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Python之路,Day20 - 分布式监控系统开发

本节内容

为什么要做监控? 

常用监控系统设计讨论

监控系统架构设计

监控表结构设计

 

 

为什么要做监控? 

–熟悉IT监控系统的设计原理
–开发一个简版的类Zabbix监控系统
–掌握自动化开发项目的程序设计思路及架构解藕原则
 

常用监控系统设计讨论

Zabbix
Nagios
 

监控系统需求讨论

1.可监控常用系统服务、应用、网络设备等
2.一台主机上可监控多个不同服务、不同服务的监控间隔可不同
3.同一个服务在不同主机上的监控间隔、报警阈值可不同
4.可以批量的给一批主机添加、删除、修改要监控的服务
5.告警级别:
  • 不同的服务 因为业务重要程度不同,如果出了问题可以设置不同的报警级别
  • 可以指定特定的服务或告警级别的事件通知给特定的用户
  • 告警的升级设定

 

6.历史数据 的存储和优化
  • 实现用最少的空间占用量存储最多的有效数据
  • 如何做到1s中之内取出一台主机上所有服务的5年的监控数据?

7. 数据可视化,如何做出简洁美观的用户界面?

8.如何实现单机支持5000+机器监控需求?
9.采取何种通信方式?主动、被动?
10.如何实现监控服务器的水平扩展?
 
 

采用什么架构?

•Mysql
•主动通信? Snmp,wget…
•被动通信?Agent ---how to communicate with the monitor server
•Socket server –>  Sockect client
•能否用现成的c/s架构? Rabbit mq, redis 订阅发布, http ?
 

采用HTTP好处

1.接口设计简单

2.容易水平扩展做分布式

3.Socket稳定成熟,省去较多的通信维护精力

 

Http特性:

1.短连接

2.无状态

3.安全认证

4.被动通信

 

 

监控系统架构设计

 

 
 
 
 

表结构设计 

  1 #!_*_coding:utf8_*_
  2 from django.db import models
  3 
  4 # Create your models here.
  5 
  6 
  7 
  8 
  9 class Host(models.Model):
 10     name =  models.CharField(max_length=64,unique=True)
 11     ip_addr =  models.GenericIPAddressField(unique=True)
 12     host_groups = models.ManyToManyField('HostGroup',blank=True) # A B C
 13     templates = models.ManyToManyField("Template",blank=True) # A D E
 14     monitored_by_choices = (
 15         ('agent','Agent'),
 16         ('snmp','SNMP'),
 17         ('wget','WGET'),
 18     )
 19     monitored_by = models.CharField(u'监控方式',max_length=64,choices=monitored_by_choices)
 20     status_choices= (
 21         (1,'Online'),
 22         (2,'Down'),
 23         (3,'Unreachable'),
 24         (4,'Offline'),
 25     )
 26     status = models.IntegerField(u'状态',choices=status_choices,default=1)
 27     memo = models.TextField(u"备注",blank=True,null=True)
 28 
 29     def __unicode__(self):
 30         return self.name
 31 
 32 class HostGroup(models.Model):
 33     name =  models.CharField(max_length=64,unique=True)
 34     templates = models.ManyToManyField("Template",blank=True)
 35     memo = models.TextField(u"备注",blank=True,null=True)
 36     def __unicode__(self):
 37         return self.name
 38 
 39 class ServiceIndex(models.Model):
 40     name = models.CharField(max_length=64)
 41     key =models.CharField(max_length=64)
 42     data_type_choices = (
 43         ('int',"int"),
 44         ('float',"float"),
 45         ('str',"string")
 46     )
 47     data_type = models.CharField(u'指标数据类型',max_length=32,choices=data_type_choices,default='int')
 48     memo = models.CharField(u"备注",max_length=128,blank=True,null=True)
 49     def __unicode__(self):
 50         return "%s.%s" %(self.name,self.key)
 51 
 52 class Service(models.Model):
 53     name = models.CharField(u'服务名称',max_length=64,unique=True)
 54     interval = models.IntegerField(u'监控间隔',default=60)
 55     plugin_name = models.CharField(u'插件名',max_length=64,default='n/a')
 56     items = models.ManyToManyField('ServiceIndex',verbose_name=u"指标列表",blank=True)
 57     memo = models.CharField(u"备注",max_length=128,blank=True,null=True)
 58 
 59     def __unicode__(self):
 60         return self.name
 61     #def get_service_items(obj):
 62     #    return ",".join([i.name for i in obj.items.all()])
 63 
 64 class Template(models.Model):
 65     name = models.CharField(u'模版名称',max_length=64,unique=True)
 66     services = models.ManyToManyField('Service',verbose_name=u"服务列表")
 67     triggers = models.ManyToManyField('Trigger',verbose_name=u"触发器列表",blank=True)
 68     def __unicode__(self):
 69         return self.name
 70 '''
 71 class TriggerExpression(models.Model):
 72     name = models.CharField(u"触发器表达式名称",max_length=64,blank=True,null=True)
 73     service = models.ForeignKey(Service,verbose_name=u"关联服务")
 74     service_index = models.ForeignKey(ServiceIndex,verbose_name=u"关联服务指标")
 75     logic_type_choices = (('or','OR'),('and','AND'))
 76     logic_type = models.CharField(u"逻辑关系",choices=logic_type_choices,max_length=32,blank=True,null=True)
 77     left_sibling = models.ForeignKey('self',verbose_name=u"左边条件",blank=True,null=True,related_name='left_sibling_condition' )
 78     operator_type_choices = (('eq','='),('lt','<'),('gt','>'))
 79     operator_type = models.CharField(u"运算符",choices=operator_type_choices,max_length=32)
 80     data_calc_type_choices = (
 81         ('avg','Average'),
 82         ('max','Max'),
 83         ('hit','Hit'),
 84         ('last','Last'),
 85     )
 86     data_calc_func= models.CharField(u"数据处理方式",choices=data_calc_type_choices,max_length=64)
 87     data_calc_args = models.CharField(u"函数传入参数",help_text=u"若是多个参数,则用,号分开,第一个值是时间",max_length=64)
 88     threshold = models.IntegerField(u"阈值")
 89 
 90     def __unicode__(self):
 91         return "%s %s(%s(%s))" %(self.service_index,self.operator_type,self.data_calc_func,self.data_calc_args)
 92 '''
 93 
 94 
 95 class TriggerExpression(models.Model):
 96     #name = models.CharField(u"触发器表达式名称",max_length=64,blank=True,null=True)
 97     trigger = models.ForeignKey('Trigger',verbose_name=u"所属触发器")
 98     service = models.ForeignKey(Service,verbose_name=u"关联服务")
 99     service_index = models.ForeignKey(ServiceIndex,verbose_name=u"关联服务指标")
100     specified_index_key = models.CharField(verbose_name=u"只监控专门指定的指标key",max_length=64,blank=True,null=True)
101     operator_type_choices = (('eq','='),('lt','<'),('gt','>'))
102     operator_type = models.CharField(u"运算符",choices=operator_type_choices,max_length=32)
103     data_calc_type_choices = (
104         ('avg','Average'),
105         ('max','Max'),
106         ('hit','Hit'),
107         ('last','Last'),
108     )
109     data_calc_func= models.CharField(u"数据处理方式",choices=data_calc_type_choices,max_length=64)
110     data_calc_args = models.CharField(u"函数传入参数",help_text=u"若是多个参数,则用,号分开,第一个值是时间",max_length=64)
111     threshold = models.IntegerField(u"阈值")
112 
113 
114     logic_type_choices = (('or','OR'),('and','AND'))
115     logic_type = models.CharField(u"与一个条件的逻辑关系",choices=logic_type_choices,max_length=32,blank=True,null=True)
116     #next_condition = models.ForeignKey('self',verbose_name=u"右边条件",blank=True,null=True,related_name='right_sibling_condition' )
117     def __unicode__(self):
118         return "%s %s(%s(%s))" %(self.service_index,self.operator_type,self.data_calc_func,self.data_calc_args)
119     class Meta:
120         pass #unique_together = ('trigger_id','service')
121 
122 class Trigger(models.Model):
123     name = models.CharField(u'触发器名称',max_length=64)
124     #expressions= models.TextField(u"表达式")
125     severity_choices = (
126         (1,'Information'),
127         (2,'Warning'),
128         (3,'Average'),
129         (4,'High'),
130         (5,'Diaster'),
131     )
132     #expressions = models.ManyToManyField(TriggerExpression,verbose_name=u"条件表达式")
133     severity = models.IntegerField(u'告警级别',choices=severity_choices)
134     enabled = models.BooleanField(default=True)
135     memo = models.TextField(u"备注",blank=True,null=True)
136 
137     def __unicode__(self):
138         return "<serice:%s, severity:%s>" %(self.name,self.get_severity_display())
139 
140 
141 
142 class Action(models.Model):
143     name =  models.CharField(max_length=64,unique=True)
144     host_groups = models.ManyToManyField('HostGroup',blank=True)
145     hosts = models.ManyToManyField('Host',blank=True)
146 
147     conditions = models.TextField(u'告警条件')
148     interval = models.IntegerField(u'告警间隔(s)',default=300)
149     operations = models.ManyToManyField('ActionOperation')
150 
151     recover_notice = models.BooleanField(u'故障恢复后发送通知消息',default=True)
152     recover_subject = models.CharField(max_length=128,blank=True,null=True)
153     recover_message = models.TextField(blank=True,null=True)
154 
155     enabled = models.BooleanField(default=True)
156 
157     def __unicode__(self):
158         return self.name
159 
160 class ActionOperation(models.Model):
161     name =  models.CharField(max_length=64)
162     step = models.SmallIntegerField(u"第n次告警",default=1)
163     action_type_choices = (
164         ('email','Email'),
165         ('sms','SMS'),
166         ('script','RunScript'),
167     )
168     action_type = models.CharField(u"动作类型",choices=action_type_choices,default='email',max_length=64)
169     #notifiers= models.ManyToManyField(host_models.UserProfile,verbose_name=u"通知对象",blank=True)
170     def __unicode__(self):
171         return self.name
172 
173 
174 class Maintenance(models.Model):
175     name =  models.CharField(max_length=64,unique=True)
176     hosts = models.ManyToManyField('Host',blank=True)
177     host_groups = models.ManyToManyField('HostGroup',blank=True)
178     content = models.TextField(u"维护内容")
179     start_time = models.DateTimeField()
180     end_time = models.DateTimeField()
181 
182     def __unicode__(self):
183         return self.name
184 
185 ''''
186 CPU
187     idle 80
188     usage  90
189     system  30
190     user
191     iowait  50
192 
193 memory :
194     usage
195     free
196     swap
197     cache
198     buffer
199 
200 load:
201     load1
202     load 5
203     load 15
204 '''
View Code

 

 
posted @ 2016-05-01 17:18  金角大王  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏