spring boot RESTFul API拦截 以及Filter和interceptor 、Aspect区别

       今天学习一下RESTFul api拦截 

         大概有三种方式

一、通过Filter这个大家很熟悉了吧,这是java规范的一个过滤器,他会拦截请求。在springboot中一般有两种配置方式。

        这种过滤器拦截并不知道你用的是哪一个Controller处理也不知道你用哪一个方法处理。

  (1)第一种直接写类实现这个接口。代码如下这个要使用Component注解,当你你请求服务器的时候他会对每一个请求进行处理。

package com.nbkj.webFilter;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.servlet.*;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Date;

@Component
public class TimerFilter implements Filter {
    @Override
    public void init(FilterConfig filterConfig) throws ServletException {
        System.out.println("Time  filter init");
    }

    @Override
    public void doFilter(ServletRequest servletRequest, ServletResponse servletResponse, FilterChain filterChain) throws IOException, ServletException {
        System.out.println("Time filter start");
        long startTime = new Date().getTime();
        filterChain.doFilter(servletRequest, servletResponse);
        System.out.println("time filter:"+(new Date().getTime()-startTime));
        System.out.println("time filter finish");
    }

    @Override
    public void destroy() {
        System.out.println("Time filter destroy");
    }
}

 

(2)第二种可以在WebConfig中配置,这种配置方式为了使用第三方的Filter没有@Compont注解所以使用。代码如下

   

package com.nbkj.config;

import com.nbkj.webFilter.TimerFilter;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Web配置
 *
 * @author hsj
 * @Configuration 这个注解声明这个类是配置类
 * @create 2017-11-11 18:00
 **/

@Configuration
public class WebConfig {
    @Bean
    public FilterRegistrationBean timeFilter() {
        FilterRegistrationBean registrationBean = new FilterRegistrationBean();
        TimerFilter timerFilter = new TimerFilter();
        registrationBean.setFilter(timerFilter);
        List<String> urls = new ArrayList<>();
        urls.add("/*");
        registrationBean.setUrlPatterns(urls);
        return registrationBean;
    }
}

 

二、使用Interceptor这种事spring框架自己带的拦截器,代码如下 它会处理自己写的拦截器,也会拦截的拦截BasicErrorController

可以拿到处理的Controller和拿到处理的方法 但是拿不到具体的请求参数。

 

package com.nbkj.interceptor;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.web.method.HandlerMethod;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerInterceptor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.persistence.Convert;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.Date;

/**
 * this is spring interceptor
 *
 * @author hsj
 * @create 2017-11-11 18:16
 **/

@Component
public class TimeInterceptor implements HandlerInterceptor {

    /**
     * 控制器方法处理之前
     *
     * @param httpServletRequest
     * @param httpServletResponse
     * @param handler
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object handler) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("preHandle");
        System.out.println(((HandlerMethod) handler).getBean().getClass().getName());
        System.out.println(((HandlerMethod) handler).getMethod().getName());
        httpServletRequest.setAttribute("startTime", new Date().getTime());
        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 控制器方法处理之后
     * 控制器方法调用不抛异常调用
     *
     * @param httpServletRequest
     * @param httpServletResponse
     * @param o
     * @param modelAndView
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public void postHandle(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object handler, ModelAndView modelAndView) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("postHandle");
        Long startTime = (Long) httpServletRequest.getAttribute("startTime");
        System.out.println("time interceptor 耗时" + (new Date().getTime() - startTime));
    }

    /**
     * 控制器方法抛不抛异常都会被调用
     *
     * @param httpServletRequest
     * @param httpServletResponse
     * @param o
     * @param e
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Override
    public void afterCompletion(HttpServletRequest httpServletRequest, HttpServletResponse httpServletResponse, Object o, Exception e) throws Exception {
        System.out.println("afterCompletion");
        Long startTime = (Long) httpServletRequest.getAttribute("startTime");
        System.out.println("time interceptor 耗时" + (new Date().getTime() - startTime));
        System.out.println("ex is" + e);
    }
}

 

package com.nbkj.config;

import com.nbkj.interceptor.TimeInterceptor;
import com.nbkj.webFilter.TimerFilter;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.InterceptorRegistry;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurerAdapter;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Web配置
 *
 * @author hsj
 * @Configuration 这个注解声明这个类是配置类
 * @create 2017-11-11 18:00
 **/

@Configuration
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private TimeInterceptor timeInterceptor;

    @Override
    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        registry.addInterceptor(timeInterceptor);
    }
    
}

    

 三、使用Aspect切片,代码如下

   使用环绕通知,切入要切入的类,当请求的时候回拦截下来,这样可以获取拦截的方法的参数

package com.nbkj.aspect;


import org.aspectj.lang.ProceedingJoinPoint;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Around;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import java.util.Date;

/**
 * this is a acpect
 * 切入点
 * 在那些方法上起作用
 * 在什么时候起作用
 *
 * @author hsj
 * @create 2017-11-11 20:52
 **/
@Aspect
@Component
public class TimeAspect {
    @Around("execution(* com.nbkj.controller.UserController.*(..))")
    public Object handleControllerMethod(ProceedingJoinPoint proceedingJoinPoint) throws Throwable {
        System.out.println("time aspect start");
        Object[] args = proceedingJoinPoint.getArgs();
        for (Object arg : args) {
            System.out.println(arg.getClass().getName());
            System.out.println("arg is " + arg);
        }
        long startTime = new Date().getTime();
        Object obj = proceedingJoinPoint.proceed();
        System.out.println("time aspect 耗时" + (new Date().getTime() - startTime));
        System.out.println("time aspect end");
        return obj;
    }
}

 

过滤器(Filter)         :可以拿到原始的http请求,但是拿不到你请求的控制器和请求控制器中的方法的信息。

拦截器(Interceptor):可以拿到你请求的控制器和方法,却拿不到请求方法的参数。

切片   (Aspect)       :  可以拿到方法的参数,但是却拿不到http请求和响应的对象

 

 

posted @ 2017-11-11 21:57  冰叔博客  阅读(7214)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报