CentOS7 下的mysql安装与配置

之前虽然也安装过多次mysql,但每次都会遇到各种小问题,这次记录下来,以备后查。

首先是下载与安装

# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
# rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
# yum install mysql-community-server

安装过程中间会出现选择y/n的,直接输入y即可,如下:

[root@APP1 /]# wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
--2017-10-21 22:59:14--  http://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
Resolving dev.mysql.com (dev.mysql.com)... 137.254.60.11
Connecting to dev.mysql.com (dev.mysql.com)|137.254.60.11|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 301 Moved Permanently
Location: https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm [following]
--2017-10-21 22:59:14--  https://dev.mysql.com/get/mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
Connecting to dev.mysql.com (dev.mysql.com)|137.254.60.11|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 302 Found
Location: https://repo.mysql.com//mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm [following]
--2017-10-21 22:59:16--  https://repo.mysql.com//mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
Resolving repo.mysql.com (repo.mysql.com)... 23.219.33.198
Connecting to repo.mysql.com (repo.mysql.com)|23.219.33.198|:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 6140 (6.0K) [application/x-redhat-package-manager]
Saving to: 鈓ysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm?

100%[====================================================================================================>] 6,140       --.-K/s   in 0s      

2017-10-21 22:59:16 (761 MB/s) - 鈓ysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm?saved [6140/6140]

[root@APP1 /]# rpm -ivh mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch.rpm
Preparing...                          ################################# [100%]
Updating / installing...
   1:mysql-community-release-el7-5    ################################# [100%]
[root@APP1 /]# yum install mysql-community-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
base                                                                                                                   | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                                                                                 | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
mysql-connectors-community                                                                                             | 2.5 kB  00:00:00     
mysql-tools-community                                                                                                  | 2.5 kB  00:00:00     
mysql56-community                                                                                                      | 2.5 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                                                                                | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
(1/7): base/7/x86_64/group_gz                                                                                          | 156 kB  00:00:00     
(2/7): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                      | 110 kB  00:00:00     
(3/7): mysql-connectors-community/x86_64/primary_db                                                                    |  16 kB  00:00:03     
(4/7): mysql-tools-community/x86_64/primary_db                                                                         |  35 kB  00:00:03     
(5/7): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                     | 2.9 MB  00:00:03     
(6/7): base/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                                        | 5.7 MB  00:00:08     
(7/7): mysql56-community/x86_64/primary_db                                                                             | 179 kB  00:00:23     
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.btte.net
 * extras: mirrors.163.com
 * updates: mirrors.sohu.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-common(x86-64) = 5.6.38-2.el7 for package: mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-client(x86-64) >= 5.6.10 for package: mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(DBI) for package: mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mysql-community-libs(x86-64) >= 5.6.10 for package: mysql-community-client-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64
---> Package mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.627-4.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(RPC::PlServer) >= 0.2001 for package: perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: perl(RPC::PlClient) >= 0.2000 for package: perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.35-3.el7 will be obsoleted
---> Package mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7 will be obsoleting
---> Package perl-PlRPC.noarch 0:0.2020-14.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::Daemon) >= 0.13 for package: perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::Daemon::Test) for package: perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Net::Daemon::Log) for package: perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Compress::Zlib) for package: perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch
--> Running transaction check
---> Package perl-IO-Compress.noarch 0:2.061-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Compress::Raw::Zlib) >= 2.061 for package: perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch
--> Processing Dependency: perl(Compress::Raw::Bzip2) >= 2.061 for package: perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch
---> Package perl-Net-Daemon.noarch 0:0.48-5.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64 0:2.061-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

==============================================================================================================================================
 Package                                   Arch                     Version                         Repository                           Size
==============================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 mysql-community-libs                      x86_64                   5.6.38-2.el7                    mysql56-community                   2.0 M
     replacing  mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.35-3.el7
 mysql-community-server                    x86_64                   5.6.38-2.el7                    mysql56-community                    59 M
Installing for dependencies:
 mysql-community-client                    x86_64                   5.6.38-2.el7                    mysql56-community                    19 M
 mysql-community-common                    x86_64                   5.6.38-2.el7                    mysql56-community                   257 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2                   x86_64                   2.061-3.el7                     base                                 32 k
 perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib                    x86_64                   1:2.061-4.el7                   base                                 57 k
 perl-DBI                                  x86_64                   1.627-4.el7                     base                                802 k
 perl-IO-Compress                          noarch                   2.061-2.el7                     base                                260 k
 perl-Net-Daemon                           noarch                   0.48-5.el7                      base                                 51 k
 perl-PlRPC                                noarch                   0.2020-14.el7                   base                                 36 k

Transaction Summary
==============================================================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+8 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 82 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/mysql56-community/packages/mysql-community-common-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
Public key for mysql-community-common-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(1/10): mysql-community-common-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                 | 257 kB  00:00:32     
mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2. FAILED                                                                       ]  28 kB/s |  10 MB  00:44:43 ETA 
http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/7/x86_64/mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: [Errno 12] Timeout on http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/7/x86_64/mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: (28, 'Operation too slow. Less than 1000 bytes/sec transferred the last 30 seconds')
Trying other mirror.
(2/10): perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                                | 802 kB  00:00:00     
(3/10): perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                        | 260 kB  00:00:00     
(4/10): perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                          |  51 kB  00:00:00     
(5/10): perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch.rpm                                                                            |  36 kB  00:00:00     
(6/10): perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                 |  32 kB  00:00:00     
(7/10): perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                  |  57 kB  00:00:00     
mysql-community-server-5.6.38- FAILED                                                                       ] 120 kB/s |  15 MB  00:09:29 ETA 
http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/7/x86_64/mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: [Errno 12] Timeout on http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/7/x86_64/mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm: (28, 'Operation too slow. Less than 1000 bytes/sec transferred the last 30 seconds')
Trying other mirror.
(8/10): mysql-community-client-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                 |  19 MB  00:03:31     
(9/10): mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                   | 2.0 MB  00:00:04     
(10/10): mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                                                                |  59 MB  00:09:15     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                                                                                         109 kB/s |  82 MB  00:12:51     
Retrieving key from file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Importing GPG key 0x5072E1F5:
 Userid     : "MySQL Release Engineering <mysql-build@oss.oracle.com>"
 Fingerprint: a4a9 4068 76fc bd3c 4567 70c8 8c71 8d3b 5072 e1f5
 Package    : mysql-community-release-el7-5.noarch (installed)
 From       : file:/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
Warning: RPMDB altered outside of yum.
  Installing : mysql-community-common-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                1/11 
  Installing : mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                  2/11 
  Installing : mysql-community-client-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                3/11 
  Installing : 1:perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64                                                                               4/11 
  Installing : perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch                                                                                         5/11 
  Installing : perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                6/11 
  Installing : perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch                                                                                       7/11 
  Installing : perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch                                                                                           8/11 
  Installing : perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                               9/11 
  Installing : mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                               10/11 
  Erasing    : 1:mariadb-libs-5.5.35-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                       11/11 
  Verifying  : perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2-2.061-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                1/11 
  Verifying  : perl-Net-Daemon-0.48-5.el7.noarch                                                                                         2/11 
  Verifying  : perl-PlRPC-0.2020-14.el7.noarch                                                                                           3/11 
  Verifying  : mysql-community-client-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                4/11 
  Verifying  : mysql-community-server-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                5/11 
  Verifying  : 1:perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib-2.061-4.el7.x86_64                                                                               6/11 
  Verifying  : mysql-community-common-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                7/11 
  Verifying  : mysql-community-libs-5.6.38-2.el7.x86_64                                                                                  8/11 
  Verifying  : perl-DBI-1.627-4.el7.x86_64                                                                                               9/11 
  Verifying  : perl-IO-Compress-2.061-2.el7.noarch                                                                                      10/11 
  Verifying  : 1:mariadb-libs-5.5.35-3.el7.x86_64                                                                                       11/11 

Installed:
  mysql-community-libs.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7                           mysql-community-server.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7                          

Dependency Installed:
  mysql-community-client.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7   mysql-community-common.x86_64 0:5.6.38-2.el7   perl-Compress-Raw-Bzip2.x86_64 0:2.061-3.el7  
  perl-Compress-Raw-Zlib.x86_64 1:2.061-4.el7    perl-DBI.x86_64 0:1.627-4.el7                  perl-IO-Compress.noarch 0:2.061-2.el7         
  perl-Net-Daemon.noarch 0:0.48-5.el7            perl-PlRPC.noarch 0:0.2020-14.el7             

Replaced:
  mariadb-libs.x86_64 1:5.5.35-3.el7                                                                                                          

Complete!
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

 

安装成功后重启mysql服务

# service mysqld restart

 

初次安装mysql,root账户没有密码。

# mysql -u root
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.6.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> show databases;
+--------------------+
| Database           |
+--------------------+
| information_schema |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
+--------------------+
3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

设置密码

mysql> set password for 'root'@'localhost'=password('password');
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> exit
Bye

配置编码格式

mysql> default-character-set =utf8
    -> 

设置允许远程连接

mysql> grant all privileges on *.* to root@'%'identified by 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> 

 

如果允许root账号远程连接要对系统数据库的root账户设置远程访问的密码,与本地的root访问密码并不冲突。

1 grant all privileges on *.* to 'root'@'%' identified by '123456' with grant option; #123456为你需要设置的密码
posted @ 2017-10-21 23:32 人生就是一场修行 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏