Mac安装PHP(Homebrew/php弃用、其他第三方tap也已经弃用或者迁移后的安装配置方案)

一、前言

看网上很多资料,大多数都是

mac安装php,只需要:

brew tap homebrew/php

brew install phpXX

安装php扩展只需要:

brew install phpXX-phpExtension

但是执行上面两条命令的时候都会抛出error:

homebrew/dupes was deprecated. This tap is now empty as all its formulae were migrated.

homebrew/php was deprecated. This tap is now empty as all its formulae were migrated.

Homebrew/php已经弃用了,其他第三方tap也已经弃用或者迁移了,参考:

https://github.com/Homebrew/homebrew-php

现在执行一下

brew search php

出现的是:

不再是以往的一大片各种版本的php以及扩展任君选择了,而扩展方面,以往我们是这样安装扩展的:

brew install php71-redis

现在已经搜不出来:


 

二、安装

那么现在怎么安装php及扩展呢,上述github链接已经说的很明白,有兴趣的可以自己去看,我这里简单说一下。

下面举例安装php7.1

首先

brew tap Homebrew/homebrew-core

因为其他第三方tab已经迁移/弃用了,全部合并到这里

现在仍然可以通过

brew install php71

来安装php7.1,但是其实你会看到php71已经更名为php@7.1:

安装过程截图:

安装成功截图:

启动 php-fpm

brew services start php@7.1  

设置开机启动:

cp /usr/local/Cellar/php\@7.1/7.1.29/homebrew.mxcl.php\@7.1.plist  ~/Library/LaunchAgents/

launchctl load -w ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew-php.josegonzalez.php\@7.1.plist

 

设置 Nginx 的 PHP-FPM 配置

打开 nginx 默认注释掉的php location设置,修改如下(具体配置参数,例如路径,这里以我本地安装为准):

location ~ \.php$ {
            root           html;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/local/var/www$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        /usr/local/etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        }

测试nginx配置是否正确:

StevendeMacBook-Pro:nginx steven$ nginx -t
nginx: [alert] could not open error log file: open() "/usr/local/var/log/nginx/error.log" failed (13: Permission denied)
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
2019/05/21 16:35:46 [emerg] 96011#0: open() "/usr/local/var/run/nginx.pid" failed (13: Permission denied)
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

因为我同时打开了日志,根据提示,说明日志文件夹没有权限

sudo chmod -R 777  /usr/local/var/log/nginx/


给他权限

 

再试试:

StevendeMacBook-Pro:log steven$ sudo nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: [emerg] open() "/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.15.12/logs/access.log" failed (2: No such file or directory)
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test failed

哦,这里没有/usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.15.12/logs   logs文件夹,去创建一个就OK,并赋予权限

mkdir  /usr/local/Cellar/nginx/1.15.12/logs

chmod -R 777 logs/

 

 

再试试:

StevendeMacBook-Pro:1.15.12 steven$ sudo nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /usr/local/etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

成功了,重载nginx配置

sudo nginx -s reload

因为我的nginx解析的根目录是

/usr/local/var/www

所以,去这个目录下创建一个phpinfo.php文件,写入代码

<?php
    echo phpinfo();

?>

浏览器访问 http://localhost:8080/phpinfo.php


 

 

 附:

说一下要用到的几个位置

php-fpm在/usr/local/Cellar/php@7.1/7.1.22/sbin/php-fpm

php和fpm的相关配置在/usr/local/etc/php/7.1

 

安装php扩展:

直接pecl install phpExtension(如:pecl install redis)

扩展放置的位置开发者已经设置好,在/usr/local/lib/php/pecl/20160303

 

 

 

 

posted @ 2019-05-21 17:19  Steven*  阅读(5322)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报