Volatility 内存数字取证方法

计算机数字取证分为内存取证和磁盘取证,活取证与死取证,不管是那种取证方式,都应尽量避免破环犯罪现场,例如通过内存转储工具对内存进行快照,通过磁盘克隆工具对磁盘进行克隆,方便后期的分析工作,这里将研究内存的取证技术中的活取证。

工具地址: https://github.com/volatilityfoundation/volatility

查询镜像基本信息: volatility -f winxp.raw imageinfo

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw imageinfo
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
INFO    : volatility.debug    : Determining profile based on KDBG search...
          Suggested Profile(s) : WinXPSP2x86, WinXPSP3x86 (Instantiated with WinXPSP2x86)
                     AS Layer1 : IA32PagedMemoryPae (Kernel AS)
                     AS Layer2 : FileAddressSpace (/mnt/d/winxp.raw)
                      PAE type : PAE
                           DTB : 0xad6000L
                          KDBG : 0x80546ae0L
          Number of Processors : 1
     Image Type (Service Pack) : 3
                KPCR for CPU 0 : 0xffdff000L
             KUSER_SHARED_DATA : 0xffdf0000L
           Image date and time : 2020-03-13 02:08:21 UTC+0000
     Image local date and time : 2020-03-13 10:08:21 +0800

查正在运行的进程: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pslist

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pslist
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Offset(V)  Name                    PID   PPID   Thds     Hnds   Sess  Wow64 Start                          Exit         
---------- -------------------- ------ ------ ------ -------- ------ ------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
0x821b9830 System                    4      0     56      522 ------      0                                             
0x8210bd38 smss.exe                488      4      3       19 ------      0 2020-01-19 01:52:22 UTC+0000                
0x8203e020 csrss.exe               600    488     11      360      0      0 2020-01-19 01:52:22 UTC+0000                
0x81bf61a8 winlogon.exe            624    488     17      435      0      0 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000                
0x8207ea88 services.exe            668    624     16      260      0      0 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000                
0x81f62238 lsass.exe               680    624     20      336      0      0 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000     
0x81b34020 cmd.exe                1580   1468      1       32      0      0 2020-03-13 02:08:14 UTC+0000                
0x81bf4378 calc.exe               1512   1580      1       44      0      0 2020-03-13 02:08:16 UTC+0000                
0x81b50020 DumpIt.exe             1008   1468      1       25      0      0 2020-03-13 02:08:19 UTC+0000   

查正在运行的进程的进程树: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pstree

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pstree
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Name                                                  Pid   PPid   Thds   Hnds Time
-------------------------------------------------- ------ ------ ------ ------ ----
 0x821b9830:System                                      4      0     56    522 1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC+0000
. 0x8210bd38:smss.exe                                 488      4      3     19 2020-01-19 01:52:22 UTC+0000
.. 0x8203e020:csrss.exe                               600    488     11    360 2020-01-19 01:52:22 UTC+0000
.. 0x81bf61a8:winlogon.exe                            624    488     17    435 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000
... 0x8207ea88:services.exe                           668    624     16    260 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000
.... 0x81f684c0:svchost.exe                          1032    668     55   1194 2020-01-19 01:52:24 UTC+0000
..... 0x81e44da0:wscntfy.exe                          880   1032      1     39 2020-03-13 01:52:46 UTC+0000
.... 0x820408b8:vmtoolsd.exe                         1940    668      7    271 2020-01-19 01:52:37 UTC+0000
.... 0x81f71980:spoolsv.exe                          1560    668     10    118 2020-01-19 01:52:29 UTC+0000
.... 0x81f865d8:svchost.exe                          1192    668      8     92 2020-03-13 01:53:09 UTC+0000
.... 0x81cc6c30:svchost.exe                          1072    668      4     77 2020-01-19 01:52:24 UTC+0000
.... 0x81fcad78:vmacthlp.exe                          840    668      1     25 2020-01-19 01:52:24 UTC+0000
.... 0x81cc54e0:svchost.exe                           936    668     10    252 2020-01-19 01:52:24 UTC+0000
.... 0x820873c0:svchost.exe                           856    668     15    190 2020-01-19 01:52:24 UTC+0000
.... 0x82102020:svchost.exe                          1116    668     15    209 2020-01-19 01:52:27 UTC+0000
.... 0x8206dd80:alg.exe                              1252    668      6    106 2020-03-13 01:52:45 UTC+0000
.... 0x81c03020:imapi.exe                             508    668      4    114 2020-03-13 01:52:44 UTC+0000
... 0x81f62238:lsass.exe                              680    624     20    336 2020-01-19 01:52:23 UTC+0000
 0x82135da0:explorer.exe                             1468   1436      9    389 2020-01-19 01:52:28 UTC+0000
. 0x81ff7da0:ctfmon.exe                              1732   1468      1     71 2020-01-19 01:52:31 UTC+0000
. 0x81b34020:cmd.exe                                 1580   1468      1     32 2020-03-13 02:08:14 UTC+0000
. 0x81e37020:FTPServer.exe                            324   1468      3    118 2020-03-13 01:58:37 UTC+0000

将FTPServer.exe文件dump出来 volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 memdump -p 324 --dump-dir=/home/lyshark

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ sudo volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 memdump -p 324 --dump-dir=/home/lyshark
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
************************************************************************
Writing FTPServer.exe [   324] to 324.dmp

lyshark@Dell:~$ hexedit 324.dmp
lyshark@Dell:~$ strings 324.dmp

检索命令历史 只能检索命令行历史 volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 cmdscan

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 cmdscan
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
**************************************************
CommandProcess: csrss.exe Pid: 600
CommandHistory: 0x556bb8 Application: FTPServer.exe Flags: Allocated
CommandCount: 0 LastAdded: -1 LastDisplayed: -1
FirstCommand: 0 CommandCountMax: 50
ProcessHandle: 0x4a8
**************************************************
CommandProcess: csrss.exe Pid: 600
CommandHistory: 0x3667a30 Application: DumpIt.exe Flags: Allocated
CommandCount: 0 LastAdded: -1 LastDisplayed: -1
FirstCommand: 0 CommandCountMax: 50
ProcessHandle: 0x314
Cmd #2 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #3 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #4 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #5 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #43 @ 0x27008f: ?
Cmd #46 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #48 @ 0xaf0027: ?????????????????????????? ??????????@????????????????????????????????`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
Cmd #49 @ 0xaf00af: ??`?????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????????
**************************************************
CommandProcess: csrss.exe Pid: 600
CommandHistory: 0x36688f0 Application: cmd.exe Flags: Allocated, Reset
CommandCount: 1 LastAdded: 0 LastDisplayed: 0
FirstCommand: 0 CommandCountMax: 50
ProcessHandle: 0x44c
Cmd #0 @ 0x3668f70: calc

检索已经建立起来的网络连接: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 connscan

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 connscan  # 检索已经建立的网络链接
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 netscan   # 检索所有网络连接情况

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 connscan
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Offset(P)  Local Address             Remote Address            Pid
---------- ------------------------- ------------------------- ---
0x020296c0 192.168.1.8:1049          66.175.114.213:80         1992
0x024a22c0 192.168.1.8:1051          192.168.1.2:8888          324

根据PID查询进程加载过的DLL

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 dlllist -p 324
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
************************************************************************
FTPServer.exe pid:    324
Command line : "C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\桌面\FTPServer.exe"
Service Pack 3

Base             Size  LoadCount LoadTime                       Path
---------- ---------- ---------- ------------------------------ ----
0x00400000    0x1f000     0xffff                                C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\桌面\FTPServer.exe
0x7c920000    0x93000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\ntdll.dll
0x7c800000   0x11e000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\kernel32.dll
0x62500000     0x8000     0xffff                                C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\桌面\network.dll
0x77be0000    0x58000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\msvcrt.dll
0x71a20000    0x17000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\WS2_32.DLL
0x77da0000    0xa9000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\ADVAPI32.dll
0x77e50000    0x92000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\RPCRT4.dll
0x77fc0000    0x11000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\Secur32.dll
0x71a10000     0x8000     0xffff                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\WS2HELP.dll
0x76d70000    0x22000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\Apphelp.dll
0x77bd0000     0x8000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\VERSION.dll
0x7c340000    0x56000        0x1                                C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\桌面\msvcr71.dll
0x719c0000    0x3e000        0x2                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\mswsock.dll
0x60fd0000    0x55000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\hnetcfg.dll
0x77ef0000    0x49000       0x49                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\GDI32.dll
0x77d10000    0x90000       0x74                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\USER32.dll
0x76300000    0x1d000        0x2                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\IMM32.DLL
0x62c20000     0x9000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\LPK.DLL
0x73fa0000    0x6b000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\USP10.dll
0x71a00000     0x8000        0x1                                C:\WINDOWS\System32\wshtcpip.dll
0x765e0000    0x93000        0x6                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\CRYPT32.dll
0x76db0000    0x12000        0x4                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\MSASN1.dll
0x76680000    0xa6000        0x2                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\WININET.dll
0x770f0000    0x8b000        0xe                                C:\WINDOWS\system32\OLEAUT32.dll

反汇编内存代码

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 malfind -p 324
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Process: FTPServer.exe Pid: 324 Address: 0x4c0000
Vad Tag: VadS Protection: PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE
Flags: CommitCharge: 45, MemCommit: 1, PrivateMemory: 1, Protection: 6

0x004c0000  4d 5a e8 00 00 00 00 5b 52 45 55 89 e5 81 c3 64   MZ.....[REU....d
0x004c0010  13 00 00 ff d3 81 c3 95 a8 02 00 89 3b 53 6a 04   ............;Sj.
0x004c0020  50 ff d0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00   P...............
0x004c0030  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 f8 00 00 00   ................

0x004c0000 4d               DEC EBP
0x004c0001 5a               POP EDX
0x004c0002 e800000000       CALL 0x4c0007
0x004c0007 5b               POP EBX
0x004c0008 52               PUSH EDX
0x004c0009 45               INC EBP
0x004c000a 55               PUSH EBP
0x004c000b 89e5             MOV EBP, ESP
0x004c000d 81c364130000     ADD EBX, 0x1364
0x004c0013 ffd3             CALL EBX
0x004c0015 81c395a80200     ADD EBX, 0x2a895
0x004c001b 893b             MOV [EBX], EDI
0x004c001d 53               PUSH EBX
0x004c001e 6a04             PUSH 0x4
0x004c0020 50               PUSH EAX
0x004c0021 ffd0             CALL EAX
0x004c0023 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0025 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0027 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0029 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c002b 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c002d 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c002f 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0031 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0033 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0035 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0037 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c0039 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c003b 00f8             ADD AL, BH
0x004c003d 0000             ADD [EAX], AL
0x004c003f 00               DB 0x0

检索所有注册表蜂巢: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivelist

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivelist
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Virtual    Physical   Name
---------- ---------- ----
0xe17f9b60 0x0a0a2b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1c22500 0x0b9d8500 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\NTUSER.DAT
0xe17fb9e8 0x0a0e49e8 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\LocalService\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1a26b60 0x0a260b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\LocalService\NTUSER.DAT
0xe1a188d8 0x0a1438d8 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\NetworkService\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1a0c008 0x0a0f3008 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\NetworkService\NTUSER.DAT
0xe1452008 0x0803f008 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\software
0xe1452b60 0x0803fb60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\default
0xe144e758 0x08037758 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\SECURITY
0xe144f758 0x08038758 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\SAM
0xe1036b60 0x02b09b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\system

dump蜂巢文件(dump 账号密码): volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivedump -o 0xe144f758

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivedump -o 0xe144f758
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Last Written         Key
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account
2020-03-01 05:59:03 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\000003E9
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\Members
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\Members\S-1-5-21-1343024091-152049171-1801674531
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\Members\S-1-5-21-1343024091-152049171-1801674531\000003EA
2020-03-01 05:59:03 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\Names
2020-03-01 05:59:03 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Aliases\Names\HelpServicesGroup
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Groups
2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Groups\00000201
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Groups\Names
2020-03-01 04:53:50 UTC+0000 \SAM\SAM\Domains\Account\Groups\Names\None

dump蜂巢文件(dump 系统安装的软件列表): volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivedump -o 0xe1452008

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivedump -o 0xe1452008
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Last Written         Key
2020-03-13 01:54:54 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV
2020-03-01 05:58:23 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\C07ft5Y
2020-03-01 05:58:23 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\C07ft5Y\WinXP
2020-03-13 01:54:54 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes
2020-03-01 05:58:34 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*
2020-03-01 05:58:34 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList
2020-03-01 05:58:34 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\Excel.exe
2020-03-01 05:58:34 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\IExplore.exe
2020-03-01 05:57:20 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\MSPaint.exe
2020-03-01 04:55:48 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\Notepad.exe
2020-03-01 05:58:34 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\Winword.exe
2020-03-01 05:57:20 UTC+0000 \$$$PROTO.HIV\Classes\*\OpenWithList\WordPad.exe

检索注册表中账号密码: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SAM\Domains\Account\Users\Names"

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SAM\Domains\Account\Users\Names"
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Legend: (S) = Stable   (V) = Volatile

----------------------------
Registry: \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\SAM
Key name: Names (S)
Last updated: 2020-03-01 05:59:18 UTC+0000

Subkeys:
  (S) Administrator
  (S) Guest
  (S) HelpAssistant
  (S) SUPPORT_388945a0

Values:
REG_NONE                      : (S)

查最后登录的用户 volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon"

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon"
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Legend: (S) = Stable   (V) = Volatile

----------------------------
Registry: \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\NTUSER.DAT
Key name: Winlogon (S)
Last updated: 2020-03-01 06:03:14 UTC+0000

Subkeys:

Values:
REG_SZ        ParseAutoexec   : (S) 1
REG_SZ        ExcludeProfileDirs : (S) Local Settings;Temporary Internet Files;History;Temp
REG_DWORD     BuildNumber     : (S) 2600
----------------------------
Registry: \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\LocalService\NTUSER.DAT
Key name: Winlogon (S)
Last updated: 2020-03-13 01:52:45 UTC+0000

Subkeys:

Values:
REG_SZ        ParseAutoexec   : (S) 1
REG_SZ        ExcludeProfileDirs : (S) Local Settings;Temporary Internet Files;History;Temp
REG_DWORD     BuildNumber     : (S) 2600

查询程序运行次数: volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 userassist

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 userassist
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
----------------------------
Registry: \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\NTUSER.DAT
Path: Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist\{5E6AB780-7743-11CF-A12B-00AA004AE837}\Count
Last updated: 2020-03-13 01:58:36 UTC+0000

Subkeys:

Values:

REG_BINARY    UEME_CTLSESSION : Raw Data:
0x00000000  d7 c6 af 0e 02 00 00 00                           ........

REG_BINARY    UEME_CTLCUACount:ctor :
ID:             1
Count:          2
Last updated:   1970-01-01 00:00:00 UTC+0000
Raw Data:
0x00000000  01 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00   ................

REG_BINARY    UEME_UITOOLBAR  :
ID:             1
Count:          1
Last updated:   2020-03-01 06:19:01 UTC+0000
Raw Data:
0x00000000  01 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 20 77 09 4d 91 ef d5 01   .........w.M....

REG_BINARY    UEME_UITOOLBAR:0x1,120 :
ID:             1
Count:          1
Last updated:   2020-03-01 06:19:01 UTC+0000
Raw Data:
0x00000000  01 00 00 00 06 00 00 00 20 77 09 4d 91 ef d5 01   .........w.M....
----------------------------
Registry: \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\NTUSER.DAT
Path: Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\UserAssist\{75048700-EF1F-11D0-9888-006097DEACF9}\Count
Last updated: 2020-03-13 02:08:19 UTC+0000

dump 用户名密码hash 需要配合两个文件的地址,才能dump出密码。

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivelist
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Virtual    Physical   Name
---------- ---------- ----
0xe17f9b60 0x0a0a2b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1c22500 0x0b9d8500 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\Administrator\NTUSER.DAT
0xe17fb9e8 0x0a0e49e8 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\LocalService\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1a26b60 0x0a260b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\LocalService\NTUSER.DAT
0xe1a188d8 0x0a1438d8 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\NetworkService\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Windows\UsrClass.dat
0xe1a0c008 0x0a0f3008 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\Documents and Settings\NetworkService\NTUSER.DAT
0xe1452008 0x0803f008 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\software
0xe1452b60 0x0803fb60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\default
0xe144e758 0x08037758 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\SECURITY
0xe144f758 0x08038758 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\SAM
0xe1294b60 0x02d2ab60 [no name]
0xe1036b60 0x02b09b60 \Device\HarddiskVolume1\WINDOWS\system32\config\system
0xe102e008 0x02b02008 [no name]

lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$ volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hashdump -y 0xe1036b60 -s 0xe144f758
Volatility Foundation Volatility Framework 2.6
Administrator:500:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::
Guest:501:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:31d6cfe0d16ae931b73c59d7e0c089c0:::
HelpAssistant:1000:9f17bb7d77a274f1d01bc972226c8a81:c28826f36523c96b0035431d28c1a2fb:::
SUPPORT_388945a0:1002:aad3b435b51404eeaad3b435b51404ee:14b41dba4b82f80b88ce2035785bc73d:::
lyshark@Dell:/mnt/d$

procdump: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/dd996900.aspx

C:\Users\LyShark\Desktop>procdump.exe -ma ollyice.exe ollyice.dmp

ProcDump v9.0 - Sysinternals process dump utility
Copyright (C) 2009-2017 Mark Russinovich and Andrew Richards
Sysinternals - www.sysinternals.com

[16:03:51] Dump 1 initiated: C:\Users\LyShark\Desktop\ollyice.dmp
[16:03:52] Dump 1 writing: Estimated dump file size is 94 MB.
[16:03:52] Dump 1 complete: 94 MB written in 0.5 seconds
[16:03:52] Dump count reached.

strings提取特殊字符: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb897439.aspx

C:\Users\LyShark\Desktop>strings.exe ollyice.dmp > ollyice.log

Strings v2.53 - Search for ANSI and Unicode strings in binary images.
Copyright (C) 1999-2016 Mark Russinovich
Sysinternals - www.sysinternals.com

volatility 常用命令总结

volatility -f winxp.raw imageinfo                      # 查询镜像基本信息
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pstree   # 查运行进程进程树
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 pslist   # 查正在运行的进程
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 memdump -p 324 --dump-dir=/home/lyshark    # 将PID=324的进程dump出来
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 procdump -p 324 --dump-dir=/home/lyshark   # 将PID=324进程导出为exe
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 dlldump -p 324 --dump-dir=/home/lyshark    # 将PID=324进程的所有DLL导出

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 getsids -p 324  # 查询指定进程的SID
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 dlllist -p 324  # 查询指定进程加载过的DLL
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 threads -p 324  # 列出当前进程中活跃的线程
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 drivermodule    # 列出目标中驱动加载情况
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 malfind -p 324 -D /home/lyshark   # 检索内存读写执行页

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 iehistory # 检索IE浏览器历史记录
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 joblinks  # 检索计划任务
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 cmdscan   # 只能检索命令行历史
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 consoles  # 抓取控制台下执行的命令以及回显数据
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 cmdline   # 列出所有命令行下运行的程序

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 connscan    # 检索已经建立的网络链接
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 connections # 检索已经建立的网络链接
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 netscan     # 检索所有网络连接情况
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 sockscan    # TrueCrypt摘要TrueCrypt摘要

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 timeliner # 尽可能多的发现目标主机痕迹

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivelist                                       # 检索所有注册表蜂巢
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hivedump -o 0xe144f758                         # 检索SAM注册表键值对
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SAM\Domains\Account\Users\Names"  # 检索注册表中账号密码
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 hashdump -y system地址 -s SAM地址               # dump目标账号Hash值
volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 printkey -K "SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon"  # 查最后登录的用户

volatility -f winxp.raw --profile=WinXPSP3x86 userassist                                     # 查询程序运行次数

转储文件后通过windbg分析


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posted @ 2020-03-13 11:10  lyshark  阅读(1460)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报