Spring PropertyResolver 占位符解析(二)源码分析

Spring PropertyResolver 占位符解析(二)源码分析

Spring 系列目录(https://www.cnblogs.com/binarylei/p/10198698.html)

Spring 3.1 提供了新的占位符解析器 PropertyResolver,默认实现为 PropertySourcesPropertyResolver。相关文章如下:

  1. Spring PropertyResolver 占位符解析(一)API 介绍
  2. Spring PropertyResolver 占位符解析(二)源码分析

PropertyResolver 类图

一、PropertyResolver 接口

PropertyResolver 的默认实现是 PropertySourcesPropertyResolver,Environment 实际上也是委托 PropertySourcesPropertyResolver 完成 占位符的解析和类型转换。 类型转换又是委托 ConversionService 完成的。

public interface PropertyResolver {
    // 1. contains
    boolean containsProperty(String key);

    // 2.1 获取指定 key,不存在可以指定默认值,也可以抛出异常
    String getProperty(String key);
    String getProperty(String key, String defaultValue);

    // 2.2 类型转换,委托 ConversionService 完成
    <T> T getProperty(String key, Class<T> targetType);
    <T> T getProperty(String key, Class<T> targetType, T defaultValue);

    String getRequiredProperty(String key) throws IllegalStateException;
    <T> T getRequiredProperty(String key, Class<T> targetType) throws IllegalStateException;

    // 3. 解析占位符 ${key}
    String resolvePlaceholders(String text);
    String resolveRequiredPlaceholders(String text) throws IllegalArgumentException;
}

ConfigurablePropertyResolver 是配置了一些解析占位符的必要属性,如占位符前缀和后缀等

public interface ConfigurablePropertyResolver extends PropertyResolver {
    // 1. 类型转换
    ConfigurableConversionService getConversionService();
    void setConversionService(ConfigurableConversionService conversionService);

    // 2.1 ${} 分隔符
    void setPlaceholderPrefix(String placeholderPrefix);
    void setPlaceholderSuffix(String placeholderSuffix);
    // 2.2 默认属性分隔符 :
    void setValueSeparator(@Nullable String valueSeparator);
    
    // 3.1 ${key} getProperty(key)==null 时是否忽略,不抛出异常
    void setIgnoreUnresolvableNestedPlaceholders(boolean ignoreUnresolvableNestedPlaceholders);
    void setRequiredProperties(String... requiredProperties);
    void validateRequiredProperties() throws MissingRequiredPropertiesException;
}

二、PropertySourcesPropertyResolver 源码分析

PropertySourcesPropertyResolver 持有一个数据源 PropertySources,可以通过 getProperty 获取对应的属性值,这方法有几种重载的方法,决定是否解析嵌套占位符和类型转换。

// 不进行类型转换,但会进行嵌套占位符的解析
@Override
public String getProperty(String key) {
    return getProperty(key, String.class, true);
}

// 进行类型转换,也进行嵌套占位符的解析
@Override
public <T> T getProperty(String key, Class<T> targetValueType) {
    return getProperty(key, targetValueType, true);
}

// 不进行类型转换,也不进行嵌套占位符的解析,返回原始的字符串
@Override
protected String getPropertyAsRawString(String key) {
    return getProperty(key, String.class, false);
}

我们再看一下 getProperty(key, String.class, false) 这个方法

protected <T> T getProperty(String key, Class<T> targetValueType, boolean resolveNestedPlaceholders) {
    if (this.propertySources != null) {
        for (PropertySource<?> propertySource : this.propertySources) {
            // 1. 从数据源中获取属性值
            Object value = propertySource.getProperty(key);
            if (value != null) {
                // 2. 如果属性值本身又含有占位符就属于嵌套占位符解析,如 ${a${x}b}
                if (resolveNestedPlaceholders && value instanceof String) {
                    value = resolveNestedPlaceholders((String) value);
                }
                // 日志输出
                logKeyFound(key, propertySource, value);
                // 3. 类型转换
                return convertValueIfNecessary(value, targetValueType);
            }
        }
    }
    return null;
}

现在最关键的方法是 resolveNestedPlaceholders,用于解析嵌套的占位符,这个方法是在其父类 AbstractPropertyResolver 实现的。

protected String resolveNestedPlaceholders(String value) {
    return (this.ignoreUnresolvableNestedPlaceholders ?
            resolvePlaceholders(value) : resolveRequiredPlaceholders(value));
}

private PropertyPlaceholderHelper nonStrictHelper;
private PropertyPlaceholderHelper strictHelper;
@Override
public String resolvePlaceholders(String text) {
    if (this.nonStrictHelper == null) {
        this.nonStrictHelper = createPlaceholderHelper(true);
    }
    return doResolvePlaceholders(text, this.nonStrictHelper);
}
@Override
public String resolveRequiredPlaceholders(String text) throws IllegalArgumentException {
    if (this.strictHelper == null) {
        this.strictHelper = createPlaceholderHelper(false);
    }
    return doResolvePlaceholders(text, this.strictHelper);
}

实际上嵌套占位符的解析 PropertySourcesPropertyResolver 都委托给了 PropertyPlaceholderHelper 方法来完成,而自身主要完成从 PropertySources 获取属性值。

private PropertyPlaceholderHelper createPlaceholderHelper(boolean ignoreUnresolvablePlaceholders) {
    return new PropertyPlaceholderHelper(this.placeholderPrefix, this.placeholderSuffix,
            this.valueSeparator, ignoreUnresolvablePlaceholders);
}
private String doResolvePlaceholders(String text, PropertyPlaceholderHelper helper) {
    return helper.replacePlaceholders(text, this::getPropertyAsRawString);
}

三、PropertyPlaceholderHelper 嵌套占位符的解析

在看 PropertyPlaceholderHelper 之前先看一下 PlaceholderResolver 这个内部类,这个类用于获取占位符 key 对应的 value。在 AbstractPropertyResolver#doResolvePlaceholders 方法中将 this::getPropertyAsRawString 传过来了,也就是说 PlaceholderResolver 是从 propertySources 获取对应的 value 值。

@FunctionalInterface
public interface PlaceholderResolver {
    // 从 propertySource 中获取 placeholderName 的 value
    String resolvePlaceholder(String placeholderName);
}

下面再看 replacePlaceholders 是如何解析嵌套的占位符的。

public String replacePlaceholders(String value, PlaceholderResolver placeholderResolver) {
    Assert.notNull(value, "'value' must not be null");
    // placeholderResolver 是从 propertySources 获取的属性值
    return parseStringValue(value, placeholderResolver, new HashSet<>());
}

// 循环解析 key ${a${x}b}
protected String parseStringValue(
        String value, PlaceholderResolver placeholderResolver, Set<String> visitedPlaceholders) {

    StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder(value);

    int startIndex = value.indexOf(this.placeholderPrefix);
    while (startIndex != -1) {
        // 找到结束的 } 位置,注意嵌套时要找对应的结束标记符 ${a${x}b}
        int endIndex = findPlaceholderEndIndex(result, startIndex);
        // endIndex=-1 或 startIndex=-1 结束循环
        if (endIndex != -1) {
            // 1. 获取 ${key} 的 key
            String placeholder = result.substring(startIndex + this.placeholderPrefix.length(), endIndex);
            String originalPlaceholder = placeholder;
            // 2. key 出现了循环嵌套,直接 Game Over
            if (!visitedPlaceholders.add(originalPlaceholder)) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                        "Circular placeholder reference '" + originalPlaceholder + "' in property definitions");
            }
            // 2. 循环解析这个 key,如果这个 key 又是形如 ${...}
            placeholder = parseStringValue(placeholder, placeholderResolver, visitedPlaceholders);
            // 3. 至此,这个 key 不可能出现 ${} 了,因此可以放心大胆的从 propertySources 获取对应的 value
            String propVal = placeholderResolver.resolvePlaceholder(placeholder);
            // 4. ${key:default} 如果为 null,获取真正的 key,如果为 null 则为默认值
            if (propVal == null && this.valueSeparator != null) {
                int separatorIndex = placeholder.indexOf(this.valueSeparator);
                if (separatorIndex != -1) {
                    String actualPlaceholder = placeholder.substring(0, separatorIndex);
                    String defaultValue = placeholder.substring(separatorIndex + this.valueSeparator.length());
                    propVal = placeholderResolver.resolvePlaceholder(actualPlaceholder);
                    if (propVal == null) {
                        propVal = defaultValue;
                    }
                }
            }
            // 5. 对不起,value 也可能为 ${...},递归解析
            if (propVal != null) {
                propVal = parseStringValue(propVal, placeholderResolver, visitedPlaceholders);
                result.replace(startIndex, endIndex + this.placeholderSuffix.length(), propVal);
                startIndex = result.indexOf(this.placeholderPrefix, startIndex + propVal.length());
            } else if (this.ignoreUnresolvablePlaceholders) {
                // 6. 忽略无法解析的 key,继续...
                startIndex = result.indexOf(this.placeholderPrefix, endIndex + this.placeholderSuffix.length());
            } else {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("Could not resolve placeholder '" +
                        placeholder + "'" + " in value \"" + value + "\"");
            }
            visitedPlaceholders.remove(originalPlaceholder);
        } else {
            startIndex = -1;
        }
    }

    return result.toString();
}

每天用心记录一点点。内容也许不重要,但习惯很重要!

posted on 2019-01-17 22:03  binarylei  阅读(1547)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

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