混沌工程之ChaosToolkit使用之一删除K8s POD

今天我们来玩一下混沌工程的开源工具chaostoolkit 。

它的目标是提供一个免费,开放,社区驱动的工具集以及api。

 

官方源码链接:https://github.com/chaostoolkit/chaostoolkit

 

要想了解这个工具就必须知道混沌工程原则中提到的要点。如下所示:

记往这里提到的第一个要点,建立稳态假设

 

在运行这个工具之前,我们先来看一下它的架构。

简单来解释一下,就是ChaosToolkit通过Drivers来操作你的被测系统。

它的功能点包括如下部分:

 

下面我们把工具装起来玩一下。

 

环境说明:CentOS7.8、k8s 1.19.5、示例应用

安装python3

sudo yum install python3 python3-venv

安装pipenv

gaolou@GaoMacPro ~ % pip3 install pipenv

安装chaos-toolkit 的k8s扩展和报告模块

pip3 install -U chaostoolkit
pip3 install -U chaostoolkit-kubernetes
pip3 install -U chaostoolkit-reporting

如果你需要操作其他平台,也可以安装相应扩展。

创建虚拟环境

python3 -m venv .bundler
source .bundler/bin/activate

为了不影响其他环境,我们这里用python的虚拟环境操作。

以上安装过程是在k8s的master机器上执行的,如果你不是在k8s上安装的,可以配置相应的k8s上下文,具体操作请参考:https://chaostoolkit.org/drivers/kubernetes/。

chaos discover 探索试验

首先执行discover命令,chaostoolkit会根据./kube/config中的内容生成discovery.json文件,这个文件中会包括所有可以对k8s执行的操作集合。执行成功的结果如下:

(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]# chaos discover chaostoolkit-kubernetes
[2021-06-23 12:18:07 INFO] Attempting to download and install package 'chaostoolkit-kubernetes'
[2021-06-23 12:18:08 INFO] Package downloaded and installed in current environment
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Discovering capabilities from chaostoolkit-kubernetes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for probes in chaosk8s.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.deployment.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.deployment.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.node.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.node.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.pod.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for probes in chaosk8s.pod.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.replicaset.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.service.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.service.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.statefulset.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for probes in chaosk8s.statefulset.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for actions in chaosk8s.crd.actions
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Searching for probes in chaosk8s.crd.probes
[2021-06-23 12:18:09 INFO] Discovery outcome saved in ./discovery.json
(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]#

chaos init 生成试验

执行初始化命令,可以根据提示创建一个混沌试验。

(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]# chaos init
You are about to create an experiment.
This wizard will walk you through each step so that you can build
the best experiment for your needs.

An experiment is made up of three elements:
- a steady-state hypothesis [OPTIONAL]
- an experimental method
- a set of rollback activities [OPTIONAL]

Only the method is required. Also your experiment will
not run unless you define at least one activity (probe or action)
within it
Experiment's title: E2 #这里是配置一个试验名

A steady state hypothesis defines what 'normality' looks like in your system
The steady state hypothesis is a collection of conditions that are used,
at the beginning of an experiment, to decide if the system is in a recognised
'normal' state. The steady state conditions are then used again when your experiment
is complete to detect where your system may have deviated in an interesting,
weakness-detecting way

Initially you may not know what your steady state hypothesis is
and so instead you might create an experiment without one
This is why the stead state hypothesis is optional.
Do you want to define a steady state hypothesis now? [y/N]: y # 创建稳态假说,请注意,这个是混沌工程中的重要概念,但是在其他的大部分混沌工具中都看不到这一步
Hypothesis's title: H2

You may now define probes that will determine
the steady-state of your system.
Add an activity
1) all_microservices_healthy
2) deployment_is_fully_available
3) deployment_is_not_fully_available
4) microservice_available_and_healthy
5) microservice_is_not_available
6) read_microservices_logs
7) service_endpoint_is_initialized
8) count_pods
9) pod_is_not_available
10) pods_in_conditions
11) pods_in_phase
12) pods_not_in_phase
13) read_pod_logs
14) statefulset_fully_available
15) statefulset_not_fully_available
16) get_cluster_custom_object
17) get_custom_object
18) list_cluster_custom_objects
19) list_custom_objects
Activity (0 to escape): 1 # 选择稳态假说的判断点,简单来说,这里就是创建一个预期结果

!!!DEPRECATED!!!
1) kill_microservice
2) remove_service_endpoint
Do you want to use this probe? [y/N]: y # 确定是否使用上面选择的探针

A steady-state probe requires a tolerance value, within which
your system is in a reognised `normal` state.

What is the tolerance for this probe?: normal

You now need to fill the arguments for this activity. Default
values will be shown between brackets. You may simply press return
to use it or not set any value.
Argument's value for 'ns' [default]: chaosnamespace # 输入k8s中要操作的命名空间
Do you want to select another activity? [y/N]: y # 是否选择一个的操作动作
Add an activity
1) all_microservices_healthy
2) deployment_is_fully_available
3) deployment_is_not_fully_available
1) kill_microservice
4) microservice_available_and_healthy
5) microservice_is_not_available
6) read_microservices_logs
7) service_endpoint_is_initialized
8) count_pods
9) pod_is_not_available
10) pods_in_conditions
11) pods_in_phase
12) pods_not_in_phase
13) read_pod_logs
14) statefulset_fully_available
15) statefulset_not_fully_available
16) get_cluster_custom_object
17) get_custom_object
18) list_cluster_custom_objects
19) list_custom_objects
Activity (0 to escape): 1 # 选择具体的动作

!!!DEPRECATED!!!
Do you want to use this probe? [y/N]: y # 确定使用上面选择的动作

You now need to fill the arguments for this activity. Default
values will be shown between brackets. You may simply press return
to use it or not set any value.
Argument's value for 'ns' [default]:
Do you want to select another activity? [y/N]: N # 是否要添加另一个试验动作,这里我不再添加了

An experiment's method contains actions and probes. Actions
vary real-world events in your system to determine if your
steady-state hypothesis is maintained when those events occur.

An experimental method can also contain probes to gather additional
information about your system as your method is executed.
Do you want to define an experimental method? [y/N]: y # 选择一个试验具体方法

Add an activity

1) kill_microservice

2) remove_service_endpoint

3) scale_microservice

4) start_microservice

5) all_microservices_healthy

6) deployment_is_fully_available

7) deployment_is_not_fully_available

8) microservice_available_and_healthy

9) microservice_is_not_available

10) read_microservices_logs

11) service_endpoint_is_initialized

12) create_deployment

13) delete_deployment

14) scale_deployment

15) deployment_available_and_healthy

16) deployment_fully_available

17) deployment_not_fully_available

18) cordon_node

19) create_node

20) delete_nodes

21) drain_nodes

22) uncordon_node

23) get_nodes

24) delete_pods

25) exec_in_pods

26) terminate_pods

27) count_pods

28) pod_is_not_available

29) pods_in_conditions

30) pods_in_phase

31) pods_not_in_phase

32) read_pod_logs

33) delete_replica_set

34) create_service_endpoint

35) delete_service

36) service_is_initialized

37) create_statefulset

38) remove_statefulset

39) scale_statefulset

40) statefulset_fully_available

41) statefulset_not_fully_available

42) create_cluster_custom_object

43) create_custom_object

44) delete_cluster_custom_object

45) delete_custom_object

46) patch_cluster_custom_object

47) patch_custom_object

48) replace_cluster_custom_object

49) replace_custom_object

50) get_cluster_custom_object

51) get_custom_object

52) list_cluster_custom_objects

53) list_custom_objects

Activity (0 to escape): 24 # 这里我选择第24个方法:删除一个POD

!!!DEPRECATED!!!
Do you want to use this action? [y/N]: y # 确认选择

You now need to fill the arguments for this activity. Default
values will be shown between brackets. You may simply press return
to use it or not set any value.

Argument's value for 'name': DeleteRedisPOD # 给这个方法命名

Argument's value for 'ns' [default]: chaosnamespace # 确定要操作的k8s命名空间
Argument's value for 'label_selector' [name in ({name})]: app=redis # 输入要操作对象的标签,以便可以找到操作对象
Do you want to select another activity? [y/N]: N # 是否添加另一个动作,这里我不再添加

An experiment may optionally define a set of remedial actions
that are used to rollback the system to a given state.

Do you want to add some rollbacks now? [y/N]: N # 是否添加回滚动作,这里我是要删除redis的POD,因为k8s会自动拉起来,所以我不用回滚动作


Experiment created and saved in './experiment.json' # 生成了试验文件

(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]#

Chaos Run 执行案例

(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]# chaos run experiment.json
[2021-06-28 23:03:23 INFO] Validating the experiment's syntax
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Experiment looks valid
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Running experiment: E2
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Steady-state strategy: default
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Rollbacks strategy: default
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Steady state hypothesis: H2
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Probe: all_microservices_healthy
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 WARNING] all_microservices_healthy function is DEPRECATED and will be removed in the next releases, please use all_pods_healthy instead
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Steady state hypothesis is met!
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Playing your experiment's method now...
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Action: delete_pods
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Steady state hypothesis: H2
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Probe: all_microservices_healthy
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 WARNING] all_microservices_healthy function is DEPRECATED and will be removed in the next releases, please use all_pods_healthy instead
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Steady state hypothesis is met!
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Let's rollback...
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] No declared rollbacks, let's move on.
[2021-06-28 23:03:24 INFO] Experiment ended with status: completed
(.bundler) [root@s5 chaostoolkit_scenarios]#

检查结果

执行试验前:

 

[root@s5 ~]# kubectl get pods -n chaosnamespace -o wide

NAME                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE     IP               NODE   NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES

...........................

redis-master-b96c9795b-nqzmr           1/1     Running   0          3d9h    10.100.220.84    s6     <none>           <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-6r42k 1/1 Running 0 3d9h 10.100.220.86 s6 <none> <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-z55m5 1/1 Running 0 3d9h 10.100.53.206 s7 <none> <none>

 

执行试验后:

[root@s5 ~]# kubectl get pods -n chaosnamespace -o wide

NAME                                   READY   STATUS              RESTARTS   AGE     IP               NODE   NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES

...............................

redis-master-b96c9795b-92rc6 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 3s <none> s6 <none> <none>

redis-master-b96c9795b-nqzmr           0/1     Terminating         0          3d9h    10.100.220.84    s6     <none>           <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-5m2xt 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 2s <none> s6 <none> <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-6r42k 1/1 Terminating 0 3d9h 10.100.220.86 s6 <none> <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-fj4xc 0/1 ContainerCreating 0 3s <none> s7 <none> <none>
redis-slave-6b8d456947-z55m5 1/1 Terminating 0 3d9h 10.100.53.206 s7 <none> <none>

 

POD完全启动后:

[root@s5 ~]# kubectl get pods -n chaosnamespace -o wide

NAME                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE     IP               NODE   NOMINATED NODE   READINESS GATES

.......................

redis-master-b96c9795b-92rc6           1/1     Running   0          5m43s   10.100.220.89    s6     <none>           <none>

redis-slave-6b8d456947-5m2xt           1/1     Running   0          5m42s   10.100.220.90    s6     <none>           <none>

redis-slave-6b8d456947-fj4xc           1/1     Running   0          5m43s   10.100.53.211    s7     <none>           <none>

[root@s5 ~]#

 

从上面的结果可以看到,试验是执行成功的,几个redisPOD都被杀掉并被k8s拉起来了。

 

今天我们就写这一个试验,你可以根据同样的步骤去生成其他试验。

 
posted @ 2021-07-06 21:36  Zee_7D  阅读(41)  评论(0编辑  收藏  举报