Loading

Selenium - 自动发送163邮件

目录

    直接上代码:

    import time
    import datetime
    from selenium import webdriver
    from selenium.webdriver.support.wait import WebDriverWait  # 等待页面加载某些元素
    from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
    from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
    
    def login(user, pwd):
        """ 登录163邮箱 """
        # 由于可以扫码登录,而我们选择用户名和密码登录,所以,要点击 密码登录
        time.sleep(1)
        wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.ID, 'switchAccountLogin'))).click()
        # 进入iframe,因为有多个iframe,所以获取的是数组,在分析页面后,数组0索引的iframe是登陆的iframe
        time.sleep(3)
        iframe = driver.find_elements_by_tag_name('iframe')
        # print(iframe)
        '''
        [
            <selenium.webdriver.remote.webelement.WebElement (session="3f92dbd96e72746e7d27d64e6b412318", element="0.855888743369456-2")>, 
            <selenium.webdriver.remote.webelement.WebElement (session="3f92dbd96e72746e7d27d64e6b412318", element="0.855888743369456-3")>, 
            <selenium.webdriver.remote.webelement.WebElement (session="3f92dbd96e72746e7d27d64e6b412318", element="0.855888743369456-4")>, 
            <selenium.webdriver.remote.webelement.WebElement (session="3f92dbd96e72746e7d27d64e6b412318", element="0.855888743369456-5")>
        ]
        '''
        driver.switch_to.frame(iframe[0])
    
        # 获取用户名和密码标签,并输入对应的值
        time.sleep(1)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlemail').send_keys(user)
        time.sleep(2)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlpwd').send_keys(pwd)
        time.sleep(2)
        driver.find_element_by_id('dologin').click()
    
    
    def send_mail():
        """ 发送163邮件,需要传递163的用户名和密码,收件人和内容 """
    
        try:
            # 第1步,执行登陆
            login(user, pwd)
    
            # 第2步,点击写信按钮
            wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.ID, '_mail_component_24_24'))).click()
            # driver.find_element_by_id('_mail_component_24_24').click()
    
            # 第3步,获取收件人,主题,内容框标签,写入内容
            time.sleep(1)
            # 3.1 填写收件人
            wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.CLASS_NAME, 'nui-editableAddr-ipt'))).send_keys(addr)  # 收件人
            time.sleep(2)
            # 3.2 填写主题
            title = driver.find_elements_by_class_name('nui-ipt-input')
            # print(11111, title)
            title[2].send_keys(theme)  # 主题
            # title.send_keys(theme)  # 主题
    
            # 3.3 进入content所在iframe,填写内容
            time.sleep(1)
            content_iframe = driver.find_element_by_class_name('APP-editor-iframe')
            driver.switch_to.frame(content_iframe)
            # 虽然nui-scroll这个类名在整个网页中有多个,但是这个iframe中只有一个,所以我们直接send_keys就行
            nui_scroll = wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.CLASS_NAME, 'nui-scroll')))
            # print(22222222, nui_scroll)  # <selenium.webdriver.remote.webelement.WebElement (session="106a6f5778c14568827014435ddcfcd9", element="0.07847410617283446-1")>
            nui_scroll.send_keys(content)
    
            # 第4步,因为发送按钮不在此时的iframe中,所以要先退出iframe,才能点击发送按钮
            # 4.1 退出iframe
            time.sleep(1)
            driver.switch_to.default_content()
            # 4.2 点击发送按钮
            time.sleep(1)
            # 这个发送按钮的类名有多个,最好for循环一下,因为有坑,发送按钮是第3个,前面还有两个空标签,但是前端检查中看不到
            driver.find_elements_by_class_name('nui-btn-text')[2].click()
    
    
    
        finally:
            # 关闭浏览器
            time.sleep(3)
            driver.quit()
            # 截止2019-6-11,代码无误
    
    
    if __name__ == '__main__':
        
        from getpass import getpass
        user = input("邮箱: ").strip()  # 填写你的163账号
        pwd = getpass('密码: ')  # 填写你的163密码
        # 获取driver
        driver = webdriver.Chrome()
        wait = WebDriverWait(driver, 10)
        # driver.maximize_window()
        # 发请求
        driver.get('https://mail.163.com/')
    
        addr = "1206180814@qq.com"  # 收件人
        theme = '我是你爸爸'  # 主题
        content = '天不生我李淳罡,剑道万古如长夜 ————\n{}'.format(datetime.datetime.now())  # 发送内容
        send_mail()
    

    效果如下:


    其他版本:

    import time
    from selenium import webdriver
    from selenium.webdriver.support.wait import WebDriverWait  # 等待页面加载某些元素
    from selenium.webdriver.support import expected_conditions as EC
    from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
    driver = webdriver.Chrome()
    wait = WebDriverWait(driver, 10)
    try:
        driver.get('https://mail.163.com/')
        driver.maximize_window()
        time.sleep(2)
        wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.ID, 'switchAccountLogin'))).click()
        time.sleep(1)
        iframe_obj = driver.find_elements_by_tag_name('iframe')
        # print(iframe_obj)
        driver.switch_to.frame(iframe_obj[0])
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlemail').send_keys('你的账号')
        time.sleep(1)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlpwd').send_keys('你的密码')
        time.sleep(1)
        driver.find_element_by_id('dologin').click()
        wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.XPATH, '//*[@id="_mail_component_24_24"]/span[2]'))).click()
        wait.until(EC.presence_of_element_located((By.CLASS_NAME, 'nui-editableAddr-ipt'))).send_keys('1206180814@qq.com')
        theme = driver.find_elements_by_class_name('nui-ipt-input')
    
        # print(theme)
        theme[2].send_keys('邮件主题')
        content = driver.find_element_by_class_name('APP-editor-iframe')
        driver.switch_to.frame(content)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-scroll').send_keys('xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx')
        driver.switch_to.default_content()
    
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-ico-sent').click()
    
    
    
    
    finally:   #  无论如何,都要关闭浏览器
        time.sleep(10)
        driver.quit()
    
    

    再来个版本:

    import time
    from getpass import getpass
    from selenium import webdriver
    
    
    
    def worker():
        driver.get(url)
        driver.find_element_by_id('switchAccountLogin').click()
        iframe = driver.find_elements_by_tag_name('iframe')
        driver.switch_to.frame(iframe[0])
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlemail').send_keys(user)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('dlpwd').send_keys(pwd)
        driver.find_element_by_id('dologin').click()
        driver.find_element_by_id('_mail_component_19_19').click()
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-editableAddr-ipt').send_keys(to)
        driver.find_elements_by_class_name('nui-ipt-input')[2].send_keys(theme)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-close').click()
        content_iframe = driver.find_element_by_class_name('APP-editor-iframe')
        driver.switch_to.frame(content_iframe)
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-scroll').send_keys(content)
        driver.switch_to.default_content()
        driver.find_element_by_class_name('nui-mainBtn-hasIcon').click()
    
    if __name__ == '__main__':
    
        url = 'https://mail.163.com/'
        theme = '测试邮件'
        to = '1206180814@qq.com'
        content = '测试邮件内容.................................'
        user = input('用户名: ').strip()
        pwd = getpass("密码: ")
        driver = webdriver.Chrome()
        driver.implicitly_wait(10)
        try:
            worker()
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
        finally:
            time.sleep(20)
            driver.quit()
        # 截止2019-12-14,代码无误
    

    欢迎斧正,that's all
    posted @ 2019-06-11 15:19  听雨危楼  阅读(619)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报