构造命题公式的真值表--biaobiao88

对给出的任意一个命题公式(不超过四个命题变元),使学生会用C语言的程序编程表示出来,并且能够计算它在各组真值指派下所应有的真值,画出其真值表。

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
struct
{
    int p[4] = {1,1,0,0};
    int q[4] = {1,0,1,0};
}m;

int main()
{
    cout << "    p:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
        cout << m.p[i] << "       ";
    cout << endl;
    cout << "    q:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
        cout << m.q[i] << "       ";
    cout << endl;
    //非p
    cout << "  非p:";
    int copyp[4];
    int k = 0;
    int feip[k];
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
        copyp[i] = m.p[i];
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        if(copyp[i] == 0)
            copyp[i] = 1;
        else
            copyp[i] = 0;
    }
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        feip[i] = copyp[i];
        cout << copyp[i] << "       "; 
    }
    cout << endl;
    //p交q
    cout << "p合取q:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        if(m.p[i] == 0 || m.q[i] == 0)
            cout << 0 << "       ";
        else
            cout << 1 << "       "; 
    }
    cout << endl;
    //p并q
    cout << "p析取q:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        if(m.p[i] == 1 || m.q[i] == 1)
            cout << 1 << "       ";
        else
            cout << 0 << "       ";
    }
    cout << endl;
    //p蕴含q
    cout << "p蕴含q:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        if(feip[i] == 1 || m.q[i] == 1)
            cout << 1 << "       ";
        else
            cout << 0 << "       ";
    }
    cout << endl;
    //p当且仅当q
    cout << "p等价q:";
    for(int i = 0;i < 4;i++)
    {
        if((m.p[i] == 1 && m.q[i] == 1) || (m.p[i] == 0 && m.q[i] == 0))
            cout << 1 << "       ";
        else
            cout << 0 << "       ";
    }
    cout << endl;
    return 0;
}

运行结果:

 

 以下代码为可输入的代码,用布尔值实现

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

void function(bool x,bool y)
{
    bool m = x&y;
    bool n = x|y;
    bool a,b,c;
    if(x == 1 && y == 0)
        a = 0;
    else
        a = 1;
    if(y == 1 && x == 0)
        b = 0;
    else
        b = 1;
    if(x == y)
        c = 1;
    else
        c = 0;
    cout << "p   q   ﹁p   ﹁q   p∩q   p∪q   p→q   q→p   p←→p   p⊕q" << endl;
    cout << x << "   " << y << "     " << !x << "     " << !y << "     ";
    cout << m << "      " << n << "      ";
    cout << a << "      " << b << "       " << c << "       " << !c << endl;
}

int main()
{
    bool p,q;
    int n;
    cout << "请输入需要测试几组数据:";
    cin >> n;
    while(n--)
    {
        cout << "请输入命题p和命题q的真值:";
        cin >> p >> q;
        function(p,q);
    }
    return 0;
}

运行结果:

 

posted @ 2019-11-01 16:18  恶魔岛  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏