CentOS6.5下RPM包安装MySQL5.6.35

基本环境:VMware10.0+CentOS6.5+MySQL5.6.35

1、查看操作系统相关
shell> cat /etc/issue
shell> uname -a
2、创建需要下载rpm软件包的目录
shell> mkdir -p /tools
3、是否有系统自带mysql的rpm包,如果有,需要删除自带的旧rpm包
shell> rpm -qa | grep -i mysql
shell> yum -y remove mysql-libs-5.1* 

4、MySQL官网下载安装MySQL-5.6.35所需的rpm软件包
shell> cd /tools
shell> wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-server-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm
shell> wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-devel-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm
shell> wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.6/MySQL-client-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm

5、下载完之后,安装三个rpm软件包
shell> rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm
shell> rpm -ivh MySQL-client-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm
shell> rpm -ivh MySQL-devel-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm

6、修改配置文件位置
shell> cp /usr/share/mysql/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
shell> vim /etc/my.cnf
[mysqld]
#skip-grant-tables
character_set_server=utf8
lower_case_table_names=1
max_connections=1000
datadir=/var/lib/mysql

7、初始化MySQL及修改MySQL默认的root密码
shell> service mysql start
shell> service mysql status
##shell> /usr/bin/mysql_install_db
shell> ps -ef | grep mysql

shell> netstat -anpt | grep 3306
shell> more /root/.mysql_secret
shell> mysql -uroot -pvzOCjNWBCZsuUlM8

mysql> select version();
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must SET PASSWORD before executing this statement
mysql> SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('mysql5635'); 

8、退出重新登录,并创建新用户
mysql> grant select,insert,update,delete on *.* to dba@"localhost" Identified by "mysql5635";
mysql> grant all privileges on *.* to dba@"%" Identified by "mysql5635"; #"%"只针对ip有效

#Win7系统连接虚拟机上的mysql
http://www.2cto.com/database/201305/210279.html
cmd> ping 192.168.85.128    #成功
cmd> telnet 192.168.85.128 3306    #失败
#确认是防火墙的原因
shell> service iptables stop    #关闭之后telnet成功

shell> cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables
#-I作为第一条规则插入,-A作为最后一条规则插入
shell> iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
shell> service iptables save
shell> service iptables restart
#win7系统cmd
mysql -h192.168.85.128 -udba -p -P3306

#开机启动
shell> chkconfig mysql on
shell> chkconfig mysql --list

安装MySQL-server时的输出

[root@localhost tools]# rpm -ivh MySQL-server-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm
warning: MySQL-server-5.6.35-1.el6.i686.rpm: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
Preparing...                ########################################### [100%]
   1:MySQL-server           ########################################### [100%]
warning: user mysql does not exist - using root
warning: group mysql does not exist - using root
warning: user mysql does not exist - using root
warning: group mysql does not exist - using root
2017-03-08 10:19:29 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2017-03-08 10:19:29 0 [Note] Ignoring --secure-file-priv value as server is running with --bootstrap.
2017-03-08 10:19:29 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.6.35) starting as process 18692 ...
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2017-03-08 10:19:30 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2017-03-08 10:19:31 18692 [Note] InnoDB: The first specified data file ./ibdata1 did not exist: a new database to be created!
2017-03-08 10:19:31 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file ./ibdata1 size to 12 MB
2017-03-08 10:19:31 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Database physically writes the file full: wait...
2017-03-08 10:19:32 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile101 size to 48 MB
2017-03-08 10:19:38 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Setting log file ./ib_logfile1 size to 48 MB
2017-03-08 10:19:43 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Renaming log file ./ib_logfile101 to ./ib_logfile0
2017-03-08 10:19:43 18692 [Warning] InnoDB: New log files created, LSN=45781
2017-03-08 10:19:43 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer not found: creating new
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Doublewrite buffer created
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Warning] InnoDB: Creating foreign key constraint system tables.
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Foreign key constraint system tables created
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Creating tablespace and datafile system tables.
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Tablespace and datafile system tables created.
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2017-03-08 10:19:45 18692 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.35 started; log sequence number 0
A random root password has been set. You will find it in '/root/.mysql_secret'.
2017-03-08 10:19:47 18692 [Note] Binlog end
2017-03-08 10:19:47 18692 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2017-03-08 10:19:47 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18692 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625977


2017-03-08 10:19:51 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).
2017-03-08 10:19:51 0 [Note] Ignoring --secure-file-priv value as server is running with --bootstrap.
2017-03-08 10:19:51 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.6.35) starting as process 18749 ...
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Using atomics to ref count buffer pool pages
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: The InnoDB memory heap is disabled
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Memory barrier is not used
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Not using CPU crc32 instructions
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, size = 128.0M
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segment(s) are active.
2017-03-08 10:19:51 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Waiting for purge to start
2017-03-08 10:19:52 18749 [Note] InnoDB: 5.6.35 started; log sequence number 1625977
2017-03-08 10:19:52 18749 [Note] Binlog end
2017-03-08 10:19:52 18749 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2017-03-08 10:19:52 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2017-03-08 10:19:53 18749 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 1625987




A RANDOM PASSWORD HAS BEEN SET FOR THE MySQL root USER !
You will find that password in '/root/.mysql_secret'.

You must change that password on your first connect,
no other statement but 'SET PASSWORD' will be accepted.
See the manual for the semantics of the 'password expired' flag.

Also, the account for the anonymous user has been removed.

In addition, you can run:

  /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation

which will also give you the option of removing the test database.
This is strongly recommended for production servers.

See the manual for more instructions.

Please report any problems at http://bugs.mysql.com/

The latest information about MySQL is available on the web at

  http://www.mysql.com

Support MySQL by buying support/licenses at http://shop.mysql.com

New default config file was created as /usr/my.cnf and
will be used by default by the server when you start it.
You may edit this file to change server settings

[root@localhost tools]# 
View Code

原始防火墙信息

[root@localhost /]# cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables
# Firewall configuration written by system-config-firewall
# Manual customization of this file is not recommended.
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
-A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT
View Code

直接编辑iptables

[root@localhost /]# vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables
添加
-A RH-Firewall-1-INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
shell> service iptables restart
[root@localhost tools]# service iptables restart
iptables: Setting chains to policy ACCEPT: filter          [  OK  ]
iptables: Flushing firewall rules:                         [  OK  ]
iptables: Unloading modules:                               [  OK  ]
iptables: Applying firewall rules: iptables-restore: line 13 failed
                                                           [FAILED]
View Code
posted @ 2017-03-08 23:21  醒嘞  阅读(958)  评论(0编辑  收藏