C#winform使用NOPI读取Excel读取图片

需求:在Winform使用NOPI做导入时候,需要导入数据的同时导入图片。

虽然代码方面不适用(我好像也没仔细看过代码),但是感谢大佬给了灵感http://www.wjhsh.net/IT-Ramon-p-13100039.html,将excel后缀修改成Zip,解压,在其中找到图片的xml位置信息,以及对应的xml图片

效果图:

 1、核心读取代码

        System.Data.DataTable dt;
        private void btnImport_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            dt = null;
            string copyAfterFileName = DateTime.Now.ToString("yyyyMMddHHssmm");//文件名 以及解压后的文件夹名
            string copyAfterFileNameExt = ".zip";//压缩后缀
            string modelExlPath = Environment.CurrentDirectory + "\\Temp\\Cache";//缓存文件
            if (!Directory.Exists(modelExlPath)) { Directory.CreateDirectory(modelExlPath); }//创建缓存文件夹
            string copyAfterFullName = Path.Combine(modelExlPath, copyAfterFileName + copyAfterFileNameExt);//移动到该目录并改为压缩包
            string copyDirFullName = Path.Combine(modelExlPath, copyAfterFileName);//解压后的文件夹位置

            OpenFileDialog openfile = new OpenFileDialog();
            openfile.Filter = "导入Excel(*.xls,*.xlsx)|*.xls;*.xlsx";
            openfile.FilterIndex = 0;
            openfile.RestoreDirectory = true;
            openfile.Title = "导入文件路径";
            //openfile.ShowDialog();
            if (openfile.ShowDialog() != DialogResult.OK)
            {
                return;
            }

           Common.ShowWaitForm();//正在加载..窗口
            FileInfo fi1 = new FileInfo(openfile.FileName);
            fi1.CopyTo(copyAfterFullName);//移动文件,并修改称为yyyyMMddHHssmm.zip

            try
            {
                wsDr wsDrModel = null;
                if (!Directory.Exists(copyDirFullName)) { Directory.CreateDirectory(copyDirFullName); }
                //解压到当前文件夹
                if (SharpZip.UnpackFiles(copyAfterFullName, copyDirFullName) == false)//yyyyMMddHHssmm.zip为文件夹yyyyMMddHHssmm
                {
                    Common.ShowErrorDialog("导入失败!");
                    LogHelper.Instance.Error("产品导入失败," + copyDirFullName + "自解压失败!");
                    return;
                }
                else
                {
                    wsDrModel = GetImgLoaction(copyDirFullName);//读取excel图片信息,对应位置,对应的绝对路径,对应的图片实体
                }

                string msg = "";
                dt = ExcelUtil.ExcelToTable(openfile.FileName, wsDrModel, ref msg);//获得Excel
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(msg))
                {
                   Common.ShowInfoDialog(msg);
                }
                if (dt == null || dt.Rows.Count <= 0)
                {
                   Common.ShowSuccessTip("导入失败!");
                    return;
                }
                LoadList();//刷新表格
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
               Common.ShowErrorDialog("导入错误!" + ex.Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                Common.HideWaitForm();//隐藏正在加载..窗口
            }
        }

        private wsDr GetImgLoaction(string copydirfullname)
        {
            //copydirfullname = "E:\\administrator\\Desktop\\test\\yyyyMMddHHssmm";
            string pathMap = Path.Combine(copydirfullname, "xl\\drawings\\drawing1.xml");
            var doc = XDocument.Load(pathMap);
            //清理大部分命名空间,blip属性中的情况只能手动指定了
            doc.Descendants().Attributes().Where(x => x.IsNamespaceDeclaration).Remove();
            foreach (var elem in doc.Descendants())
            {
                elem.Name = elem.Name.LocalName;
            }
            doc.Save(pathMap);
            wsDr model = XmlHelper.XmlToModelFile<wsDr>(pathMap);
            Relationships relationships = GetImg(copydirfullname);

            if (model.twoCellAnchorList.Count > 0)
            {
                //将图片路径,图片实体保存在图片位置表(wsDr)中
                foreach (var item in model.twoCellAnchorList)
                {
                    item.pic1.nvPicPr1.cNvPr1.img = relationships.Relationship.SingleOrDefault(a => a.Id == item.pic1.blipFill1.blip1.imgid).img;
                    item.pic1.nvPicPr1.cNvPr1.imgUrl = relationships.Relationship.SingleOrDefault(a => a.Id == item.pic1.blipFill1.blip1.imgid).imgUrl;
                }
            }
            return model;
        }
        private Relationships GetImg(string copydirfullname)
        {
            string pathMap = Path.Combine(copydirfullname, "xl\\drawings\\_rels\\drawing1.xml.rels");//获取图片所在目录的xml.rels
            FileInfo fi = new FileInfo(pathMap);

            string newpathMap = Path.Combine(copydirfullname, "xl\\drawings\\_rels\\drawing1.xml");//转换为xml,不然不可读取
            if (fi.Exists)
            {
                fi.MoveTo(newpathMap);
            }

            //代码可用
            var doc = XDocument.Load(newpathMap);
            doc.Descendants().Attributes().Where(x => x.IsNamespaceDeclaration).Remove();//移除大部分命名空间
            foreach (var elem in doc.Descendants())
                elem.Name = elem.Name.LocalName;
            doc.Save(newpathMap);

            Relationships model = XmlHelper.XmlToModelFile<Relationships>(newpathMap);//获取图片所在目录的xml
            string pathMap1 = Path.Combine(copydirfullname, "xl\\drawings\\drawing1.xml");//../media/image1.png 是以xl/drawings文件夹的基础上,而不是xl/drawings/_rels
            foreach (var item in model.Relationship)
            {
                string newpath = GetPath(Path.GetFullPath(pathMap1), item.Target);//获取 yyyyMMddHHssmm\xl\drawings target ../media/image1.png 转换为yyyyMMddHHssmm\xl\media\image1.png
                //保存路径,该路径在上传图片时使用
                item.imgUrl = newpath;
                //以流形式读取图片,不占用图片
                using (var stream = new FileStream(newpath, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.ReadWrite | FileShare.Delete))
                {
                    item.img = Image.FromStream(stream);
                }
            }
            return model;
        }
        private string GetPath(string sourPath, string path)
        {
            string[] pathT = path.Split('/');
            string newpath = sourPath;
            for (int i = 0; i < pathT.Length; i++)
            {

                if (pathT[i] == "..")
                {
                    DirectoryInfo di = new DirectoryInfo(Path.GetDirectoryName(newpath));

                    newpath = di.Parent.FullName;
                }
                else
                {
                    newpath = Path.GetFullPath(Path.Combine(newpath, pathT[i]));
                }
            }
            return newpath;
        }

2、根据xml生成的实体,并处理后

  #region 主要实体
    //实体主要部分,根据xml生成
    [Serializable]
    public class wsDr
    {
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "twoCellAnchor")]//指定节点名称
        public List<twoCellAnchor> twoCellAnchorList { get; set; }

    }
    //读取图片实体
    public class Relationships
    {
        [XmlElement("Relationship")]
        public List<Relationship> Relationship { get; set; }

    }
    #endregion
    #region 其他实体
    public class from
    {
        //这里列名称和节点名称相同,不需要特意指定xml节点名称
        public int col { get; set; }
        public int row { get; set; }

    }
    public class to
    {
        public int col { get; set; }
        public int row { get; set; }
    }
    public class cNvPr
    {
        [XmlAttribute( "id")]
        public string _id { get; set; }
        [XmlAttribute("name")]
        public string _name { get; set; }
        public Image img { get; set; }
        public string imgUrl { get; set; }
    }
    public class blip
    {
        /*手动指定xml命名空间,该命名空间使用..Where(x => x.IsNamespaceDeclaration).Remove()移除不了。
         * 注:xml中这块读取出来后不认为它是命名空间,因为是子级特意指定的
         */
        [XmlAttribute("embed",Namespace= "http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/officeDocument/2006/relationships")]
        public string imgid { get; set; }

    }
    public class blipFill
    {
        [XmlElement("blip")]
        public blip blip1 { get; set; }

    }
    public class nvPicPr
    {
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "cNvPr")]
        public cNvPr cNvPr1 { get; set; }
      
    }
    public class pic
    {
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "nvPicPr")]
        public nvPicPr nvPicPr1 { get; set; }
        [XmlElement("blipFill")]
        public blipFill blipFill1 { get; set; }
    }
    public class twoCellAnchor
    {
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "from")]
        public from from1 { get; set; }
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "to")]
        public to to1 { get; set; }
        [XmlElement(ElementName = "pic")]
        public pic pic1 { get; set; }

    }
  
    public class Relationship
    {
        [XmlAttribute("Id")]
        public string Id { get; set; }
        [XmlAttribute("Target")]
        public string Target { get; set; }
        public Image img { get; set; }
        public string imgUrl { get; set; }
    }
    #endregion

3、使用NOPI读取Excel内容

private static ISheet ExcelToSheet(string file)
        {
            IWorkbook workbook;
            string fileExt = Path.GetExtension(file).ToLower();
            using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(file, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
            {
                //XSSFWorkbook 适用XLSX格式,HSSFWorkbook 适用XLS格式
                if (fileExt == ".xlsx") { workbook = new XSSFWorkbook(fs); } else if (fileExt == ".xls") { workbook = new HSSFWorkbook(fs); } else { workbook = null; }
                if (workbook == null) { return null; }
                ISheet sheet = workbook.GetSheetAt(0);
                return sheet;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Excel导入成Datable
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="file">导入路径(包含文件名与扩展名)</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static DataTable ExcelToTable(string file, wsDr wsDrModel, ref string msg)
        {
            try
            {
                ISheet sheet = ExcelToSheet(file);
                DataTable dt = new DataTable();
                //表头  
                IRow header = sheet.GetRow(sheet.FirstRowNum);
                //List<int> columns = new List<int>();
                int columnsCount = 1;
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Id"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("dnxh"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("dwxh"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("zwmc"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ywmc"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("cplx"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("dw"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("sfwgcp"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("sflscp"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("mlj"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Img", typeof(Image)));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("cpcc"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("cpjz"));
                dt.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ImgUrl"));

                for (int i = 1; i <= sheet.LastRowNum; i++)
                {
                    DataRow dr = dt.NewRow();
                    object dnxh = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(0).GetRealValue();//对内型号
                    if (dnxh == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(dnxh.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【对内型号】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["dnxh"] = dnxh;
                    object dwxh = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(1).GetRealValue();//对外型号
                    if (dwxh == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(dwxh.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【对外型号】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["dwxh"] = dwxh;
                    object zwmc = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(2).GetRealValue();//zwmc
                    if (zwmc == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(zwmc.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【中文名称】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["zwmc"] = zwmc;
                    object ywmc = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(3).GetRealValue();//英文名称
                    if (ywmc == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(ywmc.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【英文名称】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["ywmc"] = ywmc;
                    object cplx = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(4).GetRealValue();//产品类型
                    if (cplx == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(cplx.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【产品类型】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["cplx"] = cplx;
                    object dw = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(5).GetRealValue();//单位
                    if (dw == null || string.IsNullOrEmpty(dw.ToString()))
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【单位】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["dw"] = dw;
                    object sfwgcp = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(6).GetRealValue();//是否外购
                    if (sfwgcp == null)
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【是否外购】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    if (sfwgcp.ToString() != "自制" && sfwgcp.ToString() != "外购")
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【是否外购】自制/外购,请勿填写其他内容!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["sfwgcp"] = sfwgcp;
                    object sflscp = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(7).GetRealValue();//是否临时产品
                    if (sflscp == null)
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【是否临时产品】!";
                        break;
                    }
                    if (sflscp.ToString() != "" && sflscp.ToString() != "")
                    {
                        msg += "请填写第" + i + "行的【是否临时产品】是/否,请勿填写其他内容!";
                        break;
                    }
                    dr["sflscp"] = sflscp;
                    object mljobj = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(8).GetRealValue();//目录价
                    decimal mlj = 0;
                    if (mljobj != null)
                    {
                        if (!decimal.TryParse(mljobj.ToString(), out mlj))
                        {
                            msg += "" + i + "行的【目录价】数值错误,请正确填写!";
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    dr["mlj"] = mlj;
                    object cpcc = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(10).GetRealValue();//产品尺寸
                    dr["cpcc"] = cpcc;
                    object cpjz = sheet.GetRow(i).GetCell(11).GetRealValue();//净重
                    dr["cpjz"] = cpjz;
                    dr["id"] = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
                    //-----------获取图片
                    //产品主图 第9列
                    int col = 9;
                    if (wsDrModel != null && wsDrModel.twoCellAnchorList.Count > 0)
                    {
                        var list = wsDrModel.twoCellAnchorList.Where(a => i >= a.from1.row && col >= a.from1.col && i <= a.to1.row && col <= a.to1.col).ToList();
                        if (list.Count > 0)
                        {
                            dr["Img"] = (Image)list[0].pic1.nvPicPr1.cNvPr1.img;
                            dr["ImgUrl"] = list[0].pic1.nvPicPr1.cNvPr1.imgUrl;

                        }
                    }
                    //XmlHelper.SetValue
                    //XmlHelper.XmlToModel<>(pathMap);
                    //-----------
                    dt.Rows.Add(dr);
                }
                return dt;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                LogHelper.Instance.Info(ex.ToString());
                throw ex;
            }
        }

4、保存信息

  private void btnSave_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            List<Model.Product> listProduct = new List<Model.Product>();
         
            foreach (DataRow item in dt.Rows)
            {
                Model.Product model = new Model.Product();
               //组建信息保存到实体
                listProduct.Add(model);
            }
            if (listProduct.Count <= 0)
            {
                Common.ShowInfoTip("没有需要保存的信息!请先导入");
                return;
            }
            Loading2.Show(this, new Action(() => UpLoadImage(listProduct)), new Action(() => this.Close()));//这个Loading异步加载在其他文章有
        }
        bool isSuccess = false;
        private void UpLoadImage(List<Model.Product> listProduct)
        {
            List<CommandInfo> commandInfos = new List<CommandInfo>();
            foreach (var item in listProduct)
            {
                item.Cpzp = CommonUtil.UploadFile(item.Cpzp);//上传后转换成服务器路径 \\Upload\Image\202211030918546.png

                commandInfos.Add(BLLService.Instance.BaseProducts.AddSql(item));
            }
            try
            {
                if (BLLService.DoTran(commandInfos))//事务执行insert产品信息
                {
                   Common.ShowSuccessTip("导入成功!");
                    dt = null;
                    isSuccess = true;
                }
                else
                {
                    Common.ShowErrorDialog("导入失败!");
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                LogHelper.Instance.Error("导入失败!" + ex);
                Common.ShowErrorDialog("导入失败!" + ex);
            }
        }

过程:

将Excel后缀换成zip解压得到文件夹。

其中xl\drawings\drawing1.xml记录了图片位置信息和id。对应xl\drawings\_rels\drawing1.xml.rels中图片位置和名称

根据图片位置,找到xl\media\image1.png

 

 

 

 

 

 作者:兮去博客
出处:https://www.cnblogs.com/bklsj/p/16784749.html
版权:本文版权归作者和博客园共有
转载:欢迎转载,但未经作者同意,必须保留此段声明;必须在文章中给出原文连接;否则必究法律责任

posted @ 2022-11-03 09:34  兮去  阅读(206)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报