灰姑娘本身也有自已的优点,但是却可能因为外貌不讨人喜欢,要变成白雪公主却需要有很多勇气和决心去改变自已:

  1. 有一颗善良的心
  2. 讨人喜爱的外貌

  20130617221355--蜕变-->  QQ图片20130617221523

我这里讲的是一个工具条的蜕变过程,用”灰姑娘到白雪公主蜕变”这个比喻不知道是否合理?还恳请高人讨教。

工具条控件提供了一种类似Outlook方式的导航菜单,用来切换各种业务窗口,用上这个控件,肯定为你的程序增色不少,这个工具条的优点是可以上下划动,很灵活,这个是我需要采用的;

缺点是只能跟传统的系统界面进行匹配,提供外接设置的接口比较少,并且它没有任何的换肤功能, 如果用到具有换肤功能的系统中,它真变成了“土里土气的灰姑娘”。

现状

现在来看传统的OutLookBar的长相,是不是有些土里土气眨眼?

OutlookBarOld

蜕变后

现在我要让它变成白雪公主,对它进行改造,添加支持换肤功能(背景色根据需要设置)...这样就秀气多了大声笑, 来看它的蜕变过程,如下:

(1)Office2007Blue:

文字中间对齐,Office鼠标经过效果:

OutlookBarNew

文字向左对齐,Office鼠标经过效果:

OutlookBarNew4

Office鼠标经过效果:

OutlookBarNew5

另一种背景色,这个可以通过设置调整:

OutlookBarNew6

鼠标点下时效果:

OutlookBarNew7

(2)Office2007Silver:

鼠标经过时效果:

OutlookBarNew2

正常状态:

OutlookBarNew8

 

如何蜕变?

另一种OutLook的效果,它做得非常漂亮,请参考网站 www.codeproject.com上的一篇介绍OutLook样式的导航条的文章《A Serious Outlook Style Navigation Pane Control》,具体图示:

buttonsBandsAndGroups

正常效果                                        鼠标经过效果                             鼠标点击效果

buttonNormalbuttonHoveredbuttonActive

它的两种样式:

Office2007Blue:

Office2007Blue

Office2007Silver:

Office2003Silver

这个控件的优点很明显:很清新,美观,也灵活;至于缺点,我总感觉它不能够上下划动,拉动时划动距离还是有限的,个人总感觉还是我前面提到的那种上下划动比较灵活。

所以,我根据这个控件的设计原理,对前面讲到的能上下划动的工具条控件做改善。

新特性:

  1. 添加换肤接口,能够灵活扩展皮肤模板
  2. 添加鼠标经过,按下(hover,Press)导航按钮时Office效果

 

具体设计步骤:

  1. 设计一个基本皮肤模板类:NaviColorTableOffice.cs

参考源码:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    public class NaviColorTableOffice
    {
        // General colors 
        public virtual Color DarkBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(101, 147, 207); } }
        public virtual Color Text { get { return Color.FromArgb(21, 66, 139); } }
        public virtual Color Background { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ShapesFront { get { return Color.FromArgb(86, 125, 177); } }

        // NaviButton Normal
        public virtual Color ButtonLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(192, 219, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(173, 209, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(196, 221, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }

        // NaviButton hovered
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 230, 159); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 215, 103); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 233, 168); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 254, 228); } }

        // NaviButton active
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(254, 225, 122); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 171, 63); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 188, 111); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 217, 170); } }

        // NaviButton clicked
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 211, 101); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(251, 140, 60); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 173, 67); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 189, 105); } }

        // Popuped band backcolor
        public virtual Color PopupBandBackground { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }

        // Splitter
        public virtual Color SplitterDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(182, 214, 255); } }
        public virtual Color SplitterLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color SplitterHighlights { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Options button
        public virtual Color ButtonOptionsOuter { get { return Color.FromArgb(67, 113, 176); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonOptionsInner { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 248, 203); } }

        // Header of band
        public virtual Color HeaderBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(175, 210, 255); } }
        public virtual Color HeaderBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }
        public virtual Color HeaderBgInnerBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Group
        public virtual Color GroupBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(226, 238, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(214, 232, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBorderLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(173, 209, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupInnerBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Collapse button       
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(248, 194, 94); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 220); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonDownDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(232, 127, 8); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonDownLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(247, 217, 121); } }

        // Collapsed band
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedBg { get { return Color.FromArgb(213, 228, 242); } }
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedFocused { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 231, 162); } }
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedClicked { get { return Color.FromArgb(251, 140, 60); } }

        // Groupview
        public virtual Color DashedLineColor { get { return Color.FromArgb(194, 194, 194); } }
    }
}

2.  再做几个模板,继承皮肤基本类NaviColorTableOffice

(1). Office2007Blue

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    public class NaviColorTableOffice2007Blue : NaviColorTableOffice
    {
        // General colors 
        public virtual Color DarkBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(101, 147, 207); } }
        public virtual Color Text { get { return Color.FromArgb(21, 66, 139); } }
        public virtual Color Background { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ShapesFront { get { return Color.FromArgb(86, 125, 177); } }

        // NaviButton Normal
        public virtual Color ButtonLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(192, 219, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(173, 209, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(196, 221, 255); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }

        // NaviButton hovered
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 230, 159); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 215, 103); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 233, 168); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonHoveredHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 254, 228); } }

        // NaviButton active
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(254, 225, 122); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 171, 63); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 188, 111); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonActiveHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 217, 170); } }

        // NaviButton clicked
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 211, 101); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(251, 140, 60); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 173, 67); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonClickedHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 189, 105); } }

        // Popuped band backcolor
        public virtual Color PopupBandBackground { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }

        // Splitter
        public virtual Color SplitterDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(182, 214, 255); } }
        public virtual Color SplitterLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color SplitterHighlights { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Options button
        public virtual Color ButtonOptionsOuter { get { return Color.FromArgb(67, 113, 176); } }
        public virtual Color ButtonOptionsInner { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 248, 203); } }

        // Header of band
        public virtual Color HeaderBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(175, 210, 255); } }
        public virtual Color HeaderBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }
        public virtual Color HeaderBgInnerBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Group
        public virtual Color GroupBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(226, 238, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(214, 232, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBgHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(227, 239, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupBorderLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(173, 209, 255); } }
        public virtual Color GroupInnerBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

        // Collapse button       
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(248, 194, 94); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 220); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonDownDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(232, 127, 8); } }
        public virtual Color CollapseButtonDownLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(247, 217, 121); } }

        // Collapsed band
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedBg { get { return Color.FromArgb(213, 228, 242); } }
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedFocused { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 231, 162); } }
        public virtual Color BandCollapsedClicked { get { return Color.FromArgb(251, 140, 60); } }

        // Groupview
        public virtual Color DashedLineColor { get { return Color.FromArgb(194, 194, 194); } }
    }
}

(2). Office2007Silver

using System.Drawing;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    public class NaviColorTableOffice2007Silver : NaviColorTableOffice
   {
      // General colors 
      public override Color DarkBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(111, 112, 116); } }
      public override Color Text { get { return Color.FromArgb(21, 66, 139); } }
      public override Color ShapesFront { get { return Color.FromArgb(101, 104, 112); } }

      // NaviButton Normal
      public override Color ButtonLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(219, 222, 226); } }
      public override Color ButtonDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(197, 199, 209); } }
      public override Color ButtonHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(214, 218, 228); } }
      public override Color ButtonHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(235, 238, 250); } }

      // Header of band
      public override Color HeaderBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(218, 223, 230); } }
      public override Color HeaderBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

      // Splitter
      public override Color SplitterDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(119, 118, 151); } }
      public override Color SplitterLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(168, 167, 191); } }
      public override Color SplitterHighlights { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

      // Group
      public override Color GroupBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(215, 215, 229); } }
      public override Color GroupBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(216, 216, 230); } }
      public override Color GroupBgHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(215, 215, 229); } }
      public override Color GroupBgHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(216, 216, 230); } }
      public override Color GroupBorderLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(197, 199, 199); } }

      // Collapsed band
      public override Color BandCollapsedBg { get { return Color.FromArgb(238, 238, 244); } }

      public override Color PopupBandBackground { get { return Color.FromArgb(240, 241, 242); } }
   }
}

(3). Office2007Black

using System.Drawing;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    public class NaviColorTableOffice2007Black : NaviColorTableOffice
   {
      // General colors 
      public override Color DarkBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(167, 173, 182); } }
      public override Color Text { get { return Color.FromArgb(0, 0, 0); } }
      public override Color ShapesFront { get { return Color.FromArgb(49, 52, 49); } }

      // NaviButton Normal
      public override Color ButtonLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(219, 222, 226); } }
      //public override Color ButtonDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(199, 203, 209); } }
      public override Color ButtonDark { get { return Color.Silver; } }
      public override Color ButtonHighlightDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(223, 226, 228); } }
      public override Color ButtonHighlightLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(248, 248, 249); } }

      // Header of band
      public override Color HeaderBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(189, 193, 200); } }
      public override Color HeaderBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(240, 241, 242); } }

      // Splitter
      public override Color SplitterDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(195, 200, 206); } }
      public override Color SplitterLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
      public override Color SplitterHighlights { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

      // Group
      public override Color GroupBgLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(239, 240, 241); } }
      public override Color GroupBgDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(221, 224, 227); } }
      public override Color GroupBgHoveredLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }
      public override Color GroupBgHoveredDark { get { return Color.FromArgb(232, 234, 236); } }
      public override Color GroupBorderLight { get { return Color.FromArgb(199, 203, 209); } }
      public override Color GroupInnerBorder { get { return Color.FromArgb(255, 255, 255); } }

      // Collapsed band
      public override Color BandCollapsedBg { get { return Color.FromArgb(235, 235, 235); } }

      public override Color PopupBandBackground { get { return Color.FromArgb(240, 241, 242); } }
   }
}

(4). 如何去实现渲染这个工具栏上的按钮,把它们加工得更漂亮一点?

我是这样做的,设计一对控件进行渲染的类:NaviButtonRendererOffice2007.cs,由它来实现对控件进行重加工,参考如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    public class NaviButtonRendererOffice2007
    {
        NaviColorTableOffice colorTable;
        public NaviButtonRendererOffice2007()
        {
            // Use by default the blue colors, override this with the property ColorTable
            colorTable = new NaviColorTableOffice2007Blue();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets or sets the table of colors
        /// </summary>
        public NaviColorTableOffice ColorTable
        {
            get { return colorTable; }
            set { colorTable = value; }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Draws the background gradients of an Button
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="g">The graphics surface to draw on</param>
        /// <param name="bounds">The bounds that the drawing should apply to</param>
        public  void DrawBackground(Graphics g, Rectangle bounds, ControlState state, InputState inputState)
        {
            Color[] endColors = new Color[1];

            if ((state == ControlState.Normal) && (inputState == InputState.Normal))
            {
                endColors = new Color[] { ColorTable.ButtonLight, ColorTable.ButtonDark, 
                                ColorTable.ButtonHighlightDark, ColorTable.ButtonHighlightLight };
            }
            else if ((state == ControlState.Normal) && (inputState == InputState.Hovered))
            {
                endColors = new Color[] { ColorTable.ButtonHoveredLight, ColorTable.ButtonHoveredDark, 
                                ColorTable.ButtonHoveredHighlightDark, ColorTable.ButtonHoveredHighlightLight };
            }
            else if ((state == ControlState.Active) && (inputState == InputState.Normal))
            {
                endColors = new Color[] { ColorTable.ButtonActiveLight, ColorTable.ButtonActiveDark, 
                                ColorTable.ButtonActiveHighlightDark, ColorTable.ButtonActiveHighlightLight };
            }
            else if ((inputState == InputState.Clicked)
               || ((state == ControlState.Active) && (inputState == InputState.Hovered)))
            {
                endColors = new Color[] { ColorTable.ButtonClickedLight, ColorTable.ButtonClickedDark, 
                                ColorTable.ButtonClickedHighlightDark, ColorTable.ButtonClickedHighlightLight };
            }

            float[] ColorPositions = { 0.0f, 0.62f, 0.62f, 1.0f };

            ExtDrawing.DrawGradient(g, bounds, endColors, ColorPositions);

            using (Pen p = new Pen(ColorTable.DarkBorder))
            {
                g.DrawLine(p, bounds.Left, bounds.Top, bounds.Right, bounds.Top);
            }
            
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Draws text on a graphics canvas
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="g">The graphics surface to draw on</param>
        /// <param name="bounds">The bounds of the text</param>
        /// <param name="font">The font of the text</param>
        /// <param name="text">The text to draw</param>
        /// <param name="rightToLeft">Rigth to left or left to right layout</param>
        public  void DrawText(Graphics g, Rectangle bounds, Font font, string text, bool rightToLeft)
        {
            using (Brush brush = new SolidBrush(ColorTable.Text))
            {
                if (rightToLeft)
                {
                    TextRenderer.DrawText(g, text, font, bounds, ColorTable.Text,
                       TextFormatFlags.SingleLine | TextFormatFlags.VerticalCenter | TextFormatFlags.EndEllipsis
                       | TextFormatFlags.Right | TextFormatFlags.RightToLeft);
                }
                else
                {
                    TextRenderer.DrawText(g, text, font, bounds, ColorTable.Text,
                       TextFormatFlags.SingleLine | TextFormatFlags.VerticalCenter | TextFormatFlags.EndEllipsis);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

我们直接调DrawBackground(Graphics g, Rectangle bounds, ControlState state, InputState inputState) 对按钮进行重绘就可以实现了。

那么如何达到换肤的功能?关键是对象NaviColorTableOffice,其他的皮肤类都继承它,这里是通过多态的方式进行实例化对象。

请参考StyleManager.cs,这是一个皮肤制造工厂,通过反射机制去动态实例化皮肤对象:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using UtilityLibrary.Enums;

namespace UtilityLibrary.Common
{
    class StyleManager
    {
        public static NaviColorTableOffice GetOffice2007ColorTable(Style style)
        {
            string className = "UtilityLibrary.Common.NaviColorTable" + style.ToString();
            Type type = Type.GetType(className);
            if (type != null)
            {
                return (NaviColorTableOffice)Activator.CreateInstance(type);
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

我添加一个enum类型作为皮肤的样式,这里只设计三个样式。

namespace UtilityLibrary.Enums
{
    public enum Style
    {
        Office2007Blue,
        Office2007Silver,
        Office2007Black
    }
}

最后关键的一步到了,在OutlookBar.cs实现接口IStyle:

#region OutlookBar class
    [ToolboxBitmap(typeof(UtilityLibrary.WinControls.OutlookBar), 
    "UtilityLibrary.WinControls.OutlookBar.bmp")]
    public class OutlookBar : System.Windows.Forms.Control,IStyle
    {
}

如下代码是客户端设置皮肤的关键:

#region IStyle 成员
        public void SetStyle(Style style)
        {
            rendererOffice2007.ColorTable = StyleManager.GetOffice2007ColorTable(style);
            this.Refresh();
        }

        private Style _style = Style.Office2007Blue;
        public Style Style
        {
            get
            {
                return _style;
            }
            set
            {
                _style = value;
                SetStyle(_style);
            }
        }

所以我们在客户端设计某个皮肤时,可以这样做:

OutlookBar outlookBar1 = new OutlookBar();
outlookBar1.SetStyle(Style.Office2007Blue);//设置Office2007Blue皮肤
outlookBar1.OfficeStyle = true;//设置Office效果,主要是mouse经过,点下时的效果

最终的整体效果

总结

整个过程下来,主要做的工作:

  1. 设计模板

  2. 设计换肤接口

  3. 渲染按钮控件

  4. 换肤接口调用

经过这几个工序,对这个灰姑娘进行“整容”,“美化”的一系列过程,它就变成了白雪公主啦,不过因为它先天不足,只能说差不多过得去。

上传改善后的控件供大家试用吧,分享快乐吐舌笑脸,如果感觉比原来的好,记得给小弟点评一下喔~~~微笑

 

下载

posted on 2013-06-17 17:14  aganqin  阅读(3949)  评论(7编辑  收藏  举报