使Ruby在OS X的控制台输出中使用颜色

在使用Ruby向控制台输出文本的时候,很好的Coloring是很有必要的。以下是我找到的如何向OS X的终端中输出着色文本的方法。其实,在Linux下应该也同样适用。

本来我只需要把找到的博文链接贴出来就好,可惜那博文是在blogspot上,正在为一堵伟大的墙挡着。所以方便起见,我只能全文贴过来。附上原文链接:

http://craiccomputing.blogspot.com/2010/08/printing-colored-text-in-unix-terminals.html

Printing Colored Text in UNIX Terminals from Ruby

 
Outputting text in color in a UNIX console/Xterminal is kind of old school - some might say obsolete - but once in a while it is very useful. One example is the Red/Green coloring of test results. You don't get a lot of options but enough to highlight relevant text.

The cryptic escape codes are explained in this Wiki page.

This Ruby script outputs fore and background colors and a couple of the other useful modifiers.
#!/usr/bin/ruby

puts "\033[1mForeground Colors...\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[30mBlack (30)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[31mRed (31)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[32mGreen (32)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[33mYellow (33)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[34mBlue (34)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[35mMagenta (35)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[36mCyan (36)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[37mWhite (37)\033[0m\n"
puts ''

puts "\033[1mBackground Colors...\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[40m\033[37mBlack (40), White Text\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[41mRed (41)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[42mGreen (42)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[43mYellow (43)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[44mBlue (44)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[45mMagenta (45)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[46mCyan (46)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[47mWhite (47)\033[0m\n"
puts ''
puts "\033[1mModifiers...\033[0m\n"
puts " Reset (0)"
puts " \033[1mBold (1)\033[0m\n"
puts " \033[4mUnderlined (4)\033[0m\n"
Note that the exact colors will vary between different terminals. So try it and see.

The script will show you enough to create your own colored terminal output. But what if you sometimes want your output to go to a terminal (TTY) and other times to a file? In the latter, all the escape codes will give you garbage characters when you view the file. The trick here is to test whether our not your script is writing to a TTY with 'STDOUT.tty?'. If so then add the escape codes, if not then leave them out.

posted on 2012-05-21 13:57  零度的火  阅读(811)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报

导航