把博客园图标替换成自己的图标
把博客园图标替换成自己的图标end

2018-2019-1 20165211 实验四 外设驱动程序设计

2018-2019-1 20165211 实验四 外设驱动程序设计

任务一

1.实验要求
学习资源中全课中的“hqyj.嵌入式Linux应用程序开发标准教程.pdf”中的第十一章
提交康奈尔笔记的照片(可以多张)
2. 任务完成

任务二

1. 实验要求
在Ubuntu完成资源中全课中的“hqyj.嵌入式Linux应用程序开发标准教程.pdf”中的第十一章的test试验
提交编译,加载模块,卸载模块,测试运行的截图(要多张,全屏,体现学号信息)
2. 实验代码

test_drv.c

/* test_drv.c */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/cdev.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#define 	TEST_DEVICE_NAME	"test_dev"
#define		BUFF_SZ			1024
static struct cdev test_dev;
unsigned int major =0;
static char *data = NULL;
static ssize_t test_read(struct file *file, char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *f_pos);
static ssize_t test_write(struct file *file,const char *buffer, size_t count,loff_t *f_pos);
static int test_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
static int test_release(struct inode *inode,struct file *file);
static ssize_t test_read(struct file *file, char *buf, size_t count, loff_t *f_pos)
{
	int len;
	if (count < 0 )
	{
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	len = strlen(data);
	count = (len > count)?count:len;
	if (copy_to_user(buf, data, count))
	{
		return -EFAULT;
	}
	return count;
}
static ssize_t test_write(struct file *file, const char *buffer, size_t count, loff_t *f_pos)
{
	if(count < 0)
	{
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	memset(data, 0, BUFF_SZ);
	count = (BUFF_SZ > count)?count:BUFF_SZ;
	if (copy_from_user(data, buffer, count))
	{
		return -EFAULT;
	}
	return count;
}
static int test_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
	printk("This is open operation\n");
	data = (char*)kmalloc(sizeof(char) * BUFF_SZ, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!data)
	{
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	memset(data, 0, BUFF_SZ);
	return 0;
}
static int test_release(struct inode *inode,struct file *file)
{
	printk("This is release operation\n");
	if (data)
	{
		kfree(data);
		data = NULL;
	}
	return 0;
}
static void test_setup_cdev(struct cdev *dev, int minor,
		struct file_operations *fops)
{
	int err, devno = MKDEV(major, minor);
	cdev_init(dev, fops);
	dev->owner = THIS_MODULE;
	dev->ops = fops;
	err = cdev_add (dev, devno, 1);
	if (err)
	{
		printk (KERN_NOTICE "Error %d adding test %d", err, minor);
	}
}
static struct file_operations test_fops = 
{
	.owner	 = THIS_MODULE,
	.read	 = test_read,
	.write	 = test_write,
	.open	 = test_open,
	.release = test_release,
};
int init_module(void)
{
	int result;
	dev_t dev = MKDEV(major, 0);
	if (major)
	{
		result = register_chrdev_region(dev, 1, TEST_DEVICE_NAME);
	}
	else 
	{
		result = alloc_chrdev_region(&dev, 0, 1, TEST_DEVICE_NAME);
		major = MAJOR(dev);
	}
	if (result < 0) 
	{
		printk(KERN_WARNING "Test device: unable to get major %d\n", major);
		return result;
	}
	test_setup_cdev(&test_dev, 0, &test_fops);
	printk("The major of the test device is %d\n", major);
	return 0;
}
void cleanup_module(void) 
{
	cdev_del(&test_dev);
	unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(major, 0), 1);
	printk("Test device uninstalled\n");
}

test.c

/* test.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#define 	TEST_DEVICE_FILENAME		"/dev/test_dev"
#define		BUFF_SZ				1024
int main()
{
	int fd, nwrite, nread;
	char buff[BUFF_SZ];
	fd = open(TEST_DEVICE_FILENAME, O_RDWR);
	if (fd < 0)
	{
		perror("open");
		exit(1);
	}
	do
	{
		printf("Input some words to kernel(enter 'quit' to exit):");
		memset(buff, 0, BUFF_SZ);
		if (fgets(buff, BUFF_SZ, stdin) == NULL)
		{
			perror("fgets");
			break;
		}
		buff[strlen(buff) - 1] = '\0';
		if (write(fd, buff, strlen(buff)) < 0)
		{
			perror("write");
			break;
		}
		if (read(fd, buff, BUFF_SZ) < 0)
		{
			perror("read");
			break;
		}
		else
		{
			printf("The read string is from kernel:%s\n", buff);
		}
	} while(strncmp(buff, "quit", 4));
	close(fd);
	exit(0);
}

Makefile

ifeq ($(KERNELRELEASE),)
KERNELDIR ?= /lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
PWD := $(shell pwd)
modules:
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD) modules
modules_install:
	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNELDIR) M=$(PWD) modules_install
clean:
	rm -rf *.o *~ core .depend .*.cmd *.ko *.mod.c .tmp_versions
.PHONY: modules modules_install clean
else
    obj-m := test_drv.o
endif

test_drv_load

#!/bin/sh
module="test_drv"
device="test_dev"
mode="664"
group="david"
# remove stale nodes
rm -f /dev/${device} 
# invoke insmod with all arguments we got
# and use a pathname, as newer modutils don't look in . by default
/sbin/insmod -f ./$module.ko $* || exit 1
major=`cat /proc/devices | awk "\\$2==\"$device\" {print \\$1}"`
mknod /dev/${device} c $major 0
# give appropriate group/permissions
chgrp $group /dev/${device}
chmod $mode  /dev/${device}

test_drv_load

#!/bin/sh
module="test_drv"
device="test_dev"

# invoke rmmod with all arguments we got
sudo /sbin/rmmod $module $* || exit 1

# remove nodes
rm -f /dev/${device}

exit 0
3. 实验步骤
  • 在虚拟设备驱动源码目录下编译并加载驱动模块

    $ make clean;make
    $ ./test_drv_load
    
  • 编译并运行测试程序

    $ gcc –o test test.c
    $ ./test
    
  • 卸载驱动程序

    $ ./test_drv_unload
    
  • 通过dmesg命令查看内核打印的消息

    $ dmesg|tail –n 10
    ……
    The major of the test device is 250 
    This is open operation 
    This is release operation 
    Test device uninstalled 
    
4. 实验截图

posted @ 2018-12-02 22:58  火鲤  阅读(125)  评论(0编辑  收藏