java 11 标准Java异步HTTP客户端

这是 Java 9 开始引入的一个处理 HTTP 请求的的 HTTP Client API,该 API 支持同步和异步,而在 Java 11 中已经为正式可用状态,你可以在 java.net 包中找到这个 API。

来看一下 HTTP Client 的用法:

var request = HttpRequest.newBuilder()

.uri(URI.create("https://javastack.cn"))

.GET()

.build();

var client = HttpClient.newHttpClient();

// 同步

HttpResponse<String> response = client.send(request, HttpResponse.BodyHandlers.ofString());

System.out.println(response.body());

// 异步

client.sendAsync(request, HttpResponse.BodyHandlers.ofString())

.thenApply(HttpResponse::body)

.thenAccept(System.out::println);

上面的 .GET() 可以省略,默认请求方式为 Get!

例子:

import static org.junit.Assert.*;

import java.net.URI;
import java.net.http.HttpClient;
import java.net.http.HttpRequest;
import java.net.http.HttpResponse;
import java.net.http.HttpResponse.BodyHandler;
import java.net.http.HttpResponse.BodyHandlers;
import java.util.concurrent.CompletableFuture;

import org.junit.Test;

public class HTTPClientTest {
    
    @Test
    public void testName2() throws Exception {
        HttpClient client = HttpClient.newHttpClient();
        HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder(URI.create("http://127.0.0.1:8080/test/")).build();
        BodyHandler<String> responseBodyHandler = BodyHandlers.ofString();
        CompletableFuture<HttpResponse<String>> sendAsync = client.sendAsync(request, responseBodyHandler);
        sendAsync.thenApply(t -> t.body()).thenAccept(System.out::println);
        //HttpResponse<String> response = sendAsync.get();
        //String body = response.body();
        //System.out.println(body);
        
    }
    
    @Test
    public void testName() throws Exception {
        HttpClient client = HttpClient.newHttpClient();
        HttpRequest request = HttpRequest.newBuilder(URI.create("http://127.0.0.1:8080/test/")).build();
        BodyHandler<String> responseBodyHandler = BodyHandlers.ofString();
        HttpResponse<String> response = client.send(request, responseBodyHandler);
        String body = response.body();
        System.out.println(body);
    }
}
posted @ 2019-02-03 22:07  西北野狼  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏