一个图片验证码的HtmlHelper,原来的调用代码如下:
<img id="validateCode" mailto:src='@Url.Action(%22GetValidateCode%22)'/>
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function () {
        $("#validateCode").bind("click", function () {
            var url = $(this).attr("src");
            url += "?" + Math.random();
            $(this).attr("src", url);
        });
    });
</script>
封装成HtmlHelper后:
@Html.ValidateCode()

使用步骤如下:

1.建一个验证码Helper

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics.CodeAnalysis;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Linq.Expressions;
using System.Security.Policy;
using System.Text;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Mvc.Resources;
using System.Web.Routing; 

namespace MvcApplication1
{
    public static class ValidateCodeHelper
    {
        private const string IdPrefix = "validateCode";
        private const int Length = 4;

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, IdPrefix);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper,string id)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, id, Length);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper, string id, int length)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, id, length, null);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper, string id, object htmlAttributes)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, id, Length, htmlAttributes);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper, int length, object htmlAttributes)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, IdPrefix, length, htmlAttributes);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper, object htmlAttributes)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper, 4, htmlAttributes);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper, int length)
        {
            return ValidateCode(helper,length, null);
        }

        public static MvcHtmlString  ValidateCode(this HtmlHelper helper,string id,int length,object htmlAttributes)
        {
            string finalId = id + "_imgValidateCode";
            var tagBuild = new TagBuilder("img");
            tagBuild.GenerateId(finalId);
            var defaultController = ((Route)RouteTable.Routes["Default"]).Defaults["controller"] + "/";
            var controller = HttpContext.Current.Request.Url.Segments.Length == 1
                                 ? defaultController
                                 : HttpContext.Current.Request.Url.Segments[1];
            tagBuild.MergeAttribute("src"string.Format("/{0}GetValidateCode?length={1}",controller,length));
            tagBuild.MergeAttribute("alt""看不清?点我试试看!");
            tagBuild.MergeAttribute("style","cursor:pointer;");
            tagBuild.MergeAttributes(AnonymousObjectToHtmlAttributes(htmlAttributes));
            var sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append("<script language=\"javascript\" type=\"text/javascript\">");
            sb.Append("$(document).ready(function () {");
            sb.AppendFormat("$(\"#{0}\").bind(\"click\", function () {{", finalId);
            //sb.Append("$(this).attr(\"style\", \"cursor:pointer;\");");
            sb.Append("var url = $(this).attr(\"src\");");
            sb.Append("url += \"&\" + Math.random();");
            sb.Append("$(this).attr(\"src\", url);");
            sb.Append("});");
            sb.Append("});");
            sb.Append("</script>");
            return MvcHtmlString.Create(tagBuild+sb.ToString());
        }

        public static RouteValueDictionary AnonymousObjectToHtmlAttributes(object htmlAttributes)
        {
            var result = new RouteValueDictionary();

            if (htmlAttributes != null)
            {
                foreach (PropertyDescriptor property in TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(htmlAttributes))
                {
                    result.Add(property.Name.Replace('_''-'), property.GetValue(htmlAttributes));
                }
            }

            return result;
        } 
    }
}

2.生成验证码的代码:

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.IO;
using System.Drawing.Imaging;

namespace MvcApplication1
{
    public class ValidateCode
    {
        public ValidateCode()
        {
        }
        /// <summary>
        
/// 验证码的最大长度
        
/// </summary>
        public int MaxLength
        {
            get { return 10; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        
/// 验证码的最小长度
        
/// </summary>
        public int MinLength
        {
            get { return 1; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        
/// 生成验证码
        
/// </summary>
        
/// <param name="length">指定验证码的长度</param>
        
/// <returns></returns>
        public string CreateValidateCode(int length)
        {
            var randMembers = new int[length];
            var validateNums = new int[length];
            var validateNumberStr = "";
            //生成起始序列值
            var seekSeek = unchecked((int)DateTime.Now.Ticks);
            var seekRand = new Random(seekSeek);
            var beginSeek = (int)seekRand.Next(0, Int32.MaxValue - length * 10000);
            var seeks = new int[length];
            for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
            {
                beginSeek += 10000;
                seeks[i] = beginSeek;
            }
            //生成随机数字
            for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
            {
                var rand = new Random(seeks[i]);
                var pownum = 1 * (int)Math.Pow(10, length);
                randMembers[i] = rand.Next(pownum, Int32.MaxValue);
            }
            //抽取随机数字
            for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
            {
                var numStr = randMembers[i].ToString();
                var numLength = numStr.Length;
                var rand = new Random();
                var numPosition = rand.Next(0, numLength - 1);
                validateNums[i] = Int32.Parse(numStr.Substring(numPosition, 1));
            }
            //生成验证码
            for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
            {
                validateNumberStr += validateNums[i].ToString();
            }
            return validateNumberStr;
        }
        /// <summary>
        
/// 创建验证码的图片
        
/// </summary>
        
/// <param name="validateCode">验证码</param>
        public byte[] CreateValidateGraphic(string validateCode)
        {
            var image = new Bitmap((int)Math.Ceiling(validateCode.Length * 12.0), 22);
            var g = Graphics.FromImage(image);
            try
            {
                //生成随机生成器
                var random = new Random();
                //清空图片背景色
                g.Clear(Color.White);
                //画图片的干扰线
                for (int i = 0; i < 25; i++)
                {
                    var x1 = random.Next(image.Width);
                    var x2 = random.Next(image.Width);
                    var y1 = random.Next(image.Height);
                    var y2 = random.Next(image.Height);
                    g.DrawLine(new Pen(Color.Silver), x1, y1, x2, y2);
                }
                //Font font = new Font("Arial", 12, (FontStyle.Bold | FontStyle.Italic));
                string[] fontName = { "华文新魏""宋体""圆体""黑体""隶书" };
                var font = new Font(fontName[new Random().Next(0, validateCode.Length)], 12, (FontStyle.Bold | FontStyle.Italic));
                var brush = new LinearGradientBrush(new Rectangle(00, image.Width, image.Height),
                Color.Blue, Color.DarkRed, 1.2ftrue);
                g.DrawString(validateCode, font, brush, 32);
                //画图片的前景干扰点
                for (var i = 0; i < 100; i++)
                {
                    var x = random.Next(image.Width);
                    var y = random.Next(image.Height);
                    image.SetPixel(x, y, Color.FromArgb(random.Next()));
                }
                //画图片的边框线
                g.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Silver), 00, image.Width - 1, image.Height - 1);
                //保存图片数据
                var stream = new MemoryStream();
                image.Save(stream, ImageFormat.Jpeg);
                //输出图片流
                return stream.ToArray();
            }
            finally
            {
                g.Dispose();
                image.Dispose();
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        
/// 得到验证码图片的长度
        
/// </summary>
        
/// <param name="validateNumLength">验证码的长度</param>
        
/// <returns></returns>
        public static int GetImageWidth(int validateNumLength)
        {
            return (int)(validateNumLength * 12.0);
        }
        /// <summary>
        
/// 得到验证码的高度
        
/// </summary>
        
/// <returns></returns>
        public static double GetImageHeight()
        {
            return 23;
        }
    }
}

 

3.建一个BaseController

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;

namespace MvcApplication1
{
    public class BaseController:Controller
    {
        public ActionResult GetValidateCode(int length)
        {
            var vCode = new ValidateCode();
            var code = vCode.CreateValidateCode(length);
            Session["ValidateCode"] = code;
            var bytes = vCode.CreateValidateGraphic(code);
            return File(bytes, @"image/gif");
        }

        protected string GetValidateCode()
        {
            return Session["ValidateCode"].ToString();
        }
    }
}

 

 

4.让Controller继承BaseController:

 

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Security;

namespace MvcApplication1.Controllers
{
    public class HomeController :BaseController
    {
        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to ASP.NET MVC!";

            return View();
        }

        public ActionResult About()
        {
            var code = GetValidateCode();
            return View();
        }
    }
}

 

5.页面调用代码:

 

@using MvcApplication1
@{
    ViewBag.Title = "About Us";
}

<h2>About</h2>
<p>
     Put content here.
</p>
@Html.ValidateCode()

 

6.验证码的效果图:

 

 

源码可以从这里下载:

 https://files.cnblogs.com/JackFeng/ValidateCode.rar

posted on 2012-04-28 14:16  高山流水2012  阅读(5451)  评论(6编辑  收藏  举报