HashMap源码分析

前言

以下内容基于jdk1.7.0_79源码;

什么是HashMap

基于哈希表的一个Map接口实现,存储的对象是一个键值对对象(Entry<K,V>);

HashMap补充说明

基于数组和链表实现,内部维护着一个数组table,该数组保存着每个链表的表头结点;查找时,先通过hash函数计算key的hash值,再根据key的hash值计算数组索引(取余法),然后根据索引找到链表表头结点,然后遍历查找该链表;

HashMap数据结构

画了个示意图,如下,左边的数组索引是根据key的hash值计算得到,不同hash值有可能产生一样的索引,即哈希冲突,此时采用链地址法处理哈希冲突,即将所有索引一致的节点构成一个单链表;

HashMap继承的类与实现的接口

Map接口,方法的含义很简单,基本上看个方法名就知道了,后面会在HashMap源码分析里详细说明

AbstractMap抽象类中定义的方法

HashMap源码分析,大部分都加了注释

package java.util;
import java.io.*;

public class HashMap<K,V>
    extends AbstractMap<K,V>
    implements Map<K,V>, Cloneable, Serializable
{

    /**
     * 默认初始容量,默认为2的4次方 = 16,2的n次方是为了加快hash计算速度,;;减少hash冲突,,,h & (length-1),,1111111
     */
    static final int DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY = 1 << 4; // aka 16

    /**
     * 最大容量,默认为2的30次方,
     */
    static final int MAXIMUM_CAPACITY = 1 << 30;

    /**
     * 默认负载因子,默认为0.75
     */
    static final float DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR = 0.75f;

    /**
     *当数组表还没扩容的时候,一个共享的空表对象
     */
    static final Entry<?,?>[] EMPTY_TABLE = {};

    /**
     * 数组表,大小可以改变,且大小必须为2的幂
     */
    transient Entry<K,V>[] table = (Entry<K,V>[]) EMPTY_TABLE;

    /**
     * 当前Map中key-value映射的个数
     */
    transient int size;

    /**
     * 下次扩容阈值,当size > capacity * load factor时,开始扩容
     */
    int threshold;

    /**
     * 负载因子
     */
    final float loadFactor;

    /**
     * Hash表结构性修改次数,用于实现迭代器快速失败行为
     */
    transient int modCount;

    /**
     * 容量阈值,默认大小为Integer.MAX_VALUE
     */
    static final int ALTERNATIVE_HASHING_THRESHOLD_DEFAULT = Integer.MAX_VALUE;

    /**
     * 静态内部类Holder,存放一些只能在虚拟机启动后才能初始化的值
     */
    private static class Holder {

        /**
         * 容量阈值,初始化hashSeed的时候会用到该值
         */
        static final int ALTERNATIVE_HASHING_THRESHOLD;

        static {
            //获取系统变量jdk.map.althashing.threshold
            String altThreshold = java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(
                new sun.security.action.GetPropertyAction(
                    "jdk.map.althashing.threshold"));

            int threshold;
            try {
                threshold = (null != altThreshold)
                        ? Integer.parseInt(altThreshold)
                        : ALTERNATIVE_HASHING_THRESHOLD_DEFAULT;

                // jdk.map.althashing.threshold系统变量默认为-1,如果为-1,则将阈值设为Integer.MAX_VALUE
                if (threshold == -1) {
                    threshold = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
                }
                //阈值需要为正数
                if (threshold < 0) {
                    throw new IllegalArgumentException("value must be positive integer.");
                }
            } catch(IllegalArgumentException failed) {
                throw new Error("Illegal value for 'jdk.map.althashing.threshold'", failed);
            }

            ALTERNATIVE_HASHING_THRESHOLD = threshold;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 计算hash值的时候需要用到
     */
    transient int hashSeed = 0;

    /**
     * 生成一个空的HashMap,并指定其容量大小和负载因子
     *
     */
    public HashMap(int initialCapacity, float loadFactor) {
        //保证初始容量大于等于0
        if (initialCapacity < 0)
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal initial capacity: " +
                                               initialCapacity);
        //保证初始容量不大于最大容量MAXIMUM_CAPACITY
        if (initialCapacity > MAXIMUM_CAPACITY)
            initialCapacity = MAXIMUM_CAPACITY;
        
        //loadFactor小于0或为无效数字
        if (loadFactor <= 0 || Float.isNaN(loadFactor))
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal load factor: " +
                                               loadFactor);
        //负载因子
        this.loadFactor = loadFactor;
        //下次扩容大小
        threshold = initialCapacity;
        init();
    }

    /**
     * 生成一个空的HashMap,并指定其容量大小,负载因子使用默认的0.75
     *
     */
    public HashMap(int initialCapacity) {
        this(initialCapacity, DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
    }

    /**
     * 生成一个空的HashMap,容量大小使用默认值16,负载因子使用默认值0.75
     */
    public HashMap() {
        this(DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY, DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
    }

    /**
     * 根据指定的map生成一个新的HashMap,负载因子使用默认值,初始容量大小为Math.max((int) (m.size() / DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR) + 1,DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY)
     */
    public HashMap(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m) {
        this(Math.max((int) (m.size() / DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR) + 1,
                      DEFAULT_INITIAL_CAPACITY), DEFAULT_LOAD_FACTOR);
        inflateTable(threshold);

        putAllForCreate(m);
    }

    //返回>=number的最小2的n次方值,如number=5,则返回8
    private static int roundUpToPowerOf2(int number) {
        // assert number >= 0 : "number must be non-negative";
        return number >= MAXIMUM_CAPACITY
                ? MAXIMUM_CAPACITY
                : (number > 1) ? Integer.highestOneBit((number - 1) << 1) : 1;
    }

    /**
     * 对table扩容
     */
    private void inflateTable(int toSize) {
        // Find a power of 2 >= toSize
        //找一个值(2的n次方,且>=toSize)
        int capacity = roundUpToPowerOf2(toSize);

        //下次扩容阈值
        threshold = (int) Math.min(capacity * loadFactor, MAXIMUM_CAPACITY + 1);
        
        table = new Entry[capacity];
        initHashSeedAsNeeded(capacity);
    }

    // internal utilities

    void init() {
    }

    /**
     * 初始化hashSeed
     */
    final boolean initHashSeedAsNeeded(int capacity) {
        boolean currentAltHashing = hashSeed != 0;
        boolean useAltHashing = sun.misc.VM.isBooted() &&
                (capacity >= Holder.ALTERNATIVE_HASHING_THRESHOLD);
        boolean switching = currentAltHashing ^ useAltHashing;
        if (switching) {
            hashSeed = useAltHashing
                ? sun.misc.Hashing.randomHashSeed(this)
                : 0;
        }
        return switching;
    }

    /**
     * 生成hash值
     */
    final int hash(Object k) {
        int h = hashSeed;
        
        //如果key是字符串,调用un.misc.Hashing.stringHash32生成hash值
        //Oracle表示能生成更好的hash分布,不过这在jdk8中已删除
        if (0 != h && k instanceof String) {
            return sun.misc.Hashing.stringHash32((String) k);
        }
        //一次散列,调用k的hashCode方法,与hashSeed做异或操作
        h ^= k.hashCode();

        // This function ensures that hashCodes that differ only by
        // constant multiples at each bit position have a bounded
        // number of collisions (approximately 8 at default load factor).
        //二次散列,
        h ^= (h >>> 20) ^ (h >>> 12);
        return h ^ (h >>> 7) ^ (h >>> 4);
    }

    /**
     * 返回hash值的索引,采用除模取余法,h & (length-1)操作 等价于 hash % length操作, 但&操作性能更优
     */
    static int indexFor(int h, int length) {
        // assert Integer.bitCount(length) == 1 : "length must be a non-zero power of 2";
        return h & (length-1);
    }

    /**
     * 返回key-value映射个数
     */
    public int size() {
        return size;
    }

    /**
     * 判断map是否为空
     */
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return size == 0;
    }

    /**
     * 返回指定key对应的value
     */
    public V get(Object key) {
        //key为null情况
        if (key == null)
            return getForNullKey();
        
        //根据key查找节点
        Entry<K,V> entry = getEntry(key);

        //返回key对应的值
        return null == entry ? null : entry.getValue();
    }

    /**
     * 查找key为null的value,注意如果key为null,则其hash值为0,默认是放在table[0]里的
     */
    private V getForNullKey() {
        if (size == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        //在table[0]的链表上查找key为null的键值对,因为null默认是存在table[0]的桶里
        for (Entry<K,V> e = table[0]; e != null; e = e.next) {
            if (e.key == null)
                return e.value;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     *判断是否包含指定的key
     */
    public boolean containsKey(Object key) {
        return getEntry(key) != null;
    }

    /**
     * 根据key查找键值对,找不到返回null
     */
    final Entry<K,V> getEntry(Object key) {
        if (size == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        //如果key为null,hash值为0,否则调用hash方法,对key生成hash值
        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key);
        
        //调用indexFor方法生成hash值的索引,遍历该索引下的链表,查找key“相等”的键值对
        for (Entry<K,V> e = table[indexFor(hash, table.length)];
             e != null;
             e = e.next) {
            Object k;
            if (e.hash == hash &&
                ((k = e.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k))))
                return e;
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 向map存入一个键值对,如果key已存在,则覆盖
     */
    public V put(K key, V value) {
        //数组为空,对数组扩容
        if (table == EMPTY_TABLE) {
            inflateTable(threshold);
        }
        
        //对key为null的键值对调用putForNullKey处理
        if (key == null)
            return putForNullKey(value);
        
        //生成hash值
        int hash = hash(key);
        
        //生成hash值索引
        int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
        
        //查找是否有key“相等”的键值对,有的话覆盖
        for (Entry<K,V> e = table[i]; e != null; e = e.next) {
            Object k;
            if (e.hash == hash && ((k = e.key) == key || key.equals(k))) {
                V oldValue = e.value;
                e.value = value;
                e.recordAccess(this);
                return oldValue;
            }
        }

        //操作次数加一,用于迭代器快速失败行为
        modCount++;
        
        //在指定hash值索引处的链表上增加该键值对
        addEntry(hash, key, value, i);
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 存放key为null的键值对,存放在索引为0的链表上,已存在的话,替换
     */
    private V putForNullKey(V value) {
        for (Entry<K,V> e = table[0]; e != null; e = e.next) {
            //已存在key为null,则替换
            if (e.key == null) {
                V oldValue = e.value;
                e.value = value;
                e.recordAccess(this);
                return oldValue;
            }
        }
        //操作次数加一,用于迭代器快速失败行为
        modCount++;
        //在指定hash值索引处的链表上增加该键值对
        addEntry(0, null, value, 0);
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * 添加键值对
     */
    private void putForCreate(K key, V value) {
        //生成hash值
        int hash = null == key ? 0 : hash(key);
        
        //生成hash值索引,
        int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);

        /**
         * key“相等”,则替换
         */
        for (Entry<K,V> e = table[i]; e != null; e = e.next) {
            Object k;
            if (e.hash == hash &&
                ((k = e.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k)))) {
                e.value = value;
                return;
            }
        }
        //在指定索引处的链表上创建该键值对
        createEntry(hash, key, value, i);
    }
    
    //将制定map的键值对添加到map中
    private void putAllForCreate(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m) {
        for (Map.Entry<? extends K, ? extends V> e : m.entrySet())
            putForCreate(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
    }

    /**
     * 对数组扩容
     */
    void resize(int newCapacity) {
        Entry[] oldTable = table;
        int oldCapacity = oldTable.length;
        
        if (oldCapacity == MAXIMUM_CAPACITY) {
            threshold = Integer.MAX_VALUE;
            return;
        }
        
        //创建一个指定大小的数组
        Entry[] newTable = new Entry[newCapacity];
        
        transfer(newTable, initHashSeedAsNeeded(newCapacity));
        
        //table索引替换成新数组
        table = newTable;
        
        //重新计算阈值
        threshold = (int)Math.min(newCapacity * loadFactor, MAXIMUM_CAPACITY + 1);
    }

    /**
     * 拷贝旧的键值对到新的哈希表中
     */
    void transfer(Entry[] newTable, boolean rehash) {
        int newCapacity = newTable.length;
        //遍历旧的数组
        for (Entry<K,V> e : table) {
            while(null != e) {
                Entry<K,V> next = e.next;
                if (rehash) {
                    e.hash = null == e.key ? 0 : hash(e.key);
                }
                //根据新的数组长度,重新计算索引,
                int i = indexFor(e.hash, newCapacity);
                
                //插入到链表表头
                e.next = newTable[i];
                
                //将e放到索引为i处
                newTable[i] = e;
                
                //将e设置成下个节点
                e = next;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将制定map的键值对put到本map,key“相等”的直接覆盖
     */
    public void putAll(Map<? extends K, ? extends V> m) {
        int numKeysToBeAdded = m.size();
        if (numKeysToBeAdded == 0)
            return;

        //空map,扩容
        if (table == EMPTY_TABLE) {
            inflateTable((int) Math.max(numKeysToBeAdded * loadFactor, threshold));
        }

        /*
         * 判断是否需要扩容
         */
        if (numKeysToBeAdded > threshold) {
            int targetCapacity = (int)(numKeysToBeAdded / loadFactor + 1);
            if (targetCapacity > MAXIMUM_CAPACITY)
                targetCapacity = MAXIMUM_CAPACITY;
            int newCapacity = table.length;
            while (newCapacity < targetCapacity)
                newCapacity <<= 1;
            if (newCapacity > table.length)
                resize(newCapacity);
        }

        //依次遍历键值对,并put
        for (Map.Entry<? extends K, ? extends V> e : m.entrySet())
            put(e.getKey(), e.getValue());
    }

    /**
     * 移除指定key的键值对
     */
    public V remove(Object key) {
        Entry<K,V> e = removeEntryForKey(key);
        return (e == null ? null : e.value);
    }

    /**
     * 移除指定key的键值对
     */
    final Entry<K,V> removeEntryForKey(Object key) {
        if (size == 0) {
            return null;
        }
        //计算hash值及索引
        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key);
        int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
        
        Entry<K,V> prev = table[i];
        Entry<K,V> e = prev;

        //头节点为table[i]的单链表上执行删除节点操作
        while (e != null) {
            Entry<K,V> next = e.next;
            Object k;
            //找到要删除的节点
            if (e.hash == hash &&
                ((k = e.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k)))) {
                modCount++;
                size--;
                if (prev == e)
                    table[i] = next;
                else
                    prev.next = next;
                e.recordRemoval(this);
                return e;
            }
            prev = e;
            e = next;
        }

        return e;
    }

    /**
     * 删除指定键值对对象(Entry对象)
     */
    final Entry<K,V> removeMapping(Object o) {
        if (size == 0 || !(o instanceof Map.Entry))
            return null;

        Map.Entry<K,V> entry = (Map.Entry<K,V>) o;
        Object key = entry.getKey();
        int hash = (key == null) ? 0 : hash(key);
        //得到数组索引
        int i = indexFor(hash, table.length);
        Entry<K,V> prev = table[i];
        Entry<K,V> e = prev;
        //开始遍历该单链表
        while (e != null) {
            Entry<K,V> next = e.next;
            //找到节点
            if (e.hash == hash && e.equals(entry)) {
                modCount++;
                size--;
                if (prev == e)
                    table[i] = next;
                else
                    prev.next = next;
                e.recordRemoval(this);
                return e;
            }
            prev = e;
            e = next;
        }

        return e;
    }

    /**
     * 清空map,将table数组所有元素设为null
     */
    public void clear() {
        modCount++;
        Arrays.fill(table, null);
        size = 0;
    }

    /**
     * 判断是否含有指定value的键值对
     */
    public boolean containsValue(Object value) {
        if (value == null)
            return containsNullValue();

        Entry[] tab = table;
        //遍历table数组
        for (int i = 0; i < tab.length ; i++)
            //遍历每条单链表
            for (Entry e = tab[i] ; e != null ; e = e.next)
                if (value.equals(e.value))
                    return true;
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 判断是否含有value为null的键值对
     */
    private boolean containsNullValue() {
        Entry[] tab = table;
        for (int i = 0; i < tab.length ; i++)
            for (Entry e = tab[i] ; e != null ; e = e.next)
                if (e.value == null)
                    return true;
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 浅拷贝,键值对不复制
     */
    public Object clone() {
        HashMap<K,V> result = null;
        try {
            result = (HashMap<K,V>)super.clone();
        } catch (CloneNotSupportedException e) {
            // assert false;
        }
        if (result.table != EMPTY_TABLE) {
            result.inflateTable(Math.min(
                (int) Math.min(
                    size * Math.min(1 / loadFactor, 4.0f),
                    // we have limits...
                    HashMap.MAXIMUM_CAPACITY),
               table.length));
        }
        result.entrySet = null;
        result.modCount = 0;
        result.size = 0;
        result.init();
        result.putAllForCreate(this);

        return result;
    }

    //内部类,节点对象,每个节点包含下个节点的引用
    static class Entry<K,V> implements Map.Entry<K,V> {
        final K key;
        V value;
        Entry<K,V> next;
        int hash;

        /**
         * 创建节点
         */
        Entry(int h, K k, V v, Entry<K,V> n) {
            value = v;
            next = n;
            key = k;
            hash = h;
        }
        //获取节点的key
        public final K getKey() {
            return key;
        }
        //获取节点的value
        public final V getValue() {
            return value;
        }
        
        //设置新value,并返回旧的value
        public final V setValue(V newValue) {
            V oldValue = value;
            value = newValue;
            return oldValue;
        }

        //判断key和value是否相同,两个都“相等”,返回true
        public final boolean equals(Object o) {
            if (!(o instanceof Map.Entry))
                return false;
            Map.Entry e = (Map.Entry)o;
            Object k1 = getKey();
            Object k2 = e.getKey();
            if (k1 == k2 || (k1 != null && k1.equals(k2))) {
                Object v1 = getValue();
                Object v2 = e.getValue();
                if (v1 == v2 || (v1 != null && v1.equals(v2)))
                    return true;
            }
            return false;
        }

        public final int hashCode() {
            return Objects.hashCode(getKey()) ^ Objects.hashCode(getValue());
        }

        public final String toString() {
            return getKey() + "=" + getValue();
        }

        /**
         * This method is invoked whenever the value in an entry is
         * overwritten by an invocation of put(k,v) for a key k that's already
         * in the HashMap.
         */
        void recordAccess(HashMap<K,V> m) {
        }

        /**
         * This method is invoked whenever the entry is
         * removed from the table.
         */
        void recordRemoval(HashMap<K,V> m) {
        }
    }

    /**
     * 添加新节点,如有必要,执行扩容操作
     */
    void addEntry(int hash, K key, V value, int bucketIndex) {
        if ((size >= threshold) && (null != table[bucketIndex])) {
            resize(2 * table.length);
            hash = (null != key) ? hash(key) : 0;
            bucketIndex = indexFor(hash, table.length);
        }

        createEntry(hash, key, value, bucketIndex);
    }

    /**
     * 插入单链表表头
     */
    void createEntry(int hash, K key, V value, int bucketIndex) {
        Entry<K,V> e = table[bucketIndex];
        table[bucketIndex] = new Entry<>(hash, key, value, e);
        size++;
    }

    //hashmap迭代器
    private abstract class HashIterator<E> implements Iterator<E> {
        Entry<K,V> next;        // 下个键值对索引
        int expectedModCount;   // 用于判断快速失败行为
        int index;              // current slot
        Entry<K,V> current;     // current entry

        HashIterator() {
            expectedModCount = modCount;
            if (size > 0) { // advance to first entry
                Entry[] t = table;
                while (index < t.length && (next = t[index++]) == null)
                    ;
            }
        }

        public final boolean hasNext() {
            return next != null;
        }

        final Entry<K,V> nextEntry() {
            if (modCount != expectedModCount)
                throw new ConcurrentModificationException();
            Entry<K,V> e = next;
            if (e == null)
                throw new NoSuchElementException();

            if ((next = e.next) == null) {
                Entry[] t = table;
                while (index < t.length && (next = t[index++]) == null)
                    ;
            }
            current = e;
            return e;
        }

        public void remove() {
            if (current == null)
                throw new IllegalStateException();
            if (modCount != expectedModCount)
                throw new ConcurrentModificationException();
            Object k = current.key;
            current = null;
            HashMap.this.removeEntryForKey(k);
            expectedModCount = modCount;
        }
    }

    //ValueIterator迭代器
    private final class ValueIterator extends HashIterator<V> {
        public V next() {
            return nextEntry().value;
        }
    }
    //KeyIterator迭代器
    private final class KeyIterator extends HashIterator<K> {
        public K next() {
            return nextEntry().getKey();
        }
    }
    ////KeyIterator迭代器
    private final class EntryIterator extends HashIterator<Map.Entry<K,V>> {
        public Map.Entry<K,V> next() {
            return nextEntry();
        }
    }

    // 返回迭代器方法
    Iterator<K> newKeyIterator()   {
        return new KeyIterator();
    }
    Iterator<V> newValueIterator()   {
        return new ValueIterator();
    }
    Iterator<Map.Entry<K,V>> newEntryIterator()   {
        return new EntryIterator();
    }


    // Views

    private transient Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> entrySet = null;

    /**
     * 返回一个set集合,包含key
     */
    public Set<K> keySet() {
        Set<K> ks = keySet;
        return (ks != null ? ks : (keySet = new KeySet()));
    }

    private final class KeySet extends AbstractSet<K> {
        public Iterator<K> iterator() {
            return newKeyIterator();
        }
        public int size() {
            return size;
        }
        public boolean contains(Object o) {
            return containsKey(o);
        }
        public boolean remove(Object o) {
            return HashMap.this.removeEntryForKey(o) != null;
        }
        public void clear() {
            HashMap.this.clear();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 返回一个value集合,包含value
     */
    public Collection<V> values() {
        Collection<V> vs = values;
        return (vs != null ? vs : (values = new Values()));
    }

    private final class Values extends AbstractCollection<V> {
        public Iterator<V> iterator() {
            return newValueIterator();
        }
        public int size() {
            return size;
        }
        public boolean contains(Object o) {
            return containsValue(o);
        }
        public void clear() {
            HashMap.this.clear();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 返回一个键值对集合
     */
    public Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> entrySet() {
        return entrySet0();
    }

    private Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> entrySet0() {
        Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> es = entrySet;
        return es != null ? es : (entrySet = new EntrySet());
    }

    private final class EntrySet extends AbstractSet<Map.Entry<K,V>> {
        public Iterator<Map.Entry<K,V>> iterator() {
            return newEntryIterator();
        }
        public boolean contains(Object o) {
            if (!(o instanceof Map.Entry))
                return false;
            Map.Entry<K,V> e = (Map.Entry<K,V>) o;
            Entry<K,V> candidate = getEntry(e.getKey());
            return candidate != null && candidate.equals(e);
        }
        public boolean remove(Object o) {
            return removeMapping(o) != null;
        }
        public int size() {
            return size;
        }
        public void clear() {
            HashMap.this.clear();
        }
    }

    /**
     * map序列化,可实现深拷贝
     */
    private void writeObject(java.io.ObjectOutputStream s)
        throws IOException
    {
        // Write out the threshold, loadfactor, and any hidden stuff
        s.defaultWriteObject();

        // Write out number of buckets
        if (table==EMPTY_TABLE) {
            s.writeInt(roundUpToPowerOf2(threshold));
        } else {
           s.writeInt(table.length);
        }

        // Write out size (number of Mappings)
        s.writeInt(size);

        // Write out keys and values (alternating)
        if (size > 0) {
            for(Map.Entry<K,V> e : entrySet0()) {
                s.writeObject(e.getKey());
                s.writeObject(e.getValue());
            }
        }
    }

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 362498820763181265L;

    /**
     * 反序列化,读取字节码转为对象
     */
    private void readObject(java.io.ObjectInputStream s)
         throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException
    {
        // Read in the threshold (ignored), loadfactor, and any hidden stuff
        s.defaultReadObject();
        if (loadFactor <= 0 || Float.isNaN(loadFactor)) {
            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal load factor: " +
                                               loadFactor);
        }

        // set other fields that need values
        table = (Entry<K,V>[]) EMPTY_TABLE;

        // Read in number of buckets
        s.readInt(); // ignored.

        // Read number of mappings
        int mappings = s.readInt();
        if (mappings < 0)
            throw new InvalidObjectException("Illegal mappings count: " +
                                               mappings);

        // capacity chosen by number of mappings and desired load (if >= 0.25)
        int capacity = (int) Math.min(
                    mappings * Math.min(1 / loadFactor, 4.0f),
                    // we have limits...
                    HashMap.MAXIMUM_CAPACITY);

        // allocate the bucket array;
        if (mappings > 0) {
            inflateTable(capacity);
        } else {
            threshold = capacity;
        }

        init();  // Give subclass a chance to do its thing.

        // Read the keys and values, and put the mappings in the HashMap
        for (int i = 0; i < mappings; i++) {
            K key = (K) s.readObject();
            V value = (V) s.readObject();
            putForCreate(key, value);
        }
    }

    // These methods are used when serializing HashSets
    int   capacity()     { return table.length; }
    float loadFactor()   { return loadFactor;   }
}
}

简单使用示例

package com.pichen.collection;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Map<String, Integer> map = new HashMap<String, Integer>();

        //put方法
        map.put("A", 5);
        map.put("B", 6);
        map.put("C", 7);
        map.put("D", 8);
        
        //重写了toString方法
        System.out.println(map);
        
        //size方法
        System.out.println(map.size());
        
        System.out.println(map.containsKey("A"));
        System.out.println(map.containsValue(6));
        System.out.println(map.get("B"));
        
        //remove
        map.remove("C");
        System.out.println(map);
        
        //key集合
        for(String str:map.keySet()){
            System.out.print(str + " ");
        }
        
        System.out.println();
        //value集合
        for(Integer obj:map.values()){
            System.out.print(obj + " ");
        }
        
        System.out.println();
        //key-value集合
        for(Map.Entry<String, Integer> entry:map.entrySet()){
            System.out.print(entry.getKey() + ": " + entry.getValue() + ", ");
        }

    }
}

 

posted @ 2016-03-16 00:07 风一样的码农 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏