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一、引言

      前几天写了MongoDB数据库的聚合。一说到“聚合”,用过关系型数据库的人都应该知道它是一个什么东西,主要是用于对数据分类汇总和统计。大家都知道,做为DBA还有另一个重要的任务,那就是对数据库进行备份,以备当数据库发生损坏的时候,我们可以还原到以前的某个时刻,防止数据的丢失。今天我就来抛砖引玉,简单的说一说MongoDB文档数据库中的“备份-还原”的概念。

二、简介

      说起来数据库的“备份-还原”,在RDBMS系统中,都有很好的支持,也有很多选项可以设置,功能强大,也能自动完成大部分的备份功能,只要当初设置好了就可以了。对于MongoDB文档型的数据库来说,情况有一些不一样。在MongoDB中,要想对数据进行备份操作,需要使用脚本来执行命令完成,还原的的工作也是一样的,这是它本身支持的“备份-还原”的工作,相对RDBMS系统来说,要简单很多,不能自动完成。真的不能进行设置,来自动完成“备份和还原”的操作吗?当然可以,只是我们需要使用第三的软件才可以,而且功能越强大的,收费有的就越多,免费的也有,功能一般了,但是完成“备份-还原”的工作没问题。

          接下来我们就开始说说MongoDB自己的、原生态的“备份-还原”是如何实现的,脚本很简单。mongodump命名主要完成数据的备份工作,mongorestore命令主要完成数据库的还原操作。就这两个命名,是不是很简单,那就开始我们今天的正文吧。

三、数据库的备份和还原

    1、MongoDB数据库的备份

        1.1、mongodump命令脚本语法如下:

             >./mongodump -h dbhost -d dbname -o dbdirectory

            -h:--host【--host <hostname><:port>, -h <hostname><:port>】

               MongoDB所在服务器地址,默认地址:localhost(127.0.0.1),当然也可以指定端口号:localhost:27017


            -d:--db【--db <database>, -d <database>】

               需要备份的数据库实例,例如:school,这个数据库是我自己建立的,所以是该备份的


            -o:--out <path>【 --out <path>, -o <path>】

               备份的数据存放位置,例如:./databaseBack,当然该目录需要提前建立,在备份完成后,系统自动在dump目录下建立一个test目录,这个目录里面存放该数据库实例的备份数据。


          -u:--username <username>【--username <username>, -u <username>】

               指定用于向使用认证的MongoDB数据库认证的用户名,与--password和--authenticationDatabase结合使用


           -p:--password <password>【--password <password>, -p <password>】

               指定用于向使用认证的MongoDB数据库认证的密码。与--username和 --authenticationDatabase选项结合使用。


           -c:--collection <collection>【--collection <collection>, -c <collection>】

               指定要备份的集合。如果不指定,则会将指定数据库或实例中的所有集合备份。


           --port <port>:

               指定MongoDB实例监听客户连接的TCP端口号。端口的默认值:27017


           --gzip:

                MongoDB3.2或者以上的版本,可以进行压缩输出,如果mongodump指定导出到目录,则该选项会将每个文件都压缩,并添加.gz后缀;如果mongodump指定导出到文档或标准输出流,则该选项会压缩到文档或输出流中


           --authenticationDatabase:【--authenticationDatabase <dbname>】

                 如果您未指定身份验证数据库,则mongodump会假定指定要导出的数据库保存用户的凭据。如果您未指定要导出的身份验证数据库或数据库,则mongodump假定admin数据库保存用户的凭据。


           --authenticationMechanism:【 --authenticationMechanism <name>】

                默认值: SCRAM-SHA-1


        1.2、实例代码


          1】、登陆MongoDB的客户端,查看school数据库当前的详情

            //登陆MongoDB的客户端
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongo --host=192.168.127.130 --port=27017
            MongoDB shell version v3.6.3
            connecting to: mongodb://192.168.127.130:27017/
            MongoDB server version: 3.6.3
            Server has startup warnings:
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]


            //显示当前数据库列表
            > show dbs
            admin   0.000GB
            config  0.000GB
            local   0.000GB
            school  0.000GB   //---这个数据库就是我们要备份的

            //切换到school数据库
            > use school
            switched to db school

            //显示当前school数据库下有多个集合
            > show tables
            geoInstance
            users

            //当前两个集合都有数据
            > db.users.find()
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c74"), "title" : "MongoDb Overview", "description" : "Mongodb is not sql database", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 100, "quantity" : 4 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c75"), "title" : "NoSql Overview", "description" : "No sql database is very fast", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 10, "quantity" : 12 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c76"), "title" : "Log4Net Overview", "description" : "log4net is not sql database", "author" : "linChong", "url" : "http://www.linchong.com", "tags" : [ "log", "net", "NoSQL" ], "likes" : 750, "quantity" : 6 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c77"), "title" : "MongoDb Higher", "description" : "Mongodb is not sql database", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 120, "quantity" : 4 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c78"), "title" : "NoSql Redis Overview", "description" : "No sql database is very fast", "author" : "linChong", "url" : "http://www.linchong.com", "tags" : [ "redis", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 30, "quantity" : 33 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c79"), "title" : "Memcached Overrivew", "description" : "Memcached is sql database", "author" : "wuSong", "url" : "http://www.wusong.com", "tags" : [ "memcached", "cache", "NoSQL" ], "likes" : 50, "quantity" : 10 }
            >
            >
            > db.geoInstance.find()
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e03"), "loc" : [ 1, 3 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e04"), "loc" : [ 3, 4 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e05"), "loc" : [ 0, -3 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e06"), "loc" : [ -6, 2 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e07"), "loc" : { "x" : 9, "y" : 5 } }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e08"), "loc" : { "lng" : -9.2, "lat" : 21.3 } }


          2】、退出MongoDB的客户端,我们要创建保存备份文件的目录
       

            //退出MongoDB的客户端
            > exit
            bye
            [root@linux bin]#

            //当前目录结构
            [root@linux bin]# pwd
            /root/application/program/mongodb/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.6.3/bin
            [root@linux bin]# databaseBack    //创建保存备份文件的目录名称

            
            //已经创建好的目录结构,databaseBack是备份目录
            [root@linux bin]# ls
            bsondump      datas            logs   mongod        mongodump    mongofiles   mongoperf    mongorestore  mongostat
            databaseBack  install_compass  mongo  mongodb.conf  mongoexport  mongoimport  mongoreplay  mongos        mongotop


          3】、开始备份数据库,因为我们使用的是客户端,要写完整的地址,在MongoDB服务器端就可以省略

            //代码很简单
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongodump -h 192.168.127.130:27017 -d school -o ./databaseBack
            2018-06-13T11:50:00.816+0800    writing school.geoInstance to
            2018-06-13T11:50:00.817+0800    writing school.users to
            2018-06-13T11:50:00.821+0800    done dumping school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T11:50:00.821+0800    done dumping school.users (6 documents)


            //查看备份文件
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./databaseBack
            school
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./databaseBack/school
            geoInstance.bson  geoInstance.metadata.json  users.bson  users.metadata.json


          4】、以下操作将创建一个只包含名为school的数据库中名为users的集合的转储文件。 在这种情况下,数据库在端口27017上的192.168.127.130运行:

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongodump -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --db school --collection users -o ./backCollection
            2018-06-13T13:40:46.702+0800    writing school.users to
            2018-06-13T13:40:46.706+0800    done dumping school.users (6 documents)
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./backCollection
            school
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./backCollection/school
            users.bson  users.metadata.json
            [root@linux bin]# 

 


          5】、要将转储输出到存档文件,请使用--archive选项和存档文件名运行mongodump。 例如,以下操作将创建一个包含school数据库转储的文件school.20180613.archive。

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongodump -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --archive=./backArchiveFile/school.2018613.archive --db school
            2018-06-13T13:57:51.953+0800    writing school.geoInstance to archive './backArchiveFile/school.2018613.archive'
            2018-06-13T13:57:51.955+0800    writing school.users to archive './backArchiveFile/school.2018613.archive'
            2018-06-13T13:57:51.994+0800    done dumping school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T13:57:51.997+0800    done dumping school.users (6 documents)
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./backArchiveFile/
            school.2018613.archive


          6】、要压缩输出转储目录中的文件,请使用新的--gzip选项运行mongodump。 例如,以下操作将压缩文件输出到默认转储目录。

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongodump -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --db school --gzip -o ./backZip
            2018-06-13T14:04:39.674+0800    writing school.geoInstance to
            2018-06-13T14:04:39.675+0800    writing school.users to
            2018-06-13T14:04:39.682+0800    done dumping school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:04:39.684+0800    done dumping school.users (6 documents)
        
            //显示压缩文件
            [root@linux bin]# ls ./backZip/school
            geoInstance.bson.gz  geoInstance.metadata.json.gz  users.bson.gz  users.metadata.json.gz


          7】、想要通过mongodump命令将压缩的文件输出到指定目录,请将--gzip选项与--archive选项一起使用,并指定压缩文件的名称。

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongodump -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --archive=./backZip/school.2018613.gz --db school --gzip
            2018-06-13T14:08:57.311+0800    writing school.geoInstance to archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:08:57.312+0800    writing school.users to archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:08:57.346+0800    done dumping school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:08:57.349+0800    done dumping school.users (6 documents)

            [root@linux bin]# ls ./backZip/
            school.2018613.gz



    2、MongoDB数据库的还原


          2.1、mongorestore命令脚本语法如下:

             >mongorestore -h <hostname><:port> -d dbname <path>

                  --host <:port>, -h <:port>:

                  MongoDB所在服务器地址,默认为: localhost:27017

                  --db , -d :

                  需要恢复的数据库实例,例如:school,当然这个名称也可以和备份时候的不一样,比如school3

                  --drop:

                  还原的时候,先删除当前的数据,然后还原备份的数据。也就是说,还原后,成功备份之后再添加或者修改的数据都会被删除,慎用哦!

                  <path>:

                  mongorestore 最后的一个参数,设置备份数据所在位置,如:./databaseBack

                  你不能同时指定 <path> 和 --dir 选项,--dir也可以设置备份目录。

                  --dir:

                  指定备份数据的目录地址

                  你不能同时指定 <path> 和 --dir 选项。


        2.2、示例代码

          1】、上文已经成功备份了数据库,现在我们要登陆MongoDB客户端把我们的school数据库删除。

            //登陆MongoDB客户端,显示当前数据库列表
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongo --host=192.168.127.130 --port=27017
            MongoDB shell version v3.6.3
            connecting to: mongodb://192.168.127.130:27017/
            MongoDB server version: 3.6.3
            Server has startup warnings:
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            > show dbs
            admin   0.000GB
            config  0.000GB
            local   0.000GB
            school  0.000GB
            >

            //删除school数据库
            > use school
            switched to db school
            > db.dropDatabase()
            { "dropped" : "school", "ok" : 1 }
            >
            >
            > show dbs
            admin   0.000GB
            config  0.000GB
            local   0.000GB
            >

            //退出MongoDB客户端
            > exit
            bye
            [root@linux bin]# 

 


          2】、我们开始还原我们的school数据库吧,我们从集合来恢复数据库。

            //还原users集合
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongorestore -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --collection users --db school ./databaseBack/school/users.bson
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.118+0800    checking for collection data in databaseBack/school/users.bson
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.120+0800    reading metadata for school.users from databaseBack/school/users.metadata.json
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.148+0800    restoring school.users from databaseBack/school/users.bson
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.218+0800    no indexes to restore
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.218+0800    finished restoring school.users (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T13:16:52.219+0800    done


            //还原geoInstance集合
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongorestore -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --collection geoInstance --db school ./databaseBack/school/geoInstance.bson
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.353+0800    checking for collection data in databaseBack/school/geoInstance.bson
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.358+0800    reading metadata for school.geoInstance from databaseBack/school/geoInstance.metadata.json
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.386+0800    restoring school.geoInstance from databaseBack/school/geoInstance.bson
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.456+0800    restoring indexes for collection school.geoInstance from metadata
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.475+0800    finished restoring school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T13:18:26.475+0800    done


          3】、查看一下我们还原的数据。       

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongo --host=192.168.127.130 --port=27017
            MongoDB shell version v3.6.3
            connecting to: mongodb://192.168.127.130:27017/
            MongoDB server version: 3.6.3
            Server has startup warnings:
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            >
            >
            > show dbs
            admin   0.000GB
            config  0.000GB
            local   0.000GB
            school  0.000GB
            >
            >
            > use school
            switched to db school
            >
            > show tables
            geoInstance
            users
            >
            >
            > db.users.find()
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c74"), "title" : "MongoDb Overview", "description" : "Mongodb is not sql database", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 100, "quantity" : 4 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c75"), "title" : "NoSql Overview", "description" : "No sql database is very fast", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 10, "quantity" : 12 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e044733091e826f7c2c76"), "title" : "Log4Net Overview", "description" : "log4net is not sql database", "author" : "linChong", "url" : "http://www.linchong.com", "tags" : [ "log", "net", "NoSQL" ], "likes" : 750, "quantity" : 6 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c77"), "title" : "MongoDb Higher", "description" : "Mongodb is not sql database", "author" : "huangFeiHong", "url" : "http://www.huangfeihong.com", "tags" : [ "mongodb", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 120, "quantity" : 4 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c78"), "title" : "NoSql Redis Overview", "description" : "No sql database is very fast", "author" : "linChong", "url" : "http://www.linchong.com", "tags" : [ "redis", "database", "NoSql" ], "likes" : 30, "quantity" : 33 }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c79"), "title" : "Memcached Overrivew", "description" : "Memcached is sql database", "author" : "wuSong", "url" : "http://www.wusong.com", "tags" : [ "memcached", "cache", "NoSQL" ], "likes" : 50, "quantity" : 10 }
            >
            >
            > db.geoInstance.find()
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e03"), "loc" : [ 1, 3 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e04"), "loc" : [ 3, 4 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e05"), "loc" : [ 0, -3 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e06"), "loc" : [ -6, 2 ] }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e07"), "loc" : { "x" : 9, "y" : 5 } }
            { "_id" : ObjectId("5b1f4d21cf30d7cba03d5e08"), "loc" : { "lng" : -9.2, "lat" : 21.3 } }

 


          4】、我们可以使用nsInclude参数来恢复指定集合的数据。

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongorestore -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --nsInclude school.users ./databaseBack/
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.942+0800    preparing collections to restore from
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.946+0800    reading metadata for school.users from databaseBack/school/users.metadata.json
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.970+0800    restoring school.users from databaseBack/school/users.bson
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.977+0800    no indexes to restore
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.977+0800    finished restoring school.users (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:19:59.977+0800    done


            //这是在有数据的情况下执行恢复
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongorestore -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --nsInclude school.users ./databaseBack/
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.743+0800    preparing collections to restore from
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.747+0800    reading metadata for school.users from databaseBack/school/users.metadata.json
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.748+0800    restoring school.users from databaseBack/school/users.bson
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.755+0800    error: multiple errors in bulk operation:
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e044733091e826f7c2c74') }
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e044733091e826f7c2c75') }
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e044733091e826f7c2c76') }
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c77') }
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c78') }
              - E11000 duplicate key error collection: school.users index: _id_ dup key: { : ObjectId('5b1e1bfb33091e826f7c2c79') }

            2018-06-13T14:21:10.755+0800    no indexes to restore
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.755+0800    finished restoring school.users (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:21:10.755+0800    done

 


          5】、我们可以使用zip压缩文件,通过archive参数来恢复指定数据库的数据。

            [root@linux bin]# ./mongorestore -h 192.168.127.130:27017 --gzip --db school  --archive=./backZip/school.2018613.gz
            2018-06-13T14:26:48.939+0800    the --db and --collection args should only be used when restoring from a BSON file. Other uses are             deprecated and will not exist in the future; use --nsInclude instead
            2018-06-13T14:26:49.591+0800    preparing collections to restore from
            2018-06-13T14:26:50.041+0800    reading metadata for school.geoInstance from archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:26:50.071+0800    restoring school.geoInstance from archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.132+0800    restoring indexes for collection school.geoInstance from metadata
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.150+0800    finished restoring school.geoInstance (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.152+0800    reading metadata for school.users from archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.181+0800    restoring school.users from archive './backZip/school.2018613.gz'
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.837+0800    no indexes to restore
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.838+0800    finished restoring school.users (6 documents)
            2018-06-13T14:26:51.838+0800    done



            //以前已经删除了school数据库
            [root@linux bin]# ./mongo --host 192.168.127.130 --port=27017
            MongoDB shell version v3.6.3
            connecting to: mongodb://192.168.127.130:27017/
            MongoDB server version: 3.6.3
            Server has startup warnings:
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: Access control is not enabled for the database.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **          Read and write access to data and configuration is unrestricted.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: You are running this process as the root user, which is not recommended.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.721+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] ** WARNING: /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/defrag is 'always'.
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten] **        We suggest setting it to 'never'
            2018-06-13T11:27:09.723+0800 I CONTROL  [initandlisten]
            > show dbs
            admin   0.000GB
            config  0.000GB
            local   0.000GB
            school  0.000GB  //数据库已经存在了,说明恢复成功



五、结束

      好了,就是这些了。MongoDB的备份和还原还是有很多内容的,mongodump和mongorestore命令有很多参数可以去配置,今天只是一个初步认知,如果大家想查看更详细的内容,可以查看英文的网站。地址如下:https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/program/mongodump/。不忘初心,继续努力吧。

posted on 2018-06-19 10:58  可均可可  阅读(...)  评论(...编辑  收藏