Mysqlutil.JDBCutil.Dtabaseutil数据库操作工具类[批量操作]

一个用来操作数据库的常用工具类.

提供批量操作,生成建表,插入语句等

操作示例:

        // 1.获取连接
        DataBaseUtil jdbc = new DataBaseUtil();
        jdbc.getConn();
        // Connection conn = new DataBaseUtil().getConn();
        
        // 2. 插入一条数据,返回主键(自增的情况下)
        // 如果不要返回主键,用executePstamt就行了
        Object pk1 = jdbc.insertReturnPK("insert into t_employee (name,age) values (?,?);", Arrays.asList("Java", 16));
        Object pk2 = jdbc.insertReturnPK("insert t_employee (name)", "Java");
        
        // 3.查询一条数据:返回一个map
        Map selectOne1 = jdbc.selectOne("select * from t_employee where name = ?;", "Jenny");
        Map selectOne2 = jdbc.selectOne("select * from t_employee where id =?;", Arrays.asList(1));
        
        // 4.查询多条数据
        List<Map> selectMore1 = jdbc.selectMore("select *from t_employee;", null);
        List<Map> selectMore2 = jdbc.selectMore("select id,name,age from t_employee where age > ?;", Arrays.asList(18));
        
        // 5.执行sql
        jdbc.executePstamt("update t_employee set name = ?,age = ? where is = ? ;", Arrays.asList("Danny", 33, 2));
        jdbc.executePstamt("insert into t_employee (name,age) values (?,?);", Arrays.asList("Liming", 21));
        
        // 6.批量插入/更新(BLUK模式)
        // 你的List中有多少个子list,就会插入多少条数据
        List<List> allData = new ArrayList<>();
        allData.add(Arrays.asList("Python", 17));
        allData.add(Arrays.asList("Nodejs", 23));
        jdbc.batchExecutePstamt("insert into t_employee (name,age) values (?,?)", allData);
        
        // 7.查询一个表的列名集合
        List<String> cloumns = jdbc.selectColumns("t_employee");
        
        // 8.验证一个表是否存在
        boolean exist = jdbc.validateTableExist("t_employee");
        
        // 9.获取插入语句:这里的第三个布尔变量,是决定是否使用去重复(IGNORE)插入
        String insertSql = jdbc.getInsertSql("t_employee", Arrays.asList("name", "age"), true);
        
        // 10.获取建表语句
        Map<String, String> fields = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        fields.put("name", "varchar(64)");
        fields.put("age", "int(32)");
        String createTableSql1 = jdbc.createTableSql("t_employee", fields, "InnoDB");
        String createTableSql2 = jdbc.createTableSql("t_employee", Arrays.asList("name", "age"), "InnoDB", "varchar(64)");
        

 

 

方法的返回值,传入参数类型,具体看注释.

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DatabaseMetaData;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.ResultSetMetaData;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;
import java.util.Properties;

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//        注意jar包版本,新版(应该是6.0以上)的driverClass格式不一样                    //
//        old :com.mysql.jdbc.Driver                                            //
//        6.0+:com.mysql.cj.jdbc.Driver                                         //
//        url连接中需要带上:serverTimezone=UTC                                    //
//        中国地区请使用:serverTimezone=Asia/Shanghai                             //
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//        jdbc_driver=com.mysqljdbc.Driver                                      //
//        jdbc_url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/log?characterEncoding=utf-8      //
//        jdbc_username=root                                                    //
//        jdbc_password=admin                                                   //
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

/**
 * @author lnexin@aliyun.com
 */
public class DataBaseUtil {
    // 数据库配置文件地址
    private static final String CONFIG_PATH = "config.properties";
    
    private static final String DB_DRIVER;
    private static final String DB_URL;
    private static final String DB_USERNAME;
    private static final String DB_PASSWORD;
    
    private Connection connection;
    private PreparedStatement pstmt;
    private ResultSet resultSet;
    
    static {
        Properties p = new Properties();
        try {
            // 两种方式任选其一
            // InputStream u = DataBaseUtil.class.getResourceAsStream("config.properties");
            // p.load(u);
            p.load(new FileInputStream(new File(CONFIG_PATH)));
        } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
            System.err.println("Not Database configuration files !");
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            System.err.println("Read configuration file failure!");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        DB_DRIVER = p.getProperty("jdbc_driver");
        DB_URL = p.getProperty("jdbc_url");
        DB_USERNAME = p.getProperty("jdbc_username");
        DB_PASSWORD = p.getProperty("jdbc_password");
    }
    
    public DataBaseUtil() {
    }
    
    /**
     * 使用配置文件中的连接信息获取连接
     */
    public Connection getConn() {
        try {
            Class.forName(DB_DRIVER);
            connection = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, DB_USERNAME, DB_PASSWORD);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.err.println("Get connection failure!" + e);
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            System.err.println("Load DB Driver failure!" + e);
        }
        return connection == null ? connection : null;
    }
    
    /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    /**
     * 使用非配置文件的连接信息
     * 
     * @param driver
     *            数据路驱动
     * @param url
     *            数据库连接
     * @param username
     *            数据库用户名
     * @param password
     *            数据库密码
     * @return Connection
     */
    public Connection getConn(String driver, String url, String username, String password) {
        try {
            Class.forName(driver);
            connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.err.println("Get connection failure!" + e);
            releaseConn();
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            System.err.println("Load DB Driver failure!" + e);
        }
        return connection == null ? connection : null;
    }
    //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
    
    /**
     * 插入
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式的插入语句
     * @param param
     *            需要插入的单个数值
     * @return 自增的情况下返回插入的主键
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public Object insertReturnPK(String sql, Object param) throws SQLException {
        return insertReturnPK(sql, Arrays.asList(param));
    }
    
    /**
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式的insert语句
     * @param params
     *            需要插入的多个参数,以list格式
     * @return 返回插入语句的自增主键
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public Object insertReturnPK(String sql, List params) throws SQLException {
        pstmt = connection.prepareStatement(sql, Statement.RETURN_GENERATED_KEYS);
        int index = 1;
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            for (int i = 0; i < params.size(); i++) {
                pstmt.setObject(index++, params.get(i));
            }
        }
        pstmt.executeUpdate();
        resultSet = pstmt.getGeneratedKeys();
        Object pk = null;
        if (resultSet.next()) {
            pk = resultSet.getObject(1);
        }
        closePstmat();
        resultSet.close();
        return pk;
    }
    
    /**
     * 执行某一条语句
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式的sql语句
     * @param param
     *            填充的参数
     * @return 返回是否执行成功
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public boolean executePstamt(String sql, Object param) throws SQLException {
        return executePstamt(sql, Arrays.asList(param));
    }
    
    /**
     * 执行某一条语句
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式的sql语句
     * @param param
     *            填充的参数列表
     * @return 返回是否执行成功
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public boolean executePstamt(String sql, List params) throws SQLException {
        int result = -1;
        pstmt = connection.prepareStatement(sql);
        int index = 1;
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            for (int i = 0; i < params.size(); i++) {
                pstmt.setObject(index++, params.get(i));
            }
        }
        result = pstmt.executeUpdate();
        closePstmat();
        return result > 0 ? true : false;
    }
    
    /**
     * 批量执行
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式的sql语句
     * @param lists
     *            需要插入的数据列表,注:List<List> 格式,子list中为一条语句所填充的参数列表
     * @return 返回是否执行成功
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public boolean batchExecutePstamt(String sql, List<List> lists) throws SQLException {
        connection.setAutoCommit(false);
        boolean flag = false;
        int resultNum = 0;
        pstmt = connection.prepareStatement(sql);
        if (lists != null && !lists.isEmpty()) {
            for (List<Object> cList : lists) {
                if (cList == null || cList.isEmpty()) continue;
                
                for (int i = 0; i < cList.size(); i++) {
                    pstmt.setObject(i + 1, cList.get(i));
                }
                pstmt.addBatch();
            }
            int[] resNum = pstmt.executeBatch();
            connection.commit();
            resultNum += resNum.length;
        }
        closePstmat();
        flag = resultNum > 0 ? true : false;
        return flag;
    }
    
    /**
     * 查询一条,返回结果
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式语句
     * @param param
     *               不可为空
     * @return 一个map集合
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public Map selectOne(String sql, String param) throws SQLException {
        return selectOne(sql, Arrays.asList(param));
    }
    
    /**
     * 查询一条,返回结果
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式语句
     * @param param
     *            需要的参数列表,可为空
     * @return 一个map集合
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public Map selectOne(String sql, List params) throws SQLException {
        Map map = new LinkedHashMap();
        int index = 1;
        pstmt = connection.prepareStatement(sql);
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            for (int i = 0; i < params.size(); i++) {
                pstmt.setObject(index++, params.get(i));
            }
        }
        resultSet = pstmt.executeQuery();
        ResultSetMetaData metaData = resultSet.getMetaData();
        int col_len = metaData.getColumnCount();
        while (resultSet.next()) {
            for (int i = 0; i < col_len; i++) {
                String cols_name = metaData.getColumnName(i + 1);
                Object cols_value = resultSet.getObject(cols_name);
                if (cols_value == null) {
                    cols_value = "";
                }
                map.put(cols_name, cols_value);
            }
        }
        closeResultSet();
        closePstmat();
        return map;
    }
    
    /**
     * 查询多个结果的返回集
     * 
     * @param sql
     *            prepareStatement格式语句
     * @param params
     *            需要填充的参数列表,可为空
     * @return 一个list<map>的结果集
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public List<Map> selectMore(String sql, List params) throws SQLException {
        List<Map> list = new ArrayList<Map>();
        int index = 1;
        pstmt = connection.prepareStatement(sql);
        if (params != null && !params.isEmpty()) {
            for (int i = 0; i < params.size(); i++) {
                pstmt.setObject(index++, params.get(i));
            }
        }
        resultSet = pstmt.executeQuery();
        ResultSetMetaData metaData = resultSet.getMetaData();
        int cols_len = metaData.getColumnCount();
        while (resultSet.next()) {
            Map map = new LinkedHashMap();
            for (int i = 0; i < cols_len; i++) {
                String cols_name = metaData.getColumnName(i + 1);
                Object cols_value = resultSet.getObject(cols_name);
                if (cols_value == null) {
                    cols_value = "";
                }
                map.put(cols_name, cols_value);
            }
            list.add(map);
        }
        closeResultSet();
        closePstmat();
        return list;
    }
    
    /**
     * 查询列名
     * 
     * @param tanleN
     *            表名称
     * @return 列名称列表
     * @throws SQLException
     */
    public List<String> selectColumns(String tanleN) throws SQLException {
        DatabaseMetaData data;
        List<String> result = new ArrayList<>();
        data = connection.getMetaData();
        ResultSet columns = data.getColumns(null, null, tanleN, null);
        while (columns.next()) {
            result.add(columns.getString("COLUMN_NAME"));
        }
        columns.close();
        return result;
    }
    
    /**
     * 获取插入语句
     * 
     * @param tableName
     * @param fields
     * @param isIGNORE
     *            是否去重复
     * @return
     */
    public static String getInsertSql(String tableName, List<String> fields, boolean isIGNORE) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        if (isIGNORE) {
            sb.append("INSERT IGNORE INTO `").append(tableName).append("` ");
        } else {
            sb.append("INSERT INTO `").append(tableName).append("` ");
        }
        
        StringBuffer field = new StringBuffer("(");
        StringBuffer value = new StringBuffer("(");
        int sign = 0;
        for (String f : fields) {
            if (sign > 0) {
                field.append(",");
                value.append(",");
            }
            field.append("`").append(f).append("`");
            value.append("?");
            sign++;
        }
        field.append(")");
        value.append(")");
        sb.append(field).append(" values ").append(value).append(";");
        return sb.toString();
    }
    
    /**
     * 获取建表语句
     * 
     * @param tableName
     * @param fields
     *            Map<String,String> 结构为[字段名,字段数据类型],如:[{name=varchar(64),lastname=varchar(64)}]
     * @param engine
     *            :InnoDB/MyISAM
     * @return create sql
     */
    public static String createTableSql(String tableName, Map<String, String> fields, String engine) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        sb.append("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `").append(tableName).append("` (");
        int sign = 0;
        for (Entry<String, String> entry : fields.entrySet()) {
            String field = entry.getKey();
            String type = entry.getValue();
            if (sign > 0) sb.append(",");
            sb.append("`").append(field).append("` ");
            sb.append(type).append(" null default null");
        }
        sb.append(")");
        sb.append(" COLLATE='utf8_general_ci' ").append(" ENGINE=").append(engine).append(";");
        return sb.toString();
    }
    
    /**
     * 获取建表语句
     * 
     * @param tableName
     * @param fields
     *            一个list<string> 的字段列表
     * @param engine
     *            数据库引擎类型
     * @param defaultFieldType
     *            默认数据字段的类型,如:varchar(64)
     * @return
     */
    public static String createTableSql(String tableName, List<String> fields, String engine, String defaultFieldType) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        sb.append("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `").append(tableName).append("` (");
        
        int sign = 0;
        for (String field : fields) {
            if (sign > 0) sb.append(",");
            sb.append("`").append(field).append("` ");
            sb.append(defaultFieldType).append(" null default null");
        }
        
        sb.append(")");
        sb.append(" COLLATE='utf8_general_ci' ").append(" ENGINE=").append(engine).append(";");
        return sb.toString();
    }
    
    /**
     * 验证表是否存在
     * 
     * @param tableName
     *            表名称
     * @return true/false
     */
    public boolean validateTableExist(String tableName) {
        boolean flag = false;
        try {
            DatabaseMetaData meta = connection.getMetaData();
            String type[] = { "TABLE" };
            ResultSet rs = meta.getTables(null, null, tableName, type);
            flag = rs.next();
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.err.println("ERROR! validateTableExist failure! msg:[" + e + "]");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return flag;
    }
    
    /*
     * 释放链接
     */
    public void releaseConn() {
        if (resultSet != null) {
            try {
                resultSet.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        if (pstmt != null) {
            try {
                pstmt.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        if (connection != null) {
            try {
                connection.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    
    private void closeResultSet() {
        if (resultSet != null) {
            try {
                resultSet.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    
    private void closePstmat() {
        if (pstmt != null) {
            try {
                pstmt.close();
            } catch (SQLException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}
DataBaseUtil.java
posted @ 2018-01-23 18:09  世间草木  阅读(419)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报