hdu 6093---Rikka with Number(计数)

题目链接

 

Problem Description
As we know, Rikka is poor at math. Yuta is worrying about this situation, so he gives Rikka some math tasks to practice. There is one of them:

In radix d, a number K=(A1A2...Am)d(Ai[0,d),A10) is good if and only A1Am is a permutation of numbers from 0 to d1.

A number K is good if and only if there exists at least one d2 and K is good under radix d.

Now, Yuta wants to calculate the number of good numbers in interval [L,R]

It is too difficult for Rikka. Can you help her?  
 

 

Input
The first line contains a number t(1t20), the number of the testcases. 

For each testcase, the first line contains two decimal numbers L,R(1LR105000).
 

 

Output
For each testcase, print a single line with a single number -- the answer modulo 998244353.
 

 

Sample Input
2
5 20
123456 123456789
 
Sample Output
3
114480
 
 
题意: 一个数 x 如果用 d 进制进行表示,是0~d-1的一个排列(不能以0打头),那么这个数称为 “优数”,一个数只要存在任意一个 d 进制符合0~d-1的一个排列,那么就是“优数”,问L到R区间有多少个优数?
 
思路:按进制计算,找边界,一定存在dl和dr是边界,dl+1~dr-1 进制的所有排列都在L~R之间。
       
官方题解:
               

 

 
代码如下:
import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main {
    static int MAXN = 1600;
    static BigInteger[] dx = new BigInteger[MAXN];
    static long MOD = 998244353;
    static long [] fac = new long [MAXN];
    static void Init(){
        dx[0] = BigInteger.ZERO;
        dx[1] = BigInteger.ZERO;
        for(int i=2; i<MAXN; i++){
            dx[i] = BigInteger.ZERO;
            for(int j=i-1; j>=0; j--){
                dx[i] = dx[i].multiply(BigInteger.valueOf(i)).add(BigInteger.valueOf(j));
            }
        }
        fac[0] = fac[1] = 1;
        for(int i=2; i<MAXN; i++) fac[i]=fac[i-1]*i%MOD;
    }
    static int Low(BigInteger x){
        int low=0, high=MAXN-1;
        while(low < high){
            int mid = (low+high)/2;
            if(dx[mid].compareTo(x)>=0)high = mid;
            else low = mid+1;
        }
        return high;
    }
    public static void main(String[] args){
        Init();
        Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
        int T = in.nextInt();
        for(int cas=1; cas<=T; cas++){
            int [] vis = new int [MAXN];
            for(int i=0; i<MAXN; i++) vis[i] = 0;
            BigInteger L, R;
            L = in.nextBigInteger();
            R = in.nextBigInteger();
            int dl = 0, dr = 0;
            dl = Low(L)+1;
            dr = Low(R)-1;
            long ans = fac[dr]-fac[dl-1];
            ans = (ans%MOD+MOD)%MOD;
            if(dl > dr) ans = 0; 
            dl--; dr++;
            
            long ans2=0;
            BigInteger tmp = (BigInteger.valueOf(dl)).pow(dl-1);
            for(int i=dl; i>=1; i--){
                int top = L.divide(tmp).intValue();
                if(i==dl && top==0) { ans2 = (ans2+fac[dl]-fac[dl-1])%MOD; break; }
                int cnt=0;
                for(int o=top+1;o<dl;o++) if(vis[o]==0) cnt++;
                ans2 = (ans2+(cnt)*fac[i-1]%MOD)%MOD;
                if(vis[top] == 1) break;
                L = L.mod(tmp);
                if(i==1 && vis[top]==0) ans2=ans2+1;
                vis[top] = 1;
                tmp = tmp.divide(BigInteger.valueOf(dl));
            }
            
            long ans1 = 0;
            for(int i=0; i<MAXN; i++) vis[i] = 0;
            tmp = (BigInteger.valueOf(dr)).pow(dr-1);
            for(int i=dr; i>=1; i--)
            {
                int top = R.divide(tmp).intValue();
                if(i==dr && top==0) {ans1 = (ans1+fac[dr]-fac[dr-1]%MOD); break;}
                int cnt=0;
                for(int o=top+1;o<dr;o++) if(vis[o]==0) cnt++;
                ans1 = (ans1+(cnt)*fac[i-1]%MOD)%MOD;
                if(vis[top] == 1) break;
                R = R.mod(tmp);
                vis[top] = 1;
                tmp = tmp.divide(BigInteger.valueOf(dr));
            }
//            System.out.println("ans1 -> "+ans1);
//            System.out.println("ans2 -> "+ans2);
//            System.out.println("ans  -> "+ans);
//            System.out.println("DL -> "+dl);
//            System.out.println("DR -> "+dr);
            ans = ans+ans2 + fac[dr]-fac[dr-1]-ans1;
            if(dl==dr) ans=ans2-ans1;
            ans = (ans%MOD+MOD)%MOD;
            System.out.println(ans);
        }
    }
}

 

 

 

posted @ 2017-08-08 21:18  茶飘香~  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏