【UWP】FlipView绑定ItemsSource,Selectedindex的问题

最近在做列表头部的Carousel展示,Carousel使用的是FlipView展示,另外使用ListBox显示当前页,如下图

 

我们先设置一个绑定的数据源

    public class GlobalResource : INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        private ObservableCollection<string> _items; 
        public ObservableCollection<string> Items
        {
            get
            {
                return _items = _items ?? new ObservableCollection<string>
                {
                    Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                    Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                    Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                    Guid.NewGuid().ToString(),
                };
            }
            set
            {
                _items = value;
                OnPropertyChanged(nameof(Items));
            }
        }

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        [NotifyPropertyChangedInvocator]
        protected virtual void OnPropertyChanged([CallerMemberName] string propertyName = null)
        {
            PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(propertyName));
        }
    }

Items作为数据源绑定在FlipView和ListBox上,布局代码如下

<Page x:Class="App1.MainPage"
      xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
      xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
      xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
      xmlns:local="using:App1"
      xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
      mc:Ignorable="d">

    <Page.Resources>
        <local:GlobalResource x:Key="GlobalResource" />
        <Style x:Key="DotListBoxItemStyle" TargetType="ListBoxItem">
            <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" />
            <Setter Property="TabNavigation" Value="Local" />
            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="12,11,12,13" />
            <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment" Value="Left" />
            <Setter Property="Margin" Value="5" />
            <Setter Property="UseSystemFocusVisuals" Value="True" />
            <Setter Property="Template">
                <Setter.Value>
                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListBoxItem">
                        <Grid x:Name="LayoutRoot"
                              Background="{TemplateBinding Background}"
                              BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}">
                            <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="PointerOver" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Pressed" />
                                    <VisualState x:Name="Selected">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="dotEllipse" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Blue" />
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="SelectedUnfocused">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="dotEllipse" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Blue" />
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="SelectedPointerOver">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="dotEllipse" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Blue" />
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                    <VisualState x:Name="SelectedPressed">
                                        <Storyboard>
                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="dotEllipse" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Blue" />
                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                        </Storyboard>
                                    </VisualState>
                                </VisualStateGroup>
                            </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                            <Ellipse x:Name="dotEllipse"
                                     Width="10"
                                     Height="10"
                                     Control.IsTemplateFocusTarget="True"
                                     Fill="White" />
                        </Grid>
                    </ControlTemplate>
                </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
        </Style>
    </Page.Resources>

    <Grid Background="{ThemeResource ApplicationPageBackgroundThemeBrush}">
        <ListView>
            <ListView.Header>
                <Grid Height="200">
                    <FlipView x:Name="flipView" ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource GlobalResource}, Path=Items}">
                        <FlipView.ItemTemplate>
                            <DataTemplate>
                                <Rectangle Height="200"
                                           Margin="5,0"
                                           Fill="Red" />
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </FlipView.ItemTemplate>
                    </FlipView>

                    <ListBox x:Name="listBox"
                             Margin="0,0,0,8"
                             HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                             VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                             Background="Transparent"
                             ItemContainerStyle="{StaticResource DotListBoxItemStyle}"
                             ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource GlobalResource},
                                                   Path=Items}"
                             SelectedIndex="{Binding ElementName=flipView,
                                                     Path=SelectedIndex,
                                                     Mode=TwoWay}">
                        <ListBox.ItemsPanel>
                            <ItemsPanelTemplate>
                                <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Center" Orientation="Horizontal" />
                            </ItemsPanelTemplate>
                        </ListBox.ItemsPanel>

                        <ListBox.ItemTemplate>
                            <DataTemplate>
                                <Ellipse Width="10"
                                         Height="10"
                                         Fill="White" />
                            </DataTemplate>
                        </ListBox.ItemTemplate>

                    </ListBox>
                </Grid>

            </ListView.Header>
            <Button Click="ButtonBase_OnClick">test</Button>
        </ListView>
    </Grid>
</Page>
MainPage.xaml

一切正常显示

问题:

  下面我们需要修改数据源

    var globalResource = (GlobalResource) Resources["GlobalResource"];
    globalResource.Items.Clear();
    for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    {
        globalResource.Items.Add(Guid.NewGuid().ToString());
    }

    Debug.WriteLine("flipView.SelectedIndex = {0}", flipView.SelectedIndex);
    Debug.WriteLine("listBox.SelectedIndex = {0}", listBox.SelectedIndex);

  虽然数据源变了,但是并没有选中当前页(第一个点不为蓝色),通过输出信息发现SelectedIndex都是0,并没有改变

  跟踪发现,调用ObservableCollection.Clear方法的时候SelectedIndex都被设为了-1,Add第一个的时候SelectedIndex被置为0,数据源和相关数据都改变了,不知道为什么样式没有出发(VisualState)由于不知道ListView内部实现,我们无法得知具体原因是啥

解决:

  对于上面问题,可以通过下面方式解决

  重新改变SelectedIndex让ListBox更新样式

    var globalResource = (GlobalResource) Resources["GlobalResource"];
    globalResource.Items.Clear();
    for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++)
    {
        globalResource.Items.Add(Guid.NewGuid().ToString());
    }

    flipView.SelectedIndex = -1;
    flipView.SelectedIndex = 0;

 

Demo:

  http://files.cnblogs.com/files/bomo/CarouselDemo.zip

 

posted @ 2015-10-17 22:12 bomo 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏