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关于 Spring Security OAuth2 中 CORS 跨域问题

CORS 是一个 W3C 标准,全称是”跨域资源共享”(Cross-origin resource sharing)。它允许浏览器向跨源服务器,发出XMLHttpRequest请求,从而克服了 AJAX 只能同源使用的限制(跨域资源共享 CORS 详解)。

解决 CORS 跨域方法大致有如下几类:

  • 使用 Nginx 代理配置转发请求。
  • 在 Zuul (配置允许敏感头信息等) 或  Spring Cloud Gateway 层配置跨域网关路由转发到资源端不涉及跨域。
  • Spring Boot 资源端配置以支持跨域(适用于无网关场景)。

Spring Boot 实现 CORS 跨域 (官方

  • 单个方法的跨域支持,可以使用 @CrossOrigin 的注解实现
  • 采用 JavaConfig 实现
  • 采用 Filter

但是如果项目中包含 Spring Security 就会有 401 的问题,Spring Security 本身是通过 Filter 实现的,如果没有对其单独做 CORS 的处理,在 Web Security 报错 401 的时候是不会返回相应的 CORS 的字段的。这会导致出现的 401 错误成为了一个无法进行跨域的错误,导致前端程序无法正常的处理 401 相应 。对于spring security oauth2 默认接口,例如 /oauth/token 跨域问题,可以通过全局 CORS Filter 解决。

@Configuration
public class GlobalCorsConfiguration {

    @Bean
    public CorsFilter corsFilter() {
        CorsConfiguration corsConfiguration = new CorsConfiguration();
        corsConfiguration.setAllowCredentials(true);
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedOrigin("*");
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedHeader("*");
        corsConfiguration.addAllowedMethod("*");
//        corsConfiguration.addExposedHeader("head1");
        //corsConfiguration.addExposedHeader("Location");
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource urlBasedCorsConfigurationSource = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        urlBasedCorsConfigurationSource.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", corsConfiguration);
        return new CorsFilter(urlBasedCorsConfigurationSource);
    }
}

配置 CorsFilter 优先级与 Spring Security 不拦截 OPTIONS 请求

  • 配置 Spring Security 策略,不拦截 OPTIONS 请求
  • 自定义 CorsFilter,设置 order 优先级比 Spring Security 的 order 高。

配置服务器允许 /oauth/token的 OPTIONS 方法,因为 /oauth/token 接口是先发一个 OPTIONS 请求,然后再发送 POST请求,如果是 OPTIONS 接口不被允许,就会返回 401 错误。

@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
@Order(-1)
public class WebSecurityConfiguration extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
//        http.requestMatchers().antMatchers(HttpMethod.OPTIONS, "/oauth/**","/login/**","/logout/**")
//            .and()
//            .authorizeRequests()
//            .antMatchers().permitAll()
//            .and()
//            .formLogin().permitAll(); //新增login form 支持用户登录及授权

            http.requestMatchers().antMatchers(HttpMethod.OPTIONS, "/oauth/**")
                    .and()
                    .cors()
                    .and()
                    .csrf().disable();
    }
}

再次 Vue(vue-resource) 前端测试调用,问题解决。

this.$http.post('http://47.100.188.242:8888/oauth/token',
                        {'grant_type':'password','scope':'read','username':'test','password':'test'}
                        ,{emulateJSON:true,headers:{Authorization: 'Basic Y2ssxpZW50Xzkd5c3VsuX3dlYjpzwZWNyZXRfOTlezdsW5fMTIzNDU2'}}).then(function(){

                }, function(){

                });

报文

OPTIONS http://localhost:8888/oauth/token HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8888
Connection: keep-alive
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache
Access-Control-Request-Method: POST
Origin: http://localhost:5000
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/69.0.3497.92 Safari/537.36
Access-Control-Request-Headers: authorization
Accept: */*
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9

HTTP/1.1 200
Vary: Origin
Vary: Access-Control-Request-Method
Vary: Access-Control-Request-Headers
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: http://localhost:5000
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: POST
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: authorization
Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
Cache-Control: no-cache, no-store, max-age=0, must-revalidate
Pragma: no-cache
Expires: 0
X-Frame-Options: DENY
Content-Length: 0
Date: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 04:38:56 GMT

-------------------------------------------------------------------
POST http://localhost:8888/oauth/token HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8888
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 60
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache
Accept: */*
Origin: http://localhost:5000
Authorization: Basic Y2xpZW50Xzks5c3VuX3dlYjpzZWNyZXRfOsTlzdW5fMTIzNDUs2
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/69.0.3497.92 Safari/537.36
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Referer: http://localhost:5000/test.html
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, br

grant_type=password&username=test&password=test&soap=api

HTTP/1.1 200
Vary: Origin
Vary: Access-Control-Request-Method
Vary: Access-Control-Request-Headers
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: http://localhost:5000
Access-Control-Allow-Credentials: true
Cache-Control: no-store
Pragma: no-cache
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Frame-Options: DENY
Content-Type: application/json;charset=UTF-8
Date: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 04:38:56 GMT
Content-Length: 1560

{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyX25hbWUiOiJpcnZpbmciLCJzY29wZSI6WyJhbGwiLCJhcGkiLCJ1c2VyIiwicmVhZCIsIndyaXRlIl0sImV4dF9uYW1lIjoiaXJ2aW5nIiwiZXhwIjoxNTM4MDMwMjk4LCJjbGllbnRfbmFtZSI6ImlydmluZyIsImp0aSI6IjIwOTg1ZjJhLWNiMGUtNDRiZi1hZWIyLTYzMGQ5NWFhNDI3ZSIsImNsaWVudF9pZCI6ImNsaWVudF85OXN1bl93ZWIifQ.koBwYKeLGr0KgZkOAN9ENGtKtHyQnzBRR_b0N1Ck1g2hk5VOGKikBTcCf-HBycHDvFZzADyqzi1640JDWo7MwwZm72r4Ih_QN-A_CztAMLyxsMvotMx9Du4z8wOJ4qaOGEuFGj3HFdFaMG3ltaN1WnoxORolFLqd6O-Q21SUhXaOMldOUZ_AyQildNnJ3-EJSavVSEc78jnW0P5fEJtp7QpRTS6nyvwwQifD7uoshnPWWbAeX7rYfAhEie3m7csx6sB_7nnJavKyk_AUpddioOgvw8QDZSmIGPKDeLlFLNpq1NGssgCqECyxdwmWVCs3x7rr6CwRDFfva87moJQAIQ","token_type":"bearer","refresh_token":"eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyX25hbWUiOiJpcnZpbmciLCJzY29wZSI6WyJhbGwiLCJhcGkiLCJ1c2VyIiwicmVhZCIsIndyaXRlIl0sImF0aSI6IjIwOTg1ZjJhLWNiMGUtNDRiZi1hZWIyLTYzMGQ5NWFhNDI3ZSIsImV4dF9uYW1lIjoiaXJ2aW5nIiwiZXhwIjoxNTM4MDIzMjc1LCJjbGllbnRfbmFtZSI6ImlydmluZyIsImp0aSI6IjRiNTc1MTVlLWEwOTUtNGZiMS05MGQ3LTE0MjQyOTcyMWI1YyIsImNsaWVudF9pZCI6ImNsaWVudF85OXN1bl93ZWIifQ.E8gviZsAb8ci_PMAzj4Oj7bqopr8xNwG3LAwa-pi987yVhg7CTlDhD0QOZLqHVPViwMY7dql-j2ccefwpZsfeaL4i1x5xouANoJ-zRJi7aruxJ_3guy2Ln0fReEYnOnkzKRGjWkdeCbxmrFgg0TkDASB_vTsegsbjqpVfCRg7LAvIcZwQCj1uiSqV8jaHbadvZpA1yZXt7lOMILHwtKkcEOkM7xDUbCHrG1J6qNjRNRbZhI34xXzP0EdXq8_FBA-ykpI1NWTt8jqYtQJfjyZCb9StcQmTqIq234d1ES6uiyZz-pqaiAo7qiVbrK85uOPmuCzuYtZcbWs8neiDeL8_g","expires_in":7161,"scope":"all api user read write","client_name":"irving","ext_name":"irving","jti":"20985f2a-cb0e-44bf-aeb2-630d95aa427e"}

备注:

Spring Security 文档中 (https://docs.spring.io/spring-security/site/docs/current/reference/htmlsingle/#cors)定义的方式。 

@EnableWebSecurity
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http
            // by default uses a Bean by the name of corsConfigurationSource
            .cors().and()
            ...
    }

    @Bean
    CorsConfigurationSource corsConfigurationSource() {
        CorsConfiguration configuration = new CorsConfiguration();
        configuration.setAllowedOrigins(Arrays.asList("https://example.com"));
        configuration.setAllowedMethods(Arrays.asList("GET","POST"));
        UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource source = new UrlBasedCorsConfigurationSource();
        source.registerCorsConfiguration("/**", configuration);
        return source;
    }
}

Spring Cloud Gateway (http://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-gateway/single/spring-cloud-gateway.html#_cors_configuration)

spring:
  cloud:
    gateway:
      globalcors:
        corsConfigurations:
          '[/**]':
            allowedOrigins: "docs.spring.io"
            allowedMethods:
            - GET

ZUUL

https://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-static/spring-cloud-netflix/2.1.0.M3/single/spring-cloud-netflix.html#_enabling_cross_origin_requests

@Bean
public WebMvcConfigurer corsConfigurer() {
    return new WebMvcConfigurer() {
        public void addCorsMappings(CorsRegistry registry) {
            registry.addMapping("/path-1/**")
                    .allowedOrigins("http://allowed-origin.com")
                    .allowedMethods("GET", "POST");
        }
    };
}

REFER:
https://aisensiy.github.io/2017/11/08/spring-cors-and-security/
http://www.spring4all.com/article/177
https://blog.csdn.net/GeorgeShaw1/article/details/75089734
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/37516755/spring-boot-rest-service-options-401-on-oauth-token
https://github.com/pagekit/vue-resource
http://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-gateway/single/spring-cloud-gateway.html#_cors_configuration

posted @ 2018-09-27 12:32  花儿笑弯了腰  阅读(17113)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报