玩转spring boot——结合JPA事务

 

 接着上篇

一、准备工作


 

修改pom.xml文件

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.github.carter659</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring06</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.4.2.RELEASE</version>
    </parent>

    <name>spring06</name>
    <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>
pom.xml

 

添加src/resources/application.properties文件

spring.datasource.initialize=false
spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/demo
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
application.properties

 

添加src/resources/templates/index.html文件

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
<title>玩转spring boot——结合JPA</title>
<script src="//cdn.bootcss.com/angular.js/1.5.6/angular.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    /*<![CDATA[*/
    var app = angular.module('app', []);
    app.controller('MainController', function($rootScope, $scope, $http) {

        $scope.data = {};
        $scope.rows = [];

        //添加
        $scope.add = function() {
            $scope.data = {
                no : 'No.1234567890',
                quantity : 100,
                'date' : '2017-01-01'
            };
        }

        //保存
        $scope.save = function() {
            $http({
                url : '/save',
                method : 'POST',
                data : $scope.data
            }).success(function(r) {
                //保存成功后刷新
                window.location.reload();
            });
        }

        //初始化载入数据
        $http({
            url : '/findAll',
            method : 'POST'
        }).success(function(rows) {
            for ( var i in rows) {
                var row = rows[i];
                $scope.rows.push(row);
            }
        });

    });

    /*]]>*/
</script>
</head>
<body ng-app="app" ng-controller="MainController">
    <h1>玩转spring boot——JPA事务</h1>
    <h4>
        <a href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">from 刘冬的博客</a>
    </h4>
    <input type="button" value="添加" ng-click="add()" />
    <input type="button" value="保存" ng-click="save()" />
    <br />
    <br />
    <h3>订单信息:</h3>
    <input type="hidden" ng-model="data.id" />
    <table cellspacing="1" style="background-color: #a0c6e5">
        <tr>
            <td>编号:</td>
            <td><input ng-model="data.no" /></td>
            <td>日期:</td>
            <td><input ng-model="data.date" /></td>
            <td>数量:</td>
            <td><input ng-model="data.quantity" /></td>
        </tr>
    </table>
    <br />

    <h3>订单列表:</h3>
    <table cellspacing="1" style="background-color: #a0c6e5">
        <tr ng-repeat="row in rows" bgcolor='#F4FAFF'>
            <td>{{row.no}}</td>
            <td>{{row.date}}</td>
            <td>{{row.quantity}}</td>
        </tr>
    </table>

    <br />
    <a href="http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/">点击访问原版博客</a>
</body>
</html>
View Code

 

上篇的Order类

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import java.util.Date;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.Table;
import javax.persistence.Temporal;
import javax.persistence.TemporalType;

import org.hibernate.annotations.GenericGenerator;

/**
 * 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 * 
 * @author 刘冬
 *
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "t_order")
public class Order {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(generator = "uuid")
    @GenericGenerator(name = "uuid", strategy = "uuid2")
    @Column(name = "order_id", length = 36)
    public String id;

    @Column(name = "order_no", length = 50)
    public String no;

    @Temporal(TemporalType.DATE)
    @Column(name = "order_date")
    public Date date;

    @Column(name = "quantity")
    public int quantity;

    /**
     * 省略 get set
     */
}
Order.java

 

新建实现JpaRepository的OrderRepository接口

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;

/**
 * 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 * 
 * @author 刘冬
 *
 */
public interface OrderRepository extends JpaRepository<Order, String> {

}
OrderRepository.java

 

新建OrderDao类

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import com.mysql.jdbc.StringUtils;

@Repository
public class OrderDao {

    @Autowired
    private OrderRepository orderRepository;

    /**
     * 获取全部
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public List<Order> findAll() {
        return orderRepository.findAll();
    }

    /**
     * 持久化
     * 
     * @param entity
     * @return
     */
    public void save(Order entity) throws Exception {
        // 持久化
        orderRepository.save(entity);
        // 如果持久化成功,就抛出异常。如果开启事务,那么刚才持久化的数据应回滚
        if (!StringUtils.isNullOrEmpty(entity.id))
            throw new Exception("测试无法持久化第一条数据的异常");
    }
}

 

假设:当成功insert一条数据后,抛出异常。如果事务生效,则数据会回滚。反之,则不回滚。

 

 

控制器:MainController

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.propertyeditors.CustomDateEditor;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.WebDataBinder;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.InitBinder;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

/**
 * 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 * 
 * @author 刘冬
 *
 */
@Controller
public class MainController {

    @Autowired
    private OrderDao orderDao;

    /**
     * 处理日期类型
     * 
     * @param binder
     */
    @InitBinder
    public void initBinder(WebDataBinder binder) {
        SimpleDateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");
        dateFormat.setLenient(false);
        binder.registerCustomEditor(Date.class, new CustomDateEditor(dateFormat, true));
    }

    @GetMapping("/")
    public String index() {
        return "index";
    }

    /**
     * 持久化
     * 
     * @param entity
     * @return
     */
    @PostMapping("/save")
    public @ResponseBody Map<String, Object> save(@RequestBody Order entity) {
        Map<String, Object> result = new HashMap<>();
        try {
            orderDao.save(entity);
            result.put("success", true);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            result.put("success", false);
        }
        return result;
    }

    /**
     * 获取全部
     * 
     * @return
     */
    @PostMapping("/findAll")
    public @ResponseBody Object findAll() {
        return orderDao.findAll();
    }
}
MainController.java

 

程序入口:App.java

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

/**
 * 博客出处:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/
 * 
 * @author 刘冬
 *
 */
@SpringBootApplication
public class App {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(App.class, args);
    }
}
App.java

 

运行效果:

添加数据

 

 

点击保存按钮,并观察数据是否回滚:

虽然抛出异常,但数据并未回滚。

 

二、实现事务


 

这时,我修改OrderDao类,增加@Transactional(readOnly = false, rollbackFor = Throwable.class)注解:

 

package com.github.carter659.spring06;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

import com.mysql.jdbc.StringUtils;

@Repository
@Transactional(readOnly = false, rollbackFor = Throwable.class)
public class OrderDao {

    @Autowired
    private OrderRepository orderRepository;

    /**
     * 获取全部
     * 
     * @return
     */
    public List<Order> findAll() {
        return orderRepository.findAll();
    }

    /**
     * 持久化
     * 
     * @param entity
     * @return
     */
    public void save(Order entity) throws Exception {
        // 持久化
        orderRepository.save(entity);
        // 如果持久化成功,就抛出异常。如果开启事务,那么刚才持久化的数据应回滚
        if (!StringUtils.isNullOrEmpty(entity.id))
            throw new Exception("测试无法持久化第一条数据的异常");
    }
}

 

继续添加数据:

按钮保存按钮,发现:数据回滚

 

 

 

代码下载:https://github.com/carter659/spring-boot-06.git

 

 

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玩转spring boot系列目录

作者:刘冬.NET 博客地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/GoodHelper/ 欢迎转载,但须保留版权
posted @ 2017-01-04 13:04  冬子哥  阅读(1798)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报