C#使用Topshelf创建Windows服务

    一、项目创建

    创建一个控制台应用程序,项目右键->管理 NuGet 程序包->Topshelft及Topshelf.Log4Net。

    二、Topshelf配置

    一般来说,服务都会设置每隔多长时间执行一次任务,这里使用System.Threading.Timer来做个简单的日志记录,将日志写入到Debug\Log文件夹下。

    2.1、Log4Net配置

    新建一个log4net.config的配置文件,在其属性的复制到输出目录项下选择始终复制。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
  <configSections>
    <section name="log4net" type="log4net.Config.Log4NetConfigurationSectionHandler, log4net" />
  </configSections>
  <log4net>
    <!-- Console部分log输出格式的设定 -->
    <appender name="ConsoleAppender" type="log4net.Appender.ConsoleAppender">
      <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
        <conversionPattern value="%date [%thread] %-5level %logger - %message %newline" />
      </layout>
    </appender>
    <appender name="RollingLogFileAppender" type="log4net.Appender.RollingFileAppender">
      <file value="Log\"/>
      <appendToFile value="true"/>
      <maxSizeRollBackups value="10"/>
      <maximumFileSize value="1MB"/>
      <rollingStyle value="Date"/>
      <datePattern value='yyyy-MM-dd".log"' />
      <staticLogFileName value="false"/>
      <!--最小锁定模型以允许多个进程可以写入同一个文件-->
      <param name="lockingModel"  type="log4net.Appender.FileAppender+MinimalLock" />
      <layout type="log4net.Layout.PatternLayout">
        <conversionPattern value="%date %-5level %logger - %message %newline"/>
      </layout>
    </appender>
    <root>
      <level value="ALL" />
      <appender-ref ref="ConsoleAppender" />
      <appender-ref ref="RollingLogFileAppender" />
    </root>
  </log4net>
</configuration>

    2.2、TopshelfService

    新建一个TopshelfService类:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Topshelf;
using Topshelf.Logging;

namespace LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService
{
    public class TopshelfService : ServiceControl
    {
        private static readonly LogWriter logger = HostLogger.Get<TopshelfService>();
        private static Timer timerAsync = null;
        private readonly int dueTimeInterval = 1000 * 5; //单位:毫秒
        private readonly int periodInterval = 1000 * 5;  //单位:毫秒

        /// <summary>
        /// 构造函数
        /// </summary>
        public TopshelfService()
        {
            timerAsync = new Timer(AutoAsyncCallback, null, Timeout.Infinite, Timeout.Infinite);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 启动服务
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="hostControl"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool Start(HostControl hostControl)
        {
            try
            {
                logger.Info("HelloTopshelf Start");
                timerAsync.Change(dueTimeInterval, periodInterval);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                logger.Info(ex.Message);
            }
            return true;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 停止服务
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="hostControl"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool Stop(HostControl hostControl)
        {
            try
            {
                logger.Info("HelloTopshelf Stop");
                if (timerAsync != null)
                {
                    timerAsync.Change(Timeout.Infinite, Timeout.Infinite);
                    timerAsync.Dispose();
                    timerAsync = null;
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                logger.Info(ex.Message);
            }
            return true;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 回调函数
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="state"></param>
        private void AutoAsyncCallback(object state)
        {
            try
            {
                timerAsync.Change(Timeout.Infinite, Timeout.Infinite);
                logger.Info("AutoAsyncCallback执行开始");
                Thread.Sleep(1000 * 10);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                logger.ErrorFormat("AutoAsyncCallback执行异常:{0}", ex.Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                timerAsync.Change(dueTimeInterval, periodInterval);
                logger.Info("AutoAsyncCallback执行结束");
                logger.Info(Environment.NewLine);
            }
        }
    }
}

    2.3、配置和运行宿主服务

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Topshelf;

namespace LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            HostFactory.Run(x =>
            {
                x.UseLog4Net("log4net.config");
                x.RunAsLocalSystem();
                x.Service(settings => new TopshelfService());
                //服务的描述
                x.SetDescription("你好,Topshelf!");
                //服务的显示名称
                x.SetDisplayName("Hello Topshelf Service");
                //服务名称
                x.SetServiceName("HelloTopshelf");
            });
        }
    }
}

    三、安装与卸载

    3.1、安装服务

    在Debug文件夹下面,创建一个"安装服务.bat"的批处理文件:

@echo on

rem 设置DOS窗口的背景颜色及字体颜色
color 2f

rem 设置DOS窗口大小 
mode con: cols=80 lines=25

@echo off
echo 请按任意键开始安装LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService服务

rem 输出空行
echo.
pause

LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService install
net start HelloTopShelf

pause

    3.2、卸载服务

    在Debug文件夹下面,创建一个"卸载服务.bat"的批处理文件:

@echo on

rem 设置DOS窗口的背景颜色及字体颜色
color 2f

rem 设置DOS窗口大小 
mode con: cols=80 lines=25

@echo off
echo 请按任意键开始卸载LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService服务

rem 输出空行
echo.
pause

net stop HelloTopShelf
LinkTo.Test.TopshelfService uninstall

pause

    3.3、查看服务

    在运行中输入"services.msc"进入服务,即可看到新建的HelloTopshelf服务:

    四、添加管理员权限要求

    项目右键->添加->新建项->应用程序清单文件。

    将requestedExecutionLevel节点的level设置为"requireAdministrator"。

<requestedExecutionLevel level="requireAdministrator" uiAccess="false" />

 

posted @ 2020-05-15 18:07  缥缈的尘埃  阅读(282)  评论(0编辑  收藏