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.Net开源网络爬虫Abot介绍

2014-05-31 11:21  JustRun  阅读(...)  评论(... 编辑 收藏

.Net中也有很多很多开源的爬虫工具,abot就是其中之一。Abot是一个开源的.net爬虫,速度快,易于使用和扩展。项目的地址是https://code.google.com/p/abot/

对于爬取的Html,使用的分析工具是CsQuery, CsQuery可以算是.net中实现的Jquery, 可以使用类似Jquery中的方法来处理html页面。CsQuery的项目地址是https://github.com/afeiship/CsQuery

一. 对Abot爬虫配置

1. 通过属性设置

先创建config对象,然后设置config中的各项属性:

CrawlConfiguration crawlConfig = new CrawlConfiguration(); 
crawlConfig.CrawlTimeoutSeconds = 100; 
crawlConfig.MaxConcurrentThreads = 10; 
crawlConfig.MaxPagesToCrawl = 1000; 
crawlConfig.UserAgentString = "abot v1.0 http://code.google.com/p/abot"; 
crawlConfig.ConfigurationExtensions.Add("SomeCustomConfigValue1", "1111"); 
crawlConfig.ConfigurationExtensions.Add("SomeCustomConfigValue2", "2222");

2. 通过App.config配置

直接从配置文件中读取,但是也任然可以在修改各项属性:

CrawlConfiguration crawlConfig = AbotConfigurationSectionHandler.LoadFromXml().Convert(); 
crawlConfig.CrawlTimeoutSeconds = 100; 
crawlConfig.MaxConcurrentThreads = 10;

3. 应用配置到爬虫对象

PoliteWebCrawler crawler = new PoliteWebCrawler();
PoliteWebCrawler crawler = new PoliteWebCrawler(crawlConfig, null, null, null, null, null, null, null);

二,使用爬虫,注册各种事件

爬虫中主要是4个事件, 页面爬取开始、页面爬取失败、页面不允许爬取事件、页面中的链接不允许爬取事件。

下面是示例代码:

crawlergeCrawlStartingAsync += crawler_ProcessPageCrawlStarting;//单个页面爬取开始 
crawler.PageCrawlCompletedAsync += crawler_ProcessPageCrawlCompleted;//单个页面爬取结束 
crawler.PageCrawlDisallowedAsync += crawler_PageCrawlDisallowed;//页面不允许爬取事件 
crawler.PageLinksCrawlDisallowedAsync += crawler_PageLinksCrawlDisallowed;//页面链接不允许爬取事件

void crawler_ProcessPageCrawlStarting(object sender, PageCrawlStartingArgs e)
{
        PageToCrawl pageToCrawl = e.PageToCrawl;
        Console.WriteLine("About to crawl link {0} which was found on page {1}", pageToCrawl.Uri.AbsoluteUri, pageToCrawl.ParentUri.AbsoluteUri);
}

void crawler_ProcessPageCrawlCompleted(object sender, PageCrawlCompletedArgs e)
{
        CrawledPage crawledPage = e.CrawledPage;
        if (crawledPage.WebException != null || crawledPage.HttpWebResponse.StatusCode != HttpStatusCode.OK)
                Console.WriteLine("Crawl of page failed {0}", crawledPage.Uri.AbsoluteUri);
        else
                Console.WriteLine("Crawl of page succeeded {0}", crawledPage.Uri.AbsoluteUri);
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(crawledPage.Content.Text))
                Console.WriteLine("Page had no content {0}", crawledPage.Uri.AbsoluteUri);

}

void crawler_PageLinksCrawlDisallowed(object sender, PageLinksCrawlDisallowedArgs e)
{
        CrawledPage crawledPage = e.CrawledPage;
        Console.WriteLine("Did not crawl the links on page {0} due to {1}", crawledPage.Uri.AbsoluteUri, e.DisallowedReason);
}

void crawler_PageCrawlDisallowed(object sender, PageCrawlDisallowedArgs e)
{
        PageToCrawl pageToCrawl = e.PageToCrawl;
        Console.WriteLine("Did not crawl page {0} due to {1}", pageToCrawl.Uri.AbsoluteUri, e.DisallowedReason);
}

 

三, 为爬虫添加多个附加对象

Abot应该是借鉴了Asp.net MVC中的ViewBag, 也为爬虫对象设置了对象级别的CrwalBag和Page级别的ViewBag.

PoliteWebCrawler crawler = new PoliteWebCrawler();
crawler.CrawlBag.MyFoo1 = new Foo();//对象级别的CrwalBag
crawler.CrawlBag.MyFoo2 = new Foo();
crawler.PageCrawlStartingAsync += crawler_ProcessPageCrawlStarting;
...
void crawler_ProcessPageCrawlStarting(object sender, PageCrawlStartingArgs e)
{
        //获取CrwalBag中的对象
        CrawlContext context = e.CrawlContext;
        context.CrawlBag.MyFoo1.Bar();//使用CrwalBag
        context.CrawlBag.MyFoo2.Bar();

        //使用页面级别的PageBag
        e.PageToCrawl.PageBag.Bar = new Bar();
}

四,启动爬虫

启动爬虫非常简单,调用Crawl方法,指定好开始页面,就可以了。
CrawlResult result = crawler.Crawl(new Uri("http://localhost:1111/"));

if (result.ErrorOccurred)
        Console.WriteLine("Crawl of {0} completed with error: {1}", result.RootUri.AbsoluteUri, result.ErrorException.Message);
else
        Console.WriteLine("Crawl of {0} completed without error.", result.RootUri.AbsoluteUri);

五,介绍CsQuery

在PageCrawlCompletedAsync事件中, e.CrawledPage.CsQueryDocument就是一个CsQuery对象。

这里介绍一下CsQuery在分析Html上的优势:

cqDocument.Select(".bigtitle > h1")
这里的选择器的用法和Jquery完全相同,这里是取class为.bittitle下的h1标签。如果你能熟练的使用Jquery,那么上手CsQuery会非常快和容易。