C# 应用 - 封装类访问 Oracle 数据库

1. 引入库类

Oracle.ManagedDataAccess.dll

using Oracle.ManagedDataAccess.Client;

2. 粗暴封装


namespace xx
{
    public class OracleSqlDao
    {
        public OracleSqlDao(string connStr)
        {
            ConnectionString = connStr;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 数据库连接字符串
        /// </summary>
        public string ConnectionString;

        /// <summary>
        /// 使用固定连接进行数据库的操作,默认false,表示每次操作都使用新的连接
        /// </summary>
        public bool UseSpecifiedConn = false;

        /// <summary>
        /// 使用指定连接执行数据库操作时所用的数据库连接,使用前需设置UseSpecifiedConn
        /// </summary>
        public OracleConnection OrasqlConn;

        /// <summary>
        /// 打开数据库连接
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool OpenConn()
        {
            try
            {
                if (OrasqlConn.State == ConnectionState.Open)
                {
                    return true;
                }
                else
                {
                    OrasqlConn.Open();
                    return OrasqlConn.State == ConnectionState.Open;
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Common.WriteLog.Error("打开数据库连接出错!", ex);
                return false;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 关闭数据库连接
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool CloseConn()
        {
            try
            {
                OrasqlConn.Close();
                return OrasqlConn.State == ConnectionState.Closed;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Common.WriteLog.Error("关闭数据库连接出错!", ex);
                return false;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 检查数据库连接是否正常
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public bool TryOpenConn()
        {
            bool result = false;
            using (OracleConnection Conn = new OracleConnection(ConnectionString))
            {
                try
                {
                    Conn.Open();
                    result = Conn.State == ConnectionState.Open;
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Common.WriteLog.Error("打开数据库连接出错!", ex);
                }
            }
            return result;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询 postgre 数据库,返回 DataTable 数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlText">sql查询语句</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public DataTable ExecuteQuery(string sqlText)
        {
            return ExecuteQuery(sqlText, null);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询 postgre 数据库,返回 DataTable 数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlText">sql查询语句</param>
        /// <param name="param">参数集合</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public DataTable ExecuteQuery(string sqlText, OracleParameter[] param)
        {
            var dt = new DataTable();
            OracleConnection conn = UseSpecifiedConn ? OrasqlConn : new OracleConnection(ConnectionString);
            using (var nda = new OracleDataAdapter(sqlText, conn))
            {
                try
                {
                    if (param != null)
                    {
                        SetParmDBNull(param);
                        nda.SelectCommand.Parameters.AddRange(param);
                    }
                    var ds = new DataSet();
                    nda.Fill(ds);
                    dt = ds.Tables[0];
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Common.WriteLog.Error("查询数据库出错!查询语句:" + sqlText, ex);
                }
                finally
                {
                    if (!UseSpecifiedConn)
                    {
                        conn.Dispose();
                    }
                }
            }
            return dt;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 查询唯一值(用来查总记录数等等..)
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlText"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public int QueryOnly(string sqlText)
        {
            OracleConnection conn = UseSpecifiedConn ? OrasqlConn : new OracleConnection(ConnectionString);
            try
            {
                if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                {
                    conn.Open();
                }
                OracleCommand objCommand = new OracleCommand(sqlText, conn);
                int count = Convert.ToInt32(objCommand.ExecuteScalar());
                return count;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
                return 0;
            }
            finally
            {
                if (!UseSpecifiedConn)
                {
                    conn.Dispose();
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 增删改 postgre 数据库,返回是否成功标识
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlText"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public int ExecuteNonQuery(string sqlText)
        {
            return ExecuteNonQuery(sqlText, null);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 增删改 postgre 数据库,返回是否成功标识
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sqlText"></param>
        /// <param name="param">参数集合</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public int ExecuteNonQuery(string sqlText, OracleParameter[] param)
        {
            int result = int.MinValue;
            OracleConnection conn = UseSpecifiedConn ? OrasqlConn : new OracleConnection(ConnectionString);
            using (var nSqlCommand = new OracleCommand(sqlText, conn))
            {
                try
                {
                    if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                    {
                        conn.Open();
                    }
                    // 添加参数
                    if (param != null)
                    {
                        SetParmDBNull(param);
                        nSqlCommand.Parameters.AddRange(param);
                    }
                    // 执行查询并返回受影响的行数
                    result = nSqlCommand.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
                catch (OracleException ex)
                {
                    Common.WriteLog.Error("执行数据库语句出错!执行语句:" + sqlText, ex);
                    if (ex != null)
                    {
                        result = ex.ErrorCode;
                    }
                }
                finally
                {
                    if (!UseSpecifiedConn)
                    {
                        conn.Dispose();
                    }
                }
            }
            return result;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 执行多条SQL语句,实现数据库事务。
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="SQLStringList">多条SQL语句</param> 
        public bool ExecuteTransSQL(List<String> SQLStringList)
        {
            using (OracleConnection conn = UseSpecifiedConn ? OrasqlConn : new OracleConnection(ConnectionString))
            {
                if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                    conn.Open();
                OracleCommand cmd = new OracleCommand();
                cmd.Connection = conn;
                OracleTransaction tx = conn.BeginTransaction();
                cmd.Transaction = tx;
                try
                {
                    int count = 0;
                    for (int n = 0; n < SQLStringList.Count; n++)
                    {
                        string strsql = SQLStringList[n];
                        if (strsql.Trim().Length > 1)
                        {
                            cmd.CommandText = strsql;
                            count += cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                        }
                    }
                    tx.Commit();
                    return true;
                }
                catch
                {
                    tx.Rollback();
                    return false;
                }
                finally
                {
                    if (!UseSpecifiedConn)
                    {
                        conn.Dispose();
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 将参数中null值转换为DBNull
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="param"></param>
        public void SetParmDBNull(OracleParameter[] param)
        {
            foreach (var p in param)
            {
                if (p.Value == null)
                {
                    p.Value = DBNull.Value;
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// DataTable转换List,反射机制
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="dt"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public IList<T> DataTableToList<T>(DataTable dt) where T : new()
        {

            IList<T> list = new List<T>();// 定义集合
            Type type = typeof(T); // 获得此模型的类型
            var tempName = string.Empty;
            foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
            {
                T t = new T();
                PropertyInfo[] propertys = t.GetType().GetProperties();// 获得此模型的公共属性
                foreach (PropertyInfo pi in propertys)
                {
                    tempName = pi.Name;
                    if (dt.Columns.Contains(tempName))
                    {
                        if (!pi.CanWrite) continue;
                        object value = dr[tempName];
                        if (value != DBNull.Value)
                            pi.SetValue(t, value, null);
                    }
                }
                list.Add(t);
            }
            return list;
        }
    }    
}

3. 代码实例

/// <summary>
/// oracle
/// </summary>
/// <param name="sender"></param>
/// <param name="e"></param>
private void btnOra_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
	OracleSqlDao ora = new OracleSqlDao("Data Source=(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=192.168.37.175)(PORT=1521))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=c3mits)));Persist Security Info=True;User ID=gosun;Password=video;");
	var result=ora.TryOpenConn();
	var table=ora.ExecuteQuery("select * from yunxingtest");
}
posted @ 2021-03-04 18:52  鑫茂  阅读(194)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报