Add Indexer to DynamicJson


/*--------------------------------------------------------------------------
* DynamicJson
* ver 1.2.0.0 (May. 21th, 2010)
*
* created and maintained by neuecc <ils@neue.cc>
* licensed under Microsoft Public License(Ms-PL)
* http://neue.cc/
* http://dynamicjson.codeplex.com/
*--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
namespace Microshaoft
{
    using System;
    using System.Collections;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Diagnostics;
    using System.Dynamic;
    using System.IO;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Reflection;
    using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Xml;
    using System.Xml.Linq;
    public class DynamicJson : DynamicObject
    {
        public object _value = null;
        public object Value
        {
            get
            {
                if (_isValue)
                {
                    return _value;
                }
                else
                {
                    throw new Exception("It is not a Value!");
                }
            }
        }
        private bool _isValue = false;
        public bool IsValue
        {
            get
            {
                return _isValue;
            }
        }
        public T GetValue<T>()
        {
            return (T) Value;
        }
        public DynamicJson this[string key]
        {
            get
            {
                var x = xml.Element(key);
                var value = default(dynamic);
                var r = XElementToDynamicJson(x, out value);
                if (r == null)
                {
                    _value = value;
                    r = this;
                    _isValue = true;
                }
                return r;
            }
        }
        public DynamicJson this[int index]
        {
            get
            {
                var x = xml
                            .Elements()
                            .ElementAt(index);
                var value = default(dynamic);
                var r = XElementToDynamicJson(x, out value);
                if (r == null)
                {
                    _value = value;
                    r = this;
                    _isValue = true;
                }
                return r;
            }
        }
        private DynamicJson XElementToDynamicJson
                                (
                                    XElement x
                                    , out dynamic value
                                )
        {
            DynamicJson r = null;
            if (TryGet(x, out value))
            {
                r = value as DynamicJson;
            }
            else
            {
                throw new Exception("no member");
            }
            return r;
        }
        private enum JsonType
        {
            @string, number, boolean, @object, array, @null
        }
        // public static methods
        /// <summary>from JsonSring to DynamicJson</summary>
        public static dynamic Parse(string json)
        {
            return Parse(json, Encoding.Unicode);
        }
        /// <summary>from JsonSring to DynamicJson</summary>
        public static dynamic Parse(string json, Encoding encoding)
        {
            using (var reader = JsonReaderWriterFactory.CreateJsonReader(encoding.GetBytes(json), XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas.Max))
            {
                return ToValue(XElement.Load(reader));
            }
        }
        /// <summary>from JsonSringStream to DynamicJson</summary>
        public static dynamic Parse(Stream stream)
        {
            using (var reader = JsonReaderWriterFactory.CreateJsonReader(stream, XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas.Max))
            {
                return ToValue(XElement.Load(reader));
            }
        }
        /// <summary>from JsonSringStream to DynamicJson</summary>
        public static dynamic Parse(Stream stream, Encoding encoding)
        {
            using (var reader = JsonReaderWriterFactory.CreateJsonReader(stream, encoding, XmlDictionaryReaderQuotas.Max, _ => { }))
            {
                return ToValue(XElement.Load(reader));
            }
        }
        /// <summary>create JsonSring from primitive or IEnumerable or Object({public property name:property value})</summary>
        public static string Serialize(object obj)
        {
            return CreateJsonString(new XStreamingElement("root", CreateTypeAttr(GetJsonType(obj)), CreateJsonNode(obj)));
        }
        // private static methods
        private static dynamic ToValue(XElement element)
        {
            var type = (JsonType)Enum.Parse(typeof(JsonType), element.Attribute("type").Value);
            switch (type)
            {
                case JsonType.boolean:
                    return (bool)element;
                case JsonType.number:
                    return (double)element;
                case JsonType.@string:
                    return (string)element;
                case JsonType.@object:
                case JsonType.array:
                    return new DynamicJson(element, type);
                case JsonType.@null:
                default:
                    return null;
            }
        }
        private static JsonType GetJsonType(object obj)
        {
            if (obj == null) return JsonType.@null;
            switch (Type.GetTypeCode(obj.GetType()))
            {
                case TypeCode.Boolean:
                    return JsonType.boolean;
                case TypeCode.String:
                case TypeCode.Char:
                case TypeCode.DateTime:
                    return JsonType.@string;
                case TypeCode.Int16:
                case TypeCode.Int32:
                case TypeCode.Int64:
                case TypeCode.UInt16:
                case TypeCode.UInt32:
                case TypeCode.UInt64:
                case TypeCode.Single:
                case TypeCode.Double:
                case TypeCode.Decimal:
                case TypeCode.SByte:
                case TypeCode.Byte:
                    return JsonType.number;
                case TypeCode.Object:
                    return (obj is IEnumerable) ? JsonType.array : JsonType.@object;
                case TypeCode.DBNull:
                case TypeCode.Empty:
                default:
                    return JsonType.@null;
            }
        }
        private static XAttribute CreateTypeAttr(JsonType type)
        {
            return new XAttribute("type", type.ToString());
        }
        private static object CreateJsonNode(object obj)
        {
            var type = GetJsonType(obj);
            switch (type)
            {
                case JsonType.@string:
                case JsonType.number:
                    return obj;
                case JsonType.boolean:
                    return obj.ToString().ToLower();
                case JsonType.@object:
                    return CreateXObject(obj);
                case JsonType.array:
                    return CreateXArray(obj as IEnumerable);
                case JsonType.@null:
                default:
                    return null;
            }
        }
        private static IEnumerable<XStreamingElement> CreateXArray<T>(T obj) where T : IEnumerable
        {
            return obj.Cast<object>()
                .Select(o => new XStreamingElement("item", CreateTypeAttr(GetJsonType(o)), CreateJsonNode(o)));
        }
        private static IEnumerable<XStreamingElement> CreateXObject(object obj)
        {
            return obj.GetType()
                .GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance)
                .Select(pi => new { Name = pi.Name, Value = pi.GetValue(obj, null) })
                .Select(a => new XStreamingElement(a.Name, CreateTypeAttr(GetJsonType(a.Value)), CreateJsonNode(a.Value)));
        }
        private static string CreateJsonString(XStreamingElement element)
        {
            using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
            using (var writer = JsonReaderWriterFactory.CreateJsonWriter(ms, Encoding.Unicode))
            {
                element.WriteTo(writer);
                writer.Flush();
                return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        // dynamic structure represents JavaScript Object/Array
        readonly XElement xml;
        readonly JsonType jsonType;
        /// <summary>create blank JSObject</summary>
        public DynamicJson()
        {
            xml = new XElement("root", CreateTypeAttr(JsonType.@object));
            jsonType = JsonType.@object;
        }
        private DynamicJson(XElement element, JsonType type)
        {
            Debug.Assert(type == JsonType.array || type == JsonType.@object);
            xml = element;
            jsonType = type;
        }
        public bool IsObject { get { return jsonType == JsonType.@object; } }
        public bool IsArray { get { return jsonType == JsonType.array; } }
        /// <summary>has property or not</summary>
        public bool IsDefined(string name)
        {
            return IsObject && (xml.Element(name) != null);
        }
        /// <summary>has property or not</summary>
        public bool IsDefined(int index)
        {
            return IsArray && (xml.Elements().ElementAtOrDefault(index) != null);
        }
        /// <summary>delete property</summary>
        public bool Delete(string name)
        {
            var elem = xml.Element(name);
            if (elem != null)
            {
                elem.Remove();
                return true;
            }
            else return false;
        }
        /// <summary>delete property</summary>
        public bool Delete(int index)
        {
            var elem = xml.Elements().ElementAtOrDefault(index);
            if (elem != null)
            {
                elem.Remove();
                return true;
            }
            else return false;
        }
        /// <summary>mapping to Array or Class by Public PropertyName</summary>
        public T Deserialize<T>()
        {
            return (T)Deserialize(typeof(T));
        }
        private object Deserialize(Type type)
        {
            return (IsArray) ? DeserializeArray(type) : DeserializeObject(type);
        }
        private dynamic DeserializeValue(XElement element, Type elementType)
        {
            var value = ToValue(element);
            if (value is DynamicJson)
            {
                value = ((DynamicJson)value).Deserialize(elementType);
            }
            return Convert.ChangeType(value, elementType);
        }
        private object DeserializeObject(Type targetType)
        {
            var result = Activator.CreateInstance(targetType);
            var dict = targetType.GetProperties(BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance)
                .Where(p => p.CanWrite)
                .ToDictionary(pi => pi.Name, pi => pi);
            foreach (var item in xml.Elements())
            {
                PropertyInfo propertyInfo;
                if (!dict.TryGetValue(item.Name.LocalName, out propertyInfo)) continue;
                var value = DeserializeValue(item, propertyInfo.PropertyType);
                propertyInfo.SetValue(result, value, null);
            }
            return result;
        }
        private object DeserializeArray(Type targetType)
        {
            if (targetType.IsArray) // Foo[]
            {
                var elemType = targetType.GetElementType();
                dynamic array = Array.CreateInstance(elemType, xml.Elements().Count());
                var index = 0;
                foreach (var item in xml.Elements())
                {
                    array[index++] = DeserializeValue(item, elemType);
                }
                return array;
            }
            else // List<Foo>
            {
                var elemType = targetType.GetGenericArguments()[0];
                dynamic list = Activator.CreateInstance(targetType);
                foreach (var item in xml.Elements())
                {
                    list.Add(DeserializeValue(item, elemType));
                }
                return list;
            }
        }
        // Delete
        public override bool TryInvoke(InvokeBinder binder, object[] args, out object result)
        {
            result = (IsArray)
                ? Delete((int)args[0])
                : Delete((string)args[0]);
            return true;
        }
        // IsDefined, if has args then TryGetMember
        public override bool TryInvokeMember(InvokeMemberBinder binder, object[] args, out object result)
        {
            if (args.Length > 0)
            {
                result = null;
                return false;
            }
            result = IsDefined(binder.Name);
            return true;
        }
        // Deserialize or foreach(IEnumerable)
        public override bool TryConvert(ConvertBinder binder, out object result)
        {
            if (binder.Type == typeof(IEnumerable) || binder.Type == typeof(object[]))
            {
                var ie = (IsArray)
                    ? xml.Elements().Select(x => ToValue(x))
                    : xml.Elements().Select(x => (dynamic)new KeyValuePair<string, object>(x.Name.LocalName, ToValue(x)));
                result = (binder.Type == typeof(object[])) ? ie.ToArray() : ie;
            }
            else
            {
                result = Deserialize(binder.Type);
            }
            return true;
        }
        private bool TryGet(XElement element, out object result)
        {
            if (element == null)
            {
                result = null;
                return false;
            }
            result = ToValue(element);
            return true;
        }
        public override bool TryGetIndex(GetIndexBinder binder, object[] indexes, out object result)
        {
            return (IsArray)
                ? TryGet(xml.Elements().ElementAtOrDefault((int)indexes[0]), out result)
                : TryGet(xml.Element((string)indexes[0]), out result);
        }
        public override bool TryGetMember(GetMemberBinder binder, out object result)
        {
            return (IsArray)
                ? TryGet(xml.Elements().ElementAtOrDefault(int.Parse(binder.Name)), out result)
                : TryGet(xml.Element(binder.Name), out result);
        }
        private bool TrySet(string name, object value)
        {
            var type = GetJsonType(value);
            var element = xml.Element(name);
            if (element == null)
            {
                xml.Add(new XElement(name, CreateTypeAttr(type), CreateJsonNode(value)));
            }
            else
            {
                element.Attribute("type").Value = type.ToString();
                element.ReplaceNodes(CreateJsonNode(value));
            }
            return true;
        }
        private bool TrySet(int index, object value)
        {
            var type = GetJsonType(value);
            var e = xml.Elements().ElementAtOrDefault(index);
            if (e == null)
            {
                xml.Add(new XElement("item", CreateTypeAttr(type), CreateJsonNode(value)));
            }
            else
            {
                e.Attribute("type").Value = type.ToString();
                e.ReplaceNodes(CreateJsonNode(value));
            }
            return true;
        }
        public override bool TrySetIndex(SetIndexBinder binder, object[] indexes, object value)
        {
            return (IsArray)
                ? TrySet((int)indexes[0], value)
                : TrySet((string)indexes[0], value);
        }
        public override bool TrySetMember(SetMemberBinder binder, object value)
        {
            return (IsArray)
                ? TrySet(int.Parse(binder.Name), value)
                : TrySet(binder.Name, value);
        }
        public override IEnumerable<string> GetDynamicMemberNames()
        {
            return (IsArray)
                ? xml.Elements().Select((x, i) => i.ToString())
                : xml.Elements().Select(x => x.Name.LocalName);
        }
        /// <summary>Serialize to JsonString</summary>
        public override string ToString()
        {
            // <foo type="null"></foo> is can't serialize. replace to <foo type="null" />
            foreach (var elem in xml.Descendants().Where(x => x.Attribute("type").Value == "null"))
            {
                elem.RemoveNodes();
            }
            return CreateJsonString(new XStreamingElement("root", CreateTypeAttr(jsonType), xml.Elements()));
        }
    }
}
namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
    using Microshaoft;
    using System;
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            DynamicJson dynamicJson = DynamicJson.Parse
                    (
                    @"
                        {
                            ""foo""     : ""json""
                            , ""bar""   : 100
                            , ""nest""  :
                                        [
                                                {
                                                    ""nest"" :
                                                                [
                                                                    { ""foobar""    : true }
                                                                    , { ""foobar""  : false }
                                                                ]
                                                    , ""foobar"" : true 
                                                }
                                            , 
                                                {
                                                    ""foobar"" : false
                                                    , ""array"" : [0,1,2,3]
                                                }
                                        ]
                        }");
            var x = dynamicJson["nest"][0]["nest"][1]["foobar"].Value;
            Console.WriteLine(x);
            var y = dynamicJson["nest"][1]["array"][3].Value;
            Console.WriteLine(y);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }
}

posted @ 2016-12-10 19:57  于斯人也  阅读(336)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报