计算器

import tkinter,os
from tkinter import *

def temp(string):#空白间隔
temp=tkinter.Frame(string,width=20,height=50)
temp.pack()

flag=0
node=0
def num_work(): #更新显示框Lable
global flag
global node
with open("D:\num.txt") as f:
for length in f:
string=length
top_work.configure(text=string.strip('\n')) # 重新设置标签文本
root.after(500,num_work) # 每隔0.5s调用函数num_work自身获取结果

def num_math_int(num1,num2):#整数运算
try:
if num2[0]'+':
string=int(num1)+int(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]
'-':
string=int(num1)-int(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]'x':
string=int(num1)*int(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]
'/':
string=int(num1)/int(num2[1:])

with open("D:\\num.txt",'a') as f:
  f.write('\n'+str(string)+'\n')

except:
with open("D:\num.txt",'a') as f:
f.write('\n错误')
def num_math_float(num1,num2):#小数运算
try:
if num2[0]'+':
string=float(num1)+float(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]
'-':
string=float(num1)-float(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]'x':
string=float(num1)*float(num2[1:])
elif num2[0]
'/':
string=float(num1)/float(num2[1:])
if flag==0:
with open("D:\num.txt",'a') as f:
f.write('\n'+str(string)+'\n')
else:
with open("D:\num.txt",'a') as f:
f.write('\n'+str(string))
except:
with open("D:\num.txt",'a') as f:
f.write('\n错误')
def decimal(num):
if num.count('%')>0:
num=num.replace('%','')
num=num.replace('\n','')
if num.isnumeric():
num=str(float(num)/100)
else:
num=num[0]+str(float(num[1:])/100)
return num

def work(string):#按键对应的功能
if string.isnumeric():
with open("D:\num.txt","a") as file:
file.write(string)
else:
#读取文件D:\num.txt所有内容
lists=[]
with open("D:\num.txt","r") as file:
for length in file:
lists.append(length)

if string=='清除':
  with open("D:\\num.txt","w") as file:
    file.write('0.0\n')
     
elif string=='=':
  num1=lists[-2]
  num2=lists[-1]
  if num1=='\n':#解决末尾为换行的情况
    num1=lists[-3]
     
  #将百分数小数化
  #出现结果多0.0000000001
  num1=decimal(num1)
  num2=decimal(num2)
     
  try:      #判断两个数是整数还是小数
    number=int(num1)
    number=int(num2[1:])
    num_math_int(num1,num2)#两个数进行整数运算
  except:
    num_math_float(num1,num2)#两个数进行小数运算
     
elif string=='.':
  if lists[-1].count('.')==0:#判断结尾是否有小数点,没有写入否则报错
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write(string)
  else:
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write('\n错误')
       
elif string=='+/-':
  if lists[-1].count('-')==0:#-+为-
    if lists[-1].count('+')==1:
      lists[-1]=lists[-1].replace('+','')
    lists[-1]='-'+lists[-1]
  else:           #--为+
    lists[-1]=lists[-1].replace('-','+')
  #更新文件
  with open("D:\\num.txt","w") as file:
    pass
  for length in lists:
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write(length)
       
elif string=='删除':
  number=lists[-1]
  lists[-1]=number[0:(len(number)-1)]#删除一位
  #更新文件
  with open("D:\\num.txt","w") as file:
    pass
  for length in lists:
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write(length)
elif string=='%':
  if lists[-1].endswith("%")==False:
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write(string)
  else:
    with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
      file.write('\n错误')
   
else:
  with open("D:\\num.txt","a") as file:
    file.write('\n'+string)

def run():#计算器显示界面主体

if os.path.exists("D:\num.txt")==False:
with open("D:\num.txt",'w') as f:
f.write('0.0\n')

global root#定义全局变量root,方便Label更新
root=tkinter.Tk()
root.title("ac计算器")

x = root.winfo_screenwidth()

获取当前屏幕的宽

y = root.winfo_screenheight()

获取当前屏幕的高

print(((x-500)//2),((y-600)//2))#为居中提供的参数

root.geometry('400x500+760+290')#主体长400,高500,居中
top=tkinter.Frame(root,width=20,height=50)
top.pack()

global top_work#定义全局变量root
temp(top)#空白间隔

计算器显示框

top_work=tkinter.Label(top,text='',justify='left',relief=SUNKEN,bd=10,bg='white',width=40)
top_work.pack(side='bottom')#计算器显示框(位置居下)
num_work()
temp(root)#空白间隔

number=tkinter.Frame(root)#成放计算机键盘的容器
number.pack()

所有按键,清除键为事例

numberAC=tkinter.Button(number,text="清除",width=10,command=lambda : work('清除')).grid(row=0,column=0)

左键点击,执行函数work

按键位置(0,0)

numberdelete=tkinter.Button(number,text="删除",width=10,command=lambda : work('删除')).grid(row=0,column=1)
numberzhengfu=tkinter.Button(number,text="+/-",width=10,command=lambda : work('+/-')).grid(row=0,column=2)
numberchu=tkinter.Button(number,text="/",width=10,command=lambda : work('/')).grid(row=0,column=3)

tkinter.Button(number,text="7",width=10,command=lambda : work('7')).grid(row=1,column=0)
tkinter.Button(number,text="8",width=10,command=lambda : work('8')).grid(row=1,column=1)
tkinter.Button(number,text="9",width=10,command=lambda : work('9')).grid(row=1,column=2)
tkinter.Button(number,text="x",width=10,command=lambda : work('x')).grid(row=1,column=3)

tkinter.Button(number,text="4",width=10,command=lambda : work('4')).grid(row=2,column=0)
tkinter.Button(number,text="5",width=10,command=lambda : work('5')).grid(row=2,column=1)
tkinter.Button(number,text="6",width=10,command=lambda : work('6')).grid(row=2,column=2)
tkinter.Button(number,text="-",width=10,command=lambda : work('-')).grid(row=2,column=3)

tkinter.Button(number,text="1",width=10,command=lambda : work('1')).grid(row=3,column=0)
tkinter.Button(number,text="2",width=10,command=lambda : work('2')).grid(row=3,column=1)
tkinter.Button(number,text="3",width=10,command=lambda : work('3')).grid(row=3,column=2)
tkinter.Button(number,text="+",width=10,command=lambda : work('+')).grid(row=3,column=3)

tkinter.Button(number,text="%",width=10,command=lambda : work('%')).grid(row=4,column=0)
tkinter.Button(number,text="0",width=10,command=lambda : work('0')).grid(row=4,column=1)
tkinter.Button(number,text=".",width=10,command=lambda : work('.')).grid(row=4,column=2)
tkinter.Button(number,text="=",width=10,command=lambda : work('=')).grid(row=4,column=3)

root.mainloop()
if name=='main':
run()
参考链接https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/273420351
他的思路是创建文本,用函数调用文本里的数值来实现计算器的功能,跟我想象的直接在.py文件里写好每一个按钮对应的运算符号直接运算的方法不一样= =

posted @ 2020-12-08 16:01  acacacac  阅读(61)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报