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简易使用UILabel的富文本

简易使用UILabel的富文本

 

使用效果:

源码:

NSString+YX.h    NSString+YX.m

//
//  NSString+YX.h
//  YXKit
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import "ConfigAttributedString.h"

@interface NSString (YX)

// 创建富文本并配置富文本(NSArray中的数据必须是ConfigAttributedString对象合集)
- (NSMutableAttributedString *)createAttributedStringAndConfig:(NSArray *)configs;

// 用于搜寻一段字符串在另外一段字符串中的NSRange值
- (NSRange)rangeFrom:(NSString *)string;

// 本字符串的range
- (NSRange)range;

@end
//
//  NSString+YX.m
//  YXKit
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import "NSString+YX.h"

@implementation NSString (YX)

- (NSMutableAttributedString *)createAttributedStringAndConfig:(NSArray *)configs
{
    NSMutableAttributedString *attributedString = \
    [[NSMutableAttributedString alloc] initWithString:self];
    
    [configs enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:^(id obj, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
        ConfigAttributedString *oneConfig = obj;
        [attributedString addAttribute:oneConfig.attribute
                                 value:oneConfig.value
                                 range:oneConfig.range];
    }];
    
    return attributedString;
}

- (NSRange)rangeFrom:(NSString *)string
{
    return [string rangeOfString:self];
}

- (NSRange)range
{
    return NSMakeRange(0, self.length);
}

@end

ConfigAttributedString.h   ConfigAttributedString.m

//
//  ConfigAttributedString.h
//  NSMutableAttributedString
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>

@interface ConfigAttributedString : NSObject

@property (nonatomic, strong, readonly) NSString *attribute; // 富文本属性
@property (nonatomic, strong, readonly) id        value;     // 富文本值
@property (nonatomic, assign, readonly) NSRange   range;     // 富文本范围值

// 通用型配置
+ (instancetype)attribute:(NSString *)attribute
                    value:(id)value
                    range:(NSRange)range;

// 配置字体
+ (instancetype)font:(UIFont *)font
               range:(NSRange)range;

// 配置字体颜色
+ (instancetype)foregroundColor:(UIColor *)color
                          range:(NSRange)range;

// 配置字体背景颜色
+ (instancetype)backgroundColor:(UIColor *)color
                          range:(NSRange)range;

// 字体描边颜色以及描边宽度以及阴影(以下两个方法可以一起使用)
+ (instancetype)strokeColor:(UIColor *)color
                      range:(NSRange)range;
+ (instancetype)strokeWidth:(float)number
                      range:(NSRange)range;
+ (instancetype)shadow:(NSShadow *)shadow
                 range:(NSRange)range;

// 配置文字的中划线
+ (instancetype)strikethroughStyle:(NSInteger)number
                             range:(NSRange)range;

// 配置文字的下划线
+ (instancetype)underlineStyle:(NSInteger)number
                         range:(NSRange)range;

// 字间距
+ (instancetype)kern:(float)number
               range:(NSRange)range;

// 段落样式(需要将UILabel中的numberOfLines设置成0才有用)
+ (instancetype)paragraphStyle:(NSMutableParagraphStyle *)style
                         range:(NSRange)range;

@end
//
//  ConfigAttributedString.m
//  NSMutableAttributedString
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import "ConfigAttributedString.h"

@interface ConfigAttributedString ()

@property (nonatomic, strong) NSString *attribute;
@property (nonatomic, strong) id        value;
@property (nonatomic, assign) NSRange   range;

@end

@implementation ConfigAttributedString

+ (instancetype)attribute:(NSString *)attribute value:(id)value range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    
    config.attribute = attribute;
    config.value     = value;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)font:(UIFont *)font range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSFontAttributeName;
    config.value     = font;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)foregroundColor:(UIColor *)color range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSForegroundColorAttributeName;
    config.value     = color;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)backgroundColor:(UIColor *)color range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSBackgroundColorAttributeName;
    config.value     = color;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)strikethroughStyle:(NSInteger)number range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSStrikethroughStyleAttributeName;
    config.value     = [NSNumber numberWithInteger:number];
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)paragraphStyle:(NSMutableParagraphStyle *)style range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSParagraphStyleAttributeName;
    config.value     = style;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)kern:(float)number range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSKernAttributeName;
    config.value     = [NSNumber numberWithFloat:number];
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)underlineStyle:(NSInteger)number range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSUnderlineStyleAttributeName;
    config.value     = [NSNumber numberWithInteger:number];
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)strokeColor:(UIColor *)color range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSStrokeColorAttributeName;
    config.value     = color;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)strokeWidth:(float)number range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSStrokeWidthAttributeName;
    config.value     = [NSNumber numberWithFloat:number];
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

+ (instancetype)shadow:(NSShadow *)shadow range:(NSRange)range
{
    ConfigAttributedString *config = [self new];
    config.attribute = NSShadowAttributeName;
    config.value     = shadow;
    config.range     = range;
    
    return config;
}

@end

控制器源码:

//
//  RootViewController.m
//  RichText
//
//  Copyright (c) 2014年 Y.X. All rights reserved.
//

#import "RootViewController.h"
#import "NSString+YX.h"

@interface RootViewController ()

@end

@implementation RootViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad
{
    [super viewDidLoad];
    
    // 字符串
    NSString *str = @"未选择的路-弗罗斯特\n黄色的树林里分出两条路,\n可惜我不能同时去涉足,\n我在那路口久久伫立,\n我向着一条路极目望去,\n直到它消失在丛林深处。\n但我却选了另外一条路,\n它荒草萋萋,十分幽寂,\n显得更诱人、更美丽,\n虽然在这两条小路上,\n都很少留下旅人的足迹,\n虽然那天清晨落叶满地,\n两条路都未经脚印污染。\n啊,留下一条路等改日再见!\n但我知道路径延绵无尽头,\n恐怕我难以再回返。\n也许多少年后在某个地方,\n我将轻声叹息把往事回顾,\n一片树林里分出两条路,\n而我选了人迹更少的一条,\n从此决定了我一生的道路。";
    
    // 设置组
    NSArray *array = \
    @[// 全局设置
      [ConfigAttributedString font:[UIFont systemFontOfSize:10.f] range:[str range]],
      [ConfigAttributedString paragraphStyle:[self style]         range:[str range]],
      
      // 局部设置
      [ConfigAttributedString foregroundColor:[UIColor redColor]
                                        range:[@"未选择的路" rangeFrom:str]],
      [ConfigAttributedString font:[UIFont systemFontOfSize:20.f]
                             range:[@"未选择的路" rangeFrom:str]]];
    
    // 初始化富文本
    UILabel *label       = [[UILabel alloc] initWithFrame:self.view.bounds];
    label.numberOfLines  = 0;
    label.attributedText = [str createAttributedStringAndConfig:array];
    [self.view addSubview:label];
}

// 段落样式
- (NSMutableParagraphStyle *)style
{
    NSMutableParagraphStyle *style = [NSMutableParagraphStyle new];
    style.lineSpacing              = 10.f;
    style.firstLineHeadIndent      = 10.f;
    
    return style;
}

@end

设计原理:

我把配置抽象成了一个对象,一个对象可能对应着不同的配置,这样写起来就不会乱

使用的时候直接就在数组中配置

通过NSString的Category直接生成富文本赋值给attributedText即完成了富文本的操作

这才叫面向对象编程嘛:)

 

posted @ 2014-07-29 15:04  YouXianMing  阅读(1235)  评论(0编辑  收藏