C# 应用 - 使用 WepApp 接受 Http 请求

库类:

Owin.dll
    Owin.IAppBuilder
    
Microsoft.Owin.dll
    Microsoft.Owin.OwinContext
    
Microsoft.Owin.Hosting.dll
    Microsoft.Owin.Hosting.WebApp
    
Microsoft.Owin.Host.HttpListener.dll

\Reference Assemblies\Microsoft\Framework\.NETFramework\v4.6\System.Net.Http.dll
    System.Net.Http.HttpResponseMessage
    
System.Web.Http.dll
     System.Web.Http.ApiController、System.Web.Http.HttpConfiguration
     
System.Web.Http.Owin.dll
System.Net.Http.Formatting.dll

Newtonsoft.Json.dll

1. 代码

1.1 启动

using System;
using System.Web.Http;
using Microsoft.Owin.Hosting;
using Owin;

class HttpServer
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {            
        string baseAddress = "http://127.0.0.1:8090";
        
        WebApp.Start<StartUp>(url: baseAddress);

        Console.WriteLine("开始监听", baseAddress);
        Console.ReadKey();            
    }
}

internal class StartUp
{
    public void Configuration(IAppBuilder appBuilder)
    {
        var config = new HttpConfiguration();
        
        // 允许特性路由
        config.MapHttpAttributeRoutes();
        
        //按控制器controller名称的路由
        var controlroute = config.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
        	name: "ControllerApi",
        	routeTemplate: "{controller}"
        );
        
        // web api 接口  
        appBuilder.UseWebApi(config);
	}
}

1.2 控制器基类

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Web.Http;
using Newtonsoft.Json;


public class BaseApiController : ApiController
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 创建一个json格式的返回信息,一般用于返回值类型是string(直接返回string如果123,会变成"123"),如果是其它对象类型,直接返回即可,程序会自动转成json
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="obj">返回信息,如果是字符串,则不进行转换</param>
    /// <param name="encode">返回是的编码</param>
    /// <param name="setting">转换为json时所用的设置</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    [NonAction()]
    public HttpResponseMessage CreateJsonResponse(object obj, Encoding encode = null, JsonSerializerSettings setting = null)
    {
    	// 返回的HttpResponseMessage
        string str;
        HttpStatusCode statusCode;
        HttpResponseMessage result;
        try
        {
            if (obj == null)
            {
            	str = null;
            	statusCode = HttpStatusCode.NoContent;
            }
            else if (obj is string || obj is char)
            {
            	str = obj.ToString();
            	statusCode = HttpStatusCode.OK;
            }
            else
            {
            	if (setting == null) setting = new JsonSerializerSettings { NullValueHandling = Newtonsoft.Json.NullValueHandling.Ignore, DateFormatString = "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss" };
            	str = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(obj, setting);
            	statusCode = HttpStatusCode.OK;
            }
            result = new HttpResponseMessage { StatusCode = statusCode, Content = new StringContent(str, encode == null ? Encoding.UTF8 : encode, "application/json") };				
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            result = new HttpResponseMessage { StatusCode = System.Net.HttpStatusCode.InternalServerError, Content = new StringContent(ex.ToString(), encode == null ? Encoding.UTF8 : encode) };
        }
        return result;
    }
}

1.3 业务控制器

/// <summary>
/// Json数据转发控制器
/// </summary>
public class JsonDataForwardController : BaseApiController
{
    #region 接收数据,1.通过put或get并把数据作为参数附在url推送过来,2.通过post并将数据附在body上传送过来。推荐用第2种方法
    
    /// <summary>
    /// 通过url参数获取接收数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    [HttpGet]
    [HttpPut]
    public HttpResponseMessage ReveiveDataFromUrl(string data)
    {
    	return CreateJsonResponse(ReveiveData(data));
    }
    
    /// <summary>
    /// 在body中获取接收数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="value"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    [HttpPost]
    public HttpResponseMessage ReveiveDataFromBody([FromBody] object data)
    {
    	return CreateJsonResponse(ReveiveData(data.ToString()));
    }
    #endregion
    
    #region 普通请求
    [HttpPost]
    [Route("JsonDataForward/Extend")]
    public HttpResponseMessage ExtendRequest([FromBody] object body)
    {
    	return new HttpResponseMessage();
    }
    #endregion
    
    #region 非http请求方法
    /// <summary>
    /// 处理推送过来的数据
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="data">推送过来的数据</param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    [NonAction()]
    public string ReveiveData(string data)
    {
    	return string.Empty;
    }
}

Post 请求:

  1. http://127.0.0.1:8090/JsonDataForward 触发 ReveiveDataFromBody
  2. http://127.0.0.1:8090/JsonDataForward/Extend 触发 ExtendRequest

3. Http 系列

3.1 发起请求

使用 HttpWebRequest 发起 Http 请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501036.html
使用 WebClient 发起 Http 请求 :https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501582.html
使用 HttpClient 发起 Http 请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501592.html
使用 HttpClient 发起上传文件、下载文件请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501603.html

3.2 接受请求

使用 HttpListener 接受 Http 请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501628.html
使用 WepApp 接受 Http 请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501612.html
使用 WepApp 处理文件上传、下载请求:https://www.cnblogs.com/MichaelLoveSna/p/14501616.html

posted @ 2021-03-08 21:34  鑫茂  阅读(212)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报