spring boot高性能实现二维码扫码登录(中)——Redis版

前言


 

  本打算用CountDownLatch来实现,但有个问题我没有考虑,就是当用户APP没有扫二维码的时候,线程会阻塞5分钟,这反而造成性能的下降。好吧,现在回归传统方式:前端ajax每隔1秒或2秒发一次请求,去查询后端的登录状态。

 

 

一、支付宝和微信的实现方式


 

1.支付宝的实现方式

每隔1秒会发起一次http请求,调用https://securitycore.alipay.com/barcode/barcodeProcessStatus.json?securityId=web%7Cauthcenter_qrcode_login%7C【UUID】&_callback=light.request._callbacks.callback3

如果获取到认证信息,则跳转进入内部系统。

如图所示

 

 

 

2.微信的实现方式

每隔1分钟调用一次 https://login.wx.qq.com/cgi-bin/mmwebwx-bin/login?loginicon=true&uuid=【UUID】&tip=0&r=-1524754438&_=1521943100181

 

而请求一次的时间预计是1分钟,如果没有查到到认证信息,则会返回

window.code=408;

  

 

没有扫码就会一直等待。当一定时间不扫码二维码,页面就会强制刷新。

我猜想后端的机制和我上篇《spring boot高性能实现二维码扫码登录(上)——单服务器版》类似。

那么如果用户长时间不扫二维码,服务器的线程将不会被唤醒,微信是怎么做到高性能的。如果有园友知道,可以给我留言。

 

3.我的实现方式

好了,我这里选用支付宝的实现方式。因为简单粗暴,还高效。

流程如下:

1.前端发起成二维码的请求,并得到登录UUID

2.后端生成UUID后写入Redis。

3.前端每隔1秒发起一次请求,从Redis中获取认证信息,如果没有认证信息则返回waiting状态,如果查询到认证信息,则将认证信息写入seesion。

 

二、代码编写


 

pom.xml引入Redis及Session的依赖:

		<!-- redis -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
		</dependency>

		<!-- session -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.session</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-session-data-redis</artifactId>
		</dependency>

  

完整的pom.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.demo</groupId>
    <artifactId>auth</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>auth</name>
    <description>二维码登录</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.0.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <!-- zxing -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>core</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.zxing</groupId>
            <artifactId>javase</artifactId>
            <version>3.3.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- redis -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <!-- session -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.session</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-session-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>
pom.xml

 

App.java入口类:

package com.demo.auth;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class App {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(App.class, args);
    }

}
App.java

 

resources/application.properties 中配置使用redis存储session

# session
spring.session.store-type=redis

 

 

前端页面index.html和login.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>二维码登录</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>二维码登录</h1>
    <h4>
        <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">from
            刘冬的博客</a>
    </h4>
    <h3 th:text="'登录用户:' + ${user}"></h3>
    <br />
    <a href="/logout">注销</a>
</body>
</html>
index.html

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>二维码登录</title>
<script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.5.6/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    /*<![CDATA[*/
    var app = angular.module('app', []);
    app.controller('MainController', function($rootScope, $scope, $http) {
        //二维码图片src
        $scope.src = null;

        //获取二维码
        $scope.getQrCode = function() {
            $http.get('/login/getQrCode').success(function(data) {
                if (!data || !data.loginId || !data.image)
                    return;
                $scope.src = 'data:image/png;base64,' + data.image
                $scope.getResponse(data.loginId)
            });
        }

        //获取登录响应
        $scope.getResponse = function(loginId) {
            $http.get('/login/getResponse/' + loginId).success(function(data) {
                if (!data) {
                    setTimeout($scope.getQrCode(), 1000);
                    return;
                }
                //一秒后,重新获取登录二维码
                if (!data.success) {
                    if (data.stats == 'waiting') {
                        //一秒后再次调用
                        setTimeout(function() {
                            $scope.getResponse(loginId);
                        }, 1000);
                    } else {
                        //重新获取二维码
                        setTimeout(function() {
                            $scope.getQrCode(loginId);
                        }, 1000);
                    }
                    return;
                }

                //登录成功,进去首页
                location.href = '/'
            }).error(function(data, status) {
                //一秒后,重新获取登录二维码
                setTimeout(function() {
                    $scope.getQrCode(loginId);
                }, 1000);
            })
        }

$scope.getQrCode(); }); /*]]>*/ </script> </head> <body ng-app="app" ng-controller="MainController"> <h1>扫码登录</h1> <h4> <a target="_blank" href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">from 刘冬的博客</a> </h4> <img ng-show="src" ng-src="{{src}}" /> </body> </html>

 

bean配置类BeanConfig.java:

package com.demo.auth;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;

@Configuration
public class BeanConfig {

    @Bean
    public StringRedisTemplate template(RedisConnectionFactory connectionFactory) {
        return new StringRedisTemplate(connectionFactory);
    }

}

 

登录处理类:

/**
 * 登录配置 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 *
 */
@Configuration
public class WebSecurityConfig implements WebMvcConfigurer {

    /**
     * 登录session key
     */
    public final static String SESSION_KEY = "user";

    @Bean
    public SecurityInterceptor getSecurityInterceptor() {
        return new SecurityInterceptor();
    }

    public void addInterceptors(InterceptorRegistry registry) {
        InterceptorRegistration addInterceptor = registry.addInterceptor(getSecurityInterceptor());

        // 排除配置
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/error");
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/login");
        addInterceptor.excludePathPatterns("/login/**");
        // 拦截配置
        addInterceptor.addPathPatterns("/**");
    }

    private class SecurityInterceptor extends HandlerInterceptorAdapter {

        @Override
        public boolean preHandle(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object handler)
                throws Exception {
            HttpSession session = request.getSession();
            if (session.getAttribute(SESSION_KEY) != null)
                return true;

            // 跳转登录
            String url = "/login";
            response.sendRedirect(url);
            return false;
        }
    }
}
WebSecurityConfig

 

MainController类修改为:

 

package com.demo.auth;

import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ValueOperations;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.Model;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.SessionAttribute;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;

/**
 * 控制器
 * 
 * @author 刘冬博客http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper
 *
 */
@Controller
public class MainController {

    private static final String LOGIN_KEY = "key.value.login.";

    @Autowired
    private StringRedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    @GetMapping({ "/", "index" })
    public String index(Model model, @SessionAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY) String user) {
        model.addAttribute("user", user);
        return "index";
    }

    @GetMapping("login")
    public String login() {
        return "login";
    }

    /**
     * 获取二维码
     * 
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/getQrCode")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> getQrCode() throws Exception {
        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();

        String loginId = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
        result.put("loginId", loginId);

        // app端登录地址
        String loginUrl = "http://localhost:8080/login/setUser/loginId/";
        result.put("loginUrl", loginUrl);
        result.put("image", createQrCode(loginUrl));

        ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        opsForValue.set(LOGIN_KEY + loginId, loginId, 5, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * app二维码登录地址,这里为了测试才传{user},实际项目中user是通过其他方式传值
     * 
     * @param loginId
     * @param user
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/setUser/{loginId}/{user}")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> setUser(@PathVariable String loginId, @PathVariable String user) {

        ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        String value = opsForValue.get(LOGIN_KEY + loginId);

        if (value != null) {
            opsForValue.set(LOGIN_KEY + loginId, user, 1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
        }

        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();
        result.put("loginId", loginId);
        result.put("user", user);
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 等待二维码扫码结果的长连接
     * 
     * @param loginId
     * @param session
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("login/getResponse/{loginId}")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> getResponse(@PathVariable String loginId, HttpSession session) {
        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();
        result.put("loginId", loginId);

        ValueOperations<String, String> opsForValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        String user = opsForValue.get(LOGIN_KEY + loginId);
        // 长时间不扫码,二维码失效。需重新获二维码
        if (user == null) {
            result.put("success", false);
            result.put("stats", "refresh");
            return result;
        }

        // 登录扫码二维码
        if (user.equals(loginId)) {
            result.put("success", false);
            result.put("stats", "waiting");
            return result;
        }

        // 登录成,认证信息写入session
        session.setAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY, user);
        result.put("success", true);
        result.put("stats", "ok");
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 生成base64二维码
     * 
     * @param content
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    private String createQrCode(String content) throws Exception {
        try (ByteArrayOutputStream out = new ByteArrayOutputStream()) {
            Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object> hints = new Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object>();
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, "utf-8");
            hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);
            BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, 400, 400, hints);
            int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();
            int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();
            BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
            for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
                for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
                    image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000 : 0xFFFFFFFF);
                }
            }
            ImageIO.write(image, "JPG", out);
            return Base64.encodeBase64String(out.toByteArray());
        }
    }

    @GetMapping("/logout")
    public String logout(HttpSession session) {
        // 移除session
        session.removeAttribute(WebSecurityConfig.SESSION_KEY);
        return "redirect:/login";
    }
}

 

 

三、运行效果: 


 

 如图所示,效果与上篇一样。

 

目前我在考虑微信的方式。我打算采用 CountDownLatch await一分钟,然后使用消息订阅+广播唤醒线程的方式来实现此功能。如果有懂原理的朋友可以给我留言。

 

 

代码下载

 

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返回玩转spring boot系列目录

 

作者:刘冬.NET 博客地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/ 欢迎转载,但须保留版权

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
作者:刘冬.NET 博客地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/ 欢迎转载,但须保留版权
posted @ 2018-03-25 11:10  冬子哥  阅读(4518)  评论(1编辑  收藏  举报