private MyUserDetailsService myUserDetailsService;

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/oauth/**","/login/**", "/logout").permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()   // 其他地址的访问均需验证权限
                .and()
                .formLogin()
                .loginPage("/login")
                .and()
                .logout().logoutSuccessUrl("/");
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(WebSecurity web) throws Exception {
        web.ignoring().antMatchers("/assets/**");
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth.userDetailsService(myUserDetailsService).passwordEncoder(passwordEncoder());
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManager() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManager();
    }

    @Bean
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        return new BCryptPasswordEncoder();
    }

}

说明:

  1. 这里,主要配置了UserDetailsService
package com.cjs.example.support;

import com.cjs.example.domain.SysPermission;
import com.cjs.example.domain.SysRole;
import com.cjs.example.domain.SysUser;
import com.cjs.example.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.security.core.authority.SimpleGrantedAuthority;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@Service
public class MyUserDetailsService implements UserDetailsService {

    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;

    /**
     * 授权的时候是对角色授权,而认证的时候应该基于资源,而不是角色,因为资源是不变的,而用户的角色是会变的
     */

    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        SysUser sysUser = userService.getUserByName(username);
        if (null == sysUser) {
            throw new UsernameNotFoundException(username);
        }
        List<SimpleGrantedAuthority> authorities = new ArrayList<>();
        for (SysRole role : sysUser.getRoleList()) {
            for (SysPermission permission : role.getPermissionList()) {
                authorities.add(new SimpleGrantedAuthority(permission.getCode()));
            }
        }

        return new User(sysUser.getUsername(), sysUser.getPassword(), authorities);
    }
}

1.4. 新建登录页面

package com.cjs.example.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@Controller
public class LoginController {

    @RequestMapping("/login")
    public String login() {
        return "login";
    }

    @GetMapping("/index")
    public String index() {
        return "index";
    }

}

1.5. application.yml

server:
  port: 8080
spring:
  datasource:
    url: jdbc:mysql://10.123.52.189:3306/oh_coupon
    username: devdb
    password: d^V$0Fu!/6-<s
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
logging:
  level:
    root: debug

2. 客户端配置

2.1. Maven依赖

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.example</groupId>
    <artifactId>cjs-oauth2-sso-ui</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>cjs-oauth2-sso-ui</name>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.3.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.thymeleaf.extras</groupId>
            <artifactId>thymeleaf-extras-springsecurity4</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security.oauth</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2</artifactId>
            <version>2.3.3.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security.oauth.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-autoconfigure</artifactId>
            <version>2.0.1.RELEASE</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

2.2. WebSecurity配置

package com.cjs.example.config;

import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.oauth2.client.EnableOAuth2Sso;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.method.configuration.EnableGlobalMethodSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;

@EnableOAuth2Sso
@Configuration
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class UiSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.antMatcher("/**")
                .authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers("/", "/login**").permitAll()
                .anyRequest()
                .authenticated();
    }

}

说明:

  这里最重要的是应用了@EnableOAuth2Sso注解

  Spring Boot 1.x 版本和 2.x 版本在OAuth2这一块的差异还是比较大的,在Spring Boot 2.x 中没有@EnableOAuth2Sso这个注解,所以我引用了spring-security-oauth2-autoconfigure

2.3. 定义一个简单的控制器

package com.cjs.example.controller;

import com.cjs.example.domain.Member;
import org.springframework.security.access.prepost.PreAuthorize;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/member")
public class MemberController {

    /**
     * 会员列表页面
     */
    @RequestMapping("/list")
    public ModelAndView list() {
        ModelAndView modelAndView = new ModelAndView("member/list");
        return modelAndView;
    }

    /**
     * 导出
     */
    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('memberExport')")
    @ResponseBody
    @RequestMapping("/export")
    public List<Member> export() {
        Member member = new Member();
        member.setName("苏九儿");
        member.setCode("1000");
        member.setMobile("13112345678");
        member.setGender(1);
        Member member1 = new Member();
        member1.setName("郭双");
        member1.setCode("1001");
        member1.setMobile("15812346723");
        member1.setGender(1);
        List<Member> list = new ArrayList<>();
        list.add(member);
        list.add(member1);
        return list;
    }

    /**
     * 详情
     */
    @PreAuthorize("hasAuthority('memberDetail')")
    @RequestMapping("/detail")
    public ModelAndView detail() {
        return new ModelAndView(" member/detail");
    }
}

2.4. application.yml

server:
  port: 8081
  servlet:
    session:
      cookie:
        name: UISESSIONMEMBER

security:
  oauth2:
    client:
      client-id: MemberSystem
      client-secret: 12345
      access-token-uri: http://localhost:8080/oauth/token
      user-authorization-uri: http://localhost:8080/oauth/authorize
    resource:
      user-info-uri: http://localhost:8080/user/me
logging:
  level:
    root: debug
spring:
  thymeleaf:
    cache: false

说明:

  1. 这里需要注意的是不要忘记设置cookie-name,不然会有一些莫名其妙的问题,比如“User must be authenticated with Spring Security before authorization can be completed”

3. 运行效果

在这个例子中,会员系统(localhost:8081)和营销系统(localhost:8082)是两个系统

可以看到,当我们登录会员系统以后,再进营销系统就不需要登录了。

3.1. 遗留问题

  1. 退出
  2. 记住我

3.2. 工程结构

https://github.com/chengjiansheng/cjs-oauth2-example.git

3.3. 参考

https://github.com/eugenp/tutorials/tree/master/spring-security-sso

https://blog.csdn.net/sinat_24798023/article/details/80536881

https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000012384850

http://www.baeldung.com/spring-security-oauth-revoke-tokens

https://segmentfault.com/a/1190000013531863

https://spring.io/guides/tutorials/spring-boot-oauth2/

posted @ 2018-07-11 19:41 废物大师兄 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏