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华为高斯 GaussDB 100 OLTP 单机在 RHEL 7.6 上的安装

2019-12-05 16:11  askscuti  阅读(2687)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

你需要知道的

  • GaussDB 100 OLTP x86 版本请自行向官方申请,目前暂未对外公开(申请

  • GaussDB 100 OLTP x86_64 基于 RedHat 7.6 安装(Host IP:192.168.43.175)

  • DataStudio 基于 Windows 7 安装(Host IP:192.168.43.147)

操作系统安装

GaussDB 100 安装

环境设置

  • 关闭Selinux
vim /etc/selinux/config
修改 SELINUX=enforcing 为 SELINUX=disabled
  • 关闭防火墙
systemctl stop firewalld.service 
systemctl disable firewalld.service
  • 编辑环境变量
[root@henry ~]# vim /etc/profile
添加 ulimit -c unlimited
  • 刷新环境变量
[root@henry ~]# source /etc/profile
  • 编辑内核参数
[root@henry ~]# vim /etc/sysctl.conf
添加 kernel.core_pattern = /corefile/core-%e-%p-%t
  • 刷新内核参数
[root@henry ~]# sysctl -p

创建用户组/用户/文件夹

  • 创建用户组用户
[root@henry ~]# groupadd dbgrp
[root@henry ~]# useradd -g dbgrp -d /home/omm -m -s /bin/bash omm
  • 修改用户密码
[root@henry ~]# passwd omm
Changing password for user omm.
New password: 
BAD PASSWORD: The password is shorter than 8 characters
Retype new password: 
passwd: all authentication tokens updated successfully.
  • 创建文件夹
[root@henry ~]# mkdir -p /opt/software/gaussdb

软件上传/解压/安装

  • 上传(略)

  • 解压

[root@henry ~]# cd /opt/software/gaussdb/
[root@henry gaussdb]# tar -zxvf GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit.tar.gz 
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/install.py
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/upgrade.py
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/funclib.py
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/sshexkey.py
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/GaussDB_100_1.0.1-RUN-REDHAT-64bit.tar.gz
GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/GaussDB_100_1.0.1-RUN-REDHAT-64bit.sha256
  • 安装
[root@henry gaussdb]# cd GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit/
[root@henry GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit]# python install.py -U omm:dbgrp -R /opt/gaussdb/app -D /opt/gaussdb/data -C  LSNR_ADDR=127.0.0.1,192.168.43.175 -C LSNR_PORT=1888

Checking runner.
Checking parameters.
End check parameters.
Checking user.
End check user.
Checking old install.
End check old install.
Checking kernel parameters.
Checking directory.
Checking integrality of run file...
Decompressing run file.
Setting user env.
Checking data dir and config file
Initialize db instance.
Creating database.
Creating database succeed.
Changing file permission due to security audit.
Install successfully, for more detail information see /home/omm/zengineinstall.log.

启动数据库

  • 切换用户
[root@henry GaussDB_100_1.0.1-DATABASE-REDHAT-64bit]# su - omm
Last login: Thu Dec  5 14:18:19 CST 2019
  • 启动数据库并登陆
[omm@henry ~]$ cd /opt/gaussdb/app/bin/
[omm@henry bin]$ python zctl.py -t start
Zengine instance has already started.
[omm@henry bin]$ zsql SYS/Changeme_123@127.0.0.1:1888

Warning: SSL connection to server without CA certificate is insecure. Continue anyway? (y/n):y
connected.

SQL> select count(1) from sys_tables;

COUNT(1)            
--------------------
86                  

1 rows fetched.

DataStudio 连接

服务器环境设置

  • 添加白名单
[root@henry ~]# cd /opt/gaussdb/data/cfg/
[root@henry cfg]# vim zhba.conf
# 尾行添加客户端IP地址 host * 192.168.43.147,::1

# 最终显示
[root@henry cfg]# cat zhba.conf
host * 127.0.0.1,::1
host * 192.168.43.147,::1
  • 重启数据库
[root@henry ~]# su - omm
Last login: Thu Dec  5 14:29:17 CST 2019 on pts/3
[omm@henry ~]$ cd /opt/gaussdb/app/bin/

[omm@henry bin]$ python zctl.py -t stop
Successfully stopped instance.
[omm@henry bin]$ python zctl.py -t start
Successfully started instance.
  • 创建数据库用户(默认无法通过SYS用户登陆)
[omm@henry bin]$ zsql SYS/Changeme_123@127.0.0.1:1888

Warning: SSL connection to server without CA certificate is insecure. Continue anyway? (y/n):y
connected.

SQL> create user henry identified by 'Henry@123';

Succeed.

SQL> grant dba to henry;

Succeed.

DataStudio 连接及操作

  • 注意:DataStudio开发工具需要JDK支持(请自行安装JDK)

create table henry (id number);
insert into henry values (1);
insert into henry values (2);
commit;
select * from henry;