自制证书搭建https服务

第一步,自制CA证书和Server证书,私钥

自制CA私钥
openssl genrsa -des3 -out ca.key 4096
自制CA证书
openssl req -new -x509 -days 3650 -key ca.key -out ca.crt

自制Server私钥,生成免密码版本
openssl genrsa -des3 -out server.key 4096
openssl rsa -in server.key -out server.nosecret.key
制作csr文件
openssl req -new -key server.key -out server.csr
用CA证书私钥对csr签名(CA不能用X509,这点需要注意)生成Server证书
openssl ca -days 3650 -in server.csr -cert ca.crt -keyfile ca.key -out server.crt

第二步,配置web服务器,nginx配置方法如下

server {
    listen 443;
    server_name www.mydomain.com;

    ssl on;
    ssl_certificate ssl/server.crt;
    ssl_certificate_key ssl/server.nosecret.key;

    location /t {
            echo "Hello World";
    }
}

lighttpd配置如下(需要cat server.nosecret.key server.crt > server.pem)

$HTTP["host"] =~ "(^.*\.|)mydomain.com" {
        $SERVER["socket"] == ":443" {
                ssl.engine                  = "enable"
                ssl.pemfile                 = "/etc/lighttpd/server.pem"
                ssl.ca-file                 = "/etc/lighttpd/server.crt"
        }

        proxy.balance = "round-robin"
        proxy.server = (
                "/" => ((
                        "host"  =>      "127.0.0.1",
                        "port"  =>      9000
                ))
        )
}

第三步,验证方法如下

浏览器使用需导入ca.crt到根证书,curl和wget命令行工具使用方法如下
curl -v --cacert ca.crt "https://www.mydomain.com/t"
wget --ca-certificate=ca.crt https://www.mydomain.com/t

不检查证书
curl需要指定-k参数,wget需要带参数-no-check-certificate

附,libcurl使用如下

function curlPost($url, $data = array(), $timeout = 30, $CA = true){

    $cacert = getcwd() . '/ca.crt'; //CA根证书  
    $SSL = substr($url, 0, 8) == "https://" ? true : false;

    $ch = curl_init();
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, $timeout);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, $timeout-2);
    if ($SSL && $CA) {
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLVERSION, 3);
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLCERTTYPE, 'PEM');//默认PEM
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);   // 只信任CA颁布的证书  
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSLCERTPASSWD, true);   // 只信任CA颁布的证书  

        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CAINFO, $cacert); // CA根证书(用来验证的网站证书是否是CA颁布)  
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 2); // 检查证书中是否设置域名,并且是否与提供的主机名匹配  
    } else if ($SSL && !$CA) {
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false); // 信任任何证书  
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, 1); // 检查证书中是否设置域名  
    }
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, array('Expect:')); //避免data数据过长问题  
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $data);
    //curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query($data)); //data with URLEncode  

    $ret = curl_exec($ch);
    //var_dump(curl_error($ch));  //查看报错信息  

    curl_close($ch);
    return $ret;
}

$ret = curlPost("https://www.mydomain.com/t");
echo $ret;

?>

查看证书内容,有效期,用途方法如下

openssl x509 -in ca.crt -noout -text 
openssl x509 -in ca.crt -noout -dates
openssl x509 -in ca.crt -noout -purpose

 

posted @ 2015-10-17 14:44  ciaos  阅读(7993)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报