ffmpeg-python 任意提取视频帧

▶ 环境准备

1、安装 FFmpeg

音/视频工具 FFmpeg 简易安装文档

2、安装 ffmpeg-python

pip3 install ffmpeg-python

3、【可选】安装 opencv-python

pip3 install opencv-python

4、【可选】安装 numpy

pip3 install numpy

▶ 视频帧提取

准备视频素材

抖音视频素材下载:https://anoyi.com/dy/top

基于视频帧数提取任意一帧

import ffmpeg
import numpy
import cv2
import sys
import random


def read_frame_as_jpeg(in_file, frame_num):
    """
    指定帧数读取任意帧
    """
    out, err = (
        ffmpeg.input(in_file)
              .filter('select', 'gte(n,{})'.format(frame_num))
              .output('pipe:', vframes=1, format='image2', vcodec='mjpeg')
              .run(capture_stdout=True)
    )
    return out


def get_video_info(in_file):
    """
    获取视频基本信息
    """
    try:
        probe = ffmpeg.probe(in_file)
        video_stream = next((stream for stream in probe['streams'] if stream['codec_type'] == 'video'), None)
        if video_stream is None:
            print('No video stream found', file=sys.stderr)
            sys.exit(1)
        return video_stream
    except ffmpeg.Error as err:
        print(str(err.stderr, encoding='utf8'))
        sys.exit(1)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    file_path = '/Users/admin/Downloads/拜无忧.mp4'
    video_info = get_video_info(file_path)
    total_frames = int(video_info['nb_frames'])
    print('总帧数:' + str(total_frames))
    random_frame = random.randint(1, total_frames)
    print('随机帧:' + str(random_frame))
    out = read_frame_as_jpeg(file_path, random_frame)
    image_array = numpy.asarray(bytearray(out), dtype="uint8")
    image = cv2.imdecode(image_array, cv2.IMREAD_COLOR)
    cv2.imshow('frame', image)
    cv2.waitKey()

基于时间提取任意一帧

import ffmpeg
import numpy
import cv2
import sys
import random


def read_frame_by_time(in_file, time):
    """
    指定时间节点读取任意帧
    """
    out, err = (
        ffmpeg.input(in_file, ss=time)
              .output('pipe:', vframes=1, format='image2', vcodec='mjpeg')
              .run(capture_stdout=True)
    )
    return out


def get_video_info(in_file):
    """
    获取视频基本信息
    """
    try:
        probe = ffmpeg.probe(in_file)
        video_stream = next((stream for stream in probe['streams'] if stream['codec_type'] == 'video'), None)
        if video_stream is None:
            print('No video stream found', file=sys.stderr)
            sys.exit(1)
        return video_stream
    except ffmpeg.Error as err:
        print(str(err.stderr, encoding='utf8'))
        sys.exit(1)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    file_path = '/Users/admin/Downloads/拜无忧.mp4'
    video_info = get_video_info(file_path)
    total_duration = video_info['duration']
    print('总时间:' + total_duration + 's')
    random_time = random.randint(1, int(float(total_duration)) - 1) + random.random()
    print('随机时间:' + str(random_time) + 's')
    out = read_frame_by_time(file_path, random_time)
    image_array = numpy.asarray(bytearray(out), dtype="uint8")
    image = cv2.imdecode(image_array, cv2.IMREAD_COLOR)
    cv2.imshow('frame', image)
    cv2.waitKey()

▶ 相关资料

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posted @ 2019-10-14 09:55 anoyi 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏