::  ::  ::

   1:  SELECT p1.*
   2:  FROM persons   p1,persons   p2
   3:  WHERE p1.id<>p2.id
   4:  AND p1.cardid   =   p2.cardid
   5:  AND p1.pname   =   p2.pname
   6:  AND p1.address   =   p2.address

1.用rowid方法

2.用group by方法

3.用distinct方法

1。用rowid方法

select * from table1 a where rowid !=(select   max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)

delete   from table1 a where rowid !=(select   max(rowid)
from table1 b where a.name1=b.name1 and a.name2=b.name2......)

2.group by方法

select count(num), max(name) from student --列出重复的记录数，并列出他的name属性
group by num
having count(num) >1 --按num分组后找出表中num列重复，即出现次数大于一次

delete from student
group by num
having count(num) >1

3.用distinct方法 -对于小的表比较有用

create table table_new as   select distinct *   from table1 minux
truncate table table1;
insert into table1 select * from table_new;

1、查找表中多余的重复记录，重复记录是根据单个字段（peopleId）来判断

select * from people
where peopleId in (select  peopleId  from  people  group  by  peopleId  having  count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录，重复记录是根据单个字段（peopleId）来判断，只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from people
where peopleId  in (select  peopleId  from people  group  by  peopleId   having  count(peopleId) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from  people  group by peopleId  having count(peopleId )>1)

3、查找表中多余的重复记录（多个字段）
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq  having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录（多个字段），只留有rowid最小的记录
delete from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

5、查找表中多余的重复记录（多个字段），不包含rowid最小的记录
select * from vitae a
where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in  (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)
and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

(二) 比方说 在A表中存在一个字段“name”，

Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1

(三) 方法一

declare @max integer,@id integer

declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >； 1

open cur_rows

fetch cur_rows into @id,@max

while @@fetch_status=0

begin

select @max = @max -1

set rowcount @max

delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id

fetch cur_rows into @id,@max

end

close cur_rows

set rowcount 0

＂重复记录＂有两个意义上的重复记录，一是完全重复的记录，也即所有字段均重复的记录，二是部分关键字段重复的记录，比如Name字段重复，而其他字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。

1、对于第一种重复，比较容易解决，使用

select distinct * from tableName

select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName

drop table tableName

select * into tableName from #Tmp

drop table #Tmp

2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录，操作方法如下

select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName

select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID

select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)

(四) 查询重复

select * from tablename where id in (

select id from tablename

group by id

having count(id) > 1)