WPF自定义控件与样式(13)-自定义窗体Window & 自适应内容大小消息框MessageBox

一.前言

  申明:WPF自定义控件与样式是一个系列文章,前后是有些关联的,但大多是按照由简到繁的顺序逐步发布的等,若有不明白的地方可以参考本系列前面的文章,文末附有部分文章链接。

  本文主要内容:

  • 自定义Window窗体样式;
  • 基于自定义窗体实现自定义MessageBox消息提示框;

二.自定义Window窗体样式

  自定义的Window窗体效果:

 

  因为WPF默认的窗体比较简陋,大都需要自己实现Window窗体样式效果,基本思路很简单:

  • 第一步:干掉默认样式:WindowStyle = WindowStyle.None;
  • 第二步:设置窗体透明:AllowsTransparency = true;
  • 第三步:设置自己的窗体样式;

  这样从外观样式上可以满足,但做为窗体该具备的基本功能还没有,需要另外来实现了:

  • 窗体Icon、标题栏(可以通过样式实现);
  • 窗体的基本按钮:最小化、最大化、关闭按钮;
  • 窗体的鼠标拖动;
  • 好像Win8、Win10的功能吧,窗体拖动到桌面边缘自动最大化、还原;
  • 鼠标调整窗口大小;
  • 双击标题栏最大化、还原;

  上面的功能在本文中,一部分是自定义实现的,还有一部分是用了一个开源库(Microsoft.Windows.Shell)用于实现窗体大小、拖放等窗体基本功能,Microsoft.Windows.Shell文件下载:点我下载

  进入正题,自定义窗体WindowBase的后台C#代码:  

    /// <summary>
    /// WindowBase.xaml 的交互逻辑
    /// </summary>
    public class WindowBase : Window
    {
        #region 默认Header:窗体字体图标FIcon

        public static readonly DependencyProperty FIconProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("FIcon", typeof(string), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata("\ue62e"));

        /// <summary>
        /// 按钮字体图标编码
        /// </summary>
        public string FIcon
        {
            get { return (string)GetValue(FIconProperty); }
            set { SetValue(FIconProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region  默认Header:窗体字体图标大小

        public static readonly DependencyProperty FIconSizeProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("FIconSize", typeof(double), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(20D));

        /// <summary>
        /// 按钮字体图标大小
        /// </summary>
        public double FIconSize
        {
            get { return (double)GetValue(FIconSizeProperty); }
            set { SetValue(FIconSizeProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region CaptionHeight 标题栏高度

        public static readonly DependencyProperty CaptionHeightProperty =
            DependencyProperty.Register("CaptionHeight", typeof(double), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(26D));

        /// <summary>
        /// 标题高度
        /// </summary>
        public double CaptionHeight
        {
            get { return (double)GetValue(CaptionHeightProperty); }
            set
            {
                SetValue(CaptionHeightProperty, value);
                //this._WC.CaptionHeight = value;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region CaptionBackground 标题栏背景色

        public static readonly DependencyProperty CaptionBackgroundProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "CaptionBackground", typeof(Brush), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(null));

        public Brush CaptionBackground
        {
            get { return (Brush)GetValue(CaptionBackgroundProperty); }
            set { SetValue(CaptionBackgroundProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region CaptionForeground 标题栏前景景色

        public static readonly DependencyProperty CaptionForegroundProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "CaptionForeground", typeof(Brush), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(null));

        public Brush CaptionForeground
        {
            get { return (Brush)GetValue(CaptionForegroundProperty); }
            set { SetValue(CaptionForegroundProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region Header 标题栏内容模板,以提高默认模板,可自定义

        public static readonly DependencyProperty HeaderProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "Header", typeof(ControlTemplate), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(null));

        public ControlTemplate Header
        {
            get { return (ControlTemplate)GetValue(HeaderProperty); }
            set { SetValue(HeaderProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region MaxboxEnable 是否显示最大化按钮

        public static readonly DependencyProperty MaxboxEnableProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "MaxboxEnable", typeof(bool), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(true));

        public bool MaxboxEnable
        {
            get { return (bool)GetValue(MaxboxEnableProperty); }
            set { SetValue(MaxboxEnableProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        #region MinboxEnable 是否显示最小化按钮

        public static readonly DependencyProperty MinboxEnableProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "MinboxEnable", typeof(bool), typeof(WindowBase), new PropertyMetadata(true));

        public bool MinboxEnable
        {
            get { return (bool)GetValue(MinboxEnableProperty); }
            set { SetValue(MinboxEnableProperty, value); }
        }

        #endregion

        public WindowBase()
        {
            this.WindowStyle = WindowStyle.None;
            this.AllowsTransparency = true;
            this.WindowStartupLocation = WindowStartupLocation.CenterScreen;
            this.Style = this.FindResource("DefaultWindowStyle") as Style;
            this.Icon = Images.CreateImageSourceFromImage(Properties.Resources.logo);
            //12=6+6//Margin=6,Border.Effect.BlueRadius=6
            this.MaxHeight = SystemParameters.WorkArea.Height + 12 + 2;
            //bind command
            this.BindCommand(SystemCommands.CloseWindowCommand, this.CloseCommand_Execute);
            this.BindCommand(ApplicationCommands.Close, this.CloseCommand_Execute);
            this.BindCommand(SystemCommands.MaximizeWindowCommand, this.MaxCommand_Execute);
            this.BindCommand(SystemCommands.MinimizeWindowCommand, this.MinCommand_Execute);
        }

        private void CloseCommand_Execute(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            SystemCommands.CloseWindow(this);
        }

        private void MaxCommand_Execute(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            this.WindowState = this.WindowState == WindowState.Maximized ? WindowState.Normal : WindowState.Maximized;
            e.Handled = true;
        }

        private void MinCommand_Execute(object sender, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            this.WindowState = WindowState.Minimized;
            e.Handled = true;
        }

        protected override void OnMouseLeftButtonDown(MouseButtonEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseLeftButtonDown(e);
            if (e.ButtonState == MouseButtonState.Pressed)
            {
                this.DragMove();
            }
        }
    }
View Code

  绑定命令的扩展方法:

        /// <summary>
        /// 绑定命令和命令事件到宿主UI
        /// </summary>
        public static void BindCommand(this UIElement @ui, ICommand com, Action<object, ExecutedRoutedEventArgs> call)
        {
            var bind = new CommandBinding(com);
            bind.Executed += new ExecutedRoutedEventHandler(call);
            @ui.CommandBindings.Add(bind);
        }

  WindowBase的样式有两个,一个是基础样式BaseWindowStyle,可以自定义头部标题栏,提供更多定制需求。另一个样式DefaultWindowStyle为默认窗体样式,用于大多数不要特别定制的窗体需求。BaseWindowStyle样式代码:  

    <!--WindowBase基本样式,可以自定义头部-->
    <Style x:Key="BaseWindowStyle" TargetType="{x:Type local:WindowBase}">
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource WindowBackground}"/>
        <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}"/>
        <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="{StaticResource FontSize}"/>
        <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{StaticResource FontFamily}"/>
        <Setter Property="Width" Value="480"/>
        <Setter Property="Height" Value="320"/>
        <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource WindowBorderBrush}"/>
        <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1"/>
        <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
        <Setter Property="FIconSize" Value="20"/>
        <Setter Property="CaptionHeight" Value="26"/>
        <Setter Property="ResizeMode" Value="CanResizeWithGrip"/>
        <!--标题栏背景色-->
        <Setter Property="CaptionBackground" Value="{StaticResource CaptionBackground}" />
        <Setter Property="CaptionForeground" Value="{StaticResource CaptionForeground}" />
        <Setter Property="FIcon" Value="&#xe62e;"/>
        <Setter Property="MaxboxEnable" Value="True"/>
        <Setter Property="MinboxEnable" Value="True"/>
        <!--建议内边框=3:ResizeBorderThickness = new Thickness(3);-->
        <Setter Property="Padding" Value="3"/>
        <Setter Property="local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius" Value="0"/>
        <!--窗体基本设置 shell:WindowChrome-->
        <Setter Property="shell:WindowChrome.WindowChrome">
            <Setter.Value>
                <shell:WindowChrome  CaptionHeight="{Binding Path=CaptionHeight,RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor,AncestorType={x:Type local:WindowBase}}}" 
                                     ResizeBorderThickness="8"/>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type local:WindowBase}">
                    <Grid Margin="6">
                        <!--背景,边框-->
                        <Border x:Name="Bg" CornerRadius="{TemplateBinding local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius}" 
                            Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" Effect="{StaticResource WindowDropShadow}"
                            BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"  />
                        <Border  x:Name="BgInner" CornerRadius="{TemplateBinding local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius}" 
                            Background="{StaticResource WindowInnerBackground}" 
                            BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"  />
                        <!--内容区域-->
                        <AdornerDecorator>
                            <ContentPresenter Margin="1" Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" />
                        </AdornerDecorator>
                        <!--窗体功能按钮:最小、最大、关闭-->
                        <Border VerticalAlignment="Top" Height="{TemplateBinding CaptionHeight}" Width="Auto" Margin="1" HorizontalAlignment="Right">
                            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalAlignment}" Height="30">
                                <local:FButton x:Name="btnMin"  Width="26" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="1,2,1,2" 
                                               Visibility="{Binding Path=MinboxEnable,RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent},Converter={x:Static local:XConverter.BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}"
                                               Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}"  FIcon="&#xe60d;" FIconSize="16"
                                               shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.MinimizeWindowCommand}"/>

                                <local:FButton x:Name="btnMax"  Width="26" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="1,2,1,2" 
                                                Visibility="{Binding Path=MaxboxEnable,RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent},Converter={x:Static local:XConverter.BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}"
                                                Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}" FIcon="&#xe62b;" FIconSize="16"
                                                shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.MaximizeWindowCommand}"/>

                                <local:FButton x:Name="btnClose"  Width="38" VerticalAlignment="Center"  Margin="1,2,3,2" CornerRadius="0"
                                               MouseOverBackground="Red" MouseOverForeground="White" PressedBackground="#AA0D0D" PressedForeground="White"
                                               AllowsAnimation="True" Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}"  FIcon="&#xe60a;" FIconSize="16"
                                               shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" FIconMargin="0" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.CloseWindowCommand}"/>
                            </StackPanel>
                        </Border>
                    </Grid>
                    <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        <Trigger Property="WindowState" Value="Maximized">
                            <Setter Property="FIcon" TargetName="btnMax" Value="&#xe62b;"></Setter>
                        </Trigger>
                        <Trigger Property="WindowState" Value="Normal">
                            <Setter Property="FIcon" TargetName="btnMax" Value="&#xe65b;"></Setter>
                        </Trigger>
                    </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>

  DefaultWindowStyle样式代码:  

    <!--默认WindowBase的样式-->
    <Style x:Key="DefaultWindowStyle" TargetType="{x:Type local:WindowBase}">
        <Setter Property="Background" Value="{StaticResource WindowBackground}"/>
        <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{StaticResource TextForeground}"/>
        <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="{StaticResource FontSize}"/>
        <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{StaticResource FontFamily}"/>
        <Setter Property="Width" Value="480"/>
        <Setter Property="Height" Value="320"/>
        <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="{StaticResource WindowBorderBrush}"/>
        <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1"/>
        <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="True"/>
        <Setter Property="FIconSize" Value="20"/>
        <Setter Property="CaptionHeight" Value="26"/>
        <Setter Property="ResizeMode" Value="CanResizeWithGrip"/>
        <!--标题栏背景色-->
        <Setter Property="CaptionBackground" Value="{StaticResource CaptionBackground}" />
        <Setter Property="CaptionForeground" Value="{StaticResource CaptionForeground}" />
        <Setter Property="FIcon" Value="&#xe62e;"/>
        <Setter Property="MaxboxEnable" Value="True"/>
        <Setter Property="MinboxEnable" Value="True"/>
        <!--建议内边框=3:ResizeBorderThickness = new Thickness(3);-->
        <Setter Property="Padding" Value="3"/>
        <Setter Property="local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius" Value="0"/>
        <!--窗体基本设置 shell:WindowChrome-->
        <Setter Property="shell:WindowChrome.WindowChrome">
            <Setter.Value>
                <shell:WindowChrome  CaptionHeight="{Binding Path=CaptionHeight,RelativeSource={RelativeSource FindAncestor,AncestorType={x:Type local:WindowBase}}}" 
                                     ResizeBorderThickness="8"/>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
        <Setter Property="Template">
            <Setter.Value>
                <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type local:WindowBase}">
                    <Grid Margin="6">
                        <!--背景-->
                        <Border x:Name="Bg" CornerRadius="{TemplateBinding local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius}" 
                            Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" Effect="{StaticResource WindowDropShadow}"
                            BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"  />
                        <Border  x:Name="BgInner" CornerRadius="{TemplateBinding local:ControlAttachProperty.CornerRadius}" 
                            Background="{StaticResource WindowInnerBackground}" 
                            BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"  />
                        <Grid Margin="1">
                            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                <RowDefinition MinHeight="18" Height="Auto"/>
                                <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
                            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                            <!--Caption标题部分-->
                            <Border Margin="0" Grid.Row="0" Background="{TemplateBinding CaptionBackground}">
                                <Grid Margin="2,1,2,0">
                                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
                                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                    <!--Header部分-->
                                    <StackPanel x:Name="PART_Header" Height="{TemplateBinding CaptionHeight}" Margin="5,1,5,1" Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="Center">
                                        <TextBlock Style="{StaticResource FIcon}" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}" FontSize="{TemplateBinding FIconSize}" Text="{TemplateBinding FIcon}"/>
                                        <TextBlock VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="5" FontSize="{StaticResource HeaderFontSize}" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}" Text="{TemplateBinding Title}"/>
                                    </StackPanel>
                                    <!--窗体功能按钮:最小、最大、关闭-->
                                    <StackPanel Grid.Column="1" Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="Top" Margin="1" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Height="{TemplateBinding CaptionHeight}">
                                        <local:FButton x:Name="btnMin"  Width="26" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="1" 
                                               Visibility="{Binding Path=MinboxEnable,RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent},Converter={x:Static local:XConverter.BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}"
                                               Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}"  FIcon="&#xe60d;" FIconSize="14"
                                               shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.MinimizeWindowCommand}"/>

                                        <local:FButton x:Name="btnMax"  Width="26" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="1" 
                                                Visibility="{Binding Path=MaxboxEnable,RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent},Converter={x:Static local:XConverter.BooleanToVisibilityConverter}}"
                                                Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}" FIcon="&#xe62b;" FIconSize="14"
                                                shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.MaximizeWindowCommand}"/>

                                        <local:FButton x:Name="btnClose"  Width="35" VerticalAlignment="Center" Margin="1" CornerRadius="0" Padding="1 2 1 2"
                                               MouseOverBackground="Red" MouseOverForeground="White" PressedBackground="#AA0D0D" PressedForeground="White"
                                               AllowsAnimation="True" Style="{StaticResource FButton_Transparency}"  FIcon="&#xe60a;" FIconSize="14"
                                               shell:WindowChrome.IsHitTestVisibleInChrome="True" FIconMargin="0" Foreground="{TemplateBinding CaptionForeground}"
                                               Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.CloseWindowCommand}"/>
                                    </StackPanel>
                                </Grid>
                            </Border>
                            <!--窗体内容区域-->
                            <AdornerDecorator Grid.Row="1" Margin="3,0,3,3">
                                <ContentPresenter Content="{TemplateBinding Content}" />
                            </AdornerDecorator>
                        </Grid>
                    </Grid>
                    <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                        <Trigger Property="WindowState" Value="Maximized">
                            <Setter Property="FIcon" TargetName="btnMax" Value="&#xe62b;"></Setter>
                        </Trigger>
                        <Trigger Property="WindowState" Value="Normal">
                            <Setter Property="FIcon" TargetName="btnMax" Value="&#xe65b;"></Setter>
                        </Trigger>
                    </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
                </ControlTemplate>
            </Setter.Value>
        </Setter>
    </Style>
View Code

  上面效果的背景色彩、边框的资源:  

    <!--Window窗体-->
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowBackground" Color="#093B5D"></SolidColorBrush>
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowInnerBackground" Color="Transparent"></SolidColorBrush>
    <!--<ImageBrush x:Key="WindowInnerBackground" Stretch="Fill"  
                ImageSource="pack://application:,,,/XLY.Framework.WPFTest;component/Images/back/b2.jpg"  Opacity="1"
                Viewport="0,0,1,1" ViewportUnits="Absolute" TileMode="Tile" AlignmentX="Left" AlignmentY="Top"/>-->
    
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="WindowBorderBrush" Color="#920892"></SolidColorBrush>
    <DropShadowEffect x:Key="WindowDropShadow" Color="#F472F4" BlurRadius="8" ShadowDepth="0" Direction="0" Opacity="0.7" />
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="CaptionForeground" Color="White"></SolidColorBrush>
    <!--<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="CaptionBackground" StartPoint="0.5,0" EndPoint="0.5,1">
        <GradientStop Color="#571457" Offset="0"/>
        <GradientStop Color="#6A196A" Offset="1"/>
    </LinearGradientBrush>-->
    <ImageBrush x:Key="CaptionBackground" 
                ImageSource="pack://application:,,,/XLY.Framework.WPFTest;component/Images/back/b2.jpg"  Opacity="1"
                Viewport="0,0,202,143" ViewportUnits="Absolute" TileMode="Tile" AlignmentX="Left" AlignmentY="Top"/>

 

三.实现自定义MessageBox消息提示框

  基于第二节自定义的窗体WindowBase,实现自定义的MessageBox就简单了,效果图:

  仔细观察,不难发现上面的窗体大小是根据内容的多少自适应的。窗体自适应内容的的关键设置就是SizeToContent="WidthAndHeight",但为了达到更好的效果控制,还需要控制内容的大小范围,范围可以自己调整,看了样式代码你就了解了:  

<local:WindowBase x:Class="System.Windows.MessageBoxX"
        xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
        xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
        xmlns:shell="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation/shell"
        xmlns:local="clr-namespace:XLY.Framework.Controls" 
        MaxboxEnable="False" MinboxEnable="False" ResizeMode="NoResize" FIcon="&#xe608;" x:Name="mb" 
        Title="MessageBox" ShowInTaskbar="False" SizeToContent="WidthAndHeight"  Style="{StaticResource DefaultWindowStyle}" CaptionHeight="24"> 
    <local:WindowBase.InputBindings>
        <KeyBinding Key="Escape" Command="{x:Static shell:SystemCommands.CloseWindowCommand}"/>
    </local:WindowBase.InputBindings>
    <Grid>
        <Grid Margin="5,8,5,5">
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
                <RowDefinition Height="60"/>
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="100"/>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <TextBlock x:Name="ficon" HorizontalAlignment="Right" FontSize="80" Text="&#xe61c;" Foreground="{Binding Foreground,ElementName=mb}" Style="{StaticResource FIcon}" Margin="5"/>
            <TextBlock x:Name="txtMessage" Grid.Column="1" VerticalAlignment="Center" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Foreground="{Binding Foreground,ElementName=mb}" 
                       FontSize="{Binding FontSize,ElementName=mb}" TextWrapping="Wrap" 
                   Margin="5,20,10,20" MinWidth="260" MaxWidth="420">新建一个WPF程序在Windows8下面就会出现左边的窗口边框,颜色取决于Windows主题我想在想创建一个右边那样的窗口,要么是窄边,要么没有边</TextBlock>

            <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal" VerticalAlignment="Top" Margin="1" Grid.Column="0" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                <local:FButton x:Name="btnOK" FIcon="&#xe646;" Width="85" Height="30" CornerRadius="0" Margin="5,5,20,5" Click="btnOK_Click">确定</local:FButton>
                <local:FButton x:Name="btnCancel" FIcon="&#xe60a;" Width="85" Height="30" CornerRadius="0"
                           Margin="20,5,10,5" Click="btnCancel_Click">取消</local:FButton>
            </StackPanel>
        </Grid>
    </Grid>

</local:WindowBase>

  上面不同消息类型的颜色资源:  

    <!--MessageBoxX-->
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="InfoForeground" Color="White"></SolidColorBrush>
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="QuestionForeground" Color="#74B80C"></SolidColorBrush>
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="WarningForeground" Color="DarkOrange"></SolidColorBrush>
    <SolidColorBrush x:Key="ErrorForeground" Color="#E74E4E"></SolidColorBrush>

  后台C#代码  

    /// <summary>
    /// MessageBoxXxaml.xaml 的交互逻辑
    /// </summary>
    public partial class MessageBoxX : WindowBase
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 结果,用户点击确定Result=true;
        /// </summary>
        public bool Result { get; private set; }

        private static readonly Dictionary<string, Brush> _Brushes = new Dictionary<string, Brush>();

        public MessageBoxX(EnumNotifyType type, string mes)
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            this.txtMessage.Text = mes;
            //type
            btnCancel.Visibility = Visibility.Collapsed;
            this.SetForeground(type);
            switch (type)
            {
                case EnumNotifyType.Error:
                    this.ficon.Text = "\ue644";
                    break;
                case EnumNotifyType.Warning:
                    this.ficon.Text = "\ue60b";
                    break;
                case EnumNotifyType.Info:
                    this.ficon.Text = "\ue659";
                    break;
                case EnumNotifyType.Question:
                    this.ficon.Text = "\ue60e";
                    this.btnCancel.Visibility = Visibility.Visible;
                    break;
            }
        }

        private void SetForeground(EnumNotifyType type)
        {
            string key = type.ToSafeString() + "Foreground";
            if (!_Brushes.ContainsKey(key))
            {
                var b = this.TryFindResource(key) as Brush;
                _Brushes.Add(key, b);
            }
            this.Foreground = _Brushes[key];
        }

        private void btnOK_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            this.Result = true;
            this.Close();
            e.Handled = true;
        }

        private void btnCancel_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            this.Result = false;
            this.Close();
            e.Handled = true;
        }

        /********************* public static method **************************/

        /// <summary>
        /// 提示错误消息
        /// </summary>
        public static void Error(string mes, Window owner = null)
        {
            Show(EnumNotifyType.Error, mes, owner);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 提示普通消息
        /// </summary>
        public static void Info(string mes, Window owner = null)
        {
            Show(EnumNotifyType.Info, mes, owner);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 提示警告消息
        /// </summary>
        public static void Warning(string mes, Window owner = null)
        {
            Show(EnumNotifyType.Warning, mes, owner);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 提示询问消息
        /// </summary>
        public static bool Question(string mes, Window owner = null)
        {
            return Show(EnumNotifyType.Question, mes, owner);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 显示提示消息框,
        /// owner指定所属父窗体,默认参数值为null,则指定主窗体为父窗体。
        /// </summary>
        private static bool Show(EnumNotifyType type, string mes, Window owner = null)
        {
            var res = true;
            Application.Current.Dispatcher.Invoke(new Action(() =>
            {
                MessageBoxX nb = new MessageBoxX(type, mes) { Title = type.GetDescription() };
                nb.Owner = owner ?? Application.Current.MainWindow;
                nb.ShowDialog();
                res = nb.Result;
            }));
            return res;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 通知消息类型
        /// </summary>
        public enum EnumNotifyType
        {
            [Description("错误")]
            Error,
            [Description("警告")]
            Warning,
            [Description("提示信息")]
            Info,
            [Description("询问信息")]
            Question,
        }
    }
View Code

 

附录:参考引用

WPF自定义控件与样式(1)-矢量字体图标(iconfont)

WPF自定义控件与样式(2)-自定义按钮FButton

WPF自定义控件与样式(3)-TextBox & RichTextBox & PasswordBox样式、水印、Label标签、功能扩展

WPF自定义控件与样式(4)-CheckBox/RadioButton自定义样式

WPF自定义控件与样式(5)-Calendar/DatePicker日期控件自定义样式及扩展

WPF自定义控件与样式(6)-ScrollViewer与ListBox自定义样式

WPF自定义控件与样式(7)-列表控件DataGrid与ListView自定义样式

WPF自定义控件与样式(8)-ComboBox与自定义多选控件MultComboBox

WPF自定义控件与样式(9)-树控件TreeView与菜单Menu-ContextMenu

WPF自定义控件与样式(10)-进度控件ProcessBar自定义样 

WPF自定义控件与样式(11)-等待/忙/正在加载状态-控件实现

WPF自定义控件与样式(12)-缩略图ThumbnailImage /gif动画图/图片列表

  

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posted @ 2015-12-02 09:24 /*梦里花落知多少*/ 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏