Logging with ElasticSearch, Kibana, ASP.NET Core and Docker

好久不见,前两周经历了人生第一次"伪牛市",基金和股市大起大落,更加坚信“你永远赚不到超出你认知范围之外的钱,除非靠着运气”,老韭菜诚不欺我也。
当能力与野心不匹配,只能多看书,收割那些不求甚解的韭菜。

言归正传,本文聊一聊在ASP.NET Core3.1中集成ElasticSearch、Kibana日志查询系统。

1.我们为什么需要ElasticSearch、Kibana?

成熟的应用程序,会在各个阶段以各种姿势记录日志,这些日志包括(但不限于)nginx日志、pod/Container、业务日志。
ElasticSearch是一个高度可扩展的全文搜索和分析引擎,使任何类型的日志记录变得容易,可访问和可搜索。ElasticSearch令人难以置信的速度和简单的查询语言,再加上Kibana的界面和图形,构成了功能强大的日志存储和查询搭档。

2.在Docker中启动ElasticSearch、Kibana

docker中启动Elastcisearch、kibana最简单的方式是创建docker-compose文件,将原服务侦听端口映射到宿主机端口。

version: '3.1'

services:

  elasticsearch:
   container_name: elasticsearch
   image: elasticsearch:7.6.2
   ports:
    - 9200:9200
   volumes:
    - elasticsearch-data:/usr/share/elasticsearch/data
   environment:
    - xpack.monitoring.enabled=true
    - xpack.watcher.enabled=false
    - "ES_JAVA_OPTS=-Xms1g -Xmx1g"
    - discovery.type=single-node
   networks:
    - elastic

  kibana:
   container_name: kibana
   image: kibana:7.6.2
   ports:
    - 5601:5601
   depends_on:
    - elasticsearch
   environment:
    - ELASTICSEARCH_URL=http://localhost:9200
   networks:
    - elastic
  
networks:
  elastic:
    driver: bridge

volumes:
  elasticsearch-data:

在后台拉取镜像,启动容器:

docker-compose  up -d

确认ElasticSearch,kibana启动成功:

3.使用ASP.NET Core和NLog向ES发送日志

VS Code创建.NetCore程序

dotnet new mvc --no-https -o Elastic.Kibana.NLog
cd Elastic.Kibana.NLog

添加NLog依赖包

dotnet add package NLog
dotnet add package NLog.Web.AspNetCore
dotnet add package NLog.Targets.ElasticSearch

添加nlog.config文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<nlog xmlns="http://www.nlog-project.org/schemas/NLog.xsd"
      xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
      autoReload="true"
      internalLogLevel="Info"
      internalLogFile="internal-nlog.txt">

  <!-- enable asp.net core layout renderers -->
  <extensions>
    <add assembly="NLog.Web.AspNetCore"/>
  </extensions>

  <!-- the targets to write to -->
  <targets>
    <!-- write logs to file  -->
    <target xsi:type="File" name="allfile" fileName="/home/root/nlog-all-${shortdate}.log"
            layout="${longdate}|${event-properties:item=EventId_Id}|${uppercase:${level}}|${logger}|${message} ${exception:format=tostring}" />

    <!-- another file log, only own logs. Uses some ASP.NET core renderers -->
    <target xsi:type="File" name="ownFile-web" fileName="/home/root/nlog-own-${shortdate}.log"
            layout="${longdate}|${event-properties:item=EventId_Id}|${uppercase:${level}}|${logger}|${message} ${exception:format=tostring}|url: ${aspnet-request-url}|action: ${aspnet-mvc-action}" />

    <target name="elastic" xsi:type="BufferingWrapper" flushTimeout="5000">
      <target xsi:type="ElasticSearch" uri="http://localhost:9200/" />
    </target>

  </targets>

  <!-- rules to map from logger name to target -->
  <rules>
    <!--All logs, including from Microsoft-->
    <logger name="*" minlevel="Trace" writeTo="allfile" />

    <!--Skip non-critical Microsoft logs and so log only own logs-->
    <logger name="Microsoft.*" maxlevel="Info" final="true" />
    <!-- BlackHole without writeTo -->
    <logger name="*" minlevel="Trace" writeTo="ownFile-web" />

    <logger name="*" minlevel="Info" writeTo="elastic" />
  </rules>
</nlog>

ASP.NET Core添加Nlog并输出日志

    public class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var webHost = WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
                     .ConfigureLogging((hostingContext, loggingBuilder) =>
                     {
                         loggingBuilder.AddConsole(x => x.IncludeScopes = true).AddDebug();
                     })
                     .UseNLog()
                     .UseStartup<Startup>()
                     .Build();
            webHost.Run();
        }
    }

Controller自定义日志:

public class HomeController : Controller
    {
        private readonly ILogger<HomeController> _logger;

        public HomeController(ILogger<HomeController> logger)
        {
            _logger = logger;
        }

        public IActionResult Index()
        {

           _logger.LogInformation("HomeController Index executed at {date}", DateTime.UtcNow);
            return View();
        }

        public IActionResult Privacy()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [ResponseCache(Duration = 0, Location = ResponseCacheLocation.None, NoStore = true)]
        public IActionResult Error()
        {
            return View(new ErrorViewModel { RequestId = Activity.Current?.Id ?? HttpContext.TraceIdentifier });
        }
    }

当我们启动程序,产生日志。
通过ElasticSearch QueryAPI http://localhost:9200/logstash-2020.07.20/_search 可查询日志

4.在kibana中创建Index Pattern

dotnet run启动ASP.NET Core程序,现在开始产生日志。
Kibana使用index patternElasticSearch indices
中获取数据。要在Kibana中显示日志,需要先定义index pattern:

之后选择@timestamp时间过滤。
回到discovery界面,可以看到所有日志。

ok,上面便于ASP.NETCOre+NLog集成ES、Kibana的基本操作流程,
看起来很简单,其实只是九牛一毛,Elastic Stack的内功博大精深,关注我,解锁各种姿势。

posted @ 2020-07-20 15:34  博客猿马甲哥  阅读(636)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报