大数据基础之Ambari(4)通过Ambari部署Impala

ambari2.7.3(hdp3.1) 安装 impala2.12(自动安装最新)

ambari的hdp中原生不支持impala安装,下面介绍如何通过mpack方式使ambari支持impala安装:

一 安装Service

1 下载

# wget https://github.com/cas-bigdatalab/ambari-impala-service/raw/master/ambari-impala-mpack-2.6.0-0816.tar.gz

2 安装

 # ambari-server install-mpack --mpack=/path/to/ambari-impala-mpack-2.6.0-0816.tar.gz --verbose

3 重启

 # ambari-server restart

访问ambari页面发现services中并没有impala,检查mpack.json发现问题:

/var/lib/ambari-server/resources/mpacks/ambari-impala-mpack-2.6.0-0816/mpack.json

{"name": "ambari-impala-mpack", "prerequisites": {"max-ambari-version": "", "min-ambari-version": "2.4.0.0"}, "artifacts": [{"type": "service-definitions", "name": "ambari-common-services", "source_dir": "common-services"}, {"service_versions_map": [{"service_name": "IMPALA", "applicable_stacks": [{"stack_name": "HDP", "stack_version": "2.6"}], "service_version": "2.6.0"}], "type": "stack-addon-service-definitions", "name": "ambari-addon-services", "source_dir": "addon-services"}], "version": "2.6.0-0816", "type": "full-release", "description": "Ambari Management Pack ambari-impala-mpack"}

修改hdp版本,增加3.1

{"stack_name": "HDP", "stack_version": "2.6"}

重新打包ambari-impala-mpack-2.6.0-0816.tar.gz

注意:impala版本不用修改,默认会安装最新的;

4 卸载

ambari-server uninstall-mpack --mpack-name=ambari-impala-mpack

5 安装(同上)

6 重启(同上)

二 安装Impala

按照页面提示进行,要增加repo

# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/impala.repo
[cloudera-cdh5]
# Packages for Cloudera's Distribution for Hadoop, Version 5, on RedHat or CentOS 7 x86_64
name=Cloudera's Distribution for Hadoop, Version 5
baseurl=https://archive.cloudera.com/cdh5/redhat/7/x86_64/cdh/5/
gpgkey =https://archive.cloudera.com/cdh5/redhat/7/x86_64/cdh/RPM-GPG-KEY-cloudera
gpgcheck = 1

注意这里是redhat7,按照需要将7改为6也可以;

三 启动Impala

 impala-state-store、impala-catalog、impala-server全部启动失败,OMG

下面看各种报错:

1 看日志报错

# more /var/log/impala/impala-catalog.log
find: '/usr/local/jdk/': No such file or directory
find: '/usr/local/jdk/': No such file or directory
find: '/usr/local/jdk/': No such file or directory

/usr/lib/impala/sbin/impalad: error while loading shared libraries: libjsig.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

 增加链接

ln -s /data/jdk1.8.0_191 /usr/local/jdk

 这次impala-state-store可以启动,但是impala-catalog和impala-server还是报错;

2 各种ClassNotFoundException

ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configurationjava.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hadoop/conf/Configuration

Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration

         at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:382)

         at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424)

         at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:349)

         at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)

 检查lib目录:/usr/lib/impala/lib/* 

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 43 Jan 19 07:34 hadoop-common.jar -> /usr/hdp/None/hadoop/hadoop-common.jar

发现很多链接有问题,指向一个不存在的目录/usr/hdp/None,实际为/usr/hdp/3.1.0.0-78,将这些链接全部替换为正确的地址:

cd /usr/lib/impala/lib
# ls -l|grep None|awk '{print "/bin/rm "$9}'
# ls -l|grep None|awk '{print "ln -s "$9" "$11}'|sed 's/None/3.1.0.0-78/g'

然后换了个错:

ClassNotFoundException: com.ctc.wstx.io.InputBootstrapperjava.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com/ctc/wstx/io/InputBootstrapper

Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.ctc.wstx.io.InputBootstrapper

         at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:382)

         at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:424)

         at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(Launcher.java:349)

         at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:357)

这个类在包woodstox-core-5.0.3.jar中,从hadoop2.9版本开始引入,因为hdp3.1内置的hadoop是3.1.1,尝试将这个jar包放到/usr/lib/impala/lib/,结果错误依旧,同时考虑到这个目录下hadoop相关的jar都没有版本号,猜测impala可能直接根据一些写死的jar名字来加载,所以后添加的jar识别不到,只能降hadoop版本

hadoop2.7.2

hadoop-auth.jar

hadoop-common.jar
hadoop-hdfs.jar
hadoop-mapreduce-client-core.jar

hive2.1.0

hive-common.jar
hive-metastore.jar

hbase1.2.6

hbase-common.jar
hbase-client.jar

将以上版本的jar更新到/usr/lib/impala/lib/下,ClassNotFoundException消失;

3 权限

E0119 18:16:24.230655 29797 impala-server.cc:285] Invalid short-circuit reads configuration:
- Impala cannot read or execute the parent directory of dfs.domain.socket.path

查看hdfs配置dfs.domain.socket.path对应的目录

ls -l /var/lib
drwxr-x--x 3 hdfs hadoop 36 Jan 19 17:05 hadoop-hdfs

由于impala是impala用户启动的,所以没有权限

# usermod -G hadoop impala

将impala加到hadoop组解决

4 NoSuchMethodError

# cat /var/log/impala/catalogd.ERROR

F0119 18:21:35.781538 16153 catalog.cc:90] java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(Lorg/apache/hadoop/hive/conf/HiveConf;Lorg/apache/hadoop/hive/metastore/HiveM

etaHookLoader;Ljava/lang/String;)Lorg/apache/hadoop/hive/metastore/IMetaStoreClient;

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool$MetaStoreClient.<init>(MetaStoreClientPool.java:93)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool$MetaStoreClient.<init>(MetaStoreClientPool.java:72)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool.initClients(MetaStoreClientPool.java:168)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.Catalog.<init>(Catalog.java:100)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.CatalogServiceCatalog.<init>(CatalogServiceCatalog.java:263)

         at org.apache.impala.service.JniCatalog.<init>(JniCatalog.java:121)

报错的类是hive metastore相关的类,查看

# javap -cp hive-metastore.jar org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient

Compiled from "RetryingMetaStoreClient.java"

public class org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient implements java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler {

  protected org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.Class<? extends org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient>) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, boolean) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaHookLoader, java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaHookLoader, java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.String, boolean) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.hive.conf.HiveConf, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public java.lang.Object invoke(java.lang.Object, java.lang.reflect.Method, java.lang.Object[]) throws java.lang.Throwable;

  static {};

}

方法签名是存在的,再仔细分析一下NoSuchMethodError,这个错误并不是说方法不存在,否则编译都过不了,而是因为jar包冲突有两个相同的类,一个有这个方法,一个没有,运行时一旦加载第二个类的方法就会报错NoSuchMethodError,再检查其他jar果然发现问题

# javap -cp hive-exec.jar org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient

Compiled from "RetryingMetaStoreClient.java"

public class org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient implements java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler {

  protected org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.Class<? extends org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient>) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, boolean) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaHookLoader, java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaHookLoader, java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.String, boolean) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient getProxy(org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration, java.lang.Class<?>[], java.lang.Object[], java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap<java.lang.String, java.lang.Long>, java.lang.String) throws org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.api.MetaException;

  public java.lang.Object invoke(java.lang.Object, java.lang.reflect.Method, java.lang.Object[]) throws java.lang.Throwable;

  static org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.IMetaStoreClient access$000(org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient);

  static {};

}

在hive-exec.jar中也有一个RetryingMetaStoreClient ,继续替换jar

hive2.1.0

hive-exec.jar

5 NoClassDefFoundError

F0119 18:59:40.175907 17009 catalog.cc:90] java.lang.IllegalStateException: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool$MetaStoreClient.<init>(MetaStoreClientPool.java:99)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool$MetaStoreClient.<init>(MetaStoreClientPool.java:72)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool.initClients(MetaStoreClientPool.java:168)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.Catalog.<init>(Catalog.java:100)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.CatalogServiceCatalog.<init>(CatalogServiceCatalog.java:263)

         at org.apache.impala.service.JniCatalog.<init>(JniCatalog.java:121)

Caused by: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to instantiate org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1627)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.<init>(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:80)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:130)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:101)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingMetaStoreClient.getProxy(RetryingMetaStoreClient.java:94)

         at org.apache.impala.catalog.MetaStoreClientPool$MetaStoreClient.<init>(MetaStoreClientPool.java:93)

         ... 5 more

Caused by: java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException

         at sun.reflect.GeneratedConstructorAccessor5.newInstance(Unknown Source)

         at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)

         at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:423)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.newInstance(MetaStoreUtils.java:1625)

         ... 10 more

Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/datanucleus/PersistenceNucleusContext

         at java.lang.Class.forName0(Native Method)

         at java.lang.Class.forName(Class.java:348)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.MetaStoreUtils.getClass(MetaStoreUtils.java:1592)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RawStoreProxy.getProxy(RawStoreProxy.java:64)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.newRawStore(HiveMetaStore.java:581)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.getMS(HiveMetaStore.java:546)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.createDefaultDB(HiveMetaStore.java:608)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore$HMSHandler.init(HiveMetaStore.java:398)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.<init>(RetryingHMSHandler.java:78)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.RetryingHMSHandler.getProxy(RetryingHMSHandler.java:84)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStore.newRetryingHMSHandler(HiveMetaStore.java:6396)

         at org.apache.hadoop.hive.metastore.HiveMetaStoreClient.<init>(HiveMetaStoreClient.java:236)

         ... 14 more

查看/usr/lib/impala/lib/下有datanucleus相关jar:

datanucleus-api-jdo-3.2.6.jar
datanucleus-core-3.2.12.jar
datanucleus-rdbms-3.2.12.jar

通过javap检查这几个jar包都没有org.datanucleus.PersistenceNucleusContext,再看hive2.1.0依赖的版本是

datanucleus-core-4.1.6.jar

而且不能通过添加jar到/usr/lib/impala/lib/来解决,只能降hive版本到1.2.1,因为这个版本的hive用是的datanucleus3,至此问题全部解决,impala-catalog和impala-server都成功启动;

6)通过hue访问impala server报错

NoClassDefFoundError: org/apache/hive/service/cli/thrift/TGetInfoReq CAUSED BY: ClassNotFoundException: org.apache.hive.service.cli.thrift.TGetInfoReq

这个类在hive-service-1.2.1.jar中,所以还要替换

hive1.2.0

hive-service.jar

注意hue中连接impala一定要使用21050端口,不能像impala-shell一样使用21000端口,否则会报错

Invalid method name 'OpenSession'

最后汇总一下需要替换的jar

hadoop2.7.2

hadoop-auth.jar
hadoop-common.jar
hadoop-hdfs.jar
hadoop-mapreduce-client-core.jar

hive1.2.0

hive-common.jar
hive-metastore.jar
hive-exec.jar
hive-service.jar

hbase1.2.6

hbase-common.jar
hbase-client.jar

 

参考:

https://github.com/cas-bigdatalab/ambari-impala-service

posted @ 2019-01-19 23:46  匠人先生  阅读(5027)  评论(4编辑  收藏  举报