Saltstack之multi-master

一、实验环境:

1、salt版本:

[root@master master]# salt --versions-report
           Salt: 2015.5.10
         Python: 2.7.5 (default, Nov  6 2016, 00:28:07)
         Jinja2: 2.7.2
       M2Crypto: 0.21.1
 msgpack-python: 0.4.8
   msgpack-pure: Not Installed
       pycrypto: 2.6.1
        libnacl: Not Installed
         PyYAML: 3.10
          ioflo: Not Installed
          PyZMQ: 14.3.1
           RAET: Not Installed
            ZMQ: 3.2.5
           Mako: Not Installed
        Tornado: Not Installed
        timelib: Not Installed
       dateutil: Not Installed

2、系统版本:

[root@master master]# cat /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS Linux release 7.2.1511 (Core) 

二、Salt搭建主备master

1、安装新的master server

2、copy master keys到新的master对应的目录(master.pem和master.pub)

3、启动新的master进程

4、配置minions配置文件

5、Restart minions

6、在新的master上accept keys

7、测试两个salt-master对salt-minion的test.ping

[root@master master]# salt -L 192.168.163.13 test.ping
192.168.163.13:
    True
[root@standby minions]# salt -L 192.168.163.13 test.ping
192.168.163.13:
    True
备注:
配置multi-master主要的问题是:每一个master使用相同的private key. Private key在master第一次启动时自动生成的(注意:配置multi-master时,一定要在启动新master前将老master的private key copy到对应目录)。
 
修改minion配置文件:
master
  -saltmaster1.example.com
  -saltmaster2.example.com
 
三、遇到的问题:
1、在minion端进行salt-call测试的时候(前提条件将主master stop),发现:
[root@standby salt]# salt-call test.ping        
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 1 of 4)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 2 of 4)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 3 of 4)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 4 of 4)
[WARNING ] Attempted to authenticate with master 192.168.199.39 and failed
[WARNING ] Master ip address changed from 192.168.199.39 to 192.168.163.13
local:
    True
----以上测试结果是将minion中的auth_tries修改为4,默认值为7.
将值改成3次,并关闭主备master的测试结果:
[root@standby minion]# salt-call test.ping        
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 1 of 3)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 2 of 3)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 3 of 3)
[WARNING ] Attempted to authenticate with master 192.168.199.39 and failed
[WARNING ] Master ip address changed from 192.168.199.39 to 192.168.163.13
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 1 of 3)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 2 of 3)
[INFO    ] SaltReqTimeoutError: after 60 seconds. (Try 3 of 3)
[WARNING ] Attempted to authenticate with master 192.168.163.13 and failed
[ERROR   ] An un-handled exception was caught by salt's global exception handler:
AttributeError: 'SMinion' object has no attribute 'functions'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/salt-call", line 11, in <module>
    salt_call()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/scripts.py", line 227, in salt_call
    client.run()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/call.py", line 71, in run
    caller.run()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/caller.py", line 236, in run
    ret = self.call()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/caller.py", line 107, in call
    if fun not in self.minion.functions:
AttributeError: 'SMinion' object has no attribute 'functions'
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/bin/salt-call", line 11, in <module>
    salt_call()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/scripts.py", line 227, in salt_call
    client.run()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/call.py", line 71, in run
    caller.run()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/caller.py", line 236, in run
    ret = self.call()
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/salt/cli/caller.py", line 107, in call
    if fun not in self.minion.functions:
AttributeError: 'SMinion' object has no attribute 'functions'

 

2、master数据共享问题:
masters之间并不会共享信息,public keys需要在每台master上accept,文件共享需要手工完成,或者使用类似git工具确保file_roots目录文件一致。
具体需要同步的目录有:
Minion keys:
  • /etc/salt/pki/master/minions
  • /etc/salt/pki/master/minions_pre
  • /etc/salt/pki/master/minions_rejected
备注:直接共享/etc/salt/master目录是强烈反对的。允许外部访问master.pem key将带来严重的安全风险。
 
4、minion keys可以参考使用:
  方案一:
    */10 * * * * rsync -av --progress --delete --timeout=30 root@192.168.199.39:/etc/salt/pki/master/minions/ /etc/salt/pki/master/minions/
  方案二:修改salt-key的源代码:
    当主master有accept的时候同步给备master,在配置文件中配置备机IP,只有两边同步成功了才算成功;
    删除minion的时候只用通过salt-key -d的方式删除,或者配合rsync的方式,防止通过rm的方式删除minion。
 
5、file_roots和pillar_roots等文件可以放在git上。
 
需要提及的是,本实验的salt版本需要修改minion.py文件:
因为minion注册的时候会先往IP小的机器注册,而无法按你指定的IP顺序注册。
修改代码如下:
从minion.py代码中查看得到for master in set(self.opts['master']):中
class MultiMinion(MinionBase):
    '''
    Create a multi minion interface, this creates as many minions as are
    defined in the master option and binds each minion object to a respective
    master.
    '''
    # timeout for one of the minions to auth with a master
    MINION_CONNECT_TIMEOUT = 5

    def __init__(self, opts):
        super(MultiMinion, self).__init__(opts)

    def minions(self):
        '''
        Return a dict of minion generators bound to the tune_in method

        dict of master -> minion_mapping, the mapping contains:

            opts: options used to create the minion
            last: last auth attempt time
            auth_wait: time to wait for next auth attempt
            minion: minion object
            generator: generator function (non-blocking tune_in)
        '''
        if not isinstance(self.opts['master'], list):
            log.error(
                'Attempting to start a multimaster system with one master')
            sys.exit(salt.defaults.exitcodes.EX_GENERIC)
        ret = {}
        #在这里对master进行了一个排序
        for master in self.opts['master']:
        # for master in set(self.opts['master']):
            s_opts = copy.deepcopy(self.opts)
            s_opts['master'] = master
            s_opts['multimaster'] = True
            ret[master] = {'opts': s_opts,
                           'last': time.time(),
                           'auth_wait': s_opts['acceptance_wait_time']}
            try:
                minion = Minion(
                        s_opts,
                        self.MINION_CONNECT_TIMEOUT,
                        False,
                        'salt.loader.{0}'.format(master))
                ret[master]['minion'] = minion
                ret[master]['generator'] = minion.tune_in_no_block()
            except SaltClientError as exc:
                log.error('Error while bringing up minion for multi-master. Is master at {0} responding?'.format(master))
        return ret

 

 

posted @ 2017-01-04 18:22  I’m Me!  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏