Oracle归档日志所在目录时间不对&&Oracle集群日志时间显示错误

 

Oracle归档日志所在目录时间不对&&Oracle集群日志时间显示错误

前言

这个问题在18年的时候遇到了,基本不注意并且集群或者数据库运行正常是很难注意到的。

忘记当时怎么发现的了,最近拿出来重现一下问题。

具体描述一下问题:

比如当前时间是2020年07月03日0点,数据库对redo log发起归档。

在OMF下,归档会按照日期进行分类归档。

但是发起归档之后,新的归档文件会放在的2020_07_02的目录中。

另外,db和asm和集群的警告日志的时间也和操作系统的date时间不一致。

 

现象

版本:11.2.0.4.0

在我的测试环境中,关闭所有节点的集群之后,更改时间:

[root@rac1 ~]# date -s "2020-07-03 00:00:00"
Fri Jul  3 00:00:00 CST 2020

 

 

然后,启动所有节点的集群,可以依次观察

集群的警告日志,grid用户下,$ORACLE_HOME/log/rac1/alertrac1.log

2020-07-02 09:00:26.667:
[ohasd(24600)]CRS-2112:The OLR service started on node rac1.
2020-07-02 09:00:26.675:
[ohasd(24600)]CRS-1301:Oracle High Availability Service started on node rac1.
2020-07-02 09:00:26.676:
[ohasd(24600)]CRS-8017:location: /etc/oracle/lastgasp has 2 reboot advisory log files, 0 were announced and 0 errors occurred
2020-07-02 09:00:30.080:
[/u01/app/11.2.0/grid/bin/orarootagent.bin(24643)]CRS-2302:Cannot get GPnP profile. Error CLSGPNP_NO_DAEMON (GPNPD daemon is not running).
2020-07-02 09:00:34.563:
[gpnpd(24737)]CRS-2328:GPNPD started on node rac1.
2020-07-02 09:00:36.992:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1713:CSSD daemon is started in clustered mode
2020-07-02 09:00:38.798:
[ohasd(24600)]CRS-2767:Resource state recovery not attempted for 'ora.diskmon' as its target state is OFFLINE
2020-07-02 09:01:01.319:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1707:Lease acquisition for node rac1 number 1 completed
2020-07-02 09:01:02.612:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/asm-ocr02; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac1/cssd/ocssd.log.
2020-07-02 09:01:02.620:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/asm-ocr03; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac1/cssd/ocssd.log.
2020-07-02 09:01:02.623:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1605:CSSD voting file is online: /dev/mapper/asm-ocr01; details in /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/log/rac1/cssd/ocssd.log.
2020-07-02 09:01:15.917:
[cssd(24806)]CRS-1601:CSSD Reconfiguration complete. Active nodes are rac1 rac2 .
2020-07-02 09:01:18.061:
[ctssd(25418)]CRS-2403:The Cluster Time Synchronization Service on host rac1 is in observer mode.
2020-07-02 09:01:18.421:
[ctssd(25418)]CRS-2407:The new Cluster Time Synchronization Service reference node is host rac1.
2020-07-02 09:01:18.422:
[ctssd(25418)]CRS-2401:The Cluster Time Synchronization Service started on host rac1.
2020-07-02 09:01:20.023:
[ohasd(24600)]CRS-2767:Resource state recovery not attempted for 'ora.diskmon' as its target state is OFFLINE
[client(25475)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9391: Checking for existing ADVM/ACFS installation.
[client(25480)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9392: Validating ADVM/ACFS installation files for operating system.
[client(25482)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9393: Verifying ASM Administrator setup.
[client(25485)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9308: Loading installed ADVM/ACFS drivers.
[client(25488)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9154: Loading 'oracleoks.ko' driver.
[client(25521)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9154: Loading 'oracleadvm.ko' driver.
[client(25548)]CRS-10001:02-Jul-20 09:01 ACFS-9154: Loading 'oracleacfs.ko' driver.
........

 

 

ASM实例警告日志,

Thu Jul 02 09:01:26 2020
NOTE: No asm libraries found in the system
NOTE: No asm libraries found in the system
MEMORY_TARGET defaulting to 1128267776.
* instance_number obtained from CSS = 1, checking for the existence of node 0...
* node 0 does not exist. instance_number = 1
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
WARNING: You are trying to use the MEMORY_TARGET feature. This feature requires the /dev/shm file system to be mounted for at least 1140850688 bytes. /dev/shm is either not mounted or is mounted with available space less than this size. Please fix this so that MEMORY_TARGET can work as expected. Current available is 976789504 and used is 73728 bytes. Ensure that the mount point is /dev/shm for this directory.
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
Initial number of CPU is 4
Number of processor cores in the system is 4
Number of processor sockets in the system is 2
Private Interface 'eth1:1' configured from GPnP for use as a private interconnect.
  [name='eth1:1', type=1, ip=169.254.146.181, mac=00-0c-29-60-50-8b, net=169.254.0.0/16, mask=255.255.0.0, use=haip:cluster_interconnect/62]
Public Interface 'eth0' configured from GPnP for use as a public interface.
  [name='eth0', type=1, ip=192.168.180.100, mac=00-0c-29-60-50-81, net=192.168.180.0/24, mask=255.255.255.0, use=public/1]
Picked latch-free SCN scheme 3
Using LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_1 parameter default value as /u01/app/11.2.0/grid/dbs/arch
Autotune of undo retention is turned on.
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
NOTE: Volume support  enabled
Starting up:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options.
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/11.2.0/grid
System name:    Linux
Node name:      rac1.example.com
Release:        2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64
Version:        #1 SMP Wed Jul 1 18:23:37 EDT 2015
Machine:        x86_64
VM name:        VMWare Version: 6
Using parameter settings in server-side spfile +OCR/rac-cluster/asmparameterfile/registry.253.1034884609

 

 

DB的警告日志,

Thu Jul 02 09:02:47 2020
Adjusting the default value of parameter parallel_max_servers
from 160 to 120 due to the value of parameter processes (150)
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
Initial number of CPU is 4
Number of processor cores in the system is 4
Number of processor sockets in the system is 2
Private Interface 'eth1:1' configured from GPnP for use as a private interconnect.
  [name='eth1:1', type=1, ip=169.254.146.181, mac=00-0c-29-60-50-8b, net=169.254.0.0/16, mask=255.255.0.0, use=haip:cluster_interconnect/62]
Public Interface 'eth0' configured from GPnP for use as a public interface.
  [name='eth0', type=1, ip=192.168.180.100, mac=00-0c-29-60-50-81, net=192.168.180.0/24, mask=255.255.255.0, use=public/1]
Public Interface 'eth0:2' configured from GPnP for use as a public interface.
  [name='eth0:2', type=1, ip=192.168.180.111, mac=00-0c-29-60-50-81, net=192.168.180.0/24, mask=255.255.255.0, use=public/1]
Picked latch-free SCN scheme 3
Autotune of undo retention is turned on.
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
Starting up:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options.
ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
System name:    Linux
Node name:      rac1.example.com
Release:        2.6.32-573.el6.x86_64

 

可以看到,日志开头全都是2020年07月02日的9点初。

 

我们再看看归档的情况,

在此之前,先删除之前的所有归档便于观察。

[oracle@rac2 ~]$ rman target /

Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on Fri Jul 3 00:20:01 2020

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: ZKM (DBID=4210149549)

RMAN> delete force noprompt archivelog all;

using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=200 instance=zkm2 device type=DISK
List of Archived Log Copies for database with db_unique_name ZKM
=====================================================================

Key     Thrd Seq     S Low Time 
------- ---- ------- - ---------
91      1    56      A 02-JUL-20
        Name: +ARCH/zkm/archivelog/2020_07_03/thread_1_seq_56.303.1044695873

92      2    21      A 02-JUL-20
        Name: +ARCH/zkm/archivelog/2020_07_02/thread_2_seq_21.299.1044695875

deleted archived log
archived log file name=+ARCH/zkm/archivelog/2020_07_03/thread_1_seq_56.303.1044695873 RECID=91 STAMP=1044749873
deleted archived log
archived log file name=+ARCH/zkm/archivelog/2020_07_02/thread_2_seq_21.299.1044695875 RECID=92 STAMP=1044695874
Deleted 2 objects

 

 

其中一个节点发出命令归档redo log,

SYS@zkm1> alter session set nls_date_format='yyyy-mm-dd hh24:mi:ss';

Session altered.

SYS@zkm1> 
SYS@zkm1> select sysdate from dual;

SYSDATE
------------------------
2020-07-03 00:20:27

SYS@zkm1> alter system archive log current;

System altered.

 

 

观察警告日志,显示的时间是“Thu Jul 02 09:20:32 2020”。

Thu Jul 02 09:20:32 2020
Thread 1 advanced to log sequence 58 (LGWR switch)
  Current log# 2 seq# 58 mem# 0: +DATA/zkm/onlinelog/group_2.258.1034889845
  Current log# 2 seq# 58 mem# 1: +ARCH/zkm/onlinelog/group_2.258.1034889845
Thu Jul 02 09:20:32 2020
Archived Log entry 93 added for thread 1 sequence 57 ID 0xfaf1eead dest 1:

 

 

进去ASM磁盘查看文件情况,

ASMCMD> ls -l
Type  Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
                                        Y    2020_07_02/
ASMCMD> ls -l *
Type        Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
ARCHIVELOG  UNPROT  COARSE   JUL 02 09:00:00  Y    thread_1_seq_57.299.1044696033
ARCHIVELOG  UNPROT  COARSE   JUL 02 09:00:00  Y    thread_2_seq_22.303.1044696033
ASMCMD> pwd
+arch/zkm/ARCHIVELOG

 

 

至此,问题完全重现成功。

 

原因

不知道各位发现没有,实际上最开始启动集群(crsctl start crs)那一瞬间(大概是2020-07-03 00:00:00多,刚改完时间不到1分钟),

集群的警告日志最开始出现的时间为“2020-07-02 09:00:26.667:”,基本相差15小时。

因此很容易也可以猜出,是由于时区的原因。

 

系统的时区为:

[grid@rac1 ~]$ cat /etc/sysconfig/clock 
# The time zone of the system is defined by the contents of /etc/localtime.
# This file is only for evaluation by system-config-date, do not rely on its
# contents elsewhere.
ZONE="Asia/Shanghai"

 

那么,集群应该也有自己的配置文件对应的时区,也就是集群不依赖OS的时区(-_-||)。

mos可以找到这么一篇文章:How To Change Timezone for Grid Infrastructure (Doc ID 1209444.1)

因此可以发现Grid Infrastructure的时区配置文件位置在$GRID_HOME/crs/install/s_crsconfig_<nodename>_env.txt。

 

所以,现象的模拟其实,就是我把该文件的时区改成如下了:

[grid@rac1 ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/crs/install
[grid@rac1 install]$ ls
cmdllroot.sh              crsconfig_lib.pm      crsdelete.pm   inittab       installRemove.excl  oracle-ohasd.conf     paramfile.crs           rootcrs.pl  s_crsconfig_defs          s_crsconfig_rac1_env.txt.bak
crsconfig_addparams.sbs   crsconfig_params      crspatch.pm    install.excl  onsconfig           oracle-ohasd.service  ParentDirPerm_rac1.txt  roothas.pl  s_crsconfig_lib.pm        tfa_setup.sh
crsconfig_fileperms.excl  crsconfig_params.sbs  hasdconfig.pl  install.incl  oraacfs.pm          oracss.pm             preupdate.sh            rootofs.sh  s_crsconfig_rac1_env.txt
[grid@rac1 install]$ cat s_crsconfig_rac1_env.txt
### This file can be used to modify the NLS_LANG environment variable, which determines the charset to be used for messages.
### For example, a new charset can be configured by setting NLS_LANG=JAPANESE_JAPAN.UTF8 
### Do not modify this file except to change NLS_LANG, or under the direction of Oracle Support Services

TZ=US/Pacific
NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8
TNS_ADMIN=
ORACLE_BASE=

 

网上找找看是不是刚好和上海时间相差15个小时。

https://time.is/PT

 

 得证!!!

 

posted @ 2020-07-02 23:06  PiscesCanon  阅读(171)  评论(0编辑  收藏