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linux 下 ifcfg-eth0 配置

网络接口配置文件
[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
# Intel Corporation 82545EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller (Copper)
TYPE=Ethernet #网卡类型
DEVICE=eth0 #网卡接口名称
ONBOOT=yes #系统启动时是否自动加载
BOOTPROTO=static #启用地址协议 --static:静态协议 --bootp协议 --dhcp协议
IPADDR=192.168.1.11 #网卡IP地址
NETMASK=255.255.255.0 #网卡网络地址
GATEWAY=192.168.1.1 #网卡网关地址
DNS1=10.203.104.41 #网卡DNS地址
HWADDR=00:0C:29:13:5D:74 #网卡设备MAC地址
BROADCAST=192.168.1.255 #网卡广播地址
重新导入ifcfg-eth0网络配置文件
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/network reload
Shutting down interface eth0: [ OK ]
Shutting down loopback interface: [ OK ]
Bringing up loopback interface: [ OK ]
Bringing up interface eth0: [ OK ]

网卡接口关闭与激活
[root@localhost ~]# ifdown eth0 #关闭网络
[root@localhost ~]# ifup eth0 #启动网络

网络服务启动与关闭
方法一:
[root@localhost ~]# service network stop #关闭网络服务
[root@localhost ~]# service network start #启动网络服务
[root@localhost ~]# service network restart #重启网络服务
方法二:
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/network stop
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/network start
[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/network restart
网卡状态查询
[root@localhost ~]# service network status
Configured devices:
lo eth0
Currently active devices:
lo eth0

临时配置网卡信息,无需重启。
[root@localhost ~]# ifconfig eth0 10.1.1.10 netmask 255.0.0.0
查看网卡接口信息,默认列出所有接口
[root@localhost ~]# ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:0C:29:13:5D:74
inet addr:192.168.1.11 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fe13:5d74/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:413 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:572 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:47701 (46.5 KiB) TX bytes:64842 (63.3 KiB)
Base address:0x2000 Memory:d8920000-d8940000

lo Link encap:Local Loopback
inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0
inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:16436 Metric:1
RX packets:407 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:407 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
RX bytes:70759 (69.1 KiB) TX bytes:70759 (69.1 KiB)
查看当前路由及网关信息
[root@localhost ~]# netstat -r
Kernel IP routing table
Destination Gateway Genmask Flags MSS Window irtt Iface
192.168.1.0 * 255.255.255.0 U 0 0 0 eth0
169.254.0.0 * 255.255.0.0 U 0 0 0 eth0
default 192.168.1.1 0.0.0.0 UG 0 0 0 eth0

DNS:
主机名:CentOS
主DNS:202.106.46.151
第二DNS:202.106.0.20
第三DNS:8.8.8.8

网络配置:
eth0
静态ip:192.168.1.106
子网掩码 255.255.255.0
默认网关 IP 192.168.1.1


DEVICE=eth0
IPADDR=192.168.1.106
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
BROADCAST=192.168.1.255
ONBOOT=yes
BOOTPROTO=none
GATEWAY=192.168.1.1
TYPE=Ethernet
"/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0" 11L, 187C

posted @ 2016-10-23 18:45  ArvinTang  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏