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OpenSSL 的基本使用与提取证书公钥私钥

由于之前生产环境已经使用了 Identityserver4 用来做授权与认证的服务,而新项目采用 Spring Cloud 微服务体系,一方面 Spring Cloud 官方暂时只支持 OAuth2.0 协议,还不支持 OpenID Connect 协议(由于考虑到前项目后端分离登陆安全相关的功能已经做好了,不考虑再次修改 Spring Security 二次开发与其他开源框架如:Keycloak);另外默认 Identityserver4  也支持 JwtToken ,现在的思路是登陆使用 Identityserver4  的 OpenID Connect 协议认证,授权是在 Zuul 网关中获得 Identityserver4 服务端的公钥从而进行验签,所以就有了这篇文章。

创建证书

#生成私钥文件
openssl genrsa -out idsrv4.key 2048
#创建证书签名请求文件 CSR(Certificate Signing Request),用于提交给证书颁发机构(即 Certification Authority (CA))即对证书签名,申请一个数字证书。
openssl req -new -key idsrv4.key -out idsrv4.csr
#生成自签名证书(证书颁发机构(CA)签名后的证书,因为自己做测试那么证书的申请机构和颁发机构都是自己,crt 证书包含持有人的信息,持有人的公钥,以及签署者的签名等信息。当用户安装了证书之后,便意味着信任了这份证书,同时拥有了其中的公钥。)
openssl x509 -req -days 365 -in idsrv4.csr -signkey idsrv4.key -out idsrv4.crt
#自签名证书与私匙合并成一个文件
openssl pkcs12 -export -in idsrv4.crt -inkey idsrv4.key -out idsrv4.pfx

或
openssl req -newkey rsa:2048 -nodes -keyout idsrv4.key -x509 -days 365 -out idsrv4.cer
openssl pkcs12 -export -in idsrv4.cer -inkey idsrv4.key -out idsrv4.pfx

OpenSSL 提取 pfx 证书公钥与私钥

从pfx证书中提取密钥信息,并转换为key格式(pfx使用pkcs12模式补足)
提取密钥对(如果pfx证书已加密,会提示输入密码)
openssl pkcs12 -in idsrv4.pfx -nocerts -nodes -out idsrv4.key
从密钥对提取公钥
openssl rsa -in idsrv4.key -pubout -out idsrv4_pub.key
从密钥对提取私钥
openssl rsa -in  idsrv4.key -out idsrv4_pri.key
因为RSA算法使用的是 pkcs8 模式补足,需要对提取的私钥进一步处理得到最终私钥
openssl pkcs8 -topk8 -inform PEM -in idsrv4_pri.key -outform PEM -nocrypt

代码方式获取

public class PFXUtil {

    /**
     * 获取RSA算法的keyFactory
     *
     * @return
     */
    private static KeyFactory getKeyFactory() throws Exception {
        return getKeyFactory("RSA");
    }

    /**
     * 获取指定算法的keyFactory
     *
     * @param algorithm
     * @return
     */
    private static KeyFactory getKeyFactory(String algorithm) throws Exception {
        KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance(algorithm);
        return keyFactory;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取keyStore
     *
     * @param pfxData
     * @param password
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private static KeyStore getKeyStore(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance("PKCS12");
        keystore.load(new ByteArrayInputStream(pfxData), password.toCharArray());
        return keystore;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书得到私钥
     *
     * @param pfxData
     * @param password
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKeyByPfx(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        PrivateKey privateKey = null;
        KeyStore keystore = getKeyStore(pfxData, password);
        Enumeration<String> enums = keystore.aliases();
        String keyAlias = "";
        while (enums.hasMoreElements()) {
            keyAlias = enums.nextElement();
            if (keystore.isKeyEntry(keyAlias)) {
                privateKey = (PrivateKey) keystore.getKey(keyAlias, password.toCharArray());
            }
        }
        return privateKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书得到私钥
     *
     * @param pfxPath
     * @param password
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKeyByPfx(String pfxPath, String password) throws Exception {
        File pfxFile = new File(pfxPath);
        return getPrivateKeyByPfx(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(pfxFile), password);
    }

    /**
     * 根据私钥字节数组获取私钥对象
     *
     * @param privateKeyByte
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKey(byte[] privateKeyByte) throws Exception {
        PrivateKey privateKey = null;
        PKCS8EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new PKCS8EncodedKeySpec(privateKeyByte);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = getKeyFactory();
        privateKey = keyFactory.generatePrivate(keySpec);
        return privateKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据私钥Base64字符串获取私钥对象
     *
     * @param privateKeyStr
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PrivateKey getPrivateKey(String privateKeyStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] privateKeyByte = Base64.decodeBase64(privateKeyStr);
        return getPrivateKey(privateKeyByte);
    }

    /**
     * 根据公钥字节数组获取公钥
     *
     * @param publicKeyByte 公钥字节数组
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PublicKey getPublicKey(byte[] publicKeyByte) throws Exception {
        PublicKey publicKey = null;
        X509EncodedKeySpec keySpec = new X509EncodedKeySpec(publicKeyByte);
        KeyFactory keyFactory = getKeyFactory();
        publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);
        return publicKey;
    }

    /**
     * 根据公钥base64字符串获取公钥
     *
     * @param publicKeyStr Base64编码后的公钥字节数组
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static PublicKey getPublicKey(String publicKeyStr) throws Exception {
        byte[] publicKeyByte = Base64.decodeBase64(publicKeyStr);
        return getPublicKey(publicKeyByte);
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取证书对象
     *
     * @param pfxData  pfx的字节数组
     * @param password pfx证书密码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static X509Certificate getX509Certificate(byte[] pfxData, String password) throws Exception {
        X509Certificate x509Certificate = null;
        KeyStore keystore = getKeyStore(pfxData, password);
        Enumeration<String> enums = keystore.aliases();
        String keyAlias = "";
        while (enums.hasMoreElements()) {
            keyAlias = enums.nextElement();
            if (keystore.isKeyEntry(keyAlias)) {
                x509Certificate = (X509Certificate) keystore.getCertificate(keyAlias);
            }
        }
        return x509Certificate;
    }

    /**
     * 根据pfx证书获取证书对象
     *
     * @param pfxPath  pfx证书路径
     * @param password pfx证书密码
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static X509Certificate getX509Certificate(String pfxPath, String password) throws Exception {
        File pfxFile = new File(pfxPath);
        return getX509Certificate(FileUtils.readFileToByteArray(pfxFile), password);
    }

    //生成pkcs12

    /**
     * 根据私钥、公钥证书、密码生成pkcs12
     *
     * @param privateKey      私钥
     * @param x509Certificate 公钥证书
     * @param password        需要设置的密钥
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static byte[] generatorPkcx12(PrivateKey privateKey, X509Certificate x509Certificate, String password)
            throws Exception {
        Certificate[] chain = {x509Certificate};
        KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance("PKCS12");
        keystore.load(null, password.toCharArray());
        keystore.setKeyEntry(x509Certificate.getSerialNumber().toString(), privateKey, password.toCharArray(), chain);
        ByteArrayOutputStream bytesos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        keystore.store(bytesos, password.toCharArray());
        byte[] bytes = bytesos.toByteArray();
        return bytes;
    }

    //合成pfx

    /**
     * 根据私钥、公钥证书、密钥,保存为pfx文件
     *
     * @param privateKey      私钥
     * @param x509Certificate 公钥证书
     * @param password        打开pfx的密钥
     * @param saveFile        保存的文件
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String generatorPFX(PrivateKey privateKey, X509Certificate x509Certificate, String password, File
            saveFile) throws Exception {
        //判断文件是否存在
        if (!saveFile.exists()) {
            //判断文件的目录是否存在
            if (!saveFile.getParentFile().exists()) {
                saveFile.getParentFile().mkdirs();
            }
            saveFile.createNewFile();
        }
        byte[] pkcs12Byte = generatorPkcx12(privateKey, x509Certificate, password);
        FileUtils.writeByteArrayToFile(saveFile, pkcs12Byte);
        return saveFile.getPath();
    }
}

public class TestRsa {

    @Test
    public void contextLoads() {
        String pfxPath ="D:\\github\\SecuringForWebAPI\\IdSrv4.HostSrv\\Certs\\idsrv4.pfx";
        String password = "123456";
        try {
            //私钥:pfx文件中获取私钥对象
            PrivateKey privateKey  = getPrivateKeyByPfx(pfxPath, password);
            byte[] privateKeyByte = privateKey.getEncoded();
            String privateKeyStr = Base64.encodeBase64String(privateKeyByte);
            System.out.println("私钥Base64字符串:" + privateKeyStr);
            //=====私钥Base64字符串转私钥对象
            PrivateKey privateKey2 = getPrivateKey(privateKeyStr);
            System.out.println("私钥Base64字符串2:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(privateKey2.getEncoded()));
            //证书:从pfx文件中获取证书对象
            X509Certificate certificate = getX509Certificate(pfxPath, password);
            System.out.println("证书主题:" + certificate.getSubjectDN().getName());
            String publicKeyStr = Base64.encodeBase64String(certificate.getPublicKey().getEncoded());
            System.out.println("公钥Base64字符串:" + publicKeyStr);
            //=====根据公钥Base64字符串获取公钥对象
            System.out.println("公钥Base64字符串2:" + Base64.encodeBase64String(getPublicKey(publicKeyStr).getEncoded()));
//        //PFX:合成pfx(需要私钥、公钥证书)
//        String savePath = generatorPFX(privateKey, certificate, "1", new File
//                ("C:\\Users\\irving\\Desktop\\idrv4.pfx"));
//        System.out.println(savePath);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

REFER:
OpenSSL使用文档
https://github.com/KaiZhang890/openssl-howto

posted @ 2018-08-28 21:51  花儿笑弯了腰  阅读(4615)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报