Jquery ajax调用webservice总结

jquery ajax调用webservice(C#)要注意的几个事项:

1、web.config里需要配置2个地方

<httpHandlers>
      <remove verb="*" path="*.asmx"/>
      <add verb="*" path="*.asmx" validate="false" type="System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptHandlerFactory, System.Web.Extensions, Version=1.0.61025.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31bf3856ad364e35"/>
    </httpHandlers>
在<system.web></system.web>之间加入
<webServices>
      <protocols>
        <add name="HttpPost" />
        <add name="HttpGet" />
      </protocols>
    </webServices>

2.正确地编写webserivce的代码

/// <summary>
/// UserValidate 的摘要说明
/// </summary>
[WebService(Namespace = "http://tempuri.org/")]
[WebServiceBinding(ConformsTo
= WsiProfiles.BasicProfile1_1)]
[System.ComponentModel.ToolboxItem(
false)]
// 若要允许使用 ASP.NET AJAX 从脚本中调用此 Web 服务,请取消对下行的注释。
[System.Web.Script.Services.ScriptService]
public class UserValidate : System.Web.Services.WebService
{
DFHon.Content.Common.rootPublic rp
= new DFHon.Content.Common.rootPublic();
[WebMethod]
[ScriptMethod(ResponseFormat
= ResponseFormat.Json)]
public string ValidateUserLogState()
{
string result = "";
HttpCookie cookie
= HttpContext.Current.Request.Cookies["DHFonMenberInfo"];
if (cookie != null)
{
string username = System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlDecode(cookie["MenberName"]);
int ipoint = 0;
int gpoint = 0;
try
{
DataTable dt
= UserBll.ExecuteUserAllInfo(username);

if (dt.Rows.Count > 0)
{
ipoint
= int.Parse(dt.Rows[0]["iPoint"].ToString());
gpoint
= int.Parse(dt.Rows[0]["gPoint"].ToString());
}
}
catch
{ }
result
= "{'user':{'id':'" + cookie["UserId"] + "','name':'" + username + "','message':'" + rp.getUserMsg(DFHon.Global.CurrentCookie.UserName) + "','ipoint':'" + ipoint.ToString() + "','gpoint':'" + gpoint.ToString() + "'}}";
}
else
{
result
= "{'user':{'id':'0','name':'','message':'0','ipoint':'0','gpoint':'0'}}";
}
return result;
}

[WebMethod]
[ScriptMethod(ResponseFormat
= ResponseFormat.Json)]
public string UserLogin(string userName, string userPwd)
{
string returnVal = "";
try
{
GlobalUserInfo info;
DFHon.Content.UserLogin _UserLogin
= new DFHon.Content.UserLogin();
EnumLoginState state
= _UserLogin.PersonLogin(HttpUtility.UrlDecode(userName), userPwd, out info);
if (state == EnumLoginState.Succeed)
{
DFHon.Global.CurrentCookie.Set(info);
DFHon.API.PDO.DiscuzNT.PassportLogin.UserLogin(Server.UrlDecode(userName), userPwd,
-1);
int ipoint = 0;
int gpoint = 0;
DataTable dt
= UserBll.ExecuteUserAllInfo(userName);

if (dt.Rows.Count > 0)
{
ipoint
= int.Parse(dt.Rows[0]["iPoint"].ToString());
gpoint
= int.Parse(dt.Rows[0]["gPoint"].ToString());
}
returnVal
= "{'user':{'id':'" + info.UserId.ToString() + "','name':'" + info.UserName + "','message':'" + rp.getUserMsg(userName) + "','ipoint':'" + ipoint.ToString() + "','gpoint':'" + gpoint.ToString() + "'}}";
}
else
{
int ids = 0;//状态:-2用户被锁定 -1用户名密码错误
switch (state)
{
case EnumLoginState.Err_Locked:
ids
= -2;
break;
case EnumLoginState.Err_UserNameOrPwdError:
ids
= -1;
break;
default:
break;
}
returnVal
= "{'user':{'id':'" + ids + "','name':'','message':'0','ipoint':'0','gpoint':'0'}}";
}
}
catch
{
returnVal
= "{'user':{'id':'0','name':'','message':'0','ipoint':'0','gpoint':'0'}}";
}
return returnVal;
}
[WebMethod]
public string UserLogout()
{
if (HttpContext.Current.Request.Cookies["DHFonMenberInfo"] != null)
{
HttpCookie cookie
= new HttpCookie("DHFonMenberInfo");
cookie.Expires
= System.DateTime.Now.AddDays(-1);
cookie.Domain
= DFHon.Config.BaseConfig.getV("weblogin");
HttpContext.Current.Response.AppendCookie(cookie);
}
return "1";
}
DFHon.Content.user UserBll
= new DFHon.Content.user();
[WebMethod]
public string ValidateUserEmail(string email)
{
string result = "0";//返回的结果 -2邮箱为空 -1邮箱格式不正确 0邮箱存在 1填写正确
if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(email))
{
result
= "-2";//邮箱为空
}
else if (!IsValidEmail(email))
{
result
= "-1";//邮箱格式不正确
}
else if (UserBll.sel_useremail(email) > 0)
{
result
= "0";//邮箱存在
}
else
{
result
= "1";//可以注册
}
return result;
}

[WebMethod]
public string ValidateUserName(string username)
{
string result = "0";//返回值:-1用户名长度为2-16;0用户名存在;1可以注册
if (username == "" || username == null || username.Length < 2 || username.Length > 16)
{
result
= "-1";
}
else if (UserBll.sel_username(username) != 0)
{
result
= "0";
}
else
{
result
= "1";
}
return result;
}

public bool IsValidEmail(string strIn)
{
// Return true if strIn is in valid e-mail format.
return System.Text.RegularExpressions.Regex.IsMatch(strIn, @"^([\w-\.]+)@((\[[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.)|(([\w-]+\.)+))([a-zA-Z]{2,4}|[0-9]{1,3})(\]?)$");
}
}
3、前台JQuery代码

<script>
$(
function() {
$(
"#userloging").show();
//登录框处理开始
//加载登录状态
$.ajax({
type:
"POST", //访问WebService使用Post方式请求
contentType: "application/json;charset=utf-8", //WebService 会返回Json类型
url: "/API/Service/UserValidate.asmx/ValidateUserLogState", //调用WebService
data: "{}", //Email参数
dataType: 'json',
beforeSend:
function(x) { x.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8"); },
error:
function(x, e) { },
success:
function(response) { //回调函数,result,返回值
$("#userloging").hide();
var json = eval('(' + response.d + ')');
var userid = json.user.id;
if (userid > 0) {
$(
"#spanusername").html(json.user.name);
$(
"#spanmessagenum").html(json.user.message);
$(
"#userloginsucced").show();
$(
"#userloginbox").hide();
}
}
});
//登录
$("#userlogbutton").click(function() {

var username = $("#username").val();
var userpwd = $("#userpassword").val();
if (username != "" && userpwd != "") {
$(
"#userloging").show();
$.ajax({
type:
"POST", //访问WebService使用Post方式请求
contentType: "application/json;charset=utf-8", //WebService 会返回Json类型
url: "/API/Service/UserValidate.asmx/UserLogin", //调用WebService
data: "{userName:'" + username + "',userPwd:'" + userpwd + "'}", //Email参数
dataType: 'json',
beforeSend:
function(x) { x.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8"); },
error:
function(x, e) {
},
success:
function(result) { //回调函数,result,返回值
$("#userloging").hide();
var json = eval('(' + result.d + ')');
var userid = json.user.id;
if (userid > 0) {
$(
"#spanusername").html(json.user.name);
$(
"#spanmessagenum").html(json.user.message);
$(
"#userloginsucced").show();
$(
"#userloginbox").hide();
}
else {
switch (userid) {
case -2:
alert(
"用户被锁定!请30分钟后再登录!");
$(
"#username").focus();
break;
case -1:
alert(
"用户名或密码错误!请核对您的用户名和密码!");
$(
"#userpassword").focus();
break;
default:
alert(
"登录失败!请核对您的用户名和密码之后重试!");
$(
"#userpassword").focus();
break;
}
}
}
});
}
else if (username == "") {
alert(
"用户名不能为空!");
$(
"#username").focus();
}
else if (userpwd == "") {
alert(
"密码不能为空!");
$(
"#userpassword").focus();
}
});
//退出
$("#logout").click(function() {
$(
"#userloging").show();
$.ajax({
type:
"POST", //访问WebService使用Post方式请求
contentType: "application/json;utf-8", //WebService 会返回Json类型
url: "/API/Service/UserValidate.asmx/UserLogout", //调用WebService
data: "{}", //Email参数
dataType: 'json',
beforeSend:
function(x) { x.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=utf-8"); },
success:
function(result) { //回调函数,result,返回值
$("#userloging").hide();
if (result.d > 0) {
$(
"#userloginsucced").hide();
$(
"#userloginbox").show();
}
}
});

});
//登录框处理结束

});
</script>

 

posted @ 2010-05-17 13:03  幽灵编程  阅读(47092)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报