# Longest Increasing Subsequence

## Longest Incresing Subsequence(LIS)

Category : Dynamic Programming(DP)

Description : The Longest Increasing Subsequence (LIS) problem is to find the length of longest subsequence of a given sequence such that all elements of the subsequence are sorted in increasing order. For Example, as shown by the picture. ### More Examples

Input : arr[] = {3, 10, 2, 1, 20}
Output : Length of LIS = 3
The longest increasing subsequence is 3, 10 ,20

Input : arr[] = {3, 2}
Output : Length of LIS = 1
The longest increasing subsequence is {3} and {2}

Input : arr[] = {50, 3, 10, 7, 40, 80}
Output : Length of LIS = 4
The longest increasing subsequence is {3, 7, 40 ,80}


### Optimal Substructrue

1. Let arr[0..n-1] be the input array and L(i) be the length of the LIS ending at index i such that arr[i] is the last element of the LIS

2. Then, L(i) can be recursively written as:

• L(i) = 1 + max( L(j) ) where 0 < j < i and arr[j] < arr[i]

or

• L(i) = 1, if no such j exists

3. To find the LIS for a given array, we need to return max(L(i)) where 0 < i < n

### Code

int lis(int arr[], int n)
{
int *lis, i, j, max = 0;
lis = (int *)malloc(sizeof (int ) * n);

/* init */
for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
lis[i] = 1;
}

/* Compute optimized LIS values in bottom up manner */
for(i = 1; i < n; i++)
{
for(j = 0; j < i; j++)
{
if(arr[i] > arr[j] && lis[i] < lis[j] + 1)
lis[i] = lis[j] + 1;
}
}
for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
{
if (max < lis[i])
max = lis[i];
}

free(lis);

return max;
}

/* Driver program to test above function */
int main()
{
int arr[] = { 10, 22, 9, 33, 21, 50, 41, 60 };
int n = sizeof(arr)/sizeof(arr);
printf("Length of lis is %dn", lis( arr, n ) );
return 0;
}

posted @ 2018-03-01 11:11  一棵球和一枝猪  阅读(183)  评论(0编辑  收藏