WinForm微信扫码登录

源码还需优化,不喜勿喷。

微信官方文档 : https://developers.weixin.qq.com/doc/oplatform/Website_App/WeChat_Login/Wechat_Login.html

前期准备:

1.微信开放平台开发者资质认证  https://open.weixin.qq.com/   费用300 大概1-2天时间

 

2.创建网站应用,需要已备案域名、logo等资料 大概1-2天

 

3.通过以后获取AppID、AppSecret

 

 

  

 

 

 

 winform 窗体 控件 : webBrowser(加载微信接口,样式太难调了,设置隐藏即可,用pictureBox盖住就好) 、pictureBox(zhexiubu 加载二维码图片)

回调函数需格式化一下urlencode,微信要求的 地址:  http://www.jsons.cn/urlencode/

以下是源码:

//Form窗体加载
private
void LoginForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { webBrowser1.Navigate("https://open.weixin.qq.com/connect/qrconnect?appid=微信开放平台申请的appid&redirect_uri=授权回调域&response_type=code&scope=snsapi_login&state=200"); }
//Form窗体
ArrayList addressList = new ArrayList();
        string url = "";
        private void webBrowser1_DocumentCompleted(object sender, WebBrowserDocumentCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (url != "")
            {
                string tempCode = "";

                if (addressList.Count == 1)
                {
                    foreach (HtmlElement he in webBrowser1.Document.GetElementsByTagName("img"))
                    {
                        string str = he.GetAttribute("className");
                        if (str == "qrcode lightBorder")
                        {
                            pictureBox1.ImageLocation = he.GetAttribute("src"); //获取微信生成的二维码图片,那个网页中只有两个图片,且二维码是第二张图片.

                        }
                    }
                    return;
                }
                else if (addressList.Count > 1)
                {
                    tempCode = addressList[1].ToString();
                    addressList = new ArrayList();
                }

                //微信最终获得的code
                string code = "";
                if (tempCode.Contains("code"))
                {
                    int iStart = tempCode.IndexOf("=");
                    int iEnd = tempCode.IndexOf('&', iStart);
                    if (iEnd < 0)
                    {
                        iEnd = tempCode.Length - iStart;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        iEnd -= iStart;
                    }
                    code = tempCode.Substring(iStart + 1, iEnd - 1);
                }
                else
                {
                    return;
                }


                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(code))
                    return;
                OAuth_Token token = new OAuth_Token();
                OAuth_Token Model = token.Get_token(code);  //获取access_token
                OAuthUser OAuthUser_Model = token.Get_UserInfo(Model.access_token, Model.openid);//获取用户信息    

                if (OAuthUser_Model.openid != null)
                {
            //通过openID 查询用户表 新增 修改 (openID是用户微信唯一ID 可做关联) Dao dao
= new Dao(); string res = dao.AddWeChatUser(OAuthUser_Model); if (res == "1") { //跳转主页 } else if (res == "2") { //跳转注册页面完善信息 } } } }
//Form窗体
private void webBrowser1_Navigating(object sender, WebBrowserNavigatingEventArgs e)
        {
            url = e.Url.ToString();
            //微信每次跳转的页面放到list中,第一个是包含code的网址
            addressList.Add(url);
        }
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Json;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace XXXX
{
    public class JsonHelper
    {
        public static T ParseFromJson<T>(string szJson)
        {
            T obj = Activator.CreateInstance<T>();
            using (MemoryStream ms =
            new MemoryStream(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(szJson)))
            {
                DataContractJsonSerializer serializer =
                new DataContractJsonSerializer(obj.GetType());
                return (T)serializer.ReadObject(ms);
            }
        }
    }
}
using System.Net;
using System.Text;

namespace XXXXX
{
    public class OAuth_Token
    {
        public OAuth_Token()
        {

            //
            //TODO: 在此处添加构造函数逻辑
            //
        }
        //access_token    网页授权接口调用凭证,注意:此access_token与基础支持的access_token不同
        //expires_in    access_token接口调用凭证超时时间,单位(秒)
        //refresh_token    用户刷新access_token
        //openid    用户唯一标识,请注意,在未关注公众号时,用户访问公众号的网页,也会产生一个用户和公众号唯一的OpenID
        //scope    用户授权的作用域,使用逗号(,)分隔
        public string _access_token;
        public string _expires_in;
        public string _refresh_token;
        public string _openid;
        public string _scope;
        public string access_token
        {
            set { _access_token = value; }
            get { return _access_token; }
        }
        public string expires_in
        {
            set { _expires_in = value; }
            get { return _expires_in; }
        }

        public string refresh_token
        {
            set { _refresh_token = value; }
            get { return _refresh_token; }
        }
        public string openid
        {
            set { _openid = value; }
            get { return _openid; }
        }
        public string scope
        {
            set { _scope = value; }
            get { return _scope; }
        }
        /// <summary>  
        /// 生成Json格式  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>  
        /// <param name="obj"></param>  
        /// <returns></returns>  
        public string GetJson(string url)
        {
            WebClient wc = new WebClient();
            wc.Credentials = CredentialCache.DefaultCredentials;
            wc.Encoding = Encoding.UTF8;
            string returnText = wc.DownloadString(url);

            if (returnText.Contains("errcode"))
            {
                //可能发生错误
            }
            return returnText;
        }
        /// <summary>  
        /// json转实体  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <typeparam name="T"></typeparam>  
        /// <param name="szJson"></param>  
        /// <returns></returns>  
        public OAuth_Token Get_token(string Code)
        {
            string appid = "申请的appid";
            string appsecret = "申请的appsecret";
            //获取微信回传的openid、access token
            string Str = GetJson("https://api.weixin.qq.com/sns/oauth2/access_token?appid=" + appid + "&secret=" + appsecret + "&code=" + Code + "&grant_type=authorization_code");
            //微信回传的数据为Json格式,将Json格式转化成对象
            OAuth_Token Oauth_Token_Model = JsonHelper.ParseFromJson<OAuth_Token>(Str);
            return Oauth_Token_Model;
        }
        /// <summary>  
        /// 通过access_token和openid获取用户信息  
        /// </summary>  
        /// <returns></returns>  
        public OAuthUser Get_UserInfo(string access_token, string openid)
        {
            //获取微信回传的openid、access token
            string Str = GetJson("https://api.weixin.qq.com/sns/userinfo?access_token=" + access_token + "&openid=" + openid + "&lang=zh_CN");
            //微信回传的数据为Json格式,将Json格式转化成对象
            OAuthUser userinfo = JsonHelper.ParseFromJson<OAuthUser>(Str);
            return userinfo;
        }
    }
}
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace XXXXX
{
    /// <summary>
    /// 微信用户信息类
    /// </summary>
    public class OAuthUser
    {
        public OAuthUser()
        { }
        #region 数据库字段
        private string _openID;
        private string _searchText;
        private string _nickname;
        private string _sex;
        private string _province;
        private string _city;
        private string _country;
        private string _headimgUrl;
        private string _privilege;
        private string _unionid;
        private DateTime _CreateDateTime;

        #endregion

        #region 字段属性
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户的唯一标识
        /// </summary>
        public string openid
        {
            set { _openID = value; }
            get { return _openID; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 
        /// </summary>
        public string SearchText
        {
            set { _searchText = value; }
            get { return _searchText; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户昵称 
        /// </summary>
        public string nickname
        {
            set { _nickname = value; }
            get { return _nickname; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户的性别,值为1时是男性,值为2时是女性,值为0时是未知 
        /// </summary>
        public string sex
        {
            set { _sex = value; }
            get { return _sex; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户个人资料填写的省份
        /// </summary>
        public string province
        {
            set { _province = value; }
            get { return _province; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 普通用户个人资料填写的城市 
        /// </summary>
        public string city
        {
            set { _city = value; }
            get { return _city; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 国家,如中国为CN 
        /// </summary>
        public string country
        {
            set { _country = value; }
            get { return _country; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户头像,最后一个数值代表正方形头像大小(有0、46、64、96、132数值可选,0代表640*640正方形头像),用户没有头像时该项为空
        /// </summary>
        public string headimgurl
        {
            set { _headimgUrl = value; }
            get { return _headimgUrl; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用户特权信息,json 数组,如微信沃卡用户为(chinaunicom)其实这个格式称不上JSON,只是个单纯数组
        /// </summary>
        public string privilege
        {
            set { _privilege = value; }
            get { return _privilege; }
        }
        public string unionid
        {
            set { _unionid = value; }
            get { return _unionid; }
        }
        public DateTime CreateDateTime
        {
            set { _CreateDateTime = value; }
            get { return _CreateDateTime; }
        }
        #endregion
    }
}

 

posted @ 2020-07-22 17:29  Gyutao  阅读(339)  评论(2编辑  收藏