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基于 IdentityServer3 实现 OAuth 2.0 授权服务【客户端模式(Client Credentials Grant)】

github:https://github.com/IdentityServer/IdentityServer3/
documentation:
https://identityserver.github.io/Documentation/
samples
https://github.com/IdentityServer/IdentityServer3.Samples/

OAuth 2.0定义的四种授权方式。

  • 授权码模式(authorization code)
  • 简化模式(implicit)
  • 密码模式(resource owner password credentials)
  • 客户端模式(client credentials)

虽然之前已经基于 Katana 实现了 OAuth 2.0 的相关模式,后面发现 IdentityServer 要相对完善一些,IdentityServer 是属于 .NET Foundation 的一个子项目,IdentityServer3 是基于 Katana 开发的 OpenID Connect/OAuth 2.0 服务框架,虽然 Katana 微软已经不维护了,现已经属于 ASP.NET Core 的一部分,相应对应 ASP.NET Core 的版本是 IdentityServer4 ,还处于 Beta 版本;不过 IdentityServer3 的扩展 IdentityServer3.Integration.AspNetCore 支持 ASP.NET Core , 个人觉得 ASP.NET Core 设计很好,但是现在还不成熟,可能还需要等一段时间,所以选择了 IdentityServer3 。

授权角色

资源拥有者(resource owner):能授权访问受保护资源的一个实体,如新浪微博用户 irving;

资源服务器(resource server):存储受保护资源,客户端通过 access token 请求资源,资源服务器响应受保护资源给客户端;存储着用户 irving 的微博等信息。

授权服务器(authorization server):成功验证资源拥有者并获取授权之后,授权服务器颁发授权令牌(Access Token)给客户端。

客户端(client:如新浪微博第三方应用,也可以是它自己的官方应用;其本身不存储资源,而是资源拥有者授权通过后,使用它的授权(授权令牌)访问受保护资源,然后客户端把相应的数据展示出来。“客户端”术语不代表任何特定实现(如应用运行在一台服务器、桌面、手机或其他设备)。

Client Credentials Grant 模式只需要关注 授权服务器,资源服务器,客户端三个角色  具体:https://identityserver.github.io/Documentation/docsv2/overview/terminology.html

授权服务器

Install-Package IdentityServer3

服务配置

public class Startup
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 配置idsv授权服务
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="app"></param>
        public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
        {
            var opts = new IdentityServerOptions
            {
                SiteName = "Embedded OAuth2 Service",
                EnableWelcomePage = true,
                Factory = new IdentityServerServiceFactory()
                              .UseInMemoryClients(Clients.Get())
                              .UseInMemoryScopes(Scopes.Get())
                              .UseInMemoryUsers(new List<InMemoryUser>()),
                //.UseInMemoryUsers(Users.Get())
                RequireSsl = false,
                //SigningCertificate = new X509Certificate2(string.Format(@"{0}\bin\identityServer\idsrv3test.pfx", AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory), "idsrv3test")
            };
            app.UseIdentityServer(opts);

            /*
                //自定义路由
                app.Map("/identity", idsrvApp =>
                {
                    idsrvApp.UseIdentityServer(opts);
                });
            */
        }
    }

客户端

public class Clients
    {
        public static List<Client> Get()
        {
            return new List<Client>
                    {
                        new Client
                        {
                            ClientName = "App接口服务",
                            ClientId = "app_test_id",
                            Enabled = true,
                            AccessTokenType = AccessTokenType.Reference,
                            Flow = Flows.ClientCredentials,
                            ClientSecrets = new List<Secret>
                            {
                                new Secret("F621F470-9731-4A25-80EF-67A6F7C5F4B8".Sha256())
                            },
                            AllowedScopes = new List<string>
                            {
                                "user",
                                "order"
                            }
                        }
                    };
        }

作用域

public class Scopes
    {
        public static List<Scope> Get()
        {
            return new List<Scope>
            {
                new Scope
                {
                    Name = "user"
                },
                new Scope
                {
                    Name = "order"
                }
            };
        }
    }

用户(客户端模式不需要用户参与所以没有用户数据)

完成上述工作,服务端基础服务就完成了,访问 /.well-known/openid-configuration ,可以获得服务的配置信息,暂且部署到 http://192.168.210.165 服务器上,配置信息如下(官方也就有服务端的示例: https://github.com/IdentityServer/demo.identityserver.io

{

    "issuer": "http://192.168.210.165",
    "jwks_uri": "http://192.168.210.165/.well-known/jwks",
    "authorization_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/authorize",
    "token_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/token",
    "userinfo_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/userinfo",
    "end_session_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/endsession",
    "check_session_iframe": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/checksession",
    "revocation_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/revocation",
    "introspection_endpoint": "http://192.168.210.165/connect/introspect",
    "frontchannel_logout_supported": true,
    "frontchannel_logout_session_supported": true,
    "scopes_supported": [
        "user",
        "order"
    ],
    "claims_supported": [ ],
    "response_types_supported": [
        "code",
        "token",
        "id_token",
        "id_token token",
        "code id_token",
        "code token",
        "code id_token token"
    ],
    "response_modes_supported": [
        "form_post",
        "query",
        "fragment"
    ],
    "grant_types_supported": [
        "authorization_code",
        "client_credentials",
        "password",
        "refresh_token",
        "implicit"
    ],
    "subject_types_supported": [
        "public"
    ],
    "id_token_signing_alg_values_supported": [
        "RS256"
    ],
    "code_challenge_methods_supported": [
        "plain",
        "S256"
    ],
    "token_endpoint_auth_methods_supported": [
        "client_secret_post",
        "client_secret_basic"
    ]

}

注意:寄宿到 IIS 中需要 WebConfig 配置中需配置:

<system.webServer>
  <modules runAllManagedModulesForAllRequests="true">
  </modules>
</system.webServer

资源服务器

Install-Package Microsoft.Owin.Host.SystemWeb
Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Owin
Install-Package IdentityServer3.AccessTokenValidation

服务配置

public class Startup
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// 配置授权服务
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="app"></param>
        public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
        {
            app.UseIdentityServerBearerTokenAuthentication(new IdentityServerBearerTokenAuthenticationOptions
            {
                Authority = "http://192.168.210.165",
                ValidationMode = ValidationMode.ValidationEndpoint,
                EnableValidationResultCache = true,
                ValidationResultCacheDuration = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5),
                RequiredScopes = new[] { "user", "order" }
            });
        }
    }

控制器

    [Route("api/v1/values")]
    public class ValuesController : ApiController
    {
        public IHttpActionResult Get()
        {
            var caller = User as ClaimsPrincipal;
            return Json(new
            {
                message = "OK computer",
                client = caller.FindFirst("client_id").Value
            });
        }
    }

OK,完成,由于是一台测试服务器,部署到 http://192.168.210.165:88/ 端口。

客户端

Install-Package serilog
Install-Package serilog.sinks.literate
Install-Package IdentityModel

class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var log = new LoggerConfiguration()
                          .WriteTo
                          .LiterateConsole(outputTemplate: "{Timestamp:HH:mm} [{Level}] ({Name:l}){NewLine} {Message}{NewLine}{Exception}")
                          .CreateLogger();
            var token = new TokenClient(
                         "http://192.168.210.165/connect/token",
                         "app_test_id",
                         "F621F470-9731-4A25-80EF-67A6F7C5F4B8");
            var response = token.RequestClientCredentialsAsync("user").Result;
            var client = new HttpClient();
            client.SetBearerToken(response.AccessToken);
            log.Information(client.GetStringAsync("http://192.168.210.165:88/api/v1/values").Result);
            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }

测试

顺便使用Fiddler抓了一下包

                POST http://192.168.210.165/connect/token HTTP/1.1
                Accept: application/json
                Authorization: Basic YXBwX3Rlc3RfaWQ6RjYyMUY0NzAtOTczMS00QTI1LTgwRUYtNjdBNkY3QzVGNEI4
                Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
                Host: 192.168.210.165
                Content-Length: 40
                Expect: 100-continue
                Connection: Keep-Alive

                grant_type=client_credentials&scope=user

image

                GET http://192.168.210.165:88/api/v1/values HTTP/1.1
                Authorization: Bearer 9f82476751e1f8b93f1ea6df7de83b51
                Host: 192.168.210.165:88

image

个人比较喜欢使用 Flurl.Http 这个类库,可以扩展一下客户端,扩展的方法现在还有一些问题,就不贴代码了。

其他细节

REFER:
Announcing IdentityServer for ASP.NET 5 and .NET Core
http://leastprivilege.com/2016/01/11/announcing-identityserver-for-asp-net-5-and-net-core/
OAuth2 Implicit Flow with Angular and ASP.NET Core 1.0 IdentityServer
http://damienbod.com/2015/11/08/oauth2-implicit-flow-with-angular-and-asp-net-5-identity-server
理解OAuth 2.0
http://www.ruanyifeng.com/blog/2014/05/oauth_2_0.html

posted @ 2016-07-26 13:49  花儿笑弯了腰  阅读(2112)  评论(2编辑  收藏  举报